%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141020015116+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141020015116+01'00') /Title (Henry VIII?s Bishops: Diplomats, Administrators, Scholars and Shepherds) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4357 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Henry VIII?s Bishops: Diplomats, Administrators, Scholars and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Shepherds)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This study sets itself the task of restoring ?the tarnished reputation that Henry VIII?s bishops have earned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from contemporaries and historians alike?.\(p. 7\) From Francis Bacon, through David Hume, and into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century, historians have condemned the occupants of Henry?s episcopal bench as mediocrities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time-servers. Yet for some years, a movement to rehabilitate them has been underway. In a \(sadly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished\) Oxford doctoral thesis of 1984 on ?The pastoral work of the English and Welsh bishops 1500-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(58?, Stephen Thompson made a compelling case for the seriousness with which they took their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities to their dioceses. More recently, Richard Rex has claimed that ?the English bench of bishops )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under Henry VIII was one of the most impressive groups of men ever to have held such office.?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 493.904 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 493.904 165.009 m 507.896 165.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 507.896 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Chibi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws heavily on Thompson?s researches, and broadly endorses Rex?s assessment \(though, curiously, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes no reference to another recent study, Kenneth Carleton?s )] TJ ET BT 343.928 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bishops and Reform in the English Church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1520-1559)] TJ ET BT 86.012 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Woodbridge: Boydell, 2001\)\). Nonetheless, this is the first book-length treatment of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henrician episcopate, and one that attempts to view them in the round. It supplies both an exercise in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical prosopography, and an assessment of the significance of bishops, individually and collectively, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the religious and political history of the reign.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first of these objectives produces the more valuable and convincing results. Chibi has tracked the careers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(399)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Allan Chibi)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(227679768X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(356pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Clarke and Co.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Marshall \(b. 1964\))] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 493.9037 165.3235 507.8957 177.2035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7893 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of all 69 diocesan bishops holding office in Henry VIII?s reign. He identifies three overlapping waves of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointments. In the 1520s, scholars, jurists and humanists were nominated to English and Welsh bishoprics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underscoring Henry?s credentials as a state-of-the-art renaissance prince. The demands of the Divorce and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the religious experiments of the 1530s saw an unprecedented number of intellectuals and theologians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointed to the bench, while religious reaction and the return to martial policy in the 1540s produced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promotions for effective administrators and diplomats. In comparison with other west European episcopates, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chibi suggests, ?the Henricians stand head and shoulders above their contemporary colleagues?.\(p. 13\) This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chimes with the now widely-accepted revisionist contention that the institutions of the English Church were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in remarkably \(perhaps uniquely\) good shape in the first decades of the sixteenth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is interesting to discover that, on average, Henry?s bishops had served 16 years between their first clerical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointment and elevation to a bishopric \(no child bishops here\). Seventeen had served as vicars of parish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churches, though as Chibi concedes, not necessarily as resident pastors. They can scarcely be acquitted of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that congenital vice of late medieval prelacy, pluralism ? between them they held 139 rectories, though in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general on their way to the top they seem to have relied more on prebends than on rectories for generating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(income. Henrician bishops were almost uniformly graduate, many possessed higher degrees, and fifteen of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them had studied abroad, at Bologna, Ferrara, Louvain, Paris or Rome. In their status origins, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented ?a social microcosm of contemporary England?.\(p. 26\) The episcopate of Henry?s great rival, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francis I, was dominated by nobles, while the institution against which Martin Luther struggled was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notoriously an )] TJ ET BT 106.016 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Adelkirche)] TJ ET BT 158.000 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(nobles? church\) in its upper echelons. By contrast, the English nobility were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conspicuous by their absence from Henry?s bench \(represented only by Edmund Audley of Rochester and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Stanley of Ely, both inherited from Henry VII\). The yeomanry and minor gentry predominated ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?butcher?s cur? Thomas Wolsey was representative rather than unique in his humble social origins. Bishops )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came from a diverse regional background, with little bias towards the economically and politically dominant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(south-east: northerners, large numbers of midlanders, even Welshmen made it onto the list.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following Thompson, Chibi argues that episcopal non-residency did little or no damage to the spiritual life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of English dioceses. He is also inclined to follow revisionist rehabilitation of Wolsey, arguing that ?his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominance was in many ways a great benefit to the Henrician bench?.\(p. 64\) It served to inhibit factionalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the divisions that had opened up over Archbishop Warham?s claims to enhanced probate jurisdiction, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and by squeezing other bishops out of political influence, it redirected them to their pastoral responsibilities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chibi notes the role that bishops played in the repression of \(pre-Lutheran\) heresy in England, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguably he does not provide enough analysis of the extent of episcopal co-operation in the anti-Lollard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drive of 1511-12. Their role as conscientious visitors of religious houses is also observed, though here the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion that ?the soul of monasticism was dying out? \(p. 85 and similar comments passim\) seems to me )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to represent an over-reading of \(notoriously problematic\) disciplinary evidence. The essays in a recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection present a very different picture.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 235.292 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 235.292 286.371 m 249.284 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII?s Bishops)] TJ ET BT 137.996 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( tends to become a rather less original and sure-footed guide as it moves from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of attainments and career patterns to the elucidation of events, though here it still has some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting things to say. Chibi draws attention to a ?generation gap? in reactions to the ?King?s Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matter?, with older bishops more likely to support Queen Catherine. Those appointed after 1527 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(unsurprisingly\) were whole-hearted supporters of the king. It is interesting to be reminded that as late as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1531 Henry was pressing for Stokesley and Casali to be made cardinals, suggestive of a desire for a re-run )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(with loaded dice\) of a papal divorce trial in England. In the event, a number of bishops played important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roles in the dissolution of the Aragon marriage, though there was to be little direct episcopal involvement in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the king?s later matrimonial trials. We are given a crisp run-through of episcopal contributions and reactions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Cranmer?s metropolitical visitation of 1534, to the royal visitation of 1535, to the creation of the Ten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Articles of 1536, and to the )] TJ ET BT 168.332 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bishops? Book)] TJ ET BT 239.996 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1537. \(Here, p. 221, a reference to Cranmer?s preoccupation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with idolatry leading to ?the combination of the first two commandments into one? needs to be unscrambled: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first commandment ? in the Augustinian numbering ? was separated into two.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is some welcome departure from the conventional reading of events in a section on the making of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Act of Six Articles in 1539, where Chibi makes the case that Stokesley \(rather than Tunstal\) should be seen )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.2917 286.6855 249.2837 298.5655 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7913 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Gardiner as ?the driving force behind the act in both the lords and in convocation?.\(p. 225\) From the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wings, German commentators repeatedly painted the bishops of Winchester and London as chief sponsors of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the act. This is plausible, but not definitive. The established view \(put forward by Glyn Redworth\) that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was Tunstal who had captured the king?s ear at this crucial moment is dismissed on the grounds that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Tunstal was not a theologian? \(p. 225\). But this seems a little pedantic: the fact that Gardiner was not by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(training a theologian did not prevent him from penning either the most important theological defence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal supremacy, or highly effective attacks on the eucharistic theology of the reformers. While recognising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fact of division among the bishops in the 1530s, Chibi is inclined to accentuate such consensus as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existed. He insists that conservative bishops such as Stokesley, Longland and Veysey were enthusiastic, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pragmatic, supporters and preachers of royal supremacy, and he notes the conservative bishops? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wholehearted support for the campaign against relics and pilgrimage in the late 1530s. \(A somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confusing reference here to ?the relic known as ?Hale?s Blood?? \(p. 204\) refers to the portion of Christ?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blood from the Cistercian house of Hailes, Gloucestershire\). The support of conservative as well as radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops for the dissolution of the monasteries is plausibly related to the exasperating experience of having to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deal with houses exempt from episcopal oversight.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In much of this, however, I felt that the book needed to attempt a clearer and crisper taxonomy of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious positions of Henry?s bishops, and of how the balance between evangelicals and conservatives \(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the various sub-categories within each group\) shifted over time. The religious allegiances of individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops are generally identified, but they are usually asserted rather than analysed, and the labelling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes reflects uncritical reliance on older secondary sources. I was unconvinced by the categorisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rowland Lee as a ?committed reformer? \(p. 193\). In 1534, Stephen Vaughan wrote to his patron, Thomas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cromwell, attacking the new bishop of Coventry and Lichfield as ?a papist, and idolator and a fleshy priest?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 469.443 m 48.008 469.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While it would be absurd in an account of Henrician religious politics to give equal prominence to all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops, there is a somewhat idiosyncratic coverage in Chibi?s text, in particular in the attention devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Stokesley of London \(116 index entries, as opposed to 81 for Cranmer, 74 for Gardiner, 53 for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer-serving archbishop of York, Edward Lee\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The prominence of Stokesley \(died 1539\), points to what is a significant weakness of the book: namely, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unbalanced chronological coverage. While the politics of Henry?s first three decades are treated in some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detail, only ten pages are allocated to ?the final years of the reign? \(that is, the 1540s\). This is unfortunate, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent research is underlining the extent to which this decade was in many ways a fulcrum of the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reformation, and very far from being a flat landscape of religious ?reaction?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.584 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.584 343.395 m 419.576 343.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 419.576 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Chibi?s brief epitome \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(239\) that after 1543 religious conflict ?degenerated into more personal confrontations between Gardiner and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cranmer, and their supporters? hardly does justice to the issues at stake. Similarly, the contention \(ibid.\) that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?in any case, there was little or no wider impact to their bickering and both men survived into the reign of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Queen Mary? will strike most scholars of the period as evasive, to say the least. This reviewer was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointed that the book had so little to say about the episcopal appointments of the 1540s ? Bulkely, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bush, Chambers, Day, Holbeach, King, Kitchen, Knight, Thirlby, Wakeman. These individuals are seen to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merit little more than a couple of lines each, and are brusquely summed up \(p. 235\) as ?mostly conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-entities and men who would not cause trouble?. There is a missed opportunity here to probe and test )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such conventional assessments, and to add to the scholarship by providing a more rounded account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stewardship of Henry VIII?s church in its final phase.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps there is another missed opportunity as well. Arguably, the most important thing about Henry VIII?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops was that they were )] TJ ET BT 166.328 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII?s)] TJ ET BT 229.304 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( bishops. Yet the king himself is a distinctly shadowy presence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout this book. We get little sense of bishops? individual relationships with Henry, the processes by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which they came to his attention, or the position that episcopacy itself occupied in Henry VIII?s decidedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quirky vision of the Church. In the conclusion \(p. 259\), Chibi states his opinion that Henry VIII found it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irksome not only to determine ?intricate details?, but also ?to keep an eye on the bigger picture?: ?In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absence of the king?s leadership, the bishops did the best they could?. This is highly questionable. Much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent research has stressed Henry?s intense investment in the creation and defence of the royal supremacy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his personal involvement in the campaign against ?idolatry? and ?superstition?, his animus against the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 469.7575 48.0077 481.6375 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.5837 343.7095 419.5757 355.5895 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 3978 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious houses, his horror of sacramentarian heresy. This was a king who rated his own theological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prowess, annotating in great and critical detail the )] TJ ET BT 276.308 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bishops? Book)] TJ ET BT 347.972 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1537, and presiding over the trial of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Lambert in 1538. In contenting itself with such an off-stage role for Henry, this book threatens to give )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us Hamlet without the Prince.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonetheless, there is much here that historians of the Tudor church will find useful and interesting. Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular value is the very full set of appendices, with tables adumbrating the social and regional origins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all the bishops, their education, office-holding and royal service. Pre-empting the New )] TJ ET BT 452.276 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 476.276 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, helpful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summary biographies are provided for all Henry?s bishops, from Aldrich to Wolsey.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 649.779 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 619.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Rex, )] TJ ET BT 130.340 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII and the English Reformation)] TJ ET BT 323.984 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993\), p. 42.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 514.976 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 514.976 617.763 m 554.972 617.763 l S BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 603.507 m 78.008 603.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James G. Clark, ed., )] TJ ET BT 164.000 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Religious Orders in Pre-Reformation England)] TJ ET BT 407.660 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 574.995 m 118.004 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip Hughes, )] TJ ET BT 138.356 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Reformation in England)] TJ ET BT 275.360 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 3 vols \(London: Hollis and Carter, 1950-54\), i, 266n.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 546.483 m 118.004 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, Alec Ryrie?s )] TJ ET BT 195.656 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gospel and Henry VIII: Evangelicals in the Early English Reformation)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.996 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.996 517.971 m 353.984 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 474.127 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 456.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 456.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/399)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 454.953 m 322.316 454.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 429.976 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.576 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2182)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.176 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 514.9757 618.0775 554.9717 629.9575 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 603.8215 78.0077 615.7015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 575.3095 118.0037 587.1895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 546.7975 118.0037 558.6775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.9957 518.2855 353.9837 530.1655 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 455.2675 322.3157 467.1475 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/399) >> endobj xref 0 44 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000574 00000 n 0000000663 00000 n 0000005072 00000 n 0000005181 00000 n 0000005291 00000 n 0000005400 00000 n 0000008961 00000 n 0000009089 00000 n 0000009173 00000 n 0000009202 00000 n 0000009330 00000 n 0000009366 00000 n 0000009450 00000 n 0000017396 00000 n 0000017426 00000 n 0000017554 00000 n 0000017590 00000 n 0000017681 00000 n 0000025647 00000 n 0000025677 00000 n 0000025803 00000 n 0000025839 00000 n 0000025869 00000 n 0000025997 00000 n 0000026033 00000 n 0000026152 00000 n 0000030183 00000 n 0000030311 00000 n 0000030366 00000 n 0000030492 00000 n 0000030547 00000 n 0000030674 00000 n 0000030729 00000 n 0000030856 00000 n 0000030911 00000 n 0000031039 00000 n 0000031094 00000 n 0000031222 00000 n trailer << /Size 44 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31317 %%EOF