%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140730231541+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140730231541+01'00') /Title (Representing the Royal Navy. British Sea Power, 1750?1815) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4420 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Representing the Royal Navy. British Sea Power, 1750?1815)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Now is an appropriate time to consider the role of the British Navy and its cultural significance. 2005 marks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the bicentenary of the Battle of Trafalgar, the apogee of British naval glory. Trafalgar is a story of national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tragedy as well as triumph, of course, as Britain?s stunning victory over the French came at a huge cost, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(namely the loss of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Nelson?s death in battle transformed him into a national hero )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and he became the most revered naval hero in the British pantheon. Now, as then, Nelson?s memory is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commemorated in diverse forms. The coming year will see a vast array of public events celebrating Nelson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Trafalgar. The commemoration has already begun, in fact. In October 2004 the National Maritime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Museum and the Institute of Historical Research sponsored the ?Rediscovering Nelson? lecture series, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is much more to come in ?SeaBritain 2005 ? a year-long festival of the sea?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 427.268 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 427.268 172.137 m 441.260 172.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nelson and Trafalgar are not the only focal points of interest, however. Naval battles during the War of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Independence \(1776?1781\) and the Napoleonic Wars \(1793?1815\) maintain a firm hold on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public imagination. The continued popularity of historical novels detailing late eighteenth and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century naval life by C. S. Forester, Patrick O?Brien and Alexander Kent has been augmented by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(films, including the recent box office hit )] TJ ET BT 230.660 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Master and Commander: the Far Side of the World)] TJ ET BT 477.308 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, starring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russell Crowe as naval officer Jack Aubrey. People are drawn to the romance, the majesty, the tales of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heroism, of courageous behaviour during and after battle, and, not least, the satisfaction of having an easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(436)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margarette Lincoln)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(754608301X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(37.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(239pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cindy McCreery)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 427.2677 172.4515 441.2597 184.3315 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8336 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identifiable and dignified enemy ? the French.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scholars have also been fascinated by the Royal Na vy in this period. There is a long tradition of works on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British naval history. Moreover, recent years have seen a reawakening of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest and a redirection of inquiry in the Royal Navy?s place in British and imperial history.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 483.296 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 483.296 740.307 m 497.288 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 497.288 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Scholars? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus has broadened from accounts measuring the number of ships and men, success and failure in war and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blow-by-blow accounts of battles \(although these topics have continued to attract popular attention\), to more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced accounts that locate the Navy within a broader social, political and economic context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of particular importance is the work of N.A.M. Rodger, including his pioneering )] TJ ET BT 425.960 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wooden World: an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anatomy of the Georgian Navy)] TJ ET BT 183.332 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1986\) and his recent )] TJ ET BT 290.972 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain, 1649?1815)] TJ ET BT 128.024 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2004\), which was recently named one of the best books of the year by the )] TJ ET BT 491.612 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economist)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine \(27/11/04\). So too, Roger Morriss?s )] TJ ET BT 259.328 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal Dockyards During the Revolutionary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Napoleonic Wars)] TJ ET BT 117.680 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1983\) and Brian Lavery?s work )] TJ ET BT 280.304 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nelson?s Navy: The Ships, Men and Organisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1793?1815)] TJ ET BT 88.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1990\) have helped us to understand better the Navy?s role within eighteenth- and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century Britain. New works, such as Clive Wilkinson?s )] TJ ET BT 357.308 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Navy and the State in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 127.676 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2004\) and, although not limited to the Navy, M. John Cardwell?s )] TJ ET BT 450.656 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Arts and Arms: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Literature, Politics and Patriotism During the Seven Years War)] TJ ET BT 340.352 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2004\), indicate that contemporary scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are increasingly aware of the political and cultural significance of the eighteenth-century Navy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But what did contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 176.000 518.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(think)] TJ ET BT 200.000 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( about naval officers, and indeed the Royal Navy itself? How did the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navy represent itself, and to what end?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margarette Lincoln?s )] TJ ET BT 139.988 477.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representing the Royal Navy. British Sea Power 1750?1815)] TJ ET BT 429.968 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( grows out of this interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the social world of the Navy and its relationship to British society in general, but goes much further. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an ambitious and impressive work, which combines original archival research with a useful synthesis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other scholars? findings. It considers the cultural significance of the Navy in the period 1750?1815 by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysing key groups? attitudes to and relationship with the Navy. Lincoln devotes a chapter to each of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following: ?The Navy?s self-image? \(especially how officers represented the Navy\); ?The Navy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics? \(Parliament?s response to the Navy, as well as the many links between individual naval officers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the House of Commons in particular, e.g. as MPs\); ?The Navy and trade? \(how merchants saw the Navy, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the support which they provided \(e.g. prizes and awards\); ?The Navy and religious opinion? \(Anglicans? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to the Navy, both in terms of individual clergymen?s sermons and other writings on the Navy, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Church?s support for the Navy on a national level\); ?Waiting on the shore? \(women?s response to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navy, and in particular mothers?, wives? and sweethearts? expression of longing for absent officers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sailors\); and ?The Navy and its doctors? \(the attitudes of doctors to the Navy and their role in improving life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at sea\). The book ends with ?Post-war blues?, a chapter on perceptions of the Navy after 1815, as the shift to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peacetime reduced the prominence of the Navy in national life, and brought about increased hardships for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officers and men as opportunities for regular employment and promotion dwindled.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln has chosen an important period \(1750?1815\), and is to be congratulated on starting well before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(age of Nelson. While our knowledge of the Navy during the Napoleonic Wars at the end of the eighteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century is relatively ample, we know much less about its position at mid-century. Lincoln?s book is the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to address the Navy?s reputation and representation in this period. )] TJ ET BT 354.296 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representing the Royal Navy)] TJ ET BT 493.940 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( tackles its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject successfully, and I have only minor criticisms of an otherwise impressive piece of scholarship. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inevitably, by covering such a large topic, which spans over half a century and covers masses of material, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln?s book pays greater attention to some areas than to others, and some over-generalisations occur. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take a small and perhaps insignificant example, while Lincoln claims \(p. 3\) that images of sailors as ?Jack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tar? were always sentimental, in fact mid-century images of ?Jack Tar? were frequently comical but rarely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sentimental. ?Jack Tar?, in other words, could be represented in numerous ways, and the transition to the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century stereotype that Lincoln outlines was more gradual and partial than she suggests.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.272 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.272 93.555 m 524.264 93.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the many strengths of Lincoln?s approach, however, is that it makes excellent use of primary source )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material, in particular newspaper articles, pamphlets, sermons and books written by naval officers \(with a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 483.2957 740.6215 497.2877 752.5015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.2717 93.8695 524.2637 105.7495 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7549 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sprinkling of voices from ordinary sailors, whose voice is, as Lincoln points out, difficult to recover\), as well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as material produced by groups who developed a special connection with the Navy, such as merchants. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Understandably, the author relies heavily on published accounts, many of which provide rich descriptions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life both above and below decks. Yet, as Lincoln points out, published accounts were often written with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular aim, for example, to promote the Navy with politicians, or to bring about some internal reform. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While such accounts tell us about public campaigns, they do not tell us what people thought privately. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unpublished, private accounts, such as diaries and correspondence, might indicate more complex or diverse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to the Navy. Moreover, many published accounts offer fictional rather than firsthand accounts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life in the Navy. Even fictional representations of naval life are revealing, of course, but it should perhaps be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made clearer to the reader that there is some artistic licence involved. For example, ?Jack Nastyface? \(p. 25\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the pseudonym adopted by the seaman William Robinson, while ?Alfred Burton, a master?s mate under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sir Samuel Hood? \(p. 25\) was in fact the journalist John Mitford. Mitford did serve with Hood in the Navy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but his reputation for colourful writing should be kept in mind when assessing his account of life in the Navy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Napoleonic Wars.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 172.652 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 172.652 609.747 m 186.644 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While printed material predominates, Lincoln?s book encompasses a diverse array of sources, including oil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portraits, reproductive engravings, satirical prints \(cartoons\) and commemorative ware, such as pottery, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medals and jewellery. Her description of these items and their consumption is augmented by numerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images, several of which are handsomely reproduced in colour. This is certainly to be welcomed; we need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see this material, so much of which, despite the excellent efforts of museums such as the National Maritime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Museum and, in Australia, the Australian National Maritime Museum, remains largely ?invisible? to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider public. Seeing these objects in colour \(that is, as contemporaries would have seen them\) helps us to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the importance of the Navy for Britons in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Having said )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that, it should be recognised that for many people these items were too expensive for personal consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and would have been seen at a distance ? adorning other people and other people?s homes. Moreover, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some Britons \(particularly those with no direct connection to the Navy\) the Navy may not have been a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbol chosen to decorate their clothing or china; other institutions, such as army regiments or local militia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political candidates, religious figures or even sporting heroes would have claimed their attention and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expenditure. Nevertheless, Lincoln?s discussion of the diverse range and huge volume of material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that the Navy did hold a prominent place in British society, and it seems clear that many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people were made aware of its activities through the commemorative items produced.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln has mined the superb collections of material at the National Maritime Museum to great effect. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the many virtues of this book is the way in which it draws our attention to the richness of this national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection, and further demonstrates the function of material culture in historical analysis. Linda Young?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent book )] TJ ET BT 93.332 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Middle-Class Culture in the Nineteenth Century: America, Australia and Britain)] TJ ET BT 480.668 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2002\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores the cultural meanings of items such as furniture and other domestic objects for middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families in Britain and the colonies. Given the volume and diversity of material produced with regard to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Royal Navy, it would be worth exploring the reception and use of this material in Britain. In other words, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future research should move beyond the very useful start made by Lincoln in showcasing the range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material produced, and consider how the public consumed this material. When and where did people wear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and use navy-themed items, and was it on an occasional, seasonal or regular basis? Was such consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater/more common in seaports than inland areas? While such questions are notoriously difficult to answer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully, they are worth pursuing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, )] TJ ET BT 105.008 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representing the Royal Navy. British Sea Power, 1750?1815)] TJ ET BT 397.988 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a wonderful addition to naval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship. Lincoln?s writing style is fluent and her observations shrewd. Her book provides an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to our understanding of the contemporary significance of one of Britain?s most venerable, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as sizeable \(particularly in wartime\) institutions. It demonstrates how much the Navy mattered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain, and what a rich and diverse response it evoked. Lincoln?s work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should inspire much further work on this topic. Scholars and others interested in naval history have much to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look forward to, both in 2005 and beyond.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 172.6517 610.0615 186.6437 621.9415 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 5643 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For information on ?SeaBritain 2005 ? a year-long festival of the sea?, see the website of the National )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maritime Museum:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 157.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 157.016 729.555 m 286.220 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 289.220 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 303.212 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 306.212 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 306.212 729.555 m 360.200 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The history of colonial Australia, for example, was heavily influenced by the Royal Navy. Royal Navy )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ships first explored the Australian continent's coastline in the late eighteenth century, and later )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transported thousands of British and Irish men and women as convicts, soldiers and government )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials to Sydney Cove and other fledgling Australian ports. Indeed, many of the early governors and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial administrators had naval backgrounds, and in the early nineteenth century many officers on )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half-pay, who had little prospect of employment at home, took advantage of generous land grants to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emigrate to Australia. While some work has been done on these naval links between Britain and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia, there is still much to explore. My current research on the Duke of Edinburgh's visit to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia in 1867-8 indicates that naval connections remained strong almost a century after Captain )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cook first arrived in Australia. See C. McCreery, 'The Voyage of the Duke of Edinburgh in HMS )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Galatea to Australia, 1867-8', in K. Darian-Smith, P. Grimshaw, K. Lindsey and S. Macintyre, eds., )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exploring the British World)] TJ ET BT 198.356 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Melbourne, 2004\), pp. 959-978.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.000 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.000 558.483 m 412.988 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See C. McCreery, ?True Blue and Black, Brown and Fair: prints of sailors and their women during the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars?, )] TJ ET BT 250.976 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies,)] TJ ET BT 479.312 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( vol. 23 \(2000\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(135?52.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 102.344 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 102.344 515.715 m 156.332 515.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 502.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See H. Baynham, 'Robinson, William \()] TJ ET BT 251.504 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bap)] TJ ET BT 269.504 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. 1787, )] TJ ET BT 305.504 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(d)] TJ ET BT 311.504 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. in or after 1836\)' \(10 Dec. 2004 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 487.203 m 306.200 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 309.200 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 323.192 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and J. Gilliland, 'Mitford, John \(1782?1831\)'\(10 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dec. 2004 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 116.336 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 116.336 472.947 m 364.520 472.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 367.520 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 381.512 474.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Dictionary of National )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Biography)] TJ ET BT 114.680 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 152.672 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 152.672 458.691 m 206.660 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 414.847 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 397.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 397.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/436)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 395.673 m 322.316 395.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 370.696 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2408)] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] https://www.nmm.ac.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.496 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/73929)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.096 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18855)] TJ ET BT 34.016 298.696 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 157.0157 729.8695 286.2197 741.7495 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (https://www.nmm.ac.uk/) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 306.2117 729.8695 360.1997 741.7495 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 358.9997 558.7975 412.9877 570.6775 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 102.3437 516.0295 156.3317 527.9095 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 487.5175 306.1997 499.3975 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/73929) >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 116.3357 473.2615 364.5197 485.1415 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18855) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 152.6717 459.0055 206.6597 470.8855 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 395.9875 322.3157 407.8675 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/436) >> endobj xref 0 48 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000560 00000 n 0000000649 00000 n 0000005121 00000 n 0000005230 00000 n 0000005340 00000 n 0000005449 00000 n 0000009010 00000 n 0000009138 00000 n 0000009222 00000 n 0000009251 00000 n 0000009379 00000 n 0000009415 00000 n 0000009506 00000 n 0000017895 00000 n 0000017925 00000 n 0000018053 00000 n 0000018089 00000 n 0000018119 00000 n 0000018246 00000 n 0000018282 00000 n 0000018366 00000 n 0000025968 00000 n 0000025998 00000 n 0000026126 00000 n 0000026162 00000 n 0000026295 00000 n 0000031991 00000 n 0000032119 00000 n 0000032193 00000 n 0000032321 00000 n 0000032376 00000 n 0000032504 00000 n 0000032559 00000 n 0000032687 00000 n 0000032742 00000 n 0000032869 00000 n 0000032964 00000 n 0000033092 00000 n 0000033187 00000 n 0000033315 00000 n 0000033370 00000 n 0000033498 00000 n trailer << /Size 48 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33593 %%EOF