%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021041956+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021041956+01'00') /Title (La Normandie et l?Angleterre au Moyen ge) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4225 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(La Normandie et l?Angleterre au Moyen ge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1992 a conference was held at Reading to study the changing relations between England and Normandy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that resulted from the conquest of 1066.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.656 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.656 257.673 m 239.648 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 239.648 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Some ten years later, after a period of intense historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation, a colloque at Cerisy-la-Salle re-examined the questions raised at Reading and assessed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways in which historical understanding of the subject had been widened and deepened, and where further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study was most likely to be fruitful. The proceedings of the colloque have been published in the volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewed here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The meeting was carefully organised by Bouet and Gazeau, and the papers contributed have been roughly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arranged in three sections, placing the changing relations between England and Normandy within the broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments of European history over five centuries. In an introductory chapter David Bates reviews the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place of the subject in general historical studies from the nineteenth century onwards, not forgetting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pioneering work of C. H. Haskins and emphasising the fundamental importance of John Le Patourel?s book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England and Normandy in the Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 242.672 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976\). These works made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plain that the history of Normandy and England could never be separated. Bates himself sees the Conquest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a consequence of Norman expansion within the framework of state formation. For the period from 911 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1204 seven papers reflect three stages of development. During the first, up to about 1090, Normandy became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(395)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pierre Bouet)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vronique Gazeau)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(290268539X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(366pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CRAHM)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caen)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marjorie Chibnall)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 225.6557 257.9875 239.6477 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7528 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more hieratically organised and its influence in England after the Conquest was powerful. Bates argues that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1090-1125 approximately, there was a weakening of Anglo-Norman dynamism, while indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influences and contacts with other regions slowly became more important. In a period that has attracted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intense historical research historians have varied in their interpretations; some have suggested that the reign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Stephen was a breaking point in the history of the Anglo-Norman realm, and 1144 might well be taken as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a significant date. Bates points to economic history as a topic insufficiently explored, noting that there had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never been a strong economic union between England and Normandy, and that more work is needed on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing power and wealth of the Capetian monarchy. The reigns of Henry II and his sons have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insufficiently explored.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These general trends are further studied in individual chapters. Pierre Baudouin?s analysis of the diplomatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of William the Conqueror?s charters concentrates on the reference to kinship and finds that in most the exact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree of kinship is left vague. General terms are frequently used; otherwise )] TJ ET BT 403.592 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dominus)] TJ ET BT 444.260 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is preferred, even for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relationship of a wife to her husband. This suggests the emergence of a hierarchy. Kathleen Keats-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rohan, now engaged in a prosopographical study of the leading Anglo-Norman vassals, notes that in spite of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the apparent discontinuity of the great honours of William I?s time there were restorations and re-groupings, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes in smaller units, to provide an underlying stability. She cites a large number of cases of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intermarriage between aristocratic Norman women and English men, such as sheriffs or holders of royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(castles; these anchored the elite of the invaders in the local administrative system.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Gameson?s chapter on manuscripts concentrates on the earlier period of intense exchanges, both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before and just after 1066. Based on his unrivalled knowledge of the manuscripts of the period and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated by fourteen fine reproductions in colour, it includes a detailed list of English manuscripts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenth and eleventh centuries that reached Normandy before 1066. Later there was some movement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts back and forth across the Channel through plunder or purchase. Some were written by Norman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monks working in English monasteries; others, notably the works of the Church fathers, were brought from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy or Flanders to England. In general Gameson finds that the bibliographical resources of Normandy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and England were complementary and that both were enriched, though England was the greater gainer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith Green, now engaged on the formidable task of writing a life of Henry I, concentrates here on Henry?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government in Normandy. This is essential for a balanced account of the reign, often neglected by earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographers. She gives a perceptive account of the way in which Henry regarded his authority in Normandy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as revealed in his charters. Hesitating to call himself ?duke of Normandy? while his brother Robert was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alive, he preferred to rely on his royal status in Normandy as in his other dominions. She examines various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the royal court including its exercise of justice, and revises her earlier views on the Norman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchequer. The most questionable statement is that in 1125, when Henry wished to nominate a successor in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case he should never have a legitimate son, he named his daughter Matilda in preference to Theobald or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen of Blois and so ?malgr tout, il livra la Normandie aux Angevins?. Apart from the question of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far he had the power, at that date, to name a successor, his choice was far more difficult. He needed an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angevin alliance to protect his southern frontier; he also needed Theobald of Blois to continue as the loyal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ally he had shown himself to be during earlier periods of crisis. If 1125 became a significant dividing line )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which is doubtful\), this was because of later developments he could not have foreseen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter by Nicholas Vincent on Normans in the entourage of Henry II is one of the most important in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book. It is based on the charters of this period, which he is in the process of editing. The charter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witnesses clearly do not include all those who are known from the accounts of chroniclers to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present in Henry?s court. Place dates show him to have been more active in certain administrative centres, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially Rouen, Argentan and Caen in Normandy; most charters were issued when the king and chancery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were in the same place and the seal and chancery were less mobile than the king. Poitou and Aquitaine, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquired through his marriage, were more peripheral in his administration. As regards cross-channel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families, only a few of the greatest had substantial lands in England and Normandy and some of those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divided their properties between two branches of the family. Many of those who still kept their cross-channel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests chose to be buried in Normandy. Henry II, like his father, gave very few estates to reward loyalty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and preferred cash or privileges. Vincent shows the consequences of the slow development of more stable )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7402 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrative centres, as indicated by Green, and the resulting changes in the functions of the court.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remaining three papers in this section are narrower in scope, but pinpoint some topics of general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance. Churches, no less than secular lords, experienced difficulties in holding cross-channel estates. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominique Rouet uses two unpublished cartularies of Saint-Pierre de Praux to show the difficulties of one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman abbey in administering its English lands. Its dependencies in England experienced all the normal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties of alien priories and by the mid-fifteenth century the abbots had accepted the loss of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(properties.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent Moss?s study of the Norman and English financial rolls of 1194-1195 attempts to assess the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparative wealth of the two regions just before Normandy was lost. Calculations are difficult because of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the patchiness of the series of Norman rolls and the uncertainties about which items are entered in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular year; this has led to different estimates by earlier historians, all of which Moss believes to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrong. In comparing the Norman resources with those of both England and Capetian France, he reaches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions that are interesting, challenging and controversial. He stresses the importance of revenues from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towns, mentioning the importance of Paris in France, but ignoring Rouen in Normandy. One general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion is that the resources of Philip Augustus were actually \(and not merely potentially\) greater than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of King Richard. Whether or not these arguments from limited evidence are acceptable, Moss certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adds weight to the hypothesis that in many practical ways Normandy was slipping away from its connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with England by the end of the twelfth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elisabeth van Houts has chosen to explore a development as wide as that of Moss is narrow. Her chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exile in )] TJ ET BT 72.680 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?espace Anglo-Normand)] TJ ET BT 195.668 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( looks at the subject of exile in the whole of the territory where Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman rule prevailed. Beginning with a brief and clear summary of publications on the subject, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analyses particular cases of the use of exile as a punishment, the possibilities of reconciliation within a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain number of years, and the retention of hereditary right to property by minors who remained in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardianship or wives who had not supported their husbands. She also insists on the value of literary sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the )] TJ ET BT 89.672 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gesta Herewardi)] TJ ET BT 172.664 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which reveal the mentality of exiles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three papers in the section on the thirteenth century are all important. The year 1204, generally accepted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the date of the loss of Normandy, has invited a very necessary reassessment of its significance at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach of the year 2004. Kathleen Thompson investigates the attempts of some of the greater magnates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with properties on both sides of the Channel to retain their lands. A very few were successful for a time; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William the Marshall, who had risen to wealth and fame and married a great heiress, succeeded in retaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all the family lands until 1219, and his son held them until 1224. This was exceptional; in 1226 Henry III )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confiscated the English lands of seven barons, possibly because Louis VIII?s recent expedition in the Midi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meant that these barons had had to follow him for the lands they held in France. Difficulties included the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(need to seek royal permission to cross the Channel; attempts to secure settlements to preserve all property in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the family by purchase or diplomacy, always rare, petered out. But it took time for traditional aristocrats to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accept the new political dynamic of nationality. Daniel Power examines the same problems during the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1224-44, when hostilities between France and England were mostly suspended but always threatening. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Relations were affected by the hope of re-union, or at least of making a corridor through the dioceses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Avranches and Coutances to the southern Plantagenet properties. \(Power is one of the very few contributors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to take note of these.\) After 1224, when Poitou was lost, tension increased, though the accession of the peace-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loving Louis IX in 1226 revived hopes of a final reconciliation. In three case studies Power finds that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though royal contacts through marriage might help one or two of the greatest families such as the Tosny, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly in a Franco-English rather than in an Anglo-Norman context, for most lords ties grew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressively weaker. Some of the knightly families, such as the Valliquerville, might choose to sacrifice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land for spiritual benefits, and sell English properties to Cistercian or other houses with the king?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permission. A useful bibliography to encourage further research is provided.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Olivier de Laborderie turns to historiography to show the changing attitude of English lords, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of the knightly class, to both the original Norman conquest and the loss of Normandy. The particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records used by him are rolls illustrating the genealogies of the kings of England, which multiplied between )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7448 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about 1272 and 1327. These rolls, containing short notes on each monarch, were written in the vernacular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and were the earliest prose histories in English since the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. They illustrate the noble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and seignorial historical culture and the tensions between the royal and the baronial ideologies in these years. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They also give a new interpretation of the Conquest, apparently ignoring the \(rather weak\) hereditary claim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of William I and the marriage of Henry I to a wife of the line of Cerdic; La Borderie suggests that after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy passed out of the control of the Plantagenet kings, Henry II and his successors venerated their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancestors buried at Fontevraud and tended to ignore the earlier dukes of Normandy. Two late English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genealogies, however, began to add one or two dukes of Normandy, and rolls written in Anglo-Norman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost invariably included William?s distinguished Norman ancestors. In spite of some strange errors, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insisted that William was no parvenu, but came of a line of noble and pious dukes. The change accompanied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the renewed claim of Edward III and his successors to their ?continental patrimony?. Further consequences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the change are the subject of Part III.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Only one of the five papers in the third section deals with the fourteenth century. A study by Emilie Lebailly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses the career of Raoul d?Eu, both constable of France and an English and Irish landholder. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonged to the great family of Brienne and had rich possessions in Normandy, Poitou, Saintogne and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burgundy, England and Ireland, some of which came to him from his wife. He served as a French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambassador on several occasions, though without showing much talent. His career shows that a nobleman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with lands on both sides of the Channel and the right connections could be given high office in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years of young Edward III, and could even maintain his awkward position until the outbreak of war in 1337, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when his English and Irish lands were confiscated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other papers are concerned with the period after Henry V launched his campaigns in Normandy. Anne Curry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with the rapid capture of the port of Harfleur and the organisation of supplies and settlement in the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stages of the invasion from 1415 to 1422. It is a businesslike interim study of the beginning of the English re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conquest, on which Curry is now writing at length. Phillippe Cailleux?s chapter on the relations between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English and the citizens of Rouen uses the registers of scriveners to assess the business carried on by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English either among themselves or with the Rouennais; his general impression is that, although a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(houses were acquired for new officials and a number of mixed marriages took place, the attitude of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens of Rouen to the occupying English was lukewarm. Jean-Philippe Genet, writing on Normandy as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen by English historians and politicians in the fifteenth century, provides a very useful study in two parts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He agrees with Laborderie that at the beginning of the fifteenth century the memory of Normandy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtually non-existent in England; and analyses the historical writings of the period to try to find out whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?lobby? developed in England to provide support for the occupation of Normandy. His second section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the records of Parliament, and the participation of the members of the Commons in the campaigns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and government of the conquered lands. It is a wide-ranging and important chapter, noting how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancastrian usurpation of the English throne by Henry IV forced his son to justify his position by success in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war, which he attributed to the will of God and his own piety and just government. Philippe Contamine, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eminent historian of war, deals with an episode in the unofficial naval warfare that was becoming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly common and prints a hitherto unknown account of the expenses of Pierre de Brz, grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seneschal of Normandy, for his ships during a period from 1452 to 1458. Contamine shows in vivid detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how, at a time when hostilities had ended but no official conclusion of the war had been reached, peace was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continually threatened by a series of raids and semi-piratical attacks on shipping from the North Sea to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bay of Biscay. These privateering skirmishes were loosely governed by rules that embodied a degree of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanity towards prisoners. They made clear that Normandy was no longer an easy prey, ripe for conquest.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume concludes with a brief summing up by Matthieu Arnoux, who picks up some of the questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised by David Bates. He points to some subjects needing further investigation, notably the importance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towns and their wealth, and the need to place the whole study in a wider European context. Relations with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Flanders, the opening of the Atlantic and the widening of trading interests are important, and ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sociological questions need further study. To this I would add that, at some date Gascony needs to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought more firmly into the picture, particularly in connection with mercantile history; it is now attracting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the attention of a number of scholars. Naturally perhaps in a conference specifically on England and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 2741 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy, Gascony may seem peripheral; it is barely mentioned by one or two contributors \(Power and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contamine for instance\), but is relevant to many of the general questions considered. History has at times in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past been written from a slightly teleological angle by historians, who have seen it too simply as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development towards the condition of the world in which they live. One recent trend has been to look )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the development of nation states, which influenced much nineteenth- and twentieth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical work and teaching; there is sometimes an inclination towards speculations on globalisation. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trend is to talk in terms of ?space? \(for example )] TJ ET BT 265.964 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?espace plantagent)] TJ ET BT 367.616 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), so avoiding reference to any specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political organisation, but leaving many questions unanswered. All this shows how the volume here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewed is a challenging and valuable contribution to an ongoing debate of fundamental importance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 647.523 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings published as David Bates and Anne Curry, eds, )] TJ ET BT 355.640 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England and Normandy in the Middle )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ages)] TJ ET BT 87.344 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London and Rio Grande: Hambledon, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.980 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.980 601.251 m 363.968 601.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 576.389 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 557.407 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 539.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 539.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/395)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 538.233 m 322.316 538.233 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 513.256 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 498.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2171)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.9797 601.5655 363.9677 613.4455 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 538.5475 322.3157 550.4275 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/395) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000551 00000 n 0000000640 00000 n 0000004917 00000 n 0000005026 00000 n 0000005136 00000 n 0000005245 00000 n 0000008806 00000 n 0000008934 00000 n 0000009018 00000 n 0000009047 00000 n 0000009175 00000 n 0000009211 00000 n 0000009276 00000 n 0000016857 00000 n 0000016922 00000 n 0000024377 00000 n 0000024442 00000 n 0000031943 00000 n 0000032034 00000 n 0000034828 00000 n 0000034956 00000 n 0000035011 00000 n 0000035139 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35234 %%EOF