%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021040500+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021040500+01'00') /Title (Canada and the North Pacific. Maritime Enterprise and Dominion, 1778?1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2742 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Canada and the North Pacific. Maritime Enterprise and Dominion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1778?1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With over seven hundred volumes published, the Variorum Collected Studies Series has branched out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerably from its origins in late antique and medieval history. Recent forays into imperial history, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, have generated collections of articles by some of the biggest names in the field. Authors submit a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection of previously published articles and book chapters, especially those which might be difficult to find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(otherwise, and present them in collected form with an introduction or preface \(formats vary\). These volumes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have a retrospective air, offering opportunities for autobiographical and historiographical reflection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(447)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 April, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barry Gough)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(86078939)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(57.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(326pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Samson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7664 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Gough?s collection of nineteen articles fulfils many of these goals admirably. A prolific scholar, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gough has a very wide range of articles and book chapters to choose from in order to create a coherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection and structure. The first section presents pieces on the theme of ?James Cook and British Enterprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the North Pacific? and the second features ?)] TJ ET BT 257.288 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pax Britannica)] TJ ET BT 330.284 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: South America, Canada, and the Pacific?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earlier pieces tend to be about exploration, trade and high strategy in the Second Age of Discovery. Later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles discuss the reinforcement and expansion of Britain?s nineteenth-century Pacific empire with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular reference to the activities of the Royal Navy. This is where Gough?s career began and the earliest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(article included here, from 1969, outlines one of his most conspicuous achievements: an investigation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtually unknown records of the Royal Navy?s Pacific Station.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Less sure-footed ventures, such as discussions of British ?gunboat diplomacy? against northwest coast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aboriginal peoples, have wisely been omitted from this collection. What we have instead are pieces on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international relations, naval biography, exploration history and high imperial policy in the north Pacific. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These fields are the cornerstones of several of Gough?s many books, but especially of )] TJ ET BT 449.588 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal Navy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810?1914: a Study of British Maritime Ascendancy and Distant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dominion: Britain and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1579?1809)] TJ ET BT 392.036 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 395.036 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 395.036 571.491 m 409.028 571.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Several things become clear. This is a scholar devoted to meticulous empirical research and argument; there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are surely very few relevant archival documents which Gough has not seen, few sites of maritime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance which he has not visited in person. This is also a scholar of remarkable epistemological certainty. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He tells us that in north Pacific history we will find ?the essence of British imperial purposes? which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consisted of ?commercial influence and political power? \(p. ix\). The only question worth asking is which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came first, trade or the flag? And Gough confidently points readers toward ?the truth of the maxim that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce came first and empire second? \(p. ix\). Gough is extremely well read in the work of the elder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statesmen of British imperial history, and their preoccupation by commercial and strategic issues informs his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research questions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The strikingly limited introduction to this volume is unlike many others in the series. There are no accounts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of epiphanies prompted by the work of friend or foe, no students thanked for their inspiration, and none of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the challenges or surprises that scholars often note over the course of a long career. Gough tells us of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent Harlow, whose two volume study )] TJ ET BT 239.660 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Founding of the Second British Empire, 1763?1793)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(published in 1952 and 1964 respectively\) was and remains his most formative intellectual influence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Citations in the introduction, however, refer overwhelmingly to Gough?s own work. This suggests a rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-contained scholarly programme which, once launched, stayed the course with stolid determination. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the articles in the volume tells us that the distinguished imperial and maritime historian Gerald Graham, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then Gough?s doctoral supervisor, warned him that the Pacific defied historical narrative and analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapter III, p. 99\). Gough?s career can be seen as a sustained refutation of Graham?s doubts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is nothing here to surprise those familiar with Gough?s widely reviewed books. Profits drove British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities in the North Pacific in the wake of Cook. Fur traders and British politicians faced down Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims to the northwest coast, but continued to face rivalry from Russian commercial activity. Hydrography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and overland exploration combined by the end of the eighteenth century to create, for the first time, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcontinental British presence. Formal colonisation on Vancouver Island and the mainland began and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after 1871, the new Canadian province of British Columbia continued to engage with a Pacific world first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opened up by the British. Above all, ?British naval power as exercised on the Northwest Coast in the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century represented the )] TJ ET BT 201.968 151.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pax Britannica)] TJ ET BT 274.964 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in all its features? \(p. xiv\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gough makes his scholarly politics clear. In ?)] TJ ET BT 253.316 125.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pax Britannica)] TJ ET BT 326.312 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: peace, force and world power? \(1990\), he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that ?with world leadership comes the need and even the propensity to intervene physically, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomacy fails, to meet the pronounced need of the state? \(chapter XIX, p. 167\). Various political historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of decolonisation are cited for and against the argument that the collapse of the British Empire left a void )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which should have been filled by American power, but usually was not. The main question seems to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether or not the Americans will be willing to take up the necessary burden. This approach to imperial )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 395.0357 571.8055 409.0277 583.6855 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8671 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history raises many questions about the place of Gough?s work in a wider context of historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout this volume, the challenges of thirty years of postmodern and postcolonial scholarship are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely silenced by omission, leaving Gough?s knowledge of recent historiography in question. He hints at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the existence of those who might question his conclusions and terms of debate, but these forces lurk outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the margins of the text like ghosts. We need to think ?less in terms of the absolutes of ?good? or ?evil??, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declares \(chapter XIX, p. 182\), yet it is unclear who has been thinking in these terms. In fact, postmodernists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would agree with Gough that these categories are epistemologically suspect. We should ?stop seeing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial process as unequivocably exploitative? \(chapter XIX, p. 183\), Gough continues, but we do not learn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who has been doing so. It is unclear whether Gough is aware of the recent postcolonial scholarship which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affirms the importance of historical complexity and nuance. The book?s introduction offered an opportunity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to address these debates about the history and legacy of the British Empire, but the opportunity was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken. We do not know, for example, how Gough would situate his work with reference to wide ranging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critiques such as Frank Fredi?s )] TJ ET BT 191.660 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Ideology of Imperialism: Renewing the Moral Imperative)] TJ ET BT 512.288 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1994\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or to friendlier perspectives such as Niall Ferguson?s )] TJ ET BT 291.968 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire: the Rise and Demise of the British World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Order and the Lessons for Global Power)] TJ ET BT 230.684 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.676 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.676 569.235 m 282.668 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pax Britannica)] TJ ET BT 127.340 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Gough believes, introduced well intentioned systems of trade, law and governance that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are worthy of admiration. ?Nowadays that would all go under the heading of ?imperialistic? or even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?colonial? and would be much disparaged in many, though not all, quarters? \(xv\), he tells us. Which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quarters? The essay from 1989 on ?Pacific Exploration in the 1780s and 1790s? includes some ambiguous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comments about the efforts of ethnohistorians: a possible clue. The great explorers were Eurocentric, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naturally, ?But how weightily we hang on their every word two centuries later while the likes of the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cautious Howe, Dening and Fisher desperately try to see the other side of the frontier? \(III, p. 104\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.576 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.576 457.443 m 523.568 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps it was the area studies and ethnohistory movements of the 1960s and 1970s, therefore, whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical ghosts haunt Gough?s texts. Perhaps it was an earlier generation of Marxist scholarship. Much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains unclear, and Gough's broadsides are therefore deployed in uncertain directions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The impact of Gough?s work is equally difficult to assess. He remains the leading authority \(indeed, the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority\) on north Pacific maritime and imperial history, and there is no question about the scope of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements. He can be found in every major collection relating to his subject, including the )] TJ ET BT 485.612 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 174.020 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 177.020 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 177.020 345.651 m 191.012 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 191.012 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( High standards of empirical argument and documentation, combined with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(willingness to tackle big questions, have helped him to maintain a tradition of imperial history scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(founded by Vincent Harlow and others in the early twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, it seems that the north Pacific is a rather lonely place. If Gough has ignored much recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography, it has returned the favour. There has been a striking lack of interest in Gough?s work by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential revisionists. Postcolonial scholars of British Columbian history with an interest in ?law and order? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues have barely acknowledged the maritime dimension, allowing Gough?s claims about the central role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naval power to go unexamined.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 184.988 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 184.988 233.859 m 198.980 233.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 198.980 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Those few who engage with maritime frontiers also seem strangely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reluctant to tackle Gough?s work. Daniel Clayton?s acclaimed )] TJ ET BT 336.956 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Islands of Truth)] TJ ET BT 413.636 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\), for example, draws )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely on Pacific maritime historiography while arguing that postcolonial historical geography is the key to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taking these debates in new directions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 219.320 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 219.320 191.091 m 233.312 191.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 233.312 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He engages with virtually every other imperial historian of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific except Gough, however, even though he covers classic Gough territory: northwest coast exploration, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce, and imperial policy. He quotes Gough only once \(and not by name\) in order to make a point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the limitations of early twentieth-century historiography. I have written elsewhere that ?We are still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without significant debate about the vast archives and important issues unearthed by Gough?s pioneering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 67.004 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 67.004 119.811 m 80.996 119.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 80.996 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This remains the case.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such a situation would be unimaginable in other branches of Pacific maritime history. A ?Captain Cook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Industry? is subjecting every word written about the great man?s death to relentless critical scrutiny. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explorers, traders and policy makers discussed in Gough?s work might have been expected to generate a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar reaction, but they have not. Perhaps scholars of British Columbian and Canadian history have been )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 268.6757 569.5495 282.6677 581.4295 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 509.5757 457.7575 523.5677 469.6375 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 177.0197 345.9655 191.0117 357.8455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 184.9877 234.1735 198.9797 246.0535 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 219.3197 191.4055 233.3117 203.2855 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 67.0037 120.1255 80.9957 132.0055 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 7070 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less willing to venture offshore than their Australian and New Zealand counterparts. Perhaps imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians based in Britain find the warm south Pacific a more inviting subject than the chillier waters of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(north. Whatever the reason, Gough and the historiographical debates of recent decades continue to pass like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ships in the night.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barry Gough got the first word about many dimensions of north Pacific imperial history, and he made the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field his own. Revisionists seem content to let him have the last word, too. Very well, here it is: like the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pax Britannica)] TJ ET BT 105.680 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, today?s )] TJ ET BT 151.340 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pax Americana)] TJ ET BT 224.324 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( features ?the marine landing party, the airborne brigade, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic agent and native collaborator?, and in future ?much will depend on the toughness of heads of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state, secretaries of state, agents and consuls, and on the character of the domestic political will that they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represent, to maintain a world ?pax?? \(chapter XIX, p. 183\). Condoleezza Rice take note.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.267 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810?1914: a Study of British Maritime )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ascendancy )] TJ ET BT 124.328 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Vancouver, 1971\) and )] TJ ET BT 238.292 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Distant Dominion: Britain and the Northwest Coast of North )] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America, 1579?1809)] TJ ET BT 164.672 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vancouver, 1980\), revised as )] TJ ET BT 314.960 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Northwest Coast: British Navigation, Trade, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Discoveries to 1812)] TJ ET BT 181.004 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vancouver, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 277.640 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 277.640 546.483 m 331.628 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frank Fredi, )] TJ ET BT 132.344 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Ideology of Imperialism: Renewing the Moral Imperative)] TJ ET BT 452.972 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1994\); Niall )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ferguson, )] TJ ET BT 114.680 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire: the Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 99.008 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 99.008 503.715 m 152.996 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See K. R. Howe, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Where the Waves Fall: A New South Sea Island History from First Settlement to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Colonial Rule)] TJ ET BT 131.024 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Honolulu, 1984\); Greg Dening, )] TJ ET BT 292.004 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Islands and Beaches: Discourse on a Silent Land: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marquesas, 1774?1880 )] TJ ET BT 180.344 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Honolulu, 1980\); and Robin A. Fisher, )] TJ ET BT 373.340 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contact and Conflict: Indian-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European Relations in British Columbia, 1774?1890)] TJ ET BT 318.032 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vancouver, 1977\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 414.668 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 414.668 446.691 m 468.656 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Barry M. Gough, 'The Royal Navy and the British Empire' in )] TJ ET BT 380.972 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historiography)] TJ ET BT 454.976 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, vol. v of )] TJ ET BT 504.308 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford History of the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 241.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Robin W. Winks \(Oxford, 1999\), 327?341.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.320 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.320 418.179 m 525.308 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, see Tina Loo, )] TJ ET BT 198.992 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making Law, Order, and Authority in British Columbia, 1821?1871)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Toronto, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 143.672 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 143.672 389.667 m 197.660 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel W. Clayton, )] TJ ET BT 160.340 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Islands of Truth: the Imperial Fashioning of Vancouver Island)] TJ ET BT 461.000 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vancouver, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 361.155 m 118.004 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Samson, ?British Authority or ?Mere Theory?? Colonial Law and Native People on Vancouver )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Island?, )] TJ ET BT 104.672 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Western Legal History)] TJ ET BT 213.332 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 11:1 \(1998\), pp. 39?63, at p. 41.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 373.652 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 373.652 332.643 m 427.640 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 307.781 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 288.799 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 271.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 271.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/447)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 269.625 m 322.316 269.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 244.648 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.248 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2431)] TJ ET BT 34.016 215.848 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 277.6397 546.7975 331.6277 558.6775 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 99.0077 504.0295 152.9957 515.9095 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 414.6677 447.0055 468.6557 458.8855 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 471.3197 418.4935 525.3077 430.3735 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 143.6717 389.9815 197.6597 401.8615 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 361.4695 118.0037 373.3495 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 33 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 373.6517 332.9575 427.6397 344.8375 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 36 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 269.9395 322.3157 281.8195 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/447) >> endobj xref 0 57 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000576 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000003452 00000 n 0000003561 00000 n 0000003671 00000 n 0000003780 00000 n 0000007341 00000 n 0000007469 00000 n 0000007553 00000 n 0000007637 00000 n 0000015354 00000 n 0000015384 00000 n 0000015512 00000 n 0000015548 00000 n 0000015667 00000 n 0000024391 00000 n 0000024421 00000 n 0000024549 00000 n 0000024585 00000 n 0000024615 00000 n 0000024743 00000 n 0000024779 00000 n 0000024809 00000 n 0000024937 00000 n 0000024973 00000 n 0000025003 00000 n 0000025131 00000 n 0000025167 00000 n 0000025197 00000 n 0000025325 00000 n 0000025361 00000 n 0000025391 00000 n 0000025517 00000 n 0000025553 00000 n 0000025686 00000 n 0000032809 00000 n 0000032937 00000 n 0000032992 00000 n 0000033119 00000 n 0000033174 00000 n 0000033302 00000 n 0000033357 00000 n 0000033485 00000 n 0000033540 00000 n 0000033668 00000 n 0000033723 00000 n 0000033850 00000 n 0000033905 00000 n 0000034033 00000 n 0000034088 00000 n 0000034216 00000 n trailer << /Size 57 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34311 %%EOF