%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150804042352+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150804042352+01'00') /Title (Family History in Late Colonial India) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3028 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Family History in Late Colonial India)] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this innovative and interesting study, Antoinette Burton raises questions and extends the parameters of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion in relation to a number of key issues that concern the relationship between women, the home and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial modernity in twentieth century colonial India. Through the choice of materials on which she bases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(400)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antoinette Burton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(195144244X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(37.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(212pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Janaki Agnes Penelope Majumdar)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(195663608X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(179pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Delhi)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarah Ansari)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6690 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her reflections, she offers new definitions of what constitutes an archive, challenging frequently accepted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notions of what represents reliable evidence for the writing of history. By looking at the very different kinds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of writings produced by three twentieth century Indian women ? Janaki Majumdar \(1886 ? 1963\), Cornelia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sorabji \(1886 ? 1954\) and Attia Hosain \(1913 ? 1997\) ? she both interrogates the status of the traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive and provides concrete examples of ways in which the concept of the archive might be extended into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new and productive areas. All three women, according to Burton,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made use of memories of home in order to claim a place in history at the intersection of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private and the public, the personal and the political, the national and the postcolonial \(p. 4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In breaking down distinctions between public and private histories, on the one hand, and historical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary study on the other, )] TJ ET BT 164.000 620.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dwelling in the Archive)] TJ ET BT 278.324 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( highlights the extent to which 'women's worlds' can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(command universal significance and, thus, help to re-shape understandings of history more generally.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 579.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The close interconnection between the home and history is acknowledged in much historical writing about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 565.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and social change in nineteenth- and twentieth-century South Asia. 'Domestic space' undoubtedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 551.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented 'politicised space' in colonial India, but it was something with which British and Indians alike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had an ambiguous relationship, and hence Burton's comment that 'house and home had long been highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charged ideological categories in the context of the Raj' \(p. 7\). Although colonial rule was frequently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deemed to have stopped at the door of the household, in reality its presence could go a long way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determining the significance of what existed, or took place, over the threshold. The British in India, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, tried to balance their desire to influence and shape this space against the need to avoid being seen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by their Indian subjects as interfering too greatly in what could be argued were essentially private matters. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Likewise, Indians sought to maintain control over what measure of independence or autonomy that remained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to them under colonial rule, and hence carefully guarded their domestic portals. But, at the same time, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institution of the family, together with the home inhabited by it, came to assume enormous political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance, as the 'Indian-ness' that both were presumed to represent was debated long and hard by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reformers of one sort or another. To successive generations of Indian nationalists, for example, the home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided evidence of 'authentic' India and the nascent Indian nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the late nineteenth century, domestic space had become the centrepiece of public debate, and the home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and those associated with it - women - had become closely associated with resistance against 'the materialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values and incursions of a Western, colonising culture' \(p. 33\). Under these circumstances, Indian men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed long and hard what kind of new woman the new India required. On the whole, the consensus that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged among them was in favour of wives and mothers who were better educated than in the past, and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thus, better skilled at organising and managing their families, and hence their homes, in the changing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenging realities of the times. The lengthy debates of the nineteenth century that focused on proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('feminine values', a proper 'feminine curriculum', and the growing value attached to domestic, or home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science, for instance, and which continued into the twentieth century, highlighted this concern. Activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that were identified with the home took on political significance during this period. Hence, consumption, so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently associated with the domestic environment, represented a highly political activity during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various Congress-led nationalist campaigns of the early twentieth century, as Indians were encouraged to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boycott British-manufactured goods in favour of home-produced alternatives. Twentieth-century Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women also sought to appropriate discourses of house and home: leading Congress activist, Sarojini Naidu, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance, in the nineteen-twenties,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figured India itself as a home whose true mistress had been usurped by 'guests and strangers': a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(house that had to be restored to its rightful proprietors, one whose orderliness depended on the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ministrations of the Indian woman-as mother \(p. 10\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, it is within this framework that Burton highlights the ways in which 'domestic architecture', as )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7820 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserved in the writings of Indian women about the home, can be used as a form of archive through which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to access new insights about late colonial India. In writing about domestic arrangements, whether in the form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of private memoirs, official and demi-official reports, or fictionalised accounts, these sources, she argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer 'counter narratives of colonial modernity', that 'capture the rifts and fissures of modernity in late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial India' \(p. 7\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burton's introduction, not surprisingly, explores a range of historiographical and methodological issues with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance for her study. For instance, there is the whole business of the 'validity' of personal testimony and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory. Here Burton acknowledges that 'scholarly attention to memory in the past two decades has given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's historical experience a foothold in history' \(p. 21\). At the same time, however, she points to the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that memory retains its reputation for being of relatively dubious authority, something that she feels is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accentuated by its all-to-frequent identification with things feminine and thus, by implication, unreliable. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The truthfulness of the narrator is still something that comes out a distant 'second best' to the presumed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dependability of 'properly' archived sources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This assumption, not surprisingly perhaps, has made it very difficult to retrieve information about the kinds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of lives and experiences that have slipped through the official archival 'net'. And while feminist historians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among others, have long used what might be regarded as unconventional sources, these alternative archives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persistently encounter negative assumptions regarding their validity. This is the case in South Asia, just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much as elsewhere, despite the fact that recent efforts there have 'done much to disrupt the alleged self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sufficiency of the official archive' by democratising what counts as an archive \(pp. 24?25\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Burton explores through her three chosen subjects, there is a dynamic relationship between discourse and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reality, which need not be viewed as opposing domains but, rather, as interdependent and enriching. Just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women writers in other parts of the world have frequently used the home to stage dramas of remembrance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these three Indian women deployed 'their memories of house and home as archival sources for the writing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories that tried to capture the rifts and fissures of modernity in late colonial India' \(p. 7\). In the case of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earliest, Janaki Majumdar, hers was originally a personal memoir, unearthed thanks to a piece of good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortune on Burton's part, which highlighted the mobility and uncertainty of life as a member of a family in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the process of experiencing the full blast of 'colonial modernity'. Daughter of one of India's most famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early nationalists ? W. C. Bonnerjee \(first president of the Indian National Congress\) ? she grew up in two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worlds, those of India and Britain, as a consequence of her father's decision to educate his children in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England. This trans-national existence, and, in particular, the impact which it had on her mother, Hemangini )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Motilal, forms the bulk of Majumdar's memoir \(edited by Burton in a separate volume, )] TJ ET BT 454.136 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family History)] TJ ET BT 527.132 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which she provides an introduction that, in albeit more succinct fashion, includes some of the main points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised in )] TJ ET BT 78.008 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dwelling in the Archive)] TJ ET BT 192.332 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Caught between the desires of an anglophile father, and a mother who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was forced to juggle family needs with her own against a backdrop of exile and displacement, Majumdar's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recollections \(written in 1935\) represent 'an essay in remembrance whose objects of imagination and desire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are the houses of her family's past' \(p. 32\). Memories of her family's homes, whether in located in Calcutta )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or Croydon, provide the structural heart of her family history, and prove very revealing in relation to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dense history of family life. Like other published memoirs by Indian women that date from the colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 67.676 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 67.676 217.347 m 81.668 217.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 81.668 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it uncovers a world of experience formerly hidden from public gaze.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family History)] TJ ET BT 107.012 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also performs another valuable service by highlighting that it was not just men whose lives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were literally detached from their roots by the modernising impulses that were flowing through particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections of Indian society by the turn of the twentieth century. Women, too, could find themselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transported, first perhaps away from their 'traditional' family homes to the more 'modern' houses that were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(springing up in particular parts of India's cities; later they could stray further afield, even abroad as in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Majumdar's mother's case, thanks very often to familial responsibilities of one sort or another.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Certainly, recent publications on the subject mean that we are now familiar with the degree of two-way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travel that took place between India and Britain, with movement taking place in both directions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involving more Indians than was previously acknowledged. Apart from anything else, the number of Indians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who came to Britain as students has demonstrated the extent of this kind of movement and interaction. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 37.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family History)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 67.6757 217.6615 81.6677 229.5415 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 6834 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, however, draws our attention to the fact that some ? although admittedly not many ? Indian )] TJ ET BT 480.956 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into 'first-hand' contact with British society, and that this was happening as early as the later decades of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century. In addition, through its recollections, we are able to explore the domestic context of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indian nationalism, transposed, for much of the time, to a late Victorian suburban setting. In effect, we get to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hear female voices, and, in the process, we learn about the kind of 'normal' everyday business that revolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around the trials and tribulations, and the pleasures and satisfactions of family and home. All this represents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable insights into the complexities of late colonial modernity, as experienced by individuals who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps had little direct control over what was happening in their lives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burton's second subject, Cornelia Sorabji, had a much greater degree of control over what she did and when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and where she did it. But, as with Majumdar's female family members, she too was moulded by her family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances. Born in India to Christian missionary parents of Parsee origins, she was also educated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain, and spent the rest of her life moving between the two countries. Trained as a barrister, she was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointed Lady Assistant to the Court of Wards in 1904, in which role she came to assume 'fame as a )] TJ ET BT 523.772 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(zenana)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expert' \(p. 67\). The )] TJ ET BT 128.816 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(zenana)] TJ ET BT 162.812 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or women's quarters of elite Indian homes, as suggested above, were frequently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as all that was 'wrong' \(although also sometimes 'right'\) about authentic, traditional, 'old' India. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sorabji's assumed authority about this world meant that she was at the heart of early twentieth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates about what role the precincts of house and home should play in shaping 'modern' Indian culture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. In a range of official reports, essays, memoirs and speeches about the 'problem' of )] TJ ET BT 470.240 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(purdahnashin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(secluded\) women, Burton suggests that Sorabji was involved in a process of)] TJ ET BT 64.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scripting and rescripting of [the] self through a set or series of 'Others' [that was] symptomatic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of any number of elite, educated women struggling to stake a claim for themselves in and for )] TJ ET BT 64.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity in the context of colonialism \(p. 98\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fact that Sorabji was both an important witness to, and agent in, the crises of colonial modernity, means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that, in Burton's view, her writings do not deserve to be dismissed as unrepresentative of mainstream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political trends. She may have taken a number of staunchly unprogressive positions, but this in itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides valuable evidence of the often unpredictable intersections that took place between colonialism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity during the early twentieth century, and, hence, Burton's conclusion that)] TJ ET BT 64.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sorabji's determination to preserve 'her' purdahnashin in the domain of memory was not out of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(step with the times at all. It [signalled] instead the uneven and unlooked-for terrains of colonial )] TJ ET BT 64.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity itself \(p. 99\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final woman studied by Burton is Attia Hosain, whose largely but not entirely autobiographical novel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunlight on a Broken Column)] TJ ET BT 176.684 246.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1961\), represents the third 'archive' under scrutiny. The youngest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burton's three subjects, Hosain belonged to an Indian Muslim family that faced upheaval at the time of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partition in 1947. Her own life was subsequently spent moving between the subcontinent and London, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so here again is someone who had to deal with a disappearing \(or disappeared\) world and the implications of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 189.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this for family or domestic life. Indeed, Burton is of the firm opinion that Hosain enlists house \(Ashiana\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home 'as archives in the service of history, and more particularly in the project of memorializing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 160.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penultimate decade of British rule'\(p. 15\). Written on the verge of a post-colonial world \(London in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteen-sixties\), Burton reads the novel as a memoir of the 1930s, thereby opening the way for discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the relationship of the autobiography to history as an enterprise comprising both the personal and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 91.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent years, there has undoubtedly been much greater attention paid to the impact of partition on ordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lives. Due notice has been taken of the compulsion to remember the events of 1947, even when the 'archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources' involved have not been of the conventional variety. Authors such as Urvashi Butalia, for instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have highlighted the significance of the house in the family histories of this period. Hosain, thus, is not alone )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 6103 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in making connections between domestic space and memory in relation to partition, but, as Burton concludes,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 758.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If )] TJ ET BT 75.008 758.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunlight on a Broken Column)] TJ ET BT 217.676 758.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may be said to anticipate the convictions of contemporary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of partition who are eager to explore new and hitherto undervalued sources of that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past, then Hosain's novel is what all critical history might aspire to be: carefully, quietly and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modestly prophetic \(p. 135\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 677.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three archives that Burton opens up for wider inspection in this study are all the product of women 'on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 662.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the move' or transplanted, voluntarily or involuntarily, from their original 'homes'. All were involved in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(re-construction of domestic space in new and challenging environments. Certainly, all three women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonged to privileged backgrounds, and it was their elite status that facilitated their mobility and 'hence the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("bird's-eye" view they were able to take of house, home and history' \(p. 16\). Burton is under no illusions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their class status provided them with properties that became the 'stuff of memory', and that therefore they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly fit the category of the 'subaltern' that has become so popular in Indian history writing. She is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear that no archive is perfect. Drawing attention to the archival value of women's writing inevitably means)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confronting the full range of subjectivities that such an archive can yield, including those that it )] TJ ET BT 64.016 524.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(erases, suppresses, buries, denies. It involves, in short, coming to terms with the proposition that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 510.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no archive, however antagonistic, fails to inscribe power - even and especially the power of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 496.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women over their social subordinates, both male and female \(pp. 17?18\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In other words, the elite status of Majumdar, Sorabji and Hosain should not automatically or necessarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 443.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diminish the 'archival value' of their work, which falls firmly into the 'specific domain of "Indian" history in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 429.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its bourgeois modern form' \(p. 18\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 403.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More importantly, as this study shows, their collective output ? whether as memoir, official report, or novel - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreground the 'inner recesses of house and home as critical sites of history' \(p. 143\) and so act as reminders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 374.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that historians need to be as concerned with space as with time. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 370.964 374.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dwelling in the Archive)] TJ ET BT 485.288 374.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( underlines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 360.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the history of domestic space ? the house and the home ? is the history of something that is both material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 346.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and symbolic. By acknowledging and using it, Burton calls for us to rethink how to approach telling the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of gender in South Asia, and also to consider how far less conventional kinds of archival sources can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 317.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underpin the bases on which 'history' has been conventionally constructed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 291.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(April 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 226.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See for example, Shudha Mazumdar's )] TJ ET BT 248.804 226.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Memoirs of an Indian Woman)] TJ ET BT 392.792 226.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. & intr. Geraldine Forbes )] TJ ET BT 64.016 211.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York & London, 1989\); Romola Chatterjee's )] TJ ET BT 311.480 211.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Courtyards of My Childhood: a Memoir)] TJ ET BT 504.476 211.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 197.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Delhi, 1996\); Binodini Dasi's )] TJ ET BT 207.848 197.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(My Story and My Life as an Actress)] TJ ET BT 379.496 197.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. & trans. Rimli Bhattacharya )] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Delhi, 1998\); and Tanika Sarkar's acclaimed )] TJ ET BT 310.112 183.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Words to Win. The Making of Amar Jiban, a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Autobiography)] TJ ET BT 177.008 169.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Delhi, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.320 169.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.320 167.619 m 327.308 167.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 142.757 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 123.775 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 105.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 105.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/400)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 104.601 m 322.316 104.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 79.624 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 65.224 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2184)] TJ ET BT 34.016 50.824 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2186)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.3197 167.9335 327.3077 179.8135 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 104.9155 322.3157 116.7955 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/400) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 143 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000554 00000 n 0000000636 00000 n 0000003716 00000 n 0000003825 00000 n 0000003935 00000 n 0000004044 00000 n 0000007605 00000 n 0000007733 00000 n 0000007817 00000 n 0000007882 00000 n 0000014625 00000 n 0000014709 00000 n 0000022582 00000 n 0000022612 00000 n 0000022738 00000 n 0000022774 00000 n 0000022839 00000 n 0000029726 00000 n 0000029817 00000 n 0000035973 00000 n 0000036101 00000 n 0000036156 00000 n 0000036284 00000 n 0000036379 00000 n 0000036444 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36639 %%EOF