%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722180952+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722180952+01'00') /Title (Maps and History: Constructing Images of the Past) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4513 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Maps and History: Constructing Images of the Past)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Geography is about maps, History about chaps': a tired clich, of course, though it tells us something about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ways in which disciplinary boundaries were constructed during the relatively recent past. Few historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(today would make such a facile claim, if only because of the absurdity of the notion that only 'chaps' make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. Yet, according to Jeremy Black, many professional historians are still reluctant to take maps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously - not just as illustrations of historical realities, but as arguments in themselves. In the words of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concluding sentence of this book, 'If historians are spatially illiterate and geographically ignorant, this will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously affect their knowledge and understanding of the past' \(p. 241\). This argument clearly extends well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the ostensible focus of )] TJ ET BT 182.996 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maps and History )] TJ ET BT 272.660 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the historical atlas as a way of understanding the past. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In truth, this is a Trojan horse of a book: though intended as a scholarly study of a specific genre of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge, it broaches a number of much more general questions, not only about maps in general, but about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the shifting relations between history and geography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent years, a number of works by influential historians have addressed' 'geographical' themes: I am )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking here of Simon Schama's book on )] TJ ET BT 237.836 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Landscape and Memory)] TJ ET BT 353.816 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Richard Grove on )] TJ ET BT 448.796 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Green)] TJ ET BT 481.784 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperialism )] TJ ET BT 542.780 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more recently David Arnold's excellent text on )] TJ ET BT 261.800 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Problem of Nature)] TJ ET BT 372.800 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Other works advancing a strongly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 January, 1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Black)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300069761)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1997)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(278pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.yalebooks.co.uk/yale/display.asp?K=9780300086935&search_text=maps%20and%20history&sort=SORT_DATE/D&search_field=CTITLE&x=0&y=0&m=1&dc=1)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Felix Driver)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8274 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical perspective \(such as Edward Said's )] TJ ET BT 270.116 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Imperialism )] TJ ET BT 391.784 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or Paul Carter's )] TJ ET BT 468.932 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Road to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Botany Bay)] TJ ET BT 89.672 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) have been widely read by historians. For those labouring on the borderlands of geography and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, such books offer new possibilities of dialogue across disciplinary boundaries which appear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly unhelpful in addressing themes like the iconography of landscape, environmental history or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural geographies of empire. Of course historians have not been entirely reluctant to work with maps: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians in my own institution, for example, have been involved in the publication of a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated atlases portraying the global history of Islam, the history of the Crusades, medieval Britain and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of the British Empire. Interestingly, however, such works are often regarded as essentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descriptive and/or popular: intended to disseminate academic knowledge in an accessible form, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original contributions in their own right. In the world of RAE, they presumably count for little: icing on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cake, rather than strictly scholarly fare. As Jeremy Black's book makes clear, this state of affairs would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been incomprehensible to earlier generations of historians, and not simply because of the bizarre machinery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Research Assessment Exercises: who knows what Lucien Febvre or John R. Green might have to say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the 'geographical ignorance' of historians today?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By taking historical atlases as his primary theme, Jeremy Black hopes to make historians more critical of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes by which such texts are constructed; and to show how an historian might find more in a map than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mere illustration. He represents himself as something of a pioneer: 'There is no guide book on how to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce an historical atlas: the field is too diverse and inchoate....Equally, there is no guide as to how best to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write about the subject, no developed corpus or literature to build on' \(p. 133\). This is something of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overstatement: the literature on historical cartography, as Jeremy Black's footnotes attest, is very substantial, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though a relatively small part of it is concerned with historical atlases per se. In particular, historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working in this area are indebted to the seminal work of the late Brian Harley, and his colleagues at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Wisconsin: the multivolume )] TJ ET BT 239.684 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Cartography)] TJ ET BT 353.024 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( project edited by Harley and David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodward for the University of Chicago Press is an absolutely indispensable resource for all historians in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the field \(Its web site is )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.336 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(http://feature.geography.wisc.edu/histcart)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.336 441.105 m 351.668 441.105 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 354.668 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 368.660 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Jeremy Black's primary focus - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though he ranges much wider than this - is the 'historical atlas', a genre which proves very difficult to define. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For one thing, works described as 'atlases' often contain much more than maps: indeed, in many cases charts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and text make up the bulk of their contents. Moreover, distinguishing the 'historical atlas' from atlases in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general, and identifying their 'historical' component, is by no means straightforward. It becomes clear in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course of his book that Jeremy Black defines an 'historical atlas' as one primarily concerned with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of history as an \(accurate\) chronology of events in time, implying a process of secular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development. Thus maps which fail to distinguish accurately the different chronologies of events are for him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not properly 'historical'. John Speed's maps seem to fall into this category, while topographers like John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norden and William Camden are said not to have conceived their work \(initially at any rate\) as history at all. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Black also complains that many other works, such as John Andrews' 1797 )] TJ ET BT 430.124 299.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Atlas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England )] TJ ET BT 77.684 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fail to live up to their title, being largely concerned with physical and ecclesiastical topics rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than historical.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because of his inescapably modern definition of the 'historical', Jeremy Black's book is mainly concerned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with historical atlases published during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. His first chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\('Developments to 1800'\) is thus a breezy tour through the centuries and across continents in order to arrive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at his main point of departure: the long nineteenth century. It is at this point that the book really begins in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earnest: the reader is offered a panorama of atlases published throughout Europe and North America, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focussing especially on Britain, France and Germany. Atlases of the classical world, and of the bible, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to the development of archaeology and biblical scholarship \(though it is acknowledged here, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere, that intellectual shifts are not always immediately reflected in the composition of atlases\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military themes in French and German atlases also receive particular attention. The historical atlas was to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become an essential component of an influential tradition of historical \(or comparative\) geography, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with the evolving frontiers of states. With the advent of mass schooling, the market for such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(atlases expanded dramatically; and the national and imperial ideologies of the nineteenth century are readily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent in European school atlases of the period. Jeremy Black has many interesting things to say about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these atlases, including the Eurocentrism of their perspective, the teleological assumptions they made, the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 149.3357 453.7303 149.3357 453.7303 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://feature.geography.wisc.edu/histcart) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 149.3357 441.2455 351.6677 453.1255 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://feature.geography.wisc.edu/histcart) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7834 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconography of their maps and the associations they encouraged between the history of classical and modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires. \(We learn, for example, that the use of the colour red to denote British imperial possessions dates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1831, and was only in general usage after 1850\). If the imprint of nationalism on the historical atlas is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unmistakable, however, the reverse is less self-evident: Black's treasure-trove of examples raises questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the extent to which the discourses of nationalism worked through, and even depended upon, such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagery. This is a more challenging proposition: how might historians of nationalism consider the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(atlas in the making of the nation?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Imperialism and nationalism are only part of the story, however: Black's reference to Wyld's Great Globe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which occupied Leicester Square from 1851 to 1862\) prompts further reflections not only on the multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources of people's fascination with maps, but also on the relationships between maps and other images and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects. Imperial themes are undoubtedly important in understanding the history of European globe-making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(the subject of a forthcoming book by the geographer Denis Cosgrove\); but do they explain why Wyld's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction proved such an attraction to Londoners? What too of the anarchist Elise Reclus' proposal that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great globe be exhibited at the Paris Exposition of 1900? Reclus was interested in the relations between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanity and the.earth, and though his own work was in some respects distinctive, this theme was to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central to the disciplinary programme of geographers during this period. Jeremy Black devotes considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the role of environmentalism in historical atlases: his primary concern is with its relation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalism, and the extent to which the mapping of the physical landscape was an adjunct to national myth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making, as in the concept of the 'natural frontiers' of states. This concern with environmentalism is pursued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the twentieth century, where it is portrayed as becoming more diverse: while certain varieties of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geopolitical thinking continued to subordinate environmental concerns to nationalist agendas, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of geographical thought - in the work of Vidal de la Blache, Lucien Febvre or Carl Sauer for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example - provoked new interest in the mapping of environmental history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nearly half of )] TJ ET BT 104.324 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maps and History)] TJ ET BT 190.988 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is devoted to historical atlases after 1945. The chapter titles don't really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(give an adequate sense of their contents, and in one or two cases the contents are too disparate to amount to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really focussed discussion: but what is sometimes lost in terms of depth is balanced by the extent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage. Jeremy Black's purview extends well beyond Britain, to encompass not only West European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(atlases, but also the atlases of Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, indigenous peoples in North )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America, Australia and New Zealand, Japan and South-East Asia. The discussion of historical atlases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced in communist Eastern Europe and the USSR is particularly intriguing, though for some reason .the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book does not include a single visual image from the many examples in this category which were discussed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I was fascinated to learn, for example, that the )] TJ ET BT 258.956 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tortnelmi atlasz)] TJ ET BT 342.632 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in Budapest in 1961 included )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maps of ninth-century slave revolts against Arab rule, economic change in early modern Serbia, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography of Chartism and the Indian mutiny; while the more sophisticated )] TJ ET BT 400.316 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlas zur Geschichte)] TJ ET BT 499.640 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the DDR from 1973 included maps of the economy of the Roman empire and popular revolts throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early-modern Europe. Jeremy Black presents these atlases as a product of the agenda of state socialism: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while he notes their preference for social and economic themes, and their innovative focus on neglected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the political and economic history of Eastern Europe, he argues that they consistently betrayed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their subservience to communist and Soviet agendas. \(The extent to which historians and geographers were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merely puppets of their political masters is surely open to question: closer readings of these texts might yield )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different interpretations\). In contrast, he argues that Western atlases published during this period were more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diverse and less constrained, although he notes that what he calls their 'teleological approach to the past' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combined with an enduring Eurocentrism left a mark even on such apparently objective works as the )] TJ ET BT 520.592 173.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlas of World History.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Jeremy Black is perhaps excessively harsh on the atlases produced within state socialist countries, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a more sympathetic account of atlases devoted to the history of indigenous peoples around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world. Here he draws upon a large body of work, notably that of Brian Harley, concerned with the absences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and mis-representations in conventional atlases which effectively erased the history of native peoples from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the map. In this regard, Cole Harris' first volume of the )] TJ ET BT 301.136 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Atlas of Canada )] TJ ET BT 433.820 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1987\) was clearly path-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breaking in its attempt to map the economic and social patterns of indigenous life before and after European )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7505 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlement. While Black notes some. of the problems of interpretation which such projects must face, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might also have paid more attention to the ways in which the mapping of native territories is inextricably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linked with contemporary political and legal disputes over land. Anthropologists, geographers and historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been directly involved in court cases in Canada, Australia and New Zealand involving native land )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims, in which the central issue at stake is the historicity of claims to the possession of territory. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compiling of historical maps and atlases thus constitutes a directly political intervention in this field; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one, moreover, which is fraught with difficulty, especially given the problem of translation between Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and aboriginal conceptions of space. While this issue is alluded to in )] TJ ET BT 365.648 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maps and History)] TJ ET BT 452.312 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it deserves more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended treatment: historical maps are pieces of evidence in the court-room as well as in the academy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What guidance does )] TJ ET BT 134.324 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maps and History)] TJ ET BT 220.988 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( give to those who might be contemplating the publication of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical atlas today? The answer is, quite a lot. For one thing, there is a chapter on the economics of atlas-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publishing after 1945, which considers the global economy of publishing and the changing relationships )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between publishers, authors and markets. The substantial costs involved in producing a high-quality atlas are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than enough to make any aspiring atlas editor think twice: the three-volume )] TJ ET BT 427.628 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Atlas of Canada)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, for example, is said to have cost over 14 million Canadian dollars to produce. In this context, it is clear that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compromises must be made. However, I am not sure what to make of the suggestion that 'Atlases that have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(totally commercial rationale are inherently more conservative in content' \(p. 143\). Jeremy Black's account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforwardly counterposes the imperatives of the marketplace and those of academic integrity: yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surely his own publishing career suggests that these are not always and inevitably antagonistic? One does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not have to have a utopian view of the marketplace to hold onto the hope that historians may be able to offer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretations - including those presented in historical atlases - which are both popular and to a degree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsettling. As Jeremy Black himself points out, the )] TJ ET BT 282.680 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times Atlas )] TJ ET BT 342.020 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself represents in some respects a challenge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to some \(if not all\) dominant assumptions about global history. The notion that 'Atlases are among the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative of historical forms' \(a statement made in the preface to the )] TJ ET BT 380.096 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Penguin Historical Atlas of North )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America )] TJ ET BT 77.672 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1995\) may turn out to be less appropriate in an age of computer-aided cartography and virtual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication. As Jeremy Black concludes, Brian Harley's call for 'a greater pluralism of cartographic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expression' may in fact be realised not only through a greater awareness of non-Western mapping traditions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also by recent developments in the technology of graphic representation: the virtual atlas may yet open )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new possibilities for the historian interested in projecting a new vision of the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maps and History )] TJ ET BT 123.680 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a broad survey of one strand in the history of atlas publishing: an overview of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of the historical atlas and the forms it has taken in many different parts of the world, mainly since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1800. In the course of the book, Jeremy Black ranges still wider than this, drawing especially on the work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a large number of historical geographers, past and present. In this respect, I think this book has a significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond its particular theme: it represents a welcome attempt to open some doors that have for too long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained shut, or at least half closed, in the corridors of the academy. While I have some reservations about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the definition of the 'historical atlas' which Black assumes, and occasional grumbles which stem essentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the sweeping nature of his account, I can only applaud his contribution to the growing dialogue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between historians and others interested in the way we \(and others\) conceive and inhabit the spaces of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earth. This is all the more welcome given his efforts here, and elsewhere, to take history beyond the walls of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the academy itself: or rather, to engage with those forms of historical knowledge that are already in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public domain. As Raphael Samuel once wryly remarked, there is a lot of history to be found beyond the tea-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(room of the Institute of Historical Research: some of it is to be found in maps and atlases, objects which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continue to fascinate as much as they instruct.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 75.967 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 58.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 58.187 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/45)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 56.793 m 316.316 56.793 l S endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 57.1075 316.3157 68.9875 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/45) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 396 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/364)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://feature.geography.wisc.edu/histcart)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 28 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000559 00000 n 0000000641 00000 n 0000005206 00000 n 0000005315 00000 n 0000005425 00000 n 0000005534 00000 n 0000009095 00000 n 0000009223 00000 n 0000009307 00000 n 0000009398 00000 n 0000017725 00000 n 0000017853 00000 n 0000017947 00000 n 0000018075 00000 n 0000018169 00000 n 0000018234 00000 n 0000026121 00000 n 0000026205 00000 n 0000033763 00000 n 0000033889 00000 n 0000033983 00000 n 0000034048 00000 n trailer << /Size 28 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34496 %%EOF