%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 44 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140711110054+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140711110054+01'00') /Title (Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945?1953) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4871 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945?1953)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In spring 2004, Chris Ward argued in )] TJ ET BT 216.656 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking History)] TJ ET BT 307.652 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that writing on late Stalinism ?focuses almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exclusively on ?high politics??.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 185.336 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 185.336 257.673 m 199.328 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 199.328 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Despite the publication of a handful of works that explore the social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural history of post-war era ? in particular monographs by Amir Weiner, Donald Filtzer and Elena )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zubkova ? this has remained true for a surprisingly long time.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 330.980 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 330.980 229.161 m 344.972 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 344.972 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Until recently, western study of the post-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war era focused on the intrigues of the Kremlin which foreign scholars sought to reconstruct through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tentative unpicking of the Soviet press and the de-coding of hidden messages. In terms of subject-matter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gorlizki and Khlevniuk?s )] TJ ET BT 161.000 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945?53)] TJ ET BT 438.656 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( follows in this tradition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their narrative is shaped around the key events, political intrigues and purges we have come to expect: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-war re-centralisation, the anti-cosmopolitan campaigns, the Leningrad Affair, the Doctor?s Plot and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalin?s death. However, their work represents a break with earlier western writing in two significant ways. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First, it is the fruit of a British-Russian collaboration, and effectively positions its argument within both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-American and recent Russian historiographical traditions. Second, and perhaps more importantly, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based on the expert reading of a wealth of documents, the like of which earlier scholars could only dream of. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through its meticulous examination of an enormous body of archival material, this book offers new and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compelling answers to questions that have long mystified students of Soviet politics. Moreover, this great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wealth of new information does not overwhelm the reader, but has been fashioned into a coherent, readable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(450)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 April, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yoram Gorlizki)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oleg Khlevniuk)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(195165810X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miriam Dobson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 185.3357 257.9875 199.3277 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 330.9797 229.4755 344.9717 241.3555 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7598 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The account begins with the close of WWII and the challenges of post-war reconstruction. Reconstruction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entailed not only the rebuilding of a devastated nation, but also the reconfiguration of the political elite. If, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the contingencies of war, Stalin?s deputies had been allowed greater leeway, Stalin was now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined to reassert his own personal regime. According to Gorlizki and Khlevniuk, this series of attacks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on members of his ruling circle was never intended to wipe out his subalterns, but served to ?resurrect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(severe, patriarchal relationships of the late 1930s? \(pp. 17?8\). Chapter 2 shows, however, that the reassertion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Stalin?s personal power was only part of the story. The authors maintain that ?formal and routine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committees were very much a feature of high-level decision-making in the late Stalin era? \(p. 45\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate how the Council of Ministers \(Sovmin\) ? successor to the pre-war body, the Sovnarkom ? was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given extensive decision-making powers in the economic sphere. The Sovmin personnel contained not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading political figures such as Malenkov, Beriia, Mikoian, Kaganovich et al., but also younger members of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the political elite who came from a technical background and had important specialist know-how. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration of this enormous, industrial, modernising nation, Stalin was apparently ready to abdicate from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some questions and delegate responsibility to others in some select areas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 3 focuses predominantly on the explosive year 1949, when escalation of the cold war led to Stalin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?finally snapping? \(p. 80\) and the most damaging of the post-war purges: the Leningrad and Gosplan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Affairs. According to the authors, these attacks ? by reminding Stalin?s colleagues of his potential for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(violence ? then led to a period of relative stability within the Kremlin, as the ruling elite became reluctant to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(let any rivalries escalate. Chapter 4 shows how the Sovmin now became the site of an embryonic form of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?collective leadership?. When Stalin was away from Moscow, the Bureau of the Presidium of the Council of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ministers often acted as a ?genuinely collective agency? with questions fully debated and authentic fact-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding commissions regularly set up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 5 takes a rather different approach. Here the scope of the research is expanded and the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider the effect of Stalinist leadership on society more broadly, focusing in particular on policies towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Gulag and agriculture. Gorlizki and Khlevniuk suggest that both Beriia and Malenkov were aware that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy shake-up was needed in these areas, but were impotent when faced with Stalin?s opposition to any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant change. The final chapter similarly presents the years 1952?3 as ones of continuity not change. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through detailed exploration of the XIX Party Congress and the infamous Doctors? Plot they suggest that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even in the last year of his life, Stalin?s actions were consistent with the style of rule he had fashioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the post-war period: through denunciations and the unmasking of plots, he effectively maintained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control over the security agencies; he dominated the ideological content of the Party Congress; he moved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading politicians ?from office to office like marionettes?, and staved off any thoughts of succession. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final part thus helps us understand the events that followed Stalin?s death on 5 March 1953. )] TJ ET BT 477.632 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that in the last years of Stalin?s life the seeds of collective leadership had been sown by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autonomy Sovmin was ? at times ? granted, and that leading members of Sovmin were well-informed of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strife afflicting the nation and aware of the need for radical policy initiative; both were kept in check until )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the spring of 1953 by Stalin?s insistence on the primacy of his own personal power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gorlizki and Khlevniuk do much more than merely present the reader with new findings from the archives. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed in the book?s introduction, they suggest that its originality lies not only in its sources, but also in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of interpretation given to them. As an example, let us take their account of Andrei Zhdanov?s role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the radical crackdown on culture that occurred in the summer of 1946, with his notorious assault on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals )] TJ ET BT 75.680 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Zvezda)] TJ ET BT 109.676 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 133.004 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leningrad)] TJ ET BT 183.008 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and personal attacks on the poet Anna Akhmatova and the writer Mikhail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zoshchenko. Although traditionally he has been considered the architect of these campaigns, Gorlizki and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Khlevniuk argue that Zhdanov actually had very few policy ideas of his own, instead acting as Stalin?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mouthpiece. Using the records of a key meeting of the Orgburo at which the vitriolic denunciation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals took place, they argue that Stalin took the most aggressive stance towards Akhmatova, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zhdanov was unusually silent. When in 1947 the campaign deepened with an attack on two key scientists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now accused of revealing secrets to western colleagues, documents again show that Zhdanov played a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minimal role. Gorlizki and Khlevniuk use correspondence between Zhdanov and Stalin to suggest that the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7590 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key impetus came from Stalin, and that Zhdanov acted in ?in accordance? with his ?instructions?. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(document trail leads the authors to argue that far from heading up the campaigns, Zhdanov instead took a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backseat, ultimately finding his political reputation dented by many of the events of 1946?7.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A firm line of argument about the nature of Soviet high politics holds the text together. In this example, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the text, the authors maintain that the politically distinct factions or groupings identified by some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars were not in evidence. Instead Gorlizki and Khlevniuk argue that the internecine fighting was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choreographed by Stalin as a technique for maintaining his particular form of personal rule. Yet they do not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply look to personal psychology for their explanations. Instead of emphasising his personal tendency to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paranoia or the possibility of impending senility, they depict him as a pragmatic leader. They draw on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of ?neo-patrimonialism? to show that while, on the one hand, Stalin used unpredictable and violent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measures to retain ultimate political power and prevent any potential rivals emerging, he also created a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern system of administration which would allow the effective running of the country.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concept of neo-patrimonialism first of all suggests the existence of the kind of patriarchal authority that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Tsar might once have enjoyed. It implies that the will of the leader was supreme, and that the ?exercise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of political power was thus discretionary and treated as the ?private? affair of the ruler?. Examples of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of patrimonial authority are advanced throughout the book: his random demotion of figures fallen out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of favour \(Zhukov in 1946\); the arrest of colleagues? family members \(Molotov?s wife Polina )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zhemchuzhina in 1949\); the discrediting of fellow leaders by removing their associates \(the attacks on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mingrelian officials to unsettle Beriia\); and in the worst cases, the physical destruction of those he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turned on \(Voznesenskii and Kuznetsov in 1950\). However, the story told in )] TJ ET BT 403.964 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace)] TJ ET BT 459.620 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( shows the existence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of other more ?modern? forms of governance. Stalin?s personal rule proved compatible with more rational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and predictable forms of administration, particularly outside of his immediate clique. Alongside the story of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalin?s purges and intrigues, they also recount the development of Sovmin, in which decision-making was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at least in part shared by skilled functionaries who brought technical expertise to the business of ruling.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neo-patrimonialism proves a useful tool for explaining the contradictory, and complex, way power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functioned in this post-war period. The authors suggest that two spheres emerged: one, the political domain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which Stalin dominated absolutely, the other, economic, where Sovmin committees were decisive. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundary between the two could, of course, never be firm. Even where he had conceded power to Sovmin, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalin could always intervene, and on occasion did indeed seize back the initiative \(for example with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(currency reform he initiated in 1947\). Recognising the tenuous nature of this division, Gorlizki and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Khlevniuk suggest that the system of ?neo-patrimonialism? was always fragile. Although stability was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieved ? the Great Terror of 1937 was not revived ? it was ?a peace that always appeared to teeter on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edge of violence? \(p. 11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gorlizki and Khlevniuk explain the rationale behind this dual system by suggesting that ?the despot never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transgressed two principal parameters ? one was pursuit of the country?s superpower ambitions; the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the dictator?s unshakeable will to secure his own power in conditions of advanced age and ill health? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11\). The goals are thus largely geo-political: the maintenance of global power on the one hand, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual authority of the leader on the other. This assertion underlies much of the book. The authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consistently show that Stalin?s purges and plots had a certain internal logic in his battle to retain power, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst the perilous international situation often proved critical in driving Stalin to some of his more extreme )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions. For some readers, what will be missing from this interpretation is a greater sense of how the broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic situation might have influenced the course of high politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is perhaps in this regard that this work will prove the most controversial. In an article published last year )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 46.352 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Russian Review)] TJ ET BT 122.012 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, David Brandenberger offers a rather different reading of the Leningrad Affair than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one provided in )] TJ ET BT 112.340 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace)] TJ ET BT 167.996 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. While Gorlizki and Khlevniuk argue that the rivalry between two factions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the ruling circle ? one originating in Leningrad \(Voznesenskii, Kuznetsov and Kosygin\), the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headed up by Politburo old-timers \(Malenkov and Beriia\) ? erupted when Stalin?s faith in Voznesenskii was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaken by errors he committed as leader of Gosplan, Brandenberger maintains that more fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideological issues were at stake. Although he recognises the importance of the factional hostilities, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 8042 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brandenberger argues that Kuznetsov was targeted because of his belief that a committee should be created )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to organise party matters within the RSFSR, perhaps even that a Russian party should be formed. He argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?attributing the whole Leningrad Affair to factional infighting in the Kremlin ? a single grand narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played out over the course of many years ? ignores the ideological dimensions of the purge, particularly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idiosyncratic charges of ?Russian nationalism? and RKP \(b\) factionalism that circulated during the affair?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 545.924 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 545.924 738.051 m 559.916 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is a position that already has its critics. In a response in January 2005, Richard Bidlack argued that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purge was aimed at the ?Leningrad cabal?, not at an ?ideological deviation?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.928 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.928 709.539 m 414.920 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 414.920 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While )] TJ ET BT 450.248 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace )] TJ ET BT 508.904 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarly committed to the argument that there were no programmatic differences between the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actors, it is not a line that will go unchallenged. Indeed, there are even moments in the course of the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where a slightly different picture of life in the Kremlin can be glimpsed. In the fascinating fifth chapter the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors explore the difficulties presented by the Gulag and agricultural sector, and suggest that Beriia and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malenkov were already developing reform plans, though they realised the futility ? and danger ? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conveying them to Stalin. In this chapter, the reader starts to sense that Stalin?s right-hand men perhaps had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more capacity for independent reflection than is allowed elsewhere in the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although almost all historians of Soviet politics are now using unpublished governmental and party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents to re-examine earlier narratives, the scope of the archival work carried out for this book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptional. As a result, it represents a highly detailed, grounded and sophisticated account of how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalinist government might have functioned in the post-war era. Although it is a compelling version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events, it is not the final word ? and nor, of course, does it claim to be. Indeed the current debate between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brandenberger and Bidlack demonstrates how the new discoveries in the archives are allowing historians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enter into productive exchange over the meaning of key events such as the Leningrad Affair. )] TJ ET BT 481.904 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cold Peace)] TJ ET BT 537.560 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only does an excellent job of revealing what we can learn from the archives, but also offers an interpretation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the sources that will play a very key role in these emerging debates. As both an effective narrative in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own right, and an invitation to consider further the nature of Soviet political culture in the post-war years, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book will be an extremely important text for scholars and students of Soviet history alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 407.427 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Ward, 'What is History?: The Case of Late Stalinism', )] TJ ET BT 354.308 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rethinking History)] TJ ET BT 445.304 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8 \(2004\), 439?458. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Ward's highly original article uses Hayden White's work to fundamentally question the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worth of this kind of narrative of the post-war era, the implications are not explored in detail here.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 332.643 m 118.004 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amir Weiner, )] TJ ET BT 133.664 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, N.J., 2001\); Donald Filtzer, )] TJ ET BT 255.332 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Soviet Workers and Late Stalinism: Labour and the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Restoration of the Stalinist System after World War II )] TJ ET BT 325.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2002\); Elena Zubkova, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Russia after the War: Hopes, Illusions and Disappointments, 1945?1957 )] TJ ET BT 416.348 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(trans. Hugh Ragsdale, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Armonk, N.Y., 1998\). The earlier emphasis on high politics is something that is changing very )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rapidly, however. Several recent dissertations have explored aspects of the post-war period.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.240 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.240 247.107 m 557.228 247.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 234.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Brandenberger, ?Stalin, the Leningrad Affair, and the Limits of Postwar Reconstruction?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Russian Review)] TJ ET BT 139.676 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 63 \(2004\), 241?255, at p. 246.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 290.660 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 290.660 218.595 m 344.648 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Bidlack, 'Ideological or Political Origins of the Leningrad Affair? A Response to David )] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brandenberger', )] TJ ET BT 143.480 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Russian Review)] TJ ET BT 219.140 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 64 \(2005\), 90?95.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 310.460 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 310.460 190.083 m 364.448 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 165.221 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 135.315 m 240.992 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 131.983 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 114.203 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 114.203 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/450)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 112.809 m 322.316 112.809 l S endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 545.9237 738.3655 559.9157 750.2455 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.9277 709.8535 414.9197 721.7335 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 332.9575 118.0037 344.8375 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.2397 247.4215 557.2277 259.3015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 290.6597 218.9095 344.6477 230.7895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 310.4597 190.3975 364.4477 202.2775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 135.6295 240.9917 147.5095 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=9979) >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 113.1235 322.3157 125.0035 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/450) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 45 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Length 322 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2436)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=9979)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000664 00000 n 0000005587 00000 n 0000005696 00000 n 0000005806 00000 n 0000005915 00000 n 0000009476 00000 n 0000009604 00000 n 0000009688 00000 n 0000009717 00000 n 0000009845 00000 n 0000009881 00000 n 0000009910 00000 n 0000010038 00000 n 0000010074 00000 n 0000010139 00000 n 0000017790 00000 n 0000017855 00000 n 0000025498 00000 n 0000025631 00000 n 0000033726 00000 n 0000033756 00000 n 0000033884 00000 n 0000033920 00000 n 0000033950 00000 n 0000034078 00000 n 0000034114 00000 n 0000034241 00000 n 0000034296 00000 n 0000034424 00000 n 0000034479 00000 n 0000034607 00000 n 0000034662 00000 n 0000034790 00000 n 0000034845 00000 n 0000034972 00000 n 0000035072 00000 n 0000035200 00000 n 0000035295 00000 n 0000035360 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35734 %%EOF