%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140916094713+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140916094713+01'00') /Title (The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman Empire, 1580-1720) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1846 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the Ottoman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Empire, 1580-1720)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(406)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 31 May, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald MacLean)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(33397364)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Burton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7846 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the cover of Gerald MacLean?s engaging new study, )] TJ ET BT 307.940 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of Oriental Travel: English Visitors to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ottoman Empire, 1580-1720)] TJ ET BT 172.340 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a ?Portrait of a European Man? by the Ottoman Artist Abdelcelil Celebi, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known as Levni, and painted c.1720. MacLean does not discuss this portrait, but its selection as a cover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(image is calculated and significant. A strikingly similar image appears on the back book flap, portraying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacLean in a pose not unlike Levni?s anonymous traveller. Each stands against a backdrop of perfect blue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sky, clothed in characteristically Western garments, and wearing an expression that appears to survey the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrub-speckled desert landscape which he foregrounds and dominates. Produced nearly four centuries apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and through distinctly different technologies of representation, these images juxtaposed on the dust jacket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer important insights into the critical and narrative composition of MacLean?s book. The author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrait, produced through photographic technology, offers sharper lines and what would seem to be a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trustworthy representation than Levni?s painted portrait of the sky, landscape and traveller. While the inert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facial features of Levni?s European man conform to conventions of Ottoman court painting, the windblown, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sunglasses-wearing MacLean would appear to be more authentic. Whereas Levni?s desert landscape is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idealised with blooming flowers, MacLean stands on a more desolate scene, where unexceptional, pale green )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrub pushes through rocky crevices. In other words, MacLean?s portrait seeks to revisit and demystify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Levni?s, offering accuracy, truth, and perspective in place of Levni?s romanticised fiction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like the author?s photograph, )] TJ ET BT 180.992 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of Oriental Travel)] TJ ET BT 312.992 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( revisits with a critical eye the stories of four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journeys into the Ottoman Mediterranean undertaken by Englishmen in the century before there was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Empire. By reading these narratives against each other, corroborating them with contemporaneous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents, and drawing on his own experiences of wandering ?deliberately into and across the footsteps of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these four travellers? \(p. xvii\), MacLean seeks to highlight a range of early modern attitudes toward the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ottoman Empire that belie notions of uniform hostility and/or fearfulness. In other words, like the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photograph that replaces Levni?s impressionistic portrait with an aura of crystalline authenticity, MacLean?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(re-narration of four English travellers? tales promises to reproduce their ?narrative rhythms? while stripping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away and exposing the footing of their more fanciful elaborations. The point of these re-tellings ? which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacLean characterises as biographies of books, more than authors ? is threefold. First, they carefully set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each narrative in an intertextual web to indicate how travellers? accounts are variously inflected by the rank, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profession, and ethnographic literacy of each author. Second, they seek to ?open and add nuance to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuing Orientalism debate? \(p. xv\) by indicating where earlier visitors to the East ?both did and did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conform to the attitudes and prejudices of later Orientalists.?\(ibid.\) By evidencing the admiration, envy, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascination that the early modern English felt toward Ottoman culture, MacLean?s accounts join the research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Nabil Matar, Daniel Vitkus, Emily Bartels, Ania Loomba and others in arguing that for the English, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?theological differences with Islam and the Ottomans were important, but nothing like the whole story.?\(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(xiv\) Third, presented as a study of English encounters with Islamic cultures, these narratives offer insights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into ?the global formations of Englishness? whereas for each traveller, the experience of travel ?changed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what it meant to be English.?\(ibid.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The four books chosen for retelling suggest a cross-section of English culture as well as narrative styles. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Dallam?s manuscript journal titled ?A brefe Relation of my Travell from the Royall Cittie of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London towards The Straite of mariemediteranum and what happened by the waye? \(1599\), presents the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observations of a ?minimally prejudiced? artisan who repeats hearsay and writes in predominantly secular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms. The Protestant chaplain William Biddulph?s )] TJ ET BT 283.004 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Travels of Certaine Englishmen)] TJ ET BT 457.004 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1609\) is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead a carefully edited epistolary narrative that seeks challenge previous accounts, but which sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ottoman world through a highly prejudicial lens of biblical knowledge. Where Biddulph?s text hopes to ?set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the record straight? through piety, Sir Henry Blount?s )] TJ ET BT 295.652 147.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Voyage into the Levant)] TJ ET BT 416.972 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1636\) proposes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secular, rationalist, Baconian inquiry into the Islamic world by a wealthy, classically-educated, gentleman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traveller. Finally, )] TJ ET BT 120.008 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Adventures of \(Mr T.S.\) An English Merchant Taken Prisoner by the Turks of Argiers)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1670\) offers a proto-novelistic ?concatenation of facts and fantasies? \(p. xiii\) that anticipates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Orientalist accounts of Levantine degeneracy, even as it reveals a continuing admiration for Ottoman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a sequence of brief introductory sections consisting of the Prologue \(a translated Ottoman document, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5960 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to which I will return\), the Argument, and the Preface \(treating methodology\), )] TJ ET BT 412.280 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of Oriental Travel)] TJ ET BT 544.280 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divided into four parts, each apportioned to a single text and subdivided into chapters reflecting episodes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular interest within that text. Part 1, ?Dallam?s Organ: By Sea to Istanbul, 1599?, turns to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript journal of Thomas Dallam, narrating the English organ-maker?s journey to Istanbul where he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was responsible for assembling and playing a highly crafted, musical clock of his own construction and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was to be presented as Queen Elizabeth?s accession gift to Sultan Mehmed III. In Dallam?s account, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacLean chooses one with more literary qualities than most. Dallam?s story is taut, episodic, and even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funny, and MacLean?s rendering here is attuned to these qualities even as it contributes a wit all its own. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Previous commentators have tended to focus on the ethnographic and intercultural aspects of Dallam?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journal and MacLean too indicates how Dallam?s account points toward instances of English deference and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where instead it anticipates behaviours that would flourish in the age of British Empire. Yet what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguishes MacLean?s re-telling is his attention to the journal?s treatment of relationships between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English travellers. We see, as if with new eyes, how English registers of distinction might be undermined or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(re-configured in the Ottoman world. For instance, MacLean renders apparent the powerful anxieties of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry Lello, England?s ambassador-to-be in Istanbul, whose career came to depend on the success of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dallam, a common craftsman. This begins MacLean?s emphasis, revisited throughout the text, on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tensions between and rivalries among English travellers of different stations and/or backgrounds. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unstated implication is that the self-fashioning of English travellers has as much to do with their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of other Christians in an exotic and global register as it does with encounters with Jews and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muslims.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Part 2, ?Biddulph?s Ministry: Travels around Aleppo, 1600-12?, MacLean turns to an account often cited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by critics interested in English representations of Levantine life. Yet for MacLean, what is most interesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is how deeply William Biddulph?s )] TJ ET BT 203.684 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Travels of Certain Englishmen)] TJ ET BT 372.356 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is shaped by personal grudges and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?thinly veiled accusations aimed at living Englishmen.?\(p. 52\) By puzzling together miscellaneous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documentary evidence to fill in the gaps of Biddulph?s narrative, MacLean shows how the Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplain?s alleged efforts to ?set the record straight? in fact participate in an expatriate culture of gossip-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mongering which would have consequences for the careers of English authors, ambassadors and clergymen. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When Biddulph goes on to discuss aspects of Ottoman life, these observations too are used to draw lesson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for English reform, whether in regards to marital practices, national loyalty, or \(especially\) attitudes toward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the clergy. Although he is said to contribute to the ?Orientalist pjroject of making the East knowable? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(94\), MacLean insists that Biddulph?s perspective remains ?resolutely that of an English Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergyman with little or no interest in the social, cultural, or political life of those around him.?\(p. 101\) More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important was the task of setting the record straight in regards to heresy. Thus Biddulph?s observations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other nations ?reinforced prejudices that he had brought with him, but at the same time they reflect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different degrees to which he felt foreign customs threatened Protestant belief.?\(p. 96\) Not surprisingly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Biddulph reserves his most trenchant scorn for Roman Catholicism, rather than the more alien but lesser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known Christian sects of the Levant. \(MacLean?s ample endnotes testify to the author?s own knowledge of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the diversity and specific sects conflated or misrepresented by early modern travellers, as well as continuities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with contemporary descendants of the peoples described.\))] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7782 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In next examining Henry Blount?s )] TJ ET BT 203.000 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Voyage into the Levant)] TJ ET BT 324.320 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1636\), MacLean chooses a text that suggests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for travellers a program ?involving a complete personal, intellectual, cultural, and spiritual makeover [that] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have shocked the pious Biddulph.?\(p. 130\) Whereas Biddulph concerns himself with the increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(danger of spiritual contagion the further one finds oneself from England, Blount prefers to avoid his fellow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countrymen, don local garb, and suspend customary expectations. He describes his preparations for travel as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?putting off the old man?, a Baconian rather than Pauline rebirth involving an abandonment of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predispositions with the goal of testing tradition and authority. For Blount, Turkey is the most apt scene in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which to ?behold these times in their greatest glory?, and so he casts his narrative as an empirical study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the roots of Ottoman imperial might. In Blount?s rationalist inquiry, MacLean finds cause to argue that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Christian supernaturalism may not have dominated discourse about the East before the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment as Edward Said has suggested.?\(p. 123\) Nevertheless, he also finds conclusions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anticipate Orientalist arguments regarding primitivism and degeneration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the fourth text under study, )] TJ ET BT 180.332 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Adventures of \(Mr T.S.\) An English Merchant Taken Prisoner by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Turks of Argiers)] TJ ET BT 112.688 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, MacLean finds a great many more proto-Orientalist tropes. He recounts with equal parts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gusto and curiosity T.S.?s lurid sexual adventures among Maghrebian women, his encounters with bizarre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and unusual creatures, and his discovery of a ?glorious and all but forgotten past encrusted within a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degenerate living present.?\(p. 214\) While this is convincing material for his argument that by the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth century travel writing contained some of ?the founding impulses of Orientalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialism?, the chapter is most interesting in its consideration of the proto-novelistic qualities found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Adventures)] TJ ET BT 109.004 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Indeed, MacLean indicates here that ?the rise of Oriental travel? occurred in conjunction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the rise of the English novel. Thus while Dallam, Biddulph and even Baconian Blount may have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduced myths and inaccuracies, it is with T.S. that we find the ?murky mix of fact and fiction? \(p. 179\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as various structural tropes which would ultimately coalesce as the novel.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacLean?s re-told tales are engaging, thought-provoking, and witty. Drawn together in )] TJ ET BT 457.268 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of Oriental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Travel)] TJ ET BT 65.348 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, they gesture toward an anatomy of seventeenth-century English responses to the Ottoman world. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although MacLean is often more interested in the ways in which these texts register rivalries among English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or European subjects than in issues of ethnography or transculturation, he nevertheless provides us with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful archive for broader inquiries. Still, in the place of its slender epilogue that testifies to a dearth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records of English women visitors to the Ottoman Empire \(and which seems more like an appendix\), this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader would have liked to have seen a deeper engagement with the implications of this material for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of British travel and empire. Suggestions regarding the relationship between travel writing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and empire might be more fully developed. And it remains unclear why we should we read these documents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in terms of a ?rise of Oriental travel? when there are ample accounts of earlier eastern travel from the likes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Margery Kempe, John Mandeville, or any number of English crusaders \(not to mention continental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travellers such as Marco Polo or Johannes Schilteberger\)? For that matter, why is ?Oriental? travel limited to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English visits to the Ottoman Empire?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As entertaining and illuminating as they can be, MacLean?s re-tellings are no less selective than the texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they revisit and amplify. Like the author?s dust jacket photo that seems to sharpen and demystify the cover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(image, MacLean?s renderings are in fact just as framed and subject to the pose of the renderer. They focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on narrative frames, ways of seeing, and the experience of the traveller at the expense of the ?Oriental? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscapes and peoples described. What we are brought closer to, that is, is something other than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traveller?s experience. While MacLean never claims to present an absolute reproduction of the traveller?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, one implication of his supplementing the four texts under study with corroborating documents is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a fuller, more accurate history of English travel will emerge. This would also seem to be the point of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promise to consider ?the contemporary historical setting of these visits as seen from the Ottoman side.?\(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(xvii\) Unfortunately, this is a promise that goes largely unfulfilled. The book opens with an absolutely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating prologue consisting of a translated Ottoman account of the reception of Dallam?s fabulous clock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and which would seem to promise a contrapuntal analysis. Rather mysteriously, MacLean chooses not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment on this document at all. Likewise Ottoman portraits, including the cover image, are included )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the 36 plates, but these too garner no commentary. At the same time, MacLean does \(of course\) )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2553 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discuss at great length Dallam?s account, as well as several of the European images reproduced in the book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In other words, in the same way that the author?s photograph effectively supplants the Ottoman portrait of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European traveller on the book?s cover, an aggregation of English voices is made to stand in for what was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intercultural experience. What remains unclear ? particularly where MacLean focuses on rivalries among the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English themselves ? is the extent to which the English experience is inflected by others. In its decision not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to fully integrate Ottoman accounts with their English counterparts, )] TJ ET BT 361.316 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of English Travel)] TJ ET BT 489.320 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( runs the risk )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of presenting a study on Orientalism that reproduces its unilateral practices of exclusion. Still, by making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available to readers contending Ottoman representations, MacLean provides us with the means by which we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might ourselves provincialise European histories and particularly the germinating Orientalism of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern English travellers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 612.003 m 240.992 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 608.671 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 590.891 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 590.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/406)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 589.497 m 322.316 589.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 564.520 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 550.120 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2053)] TJ ET BT 34.016 535.720 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=14073)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 612.3175 240.9917 624.1975 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=14073) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 589.8115 322.3157 601.6915 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/406) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000588 00000 n 0000000670 00000 n 0000002568 00000 n 0000002677 00000 n 0000002787 00000 n 0000002896 00000 n 0000006457 00000 n 0000006585 00000 n 0000006669 00000 n 0000006734 00000 n 0000014633 00000 n 0000014698 00000 n 0000020711 00000 n 0000020776 00000 n 0000028611 00000 n 0000028702 00000 n 0000031308 00000 n 0000031435 00000 n 0000031536 00000 n 0000031664 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31759 %%EOF