%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930235047+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930235047+01'00') /Title (The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity, 1919-1945) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4184 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity, 1919-1945)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Holy Reich)] TJ ET BT 108.668 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( comes with substantial praise attached. According to the blurb on the back, Michael )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burleigh says it is 'an important and original book' which 'deserves as wide a readership as possible'. Helmut )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walser Smith regards it as 'a brilliant and provocative work that will recast the whole debate on Christianity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Nazism'. He adds that study has 'deep revisionist import'. Richard Evans's comments are a bit more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('empirical'. He notes that the book displays well the ambivalent attitudes Nazis had towards specifically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestantism and that Nazism was associated with an whole array of religious beliefs. So what do you get )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for your money?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without doubt Richard Steigmann-Gall has undertaken a massive and careful research project to detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensively the way Nazism touched and drew upon especially Germany's Protestant heritage. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive work is impressive and the text's story is pieced together with both thought and art. Its sweep takes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in everything one would expect and displays well the competing tendencies within Hitler's movement \(from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi paganism and anti-Christianity, to the efforts to create a Reich Church\). More unusually it also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses possible connections between Christianity and Nazi social policy, which centred around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation of a )] TJ ET BT 96.992 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Volksgemeinschaft)] TJ ET BT 186.980 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author makes a case that his study is re-casting knowledge in a fundamental way. Thus he maintains, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, that Nazism was 'a movement long believed to be at best unrelated to Christianity, and at worst as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(397)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 29 February, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Steigmann-Gall)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(521823714X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(310pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martyn Housden)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 4812 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-Christian as it was antisemitic or anti-Communist'.\(p. 3\) Noting that Fritz Stern had regarded Nazism as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something which replaced defunct religion, he says, ?I suggest that, for many of its leaders, Nazism was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the result of a 'Death of God' in secularized society, but rather a radicalized and singularly horrific attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserve God against secularized society.' \(p. 12\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steigmann-Gall buttresses his case with a wealth of information drawn from across the period of National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Socialism's existence. Hans Koch remained a card-carrying Christian even after 1945; Josef Goebbels once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreted Nazism as involved in the struggle of Christianity against Marxism; and Dietrich Eckart used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images of Christ on the cross in his work. So the purpose of the author's discussion becomes the case that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many Nazis understood themselves to be the true political expression of Christianity.\(p. 49\) On this basis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in due course, he echoes Rubinstein's observation that Christianity brought with it slavery, wars and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitation. It has been responsible for as much darkness as light. Steigmann-Gall adds:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The discovery that so many Nazis considered themselves or their movement to be Christian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes us similarly uncomfortable. But the very unpleasantness of this fact makes it all the more )] TJ ET BT 64.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important to look it squarely in the face.\(p. 267\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without doubt, the author is to be commended for blending such an interesting study of the ideas about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion which leading Nazis held. In the process he gives any reader plenty of pause for thought. But it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the power of the wider claims of the book which is most likely to be debated. The possible existence of ties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Nazism and Protestantism was first raised quite some time ago, for example by W. M. McGovern, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose work was first published in the 1940s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.664 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.664 478.467 m 264.656 478.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 264.656 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is well enough established that the German Christians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came from within the Protestant Church; F. Zipfel made the point clear in 1965 and it is even reflected in at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least one text only aimed at students.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 211.004 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 211.004 449.955 m 224.996 449.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 224.996 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( So of course some Nazis saw their politics and religion as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intermeshed. In fact, given that Christianity helped frame the traditions of culture inherited by Germany in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1920s and 1930s, it was just about inevitable that its themes would be reflected in a political movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which, after all, was seeking to control the nation as a whole and which was drawing its minions from it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The core of the issue here is probably one of balance. Did religious terms drive leading Nazis, did they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence them in a more low-key way, or were they more background features? Obviously the precise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balance must have differed by individual \(and Steigmann-Gall's study certainly makes this clear\), but when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals read his text, they may wonder whether the overall impression of Nazism is quite right. Was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity, in general terms, really so significant; or has a relatively subordinate point been over-egged? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Readers should consider the issue for themselves.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.6637 478.7815 264.6557 490.6615 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 211.0037 450.2695 224.9957 462.1495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 5265 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This leaves us with the Janus face of Christianity. Steigmann-Gall is quite right that the idea that some Nazis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had religious motives is uncomfortable. The point is well worth making. But obviously it is also true that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the resisters had Christian motives too. There were the German Christians, but there were also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people such as Yorck von Wartenburg for whom involvement in the events of 20 July was bound up with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious conviction. In other words, given that Christianity was part of the cultural framework of Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the 1920s and 1930s, the interesting point is that some people saw it as grounds to support participation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazism, whereas others saw it as grounds to resist. Conformity or resistance; intolerance or tolerance; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquisition or charity? The religious texts stay the same, but what people have done with them always has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varied greatly. This makes us ask, ?Why?? Was it religious belief per se that influenced behaviour in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case of every 'Christian' \(whether Nazi sympathiser or resister\), or maybe something else was at work ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps something more fundamental which drove, channelled or gave meaning to the belief itself? It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impossible to avoid wondering whether concern with the place of Christian belief in the Third Reich really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does get to grips with the heart of that particular political phenomenon, or whether \(for very many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals\) some more important \(general or personal\) motivation overshadowed their professions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious belief. In this light, we can ask whether Germany really did experience a ?Holy Reich? between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1933 and 1945, or whether such an image \(if it existed all\) was more the cynical exploitation of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary cultural resource, or even a hypocrisy of religiously-minded careerists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So are the comments on the back of Richard Steigmann-Gall's book exaggerated? Maybe a bit, but all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same it is an engaging read. The text is enjoyable, the research effort has been substantial and the ideas do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make you want to argue. That's good enough for me.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. M. McGovern, )] TJ ET BT 155.996 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Luther to Hitler. The History of Fascist-Nazi Political Philosophy)] TJ ET BT 502.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(first publ. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1941; this edn, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1976\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 317.336 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 317.336 420.435 m 371.324 420.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 407.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(F. Zipfel, )] TJ ET BT 112.016 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kirchenkampf in Deutschland 1933-1945)] TJ ET BT 311.000 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berlin: De Gruyter. 1965\), pp. 36-7; M. Housden, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Resistance and Conformity in the Third Reich)] TJ ET BT 284.012 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Routledge, 1997\), p. 52.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 451.004 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 451.004 391.923 m 504.992 391.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Steigmann-Gall thanks Dr Housden for his review, and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.805 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 326.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 312.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 310.899 m 240.992 310.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 312.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 307.567 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 289.787 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 289.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/397)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 288.393 m 322.316 288.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 263.416 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.016 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2175)] TJ ET BT 34.016 234.616 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7658)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 317.3357 420.7495 371.3237 432.6295 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 451.0037 392.2375 504.9917 404.1175 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 311.2135 240.9917 323.0935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7658) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 288.7075 322.3157 300.5875 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/397) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000555 00000 n 0000000637 00000 n 0000004873 00000 n 0000004982 00000 n 0000005092 00000 n 0000005201 00000 n 0000008762 00000 n 0000008890 00000 n 0000008974 00000 n 0000009065 00000 n 0000013930 00000 n 0000013960 00000 n 0000014088 00000 n 0000014124 00000 n 0000014154 00000 n 0000014282 00000 n 0000014318 00000 n 0000014423 00000 n 0000019741 00000 n 0000019869 00000 n 0000019924 00000 n 0000020052 00000 n 0000020107 00000 n 0000020234 00000 n 0000020334 00000 n 0000020462 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 20557 %%EOF