%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021075318+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021075318+01'00') /Title (In Search of Revolution: International Communist Parties in the Third Period) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4050 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(In Search of Revolution: International Communist Parties in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Third Period)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Opinions have long been divided about the subject under review, the Comintern's Third Period, which lasted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roughly from 1928 to 1935. One cannot be more precise about these dates, because, as Matthew Worley )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points out, the transitions at both ends of the period were gradual in nature. I think it is fair to say that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view most often taken by historians and commentators is that the Third Period was a disaster from start to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finish. The conventional view, held by both the non-communist Right and the Trotskyist Left, sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communist parties of the time as employing a tactic of 'class against class' and a theory of 'social fascism' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was imposed on them by Moscow and was completely out of tune with the real circumstances )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevailing in the world, or at least in Europe, where the rise of \(genuine\) fascism required the working-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parties to join together in defence of democracy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is not the view taken by Matthew Worley. His perspective is more nuanced. As he explains in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory essay, the Third Period was partially \(but only partially\) redeemed by five things: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communists' ability to mobilise demonstrations of the unemployed, the increase in communist membership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and voting strength in the latter part of the period \(roughly from 1930 onwards\), the anti-fascist potential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realised in the street battles fought in Germany against the Nazis at this time, some successful work in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reformist trade unions \(again, from 1930 onwards\), and finally the establishment of Soviet areas in China by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(423)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 November, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Worley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1850434077)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(400pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. B. Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ben Fowkes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7471 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Chinese Communist Party \(p. 4\). He adds that these successes were rooted in the flexibility of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communist approach. The communist parties were not blind executants of Comintern orders; they applied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their instructions in a subtle way, and in any case the Comintern was not entirely inflexible: it was capable of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing its line in response to changes in the overall situation. Thus, to take one example, the initial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decision to withdraw from the reformist trade unions and set up independent communist unions was only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(carried through incompletely, and finally abandoned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most, but not all, of the contributors to this collection take a similar view to Matthew Worley in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analyses of specific communist parties, applying the thesis of communist flexibility by looking at the local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details. The editor sets the tone by dividing the Third Period into two sections. In the first two or three years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rigidity was the watchword; after March 1930 'the Comintern moved to rein in ultra-leftism' \(p. 11\) and this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed national communist parties more scope to tailor their strategy to local requirements. Most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent essays adopt this division of the period into two parts. They also have a tendency to accentuate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whatever positive aspects they can find in what was, on the face of it, not a very promising policy. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia, says Stuart Macintyre, 'formidable qualities of organization? were forged by the communist party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Third Period \(p. 267\). In Canada, 'something positive happened to the CPC between 1931 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1934' \(p. 221\). In Spain the Third Period was 'a roller-coaster rather than a straightforward plunge to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depths' and the communist party 'became an organised and disciplined party for the first time' \(p. 198\). For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the CPUSA, says James Ryan, 'these years were not a total loss' \(p. 216\). Meanwhile the Brazilian CP, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to Marco Santana, 'intensified its influence among the workers' at this time, and party life, far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from being paralysed, 'continued apace and paved the way for several organisational conquests' \(p.371\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contributors' views are naturally not entirely uniform. Most of them seek to counter what Kerry Taylor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(in the New Zealand context\) describes as the 'dominant international paradigm' of a Comintern line imposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on unwilling parties during the Third Period \(p. 271\). On the contrary, he says, the explanation for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CPNZ's 'left turn' after 1928 lies 'more in the contours of the New Zealand political scene than in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corridors of the Comintern' \(p. 294\). Other contributors do not go quite so far, but still tend to stress the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a groundswell of local communist leftism. To put the point very simply: by 1928 rank and file )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communists were utterly fed up with the policy of cooperation with the Social Democrats carried on under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the United Front slogan. They felt it had achieved nothing except to mislead workers about the true nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Social Democracy. As Allison Drew remarks, the communists' exclusion after 1928 'from united fronts with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour and social democratic organisations ... gave the New Line \(of class against class\) a certain credibility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amongst many communist activists' \(p. 341\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This sounds convincing. But it is only a partial explanation. When dealing with the issue of Comintern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control of national communist parties it is useful to distinguish between countries that were seen as vitally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important to the Soviet Union and the international proletariat and therefore subject to constant intervention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and more peripheral lands where it was sufficient to set the overall strategic direction and leave local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaderships to make whatever tactical decisions seemed right. Thus in Germany, which is covered by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman Laporte in a lucid discussion well supported by the primary sources \(pp. 34?68\), the KPD's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participation in the Nazi-led Prussian Referendum Campaign of September 1931 was imposed on an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unwilling leadership by the Comintern's Political Secretariat \(p. 48\). The KPD had less room for manoeuvre, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 'flexibility' here meant abandoning confrontation with the Nazis in the factories and instead 'winning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them over by engaging in joint struggle' \(p. 55\). Meanwhile the Social Democrats continued to be denounced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as social fascists and isolated local attempts to cooperate with them against the Nazi danger were ended by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervention from the leadership \(p. 53\). New Zealand was at the opposite end of the scale. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kerry Taylor, that country was not a priority for the Comintern, much to the chagrin of the local party, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which complained at one point to Moscow: 'Your silence gives the impression that noone is the least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in us' \(p.273\). The New Zealand party was thus left to decide its own tactics, which it did 'within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the broad parameters of the Comintern analysis' \(p.275\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A full account of the origins and development of the Third Period would require some consideration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier stages of Comintern history, but the book was already long and there was much to discuss. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributors have chosen to solve this problem in various different ways. John Callaghan, who deals with )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6676 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial policy in an essay entitled 'Storm over Asia' \(pp. 18?37\), expounds the pre-1928 background in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great detail, with the result that he leaves himself insufficient space to examine the actual topic \(it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compressed into eight pages\). Carlos Cunha, dealing with the Portuguese Communist Party, does the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposite. Here the reader is plunged into the thick of things immediately. The essential background of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military coup and counter-coup is assumed as a given, and the PCP's 1927 turn to putschism is simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned in passing without further explanation \(p. 154\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are inevitably gaps and omissions, given the space constraints. I would have liked to see more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention paid to the communist parties of Eastern Europe and Latin America. Eastern Europe was always of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vital interest to the Soviet Union, and it was precisely in the Third Period \(at the Sixth Congress\) that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Comintern started to show an interest in Latin America. Marco Santana's essay on Brazil, excellent though it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, does not really fill this gap. In terms of themes, two major absences come to mind: cultural policy and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national question. For instance, Geoff Swain's interesting comparative piece on Yugoslavia and Latvia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses on trade union and personnel questions, and contains nothing on the Yugoslav party's policy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breaking up the country into its national components. This policy, adumbrated earlier in the 1920s, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given a sharper, unambiguous edge within the context of the Third Period. The same is true of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Czechoslovakia, another multinational state. There the 1929 Party Congress adopted the slogan of 'self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determination even to the point of secession' and denounced Czechoslovakia as an imperialist state, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1931 the party called for the 'reunification of German, Hungarian and Polish populations under Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power', and a 'Soviet Slovakia'. Communist cultural policy is occasionally mentioned, but never occupies the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreground. The 'proletarian culture' movement was after all quite an important aspect of the Third Period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More generally, radical approaches to both life and art found \(or thought they found\) a home more easily in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the communist parties of the Third Period than before.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One thing that has changed since E. H. Carr and his contemporaries were writing on the Comintern is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount of primary source material available, and some of the essays in )] TJ ET BT 378.284 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(In Search of Revolution)] TJ ET BT 491.936 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( stand out for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way that they have succeeded in combining a knowledge of the secondary literature \(itself immense\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with both the national and international sources. Other contributors, on the other hand, have taken a largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical approach, limiting themselves to comparing the existing secondary works. This is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable, of course.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection is very well edited, and I rarely found any reason to take issue with the details of Comintern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history presented therein. I will, however, mention one or two small points. Maurice Thorez, of the PCF, did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not 'lose his seat in the May 1932 elections' \(p. 120\). And I don't think the PCF, with 30,000 members, can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been 'the third largest communist party' in 1933 \(with the Bolshevik Party largest and the Chinese party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second largest\), as Steven Hopkins claims \(p. 121\), because the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(membership of 75,000 at that time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an excellent collection of essays by fifteen young specialists who have all already won their spurs by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing books and articles on some aspect of communist history in the twentieth century. The fact that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book appears now, in the twenty-first century, is a testimony to the continued survival, and indeed health, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the academic field of communist studies despite the loss of power by most ruling communist parties at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(start of the 1990s, and the resultant general shift in public interest away from the subject of communism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editor found Dr Fowkes's comments extremely insightful, and welcomes the generally positive review )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(In Search of Revolution)] TJ ET BT 160.664 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 120.991 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 103.211 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 103.211 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/423)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 101.817 m 322.316 101.817 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 76.840 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 62.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2090)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 102.1315 322.3157 114.0115 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/423) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 143 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000579 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000004763 00000 n 0000004872 00000 n 0000004982 00000 n 0000005091 00000 n 0000008652 00000 n 0000008780 00000 n 0000008864 00000 n 0000008929 00000 n 0000016453 00000 n 0000016537 00000 n 0000023266 00000 n 0000023394 00000 n 0000023489 00000 n 0000023554 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23749 %%EOF