%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228070949+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228070949+00'00') /Title (Religion in History. Conflict, Conversion and Co-existence) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4414 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Religion in History. Conflict, Conversion and Co-existence)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The work under review here owes its genesis to the Open University course of the same title, for which it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the core text. As such, it consists of ten interlinked essays, specially commissioned, on the broad theme of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dynamics of difference within and between world religious traditions. There are contributions on topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranging from the development of Christianity in the world of late antiquity through until the contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clash with militant Islamist terrorism and the assault on New York and Washington on September 11th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001. With such a range of coverage, it is clearly impossible for any one reviewer to comment on the detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of each contribution. This review will therefore be confined to two main areas: firstly, the coherence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usefulness of the work as a textbook, and secondly, the degree to which the intellectual approach adopted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may prove thought provoking and instructive for research into the history of religion more generally.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That this collection occupies a historiographical space of its own is very clear indeed. The literature is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already rich on specific areas of religious conflict, syncretism and tolerance, from the extensive volume of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on the Crusades, the Reformations and on Christian mission in the imperial age. The opportunity to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take a more explicitly comparative approach is much rarer, and provided this reviewer, with research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests in the British sixteenth, seventeenth and twentieth centuries, with much food for thought. As the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editor notes in his introduction \(p. 8\), works by Gilles Kepel and Karen Armstrong on the roots of our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary religious conflicts have focussed much more narrowly on the twentieth century.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 486.596 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 486.596 60.345 m 500.588 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 500.588 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(465)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 July, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Wolffe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(719071970X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Webster)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 486.5957 60.6595 500.5877 72.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7541 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space for long-range comparative thought is too often closed off by the assumption that religion is always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and everywhere a slave to political power, and also that religious belief, on the rarer occasions where it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sincerely held, is fundamentally intolerant and must necessarily lead to tension, persecution and violence, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direct proportion to the political and social power it holds. More sophisticated analyses, such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huntingtonian ?clash of civilisations? have also tended to assume the univocal and unchanging nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious systems, and to equate, in Huntington?s case, the political, social and religious complex that is ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West? with Christianity.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 151.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 151.016 709.539 m 165.008 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 165.008 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The opportunity this collection affords to juxtapose the case studies provided, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and to focus on the particularity and mutability of religious thought, is thus a welcome and timely one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three modes of interaction given in the title are concisely summarised in the introduction, and provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful organising device for the collection as a whole. Conflict in this context denotes international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military action between confessional states, and civil violence within them, but also conflict in spoken and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written form, and all the varying degrees of social and communal antagonism in between. Conversion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompasses both voluntary and personal conversion from a native tradition into a newly discovered one, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the forced conversion of whole nations to a new faith, architecturally, legally as well as personally. Co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existence is conceived more broadly than simply as legal toleration, including in addition all degrees of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tolerance between neighbouring communities, divergent groups within communities, and between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conquerors and conquered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first four pieces, being those on medieval and early modern periods, draw out these themes. Janet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huskinson explores the ways in which pagans and Christians interacted under the changing conditions of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianising and then the collapse of the western Roman empire. Here patterns of martyrdom, voluntary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversion and co-existence are to be found under varying political conditions and in different places. Jo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pearson?s essay on the Crusades of the eleventh and twelfth centuries provides much interesting material on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muslim understandings of their ?strange and unexpected enemy?. The two pieces that deal with early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Britain, by Anne Laurence and John Wolffe, describe well the complexities of the relationships )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Roman Catholics, Dissenters and the Church of England, and between them collectively and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperatives of a growing state and nation. Wolffe?s account of anti-Catholicism, which deals also with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continental Europe and north America, is the most analytically sophisticated piece on offer here, and would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serve very well as an introduction to the topic in any publishing context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contribution of Gwilym Beckerlegge, on the Hindu Renaissance of the nineteenth century, provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable counterpoint to many of the other pieces here. Its value lies in its demonstration of the syncretistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adaptation possible within Hindu thought, and its absorption and domestication of Christian ideas. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beckerlegge provides a salutary example of the degree to which apparently subservient traditions could in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact re-deploy elements of the supposedly dominant Christian tradition in a manner far from passive. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the notion of conversion, implying a decisive rejection of one in favour of the other, loses its meaning.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is at this point that a reservation about the approach of the volume as a whole may be ventured. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are inevitably many other case studies that might equally well have found a home in a volume as wide-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranging as this, it is perhaps the case that the disposition of material here embodies two equally legitimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but distinct approaches to such an enquiry, with the attendant opportunities and drawbacks of both. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach would have been to concentrate on one of the religious traditions, perhaps Christianity, and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore its external relationships with other faiths, and its own internal divisions. Under such a scheme, there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be more room for material on crusading ideology, relatively neglected in Jo Pearson?s piece, and on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian)] TJ ET BT 79.364 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( thought concerning Indian mission in the nineteenth century, also less prominent in the essay by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beckerlegge. Other topics that might have come into play would be the Latin-Orthodox division, or the place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of non-Christian minorities in a secular Europe of the twentieth century. Such an approach would be open to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticisms of Eurocentrism, but would perhaps gain in overall coherence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A second option might have been to adopt a more explicitly comparative approach to the ways in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world faiths related to other faiths both within and without, and dealt with internal change and dissent. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume as it stands includes only one essay concerning the interaction between two non-Christian faiths, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both Buddhism and Confucianism are not addressed at all. It is perhaps invidious to criticise such an )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 151.0157 709.8535 165.0077 721.7335 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7683 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious and fundamentally valuable undertaking as this on these grounds. However, the collection as it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stands attempts to take both approaches, which suggests to this reviewer the need for a considerably larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The latter five chapters deal predominantly with the twentieth century. Gerald Parsons provides a suggestive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and wide-ranging assessment of the current state of the debate over the secularisation of British society in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1960s, by way of an extended review article on the work prompted by Callum Brown?s )] TJ ET BT 474.944 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian Britain)] TJ ET BT 116.372 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 119.372 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 119.372 697.539 m 133.364 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 133.364 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) As well as providing a clear and concise review of this very lively debate, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definition of ?religions? is creatively stretched to include the meeting of Christianity with the non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutional threat of secularism, both as an articulated world-view, and also when manifest in a ?practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity?, an commonplace ethical code emptied of most or all of its supernatural content. For the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teacher, this breadth of definition opens up particularly fruitful possibilities for comparative thinking on such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas as \(amongst others\) the encounter between Christianity and paganism during the )] TJ ET BT 450.608 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(birth)] TJ ET BT 473.948 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe; the renegotiation of the medieval accommodation between Christian and animist metaphysics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Reformations, or the conflict between religion and philosophically atheist ideologies in China or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet Russia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Mumm?s chapter on the ordination of women amongst Christian denominations is a clear and concise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment of its topic, providing a useful case study on the means by which doctrinal disagreement has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignored, stymied or accommodated, particularly within the Church of England. However, its use of gender as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the organising category of analysis leaves it relatively isolated from the other chapters, and tutors would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(need to work hard to integrate it into analyses of the interaction either between religious traditions, or of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denominations within them. Its chief value in this collection perhaps lies when used in conjunction with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parsons?s study, on the adaptation of Christianity to external social and intellectual change.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final three chapters are each sure-footed treatments of highly complex and ideologically charged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments in the tortured history of the twentieth century. Hannah Holtschneider examines the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Protestants, Catholics, Jews and national and political identities in Germany and Poland from 1918 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(until after the Holocaust, providing a sophisticated analysis of the pre-conditions for Nazi rule without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succumbing to a straightforward equation of Nazi ideology with Christianity or enumerating the sins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omission of the churches. Even for those organisations of Jews rejecting their Jewishness in the 1930s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversion was insufficient to satisfy Nazi requirements.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contributions of David Herbert on Israel and Palestine, and Herbert and Wolffe on modern Islamism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make explicit one of the surely crucial issues in the whole volume, which is less explicit in earlier chapters: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the degree to which the varying patterns of conflict, conversion and co-existence are determined by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closeness of the mapping of religious and national identity. Herbert demonstrates that it was only relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late in the twentieth century that secular nationalism on both sides in Israel/Palestine gave way to religiously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined political parties, and the pressure increased for political and social reform along religious lines. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly the last chapter sees the roots of the ideology that provoked the events of September 11th in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radical re-definition of the appropriate relation between Islam and the political order within which it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situated. This chapter serves as a useful corrective to the search for an essential, univocal and timeless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Islamic core, inevitably disposed towards )] TJ ET BT 235.988 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(jihad)] TJ ET BT 260.660 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It situates the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in a much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider context of reactions to modernisation, the de-centring of religious interpretation and the globalisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of communication. These two chapters together raise the question of whether religious conflict is more likely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in conditions of unstable national identity when coupled with a perceived need for that identity to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religiously uniform. The alternative mode of resolution of conflict through enforced social stratification, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen under Ottoman rule, when juxtaposed with the increased equation of political and religious loyalty as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the process of state formation proceeded in early modern Europe, suggests some connection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, this study will be highly valuable for courses touching on questions of religious identity and conflict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over a very long period. It does not, neither could it, make claims of comprehensiveness. However, many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial issues are raised and the studies as a whole provide a basis for teaching of a creative and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporarily relevant nature. Although they might test the range and depth of many if not most university )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 119.3717 697.8535 133.3637 709.7335 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 2716 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(libraries, the suggestions for further reading are full, accessible and up to date. In short, this is a highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious enterprise executed with an admirable degree of success.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.315 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(K. Armstrong, )] TJ ET BT 136.676 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle for God. Fundamentalism in Judaism, Christianity and Islam)] TJ ET BT 483.020 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\); G. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kepel, )] TJ ET BT 98.672 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Revenge of God. The Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Islam in the Modern World )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 686.787 m 212.324 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. P. Huntington, )] TJ ET BT 150.032 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order)] TJ ET BT 460.040 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 658.275 m 118.004 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. Brown, )] TJ ET BT 116.684 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain. Understanding Secularisation 1800?2000)] TJ ET BT 472.040 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.032 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.032 644.019 m 550.028 644.019 l S BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 629.763 m 78.008 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 604.901 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 585.919 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 568.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 568.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/465)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 566.745 m 322.316 566.745 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 541.768 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.368 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2476)] TJ ET BT 34.016 512.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 158.3357 687.1015 212.3237 698.9815 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 658.5895 118.0037 670.4695 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.0317 644.3335 550.0277 656.2135 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 630.0775 78.0077 641.9575 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 567.0595 322.3157 578.9395 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/465) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005116 00000 n 0000005225 00000 n 0000005335 00000 n 0000005444 00000 n 0000009005 00000 n 0000009133 00000 n 0000009217 00000 n 0000009246 00000 n 0000009372 00000 n 0000009408 00000 n 0000009492 00000 n 0000017086 00000 n 0000017116 00000 n 0000017244 00000 n 0000017280 00000 n 0000017364 00000 n 0000025100 00000 n 0000025130 00000 n 0000025258 00000 n 0000025294 00000 n 0000025406 00000 n 0000028175 00000 n 0000028303 00000 n 0000028358 00000 n 0000028485 00000 n 0000028540 00000 n 0000028668 00000 n 0000028723 00000 n 0000028849 00000 n 0000028904 00000 n 0000029032 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29127 %%EOF