%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150529033723+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150529033723+01'00') /Title (Hideous Absinthe: a History of the Devil in a Bottle) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4223 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Hideous Absinthe: a History of the Devil in a Bottle)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For aficionados of strong drink and a good story, there are quite a few books published on the subject of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absinthe, and most of them have been published in the last ten years.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.308 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.308 271.929 m 377.300 271.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.300 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perhaps it is a function of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(millennialism that interest has been stimulated in a drink formulated over two hundred years ago and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonised as the ruin of modern French civilisation. In the most recent of publications on absinthe, Jad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adams?s )] TJ ET BT 81.008 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hideous Absinthe: a History of the Devil in a Bottle)] TJ ET BT 329.996 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, we confront the drink in all its guises ? as anti-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(malarial agent for French soldiers in early nineteenth-century France, as a gin-equivalent for the poor, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbol of ascendancy for the middle class, as muse for the bohemian and decadent, and as the scourge of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temperance movements in the latter part of the nineteenth century. Much has been attributed to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wormwood drink ? madness, genius, social disorder, infertility, epilepsy ? but, as Adams argues, the potent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(image of absinthe has been articulated for different purposes since its recipe was handed over to Mr. Henri-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis Pernod for distilling in 1797:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Absinthe, as developed in Switzerland and mass produced in France at the beginning of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century, was the right product at the right time. It had sufficient alcohol to be the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major alcoholic drink at a time when social dislocation and a vine blight led to an increase in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcohol consumption. Its physical properties of changing colour with water and attractive aroma )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(419)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 31 October, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jad Adams)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1860649203)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(294pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. B. Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Desmarais)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.3077 272.2435 377.2997 284.1235 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7859 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made it adaptable for use by those with refined tastes when they were in the ascendant. It had )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sufficient psychoactive properties for it to be a favoured drink of the creative when social )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change, available money and national movement made for the development of centres of artistic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellence. Its unique properties were vastly exaggerated by both its supporters and its )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detractors to suit their own requirements \(p. 248\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hideous Absinthe)] TJ ET BT 119.012 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an entertaining cultural history of the drink and its contexts and it proceeds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronologically, beginning with the popular take-up in France in the nineteenth century by the poor, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois and the artistic elite and closing with its appropriation by the aspirant jet set in the twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Identified early on as a portal to the unconscious, artists and writers of a bohemian ilk were eager to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(try its intoxicating and hallucinogenic properties. Oscar Wilde, never much of an )] TJ ET BT 425.948 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(absintheur)] TJ ET BT 477.284 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, described the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effects of absinthe as occurring in three stages, the first stage an ordinary alcoholic effect, the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engendering ?monstrous and cruel things?, and the third stage engendering ?wonderful and curious things? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 64\). Adams describes the physical and psychological effects of absinthe well, and he demonstrates how it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came to be emblematic of a decadent modernity in a number of paintings by Degas, Manet and Picasso.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The vertebrae of the book are a series of potted biographies of well known )] TJ ET BT 394.592 560.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(absintheurs)] TJ ET BT 450.596 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, including Verlaine, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rimbaud, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Munch, Strindberg, Toulouse-Lautrec, Ernest Dowson and, to a lesser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent, Oscar Wilde. In the introduction, Adams sets the scene, and, in an overstatement typical of the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims that ?[b]y the 1880s, Paris had become an absinthe-fuelled bonanza of disparate literary groups, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performances and small magazines, including the )] TJ ET BT 274.304 503.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dcadent)] TJ ET BT 320.288 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a literary magazine that owed its philosophy to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Verlaine, and set the tone for much of the bohemian life that followed? \(p. 7\). The image of Paris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overflowing with absinthe and creativity is impressionistic rather than accurate, and is typical of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach of the whole book. In fact, Paris was not an absinthe-fuelled bonanza \(Adams concedes this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeatedly\), and the )] TJ ET BT 131.984 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dcadent)] TJ ET BT 177.968 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which Adams describes later as published between 1888 and 1890 \(see p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(82\), was a largely uninfluential flop, publication beginning in 1886 and ceasing in 1888. More importantly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is assumed that decadence and symbolism defined the )] TJ ET BT 305.648 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fin de sicle)] TJ ET BT 362.972 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but, on the contrary, they were elusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phenomena even at the time, and were at times difficult to separate from other movements such as realism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and aestheticism. One thing is certain: decadence was not a movement confined to the 1880s and 1890s, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a literary tradition extending back to the 1830s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adams begins by describing the vermicidal and anti-malarial origins of absinthe, which was used in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(North African campaigns of the 1830s and 1840s by the French soldiers to assuage fever and to protect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skin against insect bites. Absinthe was also used by the soldiers to make their drinking water palatable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on their return home, they ?took this acquired taste for bitter-flavoured alcohol back to the cafs of France, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calling for ?une verte?, in reference to the drink?s green colour before water is added? \(p. 20\). This green )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colour, which gave rise to the drink?s nicknames of ?the parrot? \(to have a glass was colloquially referred to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as ?touffer un perroquet?, to strangle a parrot\) and ?the green fairy? \(?la fe verte?\), was produced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chlorophyll in the leaves of the plants which made up the ingredients. The cloudy effect was created by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?louching?, that is, mixing absinthe with water and sugar dissolved slowly through an absinthe spoon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspended like a silver bridge over the glass. Among the principal ingredients were wormwood, distilled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wine alcohol \(ethyl alcohol\), plants of the Artemisia species, anise, fennel, lemon balm and hyssop. A strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distillation of the aperitif contained up to 80 per cent pure alcohol, three times as much as ordinary brandy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its consumption in large measure could induce fitting and delirium.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is interesting to note that when the company Green Bohemia promoted imported absinthe to Britain for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(millennium celebrations in 1999 they restricted consumption of the drink to only two timid shots per )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customer. It was a clever marketing ploy, but was a far cry from the binge drinking of absinthe in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century. Somewhere between ten and twenty absinthes per day seems to have been the average )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intake of an )] TJ ET BT 93.668 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(absintheur)] TJ ET BT 145.004 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but this varied according to what else was drunk alongside the aperitif. In many of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problem cases cited by Adams, an enormous quantity of much else was usually imbibed. The case of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jean Lanfray, a Swiss farmer, who hanged himself in prison in 1905, is one in point. Lanfray was convicted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of slaughtering his wife and children after a drinking binge, which over the course of one day, according to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7124 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adams, consisted in two and a half litres of table wine, two and a half litres of )] TJ ET BT 412.292 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(piquette)] TJ ET BT 450.956 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(homemade red )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wine\), several brandies, cordials and one or two absinthes. Lanfray?s ?absinthe defence? was that being in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absinthe delirium he was not responsible. The judge sentenced him to life imprisonment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hideous Absinthe)] TJ ET BT 119.012 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers glimpses into the way in which absinthe became by turns a drink of the poor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then an aperitif of the rich and finally a super-indulgence of the decadents, who used it to liberate their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minds and bodies for the purposes of poetry and art. Much of the anecdotal information about artists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers provided by Adams is well known, but his brief biographical sketches are as witty and succinct as bar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tales. Chapter 3, ?Absinthe for the people?, documents the connections between absinthe drinking by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poor and debates about degeneration. Against the background of life in the Third Republic, where ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incompetence of the army and the French leadership which had led the nation into conflict ? were forgotten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the lachrymose stupor? \(p. 52\), Adam discusses Degas?s famous painting, )] TJ ET BT 405.296 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Absinthe)] TJ ET BT 459.968 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1874\), which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depicts two people in a caf, a man and a woman, sitting glumly before a glass of absinthe, and links it to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realists? portrayal of grim, ugly modern life. Chapters 4 and 5 proceed along the same lines, treating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incendiary and literally filthy relationship between Verlaine and Rimbaud \(and Verlaine?s long-suffering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wife, Mathilde\), the work of Van Gogh and Gauguin and their famous meeting in 1888, and the jealousy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Munch and Strindberg. Absinthe played a part, Adams argues, in these artists? descent into creative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rage and fury, but the evidence presented is partial and, at most, suggestive. To what extent, we are led to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonder rhetorically, was their mad, bad and dangerous behaviour inspired by )] TJ ET BT 408.272 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(that particular drink)] TJ ET BT 506.948 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baudelaire and Edgar Allan Poe are mentioned )] TJ ET BT 262.964 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(en passant)] TJ ET BT 313.964 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but it is clear from the accounts that they found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their pleasures in other vices. Adams himself frequently reminds the reader that absinthe is possibly only a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributory factor, and we are made aware, on occasions, of the speculative basis behind many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographical vignettes:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van Gogh, Munch and Strindberg were all manically devoted to their art, all heavy drinkers, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and all suffered periods of mental illness, but absinthe was not a prime mover in any particular )] TJ ET BT 64.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case. Strindberg drank what was available and attached no particular importance to absinthe ... )] TJ ET BT 64.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case for absinthe?s involvement in the artistic process dwindles away to a mass of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualifications. It was a colourful contribution to a scene which would have existed and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressed along the same lines with or without the green fairy \(pp. 121, 122\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is at its best when recycling detailed and founded accounts of absinthe drinking drawn from other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books on the subject or from magazine and newspaper articles \(see the case of Lanfray cited above\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the anti-absinthe campaigns in the early years of the twentieth century, for example, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating subject of Chapter 10, ?Twilight of the fe verte?, and is an ironic lens on French politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. The fear that drinking absinthe would supplant wine consumption was one pedalled by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temperance movement in France, but Adams reports that ?absinthe never made up more than 3 per cent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the alcohol drunk in France, to wine?s 72 per cent? \(p. 197\). Still, the anti-)] TJ ET BT 391.964 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(absintheurs)] TJ ET BT 447.968 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were fierce in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(condemnation of the drink, and it was banned eventually in 1915. The larger debate was, of course, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about alcoholism but about national security, and it appears that absinthe played a walk-on part. It was part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a wider, international intolerance of intoxicating liquor at a time in history when nationhood \(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manhood\) was important and the eugenics brigade was in full voice. The American perspective in 1915 is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealing:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An American cartoon of 1915 showed the anti-saloon campaigner Carrie Nation in the guise of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mars, having destroyed a house labelled ?French Absinthe? and another called ?Russian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vodka?, now bearing down on ?Ye Olde English Inn?. Italy had banned absinthe in 1913; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcoholism was such a serious cause of deficiencies in war production that the British in 1915 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduced licensing laws in an attempt to curtail drinking among armaments workers; Russia )] TJ ET BT 64.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(banned wines and spirits in 1914. The difference, as always in this tale, was that in France it )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 4895 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was widely believed that banning one drink would solve the problem. At the same time )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation against absinthe was being enacted, the French high command was sending 1000-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(litre barrels of wine to the front to sustain troop morale \(p. 214\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In spite of the factual errors and over-generalisations, )] TJ ET BT 293.612 729.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hideous Absinth)] TJ ET BT 373.280 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(e is an enjoyable read. It is not an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic book, or a well-edited one; it is what might be termed a ?cultural history lite?. Nevertheless it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brings the context of an iconic drink to life, and is written in a slick, bold style which is easy to follow. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject matter, this is not inappropriate, perhaps. The highs and lows of absinthe?s popularity are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably the most interesting outcome of the book, reminding us of the power of advertising and marketing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to affect ? and manufacture ? our attitudes to products we neither like nor desire. Nowhere in the book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absinthe described as a great, thirst-quenching drink \(unlike the Chablis and soda favoured by Dowson\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is testimony to its potent image as a mysterious and dangerous seducer that it became the drink of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century bohemians and twentieth-century hedonists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 580.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 550.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aleister Crowley, )] TJ ET BT 152.336 550.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absinthe: The Green Goddess)] TJ ET BT 296.648 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edmonds, WA, 1994\); Doris Lanier, )] TJ ET BT 482.288 550.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absinthe: The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 535.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cocaine of the Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 230.672 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Jefferson, N.C., 1994\); Barnaby Conrad, )] TJ ET BT 435.632 535.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absinthe: History in a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 521.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bottle)] TJ ET BT 92.684 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(San Francisco, 1997\); Marie-Claude Delahaye and Benot Nol, )] TJ ET BT 410.288 521.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Absinthe, muse des peintres)] TJ ET BT 64.016 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1999\); Marie-Claude Delahaye, )] TJ ET BT 253.304 507.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Absinthe, muse des potes)] TJ ET BT 391.292 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Auvers-sur-Oise, 2000\); Phil )] TJ ET BT 64.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baker, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 493.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Dedalus Book of Absinthe)] TJ ET BT 244.664 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2001\); Barbara Hodgson, )] TJ ET BT 376.304 493.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(In the Arms of Morpheus: The Tragic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Laudanum, Morphine and Patent Medicines)] TJ ET BT 327.668 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vancouver, 2001\); Marie-Claude Delahaye, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 464.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Absinthe, son histoire)] TJ ET BT 181.028 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Auvers-sur-Oise, 2001\); Bettina Wittels and Robert Hermesch, eds., )] TJ ET BT 64.016 450.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absinthe: Sip of Seduction: A Contemporary Guide)] TJ ET BT 310.664 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Anacortes, WA, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.296 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.296 448.947 m 483.284 448.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 424.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Observer)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/feb/15/historybooks.features1)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 394.179 m 368.660 394.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 371.660 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 390.847 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 373.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 373.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/419)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 371.673 m 322.316 371.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 346.696 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2081)] TJ ET BT 34.016 317.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/feb/15/historybooks.features1)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 429.2957 449.2615 483.2837 461.1415 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 394.4935 368.6597 406.3735 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2004/feb/15/historybooks.features1) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 371.9875 322.3157 383.8675 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/419) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000555 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000004919 00000 n 0000005028 00000 n 0000005138 00000 n 0000005247 00000 n 0000008808 00000 n 0000008936 00000 n 0000009020 00000 n 0000009049 00000 n 0000009177 00000 n 0000009213 00000 n 0000009278 00000 n 0000017190 00000 n 0000017255 00000 n 0000024432 00000 n 0000024530 00000 n 0000029478 00000 n 0000029606 00000 n 0000029661 00000 n 0000029788 00000 n 0000029906 00000 n 0000030034 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30129 %%EOF