%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221181027+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221181027+00'00') /Title (News and the British World. The Emergence of an Imperial Press System) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4221 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(News and the British World. The Emergence of an Imperial Press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(System)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Potter?s book is a study of ?imperial integration? through the analysis of what he terms ?an imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press system? which emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries \(p. 1\). It focuses on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominions of Britain, or what has in recent historiography been referred to as the ?British world?, embraced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by a common sense of Britishness. Historians have argued that, by the end of the nineteenth century, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of the British model on Dominion press traditions had begun to be replaced by indigenous content )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fostering a national consciousness? in Australia, New Zealand and Canada \(p. 14\). In South Africa the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture was more complicated due to the ethnic divide. Potter?s thesis counters this, however, by arguing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there existed an imperial realm of media discourse which was to an extent autonomous from the national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of the media. Further, he continues, this imperial-media sphere was not wholly or simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologically empire driven, but was shaped by the perceived commercial benefits and interests of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proprietors and their business concerns. The book makes a convincing case in substantiating this thesis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which correlates with other recent work on the imperial news network.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 373.604 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 373.604 107.985 m 387.596 107.985 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Potter traces the links between the mother country and the Dominions that enabled the creation of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial press system, which was characterised more by ?mutual interdependence? than by the dominance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British model \(pp. 15?16\). Journalists moved between metropole and periphery and enhanced the press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(427)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 November, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Potter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(199265127X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(246pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clarendon Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chandrika Kaul)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 373.6037 108.2995 387.5957 120.1795 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7867 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture of each. Dominion journalists received preferential treatment in Britain on account of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?perceived Britishness? \(p. 23\), and financially, too, there was Dominion dependence on the London money )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market. Non-British press models were often looked down upon, as in the case of Australia where ??Yankee )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalism? was a term of abuse? \(p. 25\). Nevertheless, there was inevitably some influence exerted by US )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions ? as in Canada on papers like the Montreal )] TJ ET BT 289.976 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Star)] TJ ET BT 309.980 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Toronto )] TJ ET BT 374.972 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Telegram)] TJ ET BT 420.968 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? as well as in Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the so-called ?New Journalism?, and, indeed, Potter claims that by the early twentieth century there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was ?no single Fleet Street model? \(pp. 25?26\). The spread of the telegraph networks also broke down the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monopoly that British newspapers had exerted in terms of international news reports in the Dominion press. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the high costs of such news led to the proliferation of Dominion telegraph and cable monopolies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with often restrictive practices.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book has a broadly chronological structure and combines case studies, institutional analysis of entities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the Reuters news agency, and thematic chapters, which attempt to compare and contrast the experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the different Dominion and the British press systems and the impact of political and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments. The bibliography has a range of primary and secondary sources ? though the provision of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appendices or tables listing the circulation, price, political affiliation, ownership and other relevant data, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the newspapers consulted, as well as short biographies on key journalists, would have been of considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help to the reader in navigating this complex field.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case studies include the South African War \(chapter 2\), the First Imperial Press conference \(chapter 6\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the First World War \(chapter 8\). There has been substantial revisionist interest in the two wars covered, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Potter?s skill lies in re-evaluating the conclusions from such research ? on, for instance, official news )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manipulation and propaganda, the role of individual journalists and agencies like Reuters, the divisions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the British press, the key links between Dominion and British news networks ? and imposing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasive alternative interpretation on how these fed into the creation and sustenance of the imperial press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system and the viability of a common ?British world? news network. The ?virtual merging? of the South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African and British press at the Cape, claims Potter in chapter 2, ?reflected underlying commercial forces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that bound newspapers around the empire together? \(p. 41\). British papers developed close links with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political establishment and the latter used the media to try to win the propaganda and misinformation war. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Dominion press similarly relied on its British counterpart for news. Thus, despite great interest in New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealand \(as in Australia\), the United Press Association \(UPA\) was ?keen to restrict the supply of news? due )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the exorbitant costs involved. The Canadian press, however, devoted more men and outlay and had more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copious coverage, largely bought through American channels, which in turn were substantially culled from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British press \(p. 46?50\). Such news network linkages had obvious implications for creating uniformity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage. The role of private telegraph cable operators, permitted to operate unrestricted by state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervention, as well as the interests of the large Dominion ?press combines? were, however, to prove two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main hindrances to the ?consolidation of the embryonic press system? \(p. 54\). And it is to the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largest private news agency, Reuters, that Potter devotes chapter 4. Donald Read?s study of the imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimensions of Reuters?s worldwide network )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.988 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.988 257.859 m 264.980 257.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 264.980 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has laid the crucial bedrock and parameters for any such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion and there is less that is substantially novel in the conclusions reached here. Potter nevertheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeds in illustrating Reuters operations in the Dominions, the tensions that existed between domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press combines and news agencies forming two angles, with the British and Dominion governments making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up the third in the complex triangle of news networks that made up the ?British world?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the study of the Great War, Potter brings new perspectives to bear upon the operation of the British and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominion press systems through an understanding of the ramifications of ?total war? and its impact in terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of more formalised censorship, direct official involvement in propaganda and publicity, the role of Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George after 1916, the establishment of the Department and then Ministry of Information, and the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press magnates like Beaverbrook and their interaction with the press. There was considerable direct patriotic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involvement of British and Dominion journalists in pro-allied propaganda, as well as the successful activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of unofficial organisations and pressure groups to mobilise the imperial world for the war effort and imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defence. Potter?s research also makes a useful addition to the general analysis of Reuters and the war by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Read. He argues that the war years saw intensified internecine commercial rivalries between the news )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.9877 258.1735 264.9797 270.0535 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 8173 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agencies, marked in the Australian case with the competition between the United Service and the Australian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Press Association. Even more complex rivalries dominated the newspaper horizon. The desire of Reuters to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominate this market, though eventually successful, was fiercely resisted in these years \(pp. 200?2\). In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canada, wartime pressures led to the amalgamation of provincial agencies into the Canadian Press Limited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with direct government subsidies. Once again Reuters, whose supply of wartime news to Canada had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsidised by the British, sought to secure guarantees from the Canadian government and its Department of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Public Information, which was keen to reduce the reliance on the Associated Press of the USA. A joint )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsidy of the Canadian and British governments was mooted but fiercely resisted by Canadian press and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agency interests, fearful of a loss of control over the inland distribution of international news \(pp. 202?4\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The eventual compromise saw new arrangements being reached between commercial press interests and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reuters after the end of the war, a system which marked the inter-war years and witnessed a resurgence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private interests and control over news distribution networks. Potter claims that, in general, the wartime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience created a sense of national patriotism which continued in the inter-war years to coexist with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adherence to a sense of ?shared Britishness? \(p. 210\), a loosely defined set of imperial values, fed, to a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent, by a small group of news agencies. However, there were events in the immediate post-war years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which divided British as well as Dominion press opinion, such as the unfolding crisis in Chanak in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demilitarised Dardenelles in 1922. Where the Montreal )] TJ ET BT 301.964 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Star)] TJ ET BT 321.968 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?supported a Dominion contribution of troops )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unquestioningly?, the Toronto )] TJ ET BT 182.012 554.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Star)] TJ ET BT 202.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( felt troops should only be sent ?if absolutely necessary?\(p. 209\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third case study focuses on the First Imperial Press conference convened in London in 1909 at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behest of the British press. The conference was intended to consider a range of common issues affecting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers of the empire, including the high press and cable rates, the monopolies of private cable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(companies, the spread of the telegraph network to encompass the empire?s far-flung territories, the facilities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available to press representatives in London, the wider role of the press in creating imperial unity and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact that this would have on issues of imperial defence. In practice, though, as Potter emphasises, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious objectives came up against the narrow commercial instincts of press and telegraph conglomerates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Dominions and in the metropolis, and these proved the main stumbling block to negotiations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictated the outcomes of the conference. While such an interpretation certainly holds true for many sections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the imperial media machines, there were also tangible gains attributable to the negotiations during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference, as well as the creation of the Empire Press Union to further the common goals of the imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press ? for instance, the successful reduction in press telegraph rates. Further, the British empire was, to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large extent, an empire of sentiment, and, however elusive this entity, it was generally thought by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaries to have been significantly strengthened by the conferences, based as they were on a strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of the imperial purpose of the press. The close nexus of influence and cooperation that existed between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the press and the political establishment ? exemplified in the context of the conference, for instance, and by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the enthusiasm of British politicians to address its proceedings and liaise with its delegates ? has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysed by, amongst others, Koss, whose books remain the best on the subject.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 417.308 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 417.308 284.115 m 431.300 284.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 431.300 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Potter builds on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture in chapter 7 and delineates how the press, despite commercialisation, ?remained inextricably bound )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up with the world of politics?, which was predicated in turn upon the ?simultaneous strengthening of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial press system? \(p. 160?1\). He effectively details some of the complexities of this interaction within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Dominions as well as in Britain, where constructive imperialists as well as Liberals were equally keen to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?harness the opportunities offered by the press? \(p. 184\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 3 discusses the role of the press and communications in the various movements initiated before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War to strengthen and deepen imperial unity. Potter examines the role of the so-called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?constructive imperialists? as well as Dominion governments, who were keen to exploit the potential for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cheaper news to increase the flow of information around the empire ? such as through cheaper cable rates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and direct state control of cable lines \(opposed by the British government\) ? and the inter-imperial trade, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhanced migration, and increased investment that this would inevitably encourage. Direct official attempts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at publicity and at courting the British press were undertaken, such as by Australia, to enhance the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attractiveness of Dominions as sites for investment of capital, labour and the exploitation of natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources. With the exception of South Africa, large-scale Dominion advertisement campaigns through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press were also a hallmark of these years. In this sense, Potter argues, the )] TJ ET BT 388.268 59.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(raison d?tre)] TJ ET BT 452.600 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for improved )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 417.3077 284.4295 431.2997 296.3095 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7606 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communications as ?a form of imperial preference?, which underpinned the activities of constructive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialists, ?seemed compatible with the economic interests of the Dominions? \(p. 86\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter 5, ?The British press and Dominion news?, Potter claims that by 1909 such coverage of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominions ?was more comprehensive than it had been at any point in the past?. He provides rich illustrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material of the multiple links that existed between the centre and the Dominions at the level of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals as well as institutions. However, he acknowledges that newspapers in general had ?yet to solve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problem of providing cable news ... on an economical basis? \(p. 131\). In the second section of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter, Potter focuses on three quality newspapers ? )] TJ ET BT 291.620 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Times)] TJ ET BT 341.288 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 347.288 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Standard)] TJ ET BT 412.292 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the )] TJ ET BT 453.284 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morning Post)] TJ ET BT 519.620 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. With )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their right-of-centre affiliation and staunch pro-empire stance, these newspapers would and did devote more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to imperial news, so Potter?s discussion, though interesting, is somewhat predictable. This ground )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has also been covered to some extent by, among others, Startt , K.M. Wilson and Koss )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.300 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.300 640.515 m 466.292 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 466.292 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and this appears )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be a somewhat missed opportunity given the efflorescence of the British press in this period and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrality of this topic to the theme of the book. A wider spectrum of newspapers, both quality and popular, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with their varying political affiliations, circulations and readerships, as well as the periodical press, would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have thrown more light on the nuances inherent in any discussion of the press and politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The brief concluding chapter reiterates how Anglo-Dominion relations in general, as well as with reference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the ?imperial press system?, grew ?stronger not weaker? in the years after the South African war \(p. 212\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The forces driving this phenomenon were less state intervention or primarily a sense of national identity, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial gain and a more complex sense of a transnational imperial identity favouring cooperation, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers helping to ?sustain a multiplicity of identities? in the Dominions as well as in Great Britain \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(215\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, this is a well written book that makes a convincing case for the existence of an imperial press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system that encompassed the British world during the high noon of empire. It also throws useful light on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press history of the white Dominions and South Africa and is a valuable addition to the fields of media and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.427 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 352.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See C. Kaul, ?A New Angle of Vision: The London Press, Governmental Information Management )] TJ ET BT 64.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Indian Empire, 1900?1922?, )] TJ ET BT 241.652 338.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contemporary Record)] TJ ET BT 349.304 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8.2 \(1994\), 213?41; C. Kaul, ?Imperial )] TJ ET BT 64.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Communications, Fleet Street and the Indian Empire, c. 1850s?1920s? in ed. M. Bromley and T. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Malley, )] TJ ET BT 118.004 310.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Journalism Reader)] TJ ET BT 219.992 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1997\), 58?86; and C. Kaul, )] TJ ET BT 360.308 310.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reporting the Raj: The British Press and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(India)] TJ ET BT 89.348 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, c)] TJ ET BT 100.676 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(.1880?1922 )] TJ ET BT 160.676 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Manchester, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 257.648 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 257.648 294.387 m 311.636 294.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 281.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Read, )] TJ ET BT 109.340 281.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Power of News. The History of Reuters 1849?1989)] TJ ET BT 375.008 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1992; 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 483.992 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 483.992 280.131 m 537.980 280.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Koss, )] TJ ET BT 106.688 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise and Fall of the Political Press in Britain)] TJ ET BT 345.704 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2 vols.\(1980; 1984\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 449.036 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 449.036 265.875 m 503.024 265.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 253.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. D. Startt, )] TJ ET BT 121.352 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journalists for Empire)] TJ ET BT 230.024 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Connecticut, 1991\); )] TJ ET BT 335.348 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Study in the History and Politics of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morning Post, ed. K. M. Wilson \(Lampeter, 1990\); and Koss, )] TJ ET BT 362.660 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rise and Fall)] TJ ET BT 427.328 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 430.328 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 430.328 237.363 m 484.316 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 212.501 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 193.519 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 175.739 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 175.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/427)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 174.345 m 322.316 174.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 149.368 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 134.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2383)] TJ ET BT 34.016 120.568 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 452.2997 640.8295 466.2917 652.7095 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 257.6477 294.7015 311.6357 306.5815 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 483.9917 280.4455 537.9797 292.3255 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 449.0357 266.1895 503.0237 278.0695 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 430.3277 237.6775 484.3157 249.5575 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 174.6595 322.3157 186.5395 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/427) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000572 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000004934 00000 n 0000005043 00000 n 0000005153 00000 n 0000005262 00000 n 0000008823 00000 n 0000008951 00000 n 0000009035 00000 n 0000009064 00000 n 0000009192 00000 n 0000009228 00000 n 0000009312 00000 n 0000017232 00000 n 0000017262 00000 n 0000017390 00000 n 0000017426 00000 n 0000017510 00000 n 0000025736 00000 n 0000025766 00000 n 0000025894 00000 n 0000025930 00000 n 0000026049 00000 n 0000033708 00000 n 0000033738 00000 n 0000033866 00000 n 0000033902 00000 n 0000034030 00000 n 0000034085 00000 n 0000034213 00000 n 0000034268 00000 n 0000034396 00000 n 0000034451 00000 n 0000034579 00000 n 0000034634 00000 n 0000034762 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34857 %%EOF