%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150324142257+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150324142257+00'00') /Title (Labour Inside the Gate: a History of the British Labour Party Between the Wars) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4561 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Labour Inside the Gate: a History of the British Labour Party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Between the Wars)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his review of David Howell?s )] TJ ET BT 193.316 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MacDonald?s Party)] TJ ET BT 290.972 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Matthew Worley praised Howell for his exposition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour?s ?high? politics and excused him for not including ?an analysis of local Labour identities?; doing so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would, Worley noted, ?have added years to the book?s construction and probably have broken OUP?s paper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(budget ? the social-political development of Labour at a local level is something that future studies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party in the 1920s and 1930s will necessarily have to uncover?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 338.300 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 338.300 207.777 m 352.292 207.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 352.292 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Doubtless Worley knows a lot about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time and paper needed to carry out such a project since this book, )] TJ ET BT 351.284 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour Inside the Gate)] TJ ET BT 462.944 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is precisely that: a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed survey of Labour?s local social-political development in the inter-war period. It is this local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis that is the first and most important defining feature of this work. Whereas most other works on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party have in common an approach that views the party ?from above?, Matthew Worley is determined to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring to the fore the complex matrix of organisations, alliances, personalities and regional/local variations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that really made up the party and which have hitherto been largely overlooked. Worley?s source materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make plain his commitment to the local study of the Labour party. Whereas Ross McKibbin?s )] TJ ET BT 488.636 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Evolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Labour Party 1910?1924)] TJ ET BT 186.020 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1974\), another work that has examined the creation and building of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local party branches, utilised the minutes of two local party branches, Worley has examined 36 sets of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records of party branches and local or district organisations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(472)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 September, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Worley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(185043798X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. B. Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kevin Manton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 338.2997 208.0915 352.2917 219.9715 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7299 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second defining feature of )] TJ ET BT 184.304 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour Inside the Gate)] TJ ET BT 295.964 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is its periodisation. Worley has identified a surprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absence of any general history of the party concentrating specifically on the inter-war period. Synthesising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the two aims this book is thus a bold attempt to produce a general history of the party between 1918 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1939 which emphasises the grassroots, a history of the Labour )] TJ ET BT 336.308 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(party)] TJ ET BT 361.640 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rather than, for example, Labour?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national leaders. The title of the book is that of a Labour Representation Committee cartoon of 1906. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows Labour as a diminutive figure who, with the aid of an axe, has smashed his way through the doors of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliament, breaking through a barrier labelled ?landlordism, low wages, prejudice? and so on. He finds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself confronted by three much larger men, stereotypical representations of vested political interest and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic power, at whose feet is a cat?s cradle of red tape labelled ?promises, speechifying? and so forth. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gesturing to it, they say ?just wait and see how we tie you up?. The Labour figure stands defiant, saying ?I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still have my axe?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The years after the First World War saw this vision of a breakthrough to power become reality. This is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point at which Worley begins his study, and thus the debate around the rise of Labour and the decline of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liberals is also the first of the major debates on the party with which he needs to engage. He agrees that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline of the liberals was a product of the war years and their immediate aftermath, but stresses that Labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drove itself into the political space thus vacated, rather than simply sliding into it as a result of social shifts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or franchise reform. Here he emphasises the importance of the reforms to the party machine made by Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henderson. Worley is at his best on this terrain. He has a detailed understanding of the structures of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party. He appreciates the significance of such developments as regional party structures and explains the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of those such as the party?s national agent, Egerton Wake, who operated its levers of power. Moreover he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever alert to how these factors interacted with local/regional political developments and personalities to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce the different Labour milieux that he goes to great lengths to portray.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Within this presentation of local colour there are several things that particularly stand out as worthy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment. The first of these is Worley?s examination of the local cultural, recreational and educational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities of the party. Unlike the earlier Clarion movement, the Labour party was an organisation designed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to capture political power, but Worley?s description of local parties? wide range of cultural activities both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heightens awareness of the continuities of practice between the party and its predecessor, and brings to life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the experience of local activism. Yes, envelopes were stuffed and canvasses were taken, but songs were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sung, trips were made, plays were performed and games were played. Worley is right to point out that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precise connections between this type of ?club? activity and the growth of a Labour identity is something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that needs exploring further, but he has made a useful start, particularly so since he is alive to the points of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tension generated within the party by this type of activity. Here he focuses on the differences of opinion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between imbibers and teetotallers in the party and the problems generated by the party?s youth organisations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly welcome are Worley?s frequent discussions on the role of women in the party. This is a topic that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is more usually the preserve of more specialised works, so the fact that the issue has been examined in detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a more general book such as this is to be welcomed. Again Worley indicates where further research is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessary but works to draw out the differences in women?s experience of the Labour party, presenting an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive array of examples from local parties.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During the inter-war period the Labour party faced very significant challenges. Worley covers all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential events and issues: the first Labour government, the General Strike, the catastrophe of the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacDonald government, and the rise of fascism, both domestic and foreign. He also examines relations with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the unions, the International Labour Party \(ILP\), and the Communist Party of Great Britain \(CPGB\). All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers ? and students in particular ? will be very grateful for Worley?s useful and concise summaries of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and economic background to events, and for his pithy thumbnail sketches of many of the leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(players in labour politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Worley?s focus is the party at local level, but many of these events, the defections of MacDonald and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mosley for example, occurred in the realm of ?high? politics. All of Worley?s primary research has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(done on the local rather than the national arena of Labour politics. This means he is perfectly placed to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7485 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describe and analyse the reaction across the grassroots of the party to these seismic events. For example, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gives interesting and detailed accounts of the ways in which traditions of loyalty helped to sustain the party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at grassroots after the events of the summer of 1931. However, he is less well placed to offer original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insights into the national sector. Nevertheless, two additional points must be noted: first, as Worley noted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about Howell?s book, no one author can cover everything, and were Worley to attempt to analyse the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national in the same zealous manner as his analysis of the local then it would take years ? and consume vast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amounts of paper. Second, despite his lack of primary research on the national level he can, and does, draw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful conclusions about events and personalities. On the subject of 1931, for example, his conclusion that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by August the government was already in deep trouble does seem to be much more realistic than simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talking of ?betrayal?. For Worley, this lack of decisive action in August 1931 was a product of the party?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual flabbiness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Worley writes of the government?s ?prevarication? in the year up to August 1931, and elsewhere in the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the ?vagaries? of MacDonald? \(p. 122\), and of the party having ?objectives rather than a programme of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practical policies? \(p. 119\). While I have no wish to begin a revisionist approach to MacDonald, there is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful and necessary point to be made here, namely that after MacDonald?s desertion the party began a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major shift in its policy towards that of economic planning using the nationalised industrial corporation as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(model of public administration and that this contrasts greatly with what came before it. But even with this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important caveat in mind it does seem to be overstating the case a bit to talk of ?the flowery phrases of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacDonald? \(p. 154\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One hugely significant occasion when the grassroots of the party leapt to centre stage was, of course, during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the General Strike of 1926. After a characteristically concise and efficient synopsis of the economic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political background to this piece of Labour folklore, Worley deals with the strike in about five tightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued pages. His focus is somewhat surprising. He looks at the effects of the strike on Labour?s standing in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the country, its electoral chances and its relations with other groups \(the CPGB, the National Minority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Movement \(NMM\) and the unions, for example\). His conclusions on this subject are that the strike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weakened not only the conservatives, but also the left critique of Labour?s parliamentarianism. Moreover, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengthened union support for the return of a Labour government and galvanised the party?s supporters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, throughout this discussion, Worley keeps the membership offstage. The only mention of Labour?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grassroots here is a presentation of by-election result statistics from the aftermath of the strike. Given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus of the book, this is somewhat anomalous. A detailed local Labour party perspective on the strike could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have added a lot to the understanding of both the nine days and the party. The party?s people are similarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given a subsidiary role in Worley?s examination of the Labour party?s response to domestic fascism. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader learns a lot about the party?s national posture towards the British Union of Fascists \(BUF\) and some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local detail is given to supplement this, but intriguingly Worley also says that Labour League of Youth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members ?reputedly? engaged fascists on the streets of Leeds and Huddersfield, while ?elsewhere, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester and Liverpool, Labour members undoubtedly took part in more concerted protests? \(p.205\). This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaves the reader with two questions. First, what actually happened in Leeds, Huddersfield, Manchester and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liverpool? And second, given that these four examples are drawn from other surveys of Labour?s history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which Worley thoroughly acknowledges\), what happened in the areas he studied? Given that the express )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purpose of the work is to provide detailed coverage of party activities and structures at a local level it seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strange to downplay any discussion of the strike and local anti-fascist activity in the localities he has studied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in such detail.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The absence of answers to these questions may be a product of the nature of Worley?s sources. Worley?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local insights come mainly from the minutes of a great number of local party organisations. However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparatively few local Labour party newspapers are listed in the bibliography. In at least one case, namely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gateshead, a paper \(the )] TJ ET BT 149.636 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gateshead Herald)] TJ ET BT 237.956 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published by the local party and trades council between 1937 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1947\) was published in an area where Worley has studied the party. A wider trawl through the party?s local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press would have been welcome and may have strengthened the book?s local coverage even further. In this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way, there is a real sense in which Worley is the victim of his own success. The fact is that it is only possible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to point out that, on some points, the book does not contain enough local information precisely because on )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 2815 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so many other points it is evident in abundance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Worley is an authority on the CPGB and is able to use this to particularly good effect when discussing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations between the communists and Labour over the issue of the Spanish Civil War. Once again he is able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to give the background to the events in a comprehensive yet concise manner, but it is this knowledge of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics of Labour-CPGB relations at a myriad of locations that gives his account real bite. He is able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(show how Labour?s national party line of non-co-operation with the CPGB was implemented, but he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equally is alive to the popularity of the united front with the grassroots in certain areas. In this way his study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of CPGB-Labour relations is a microcosm of what is best about this book. If the Labour party is often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared to a broad church, what Worley has done is to introduce us to the congregation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.523 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 604.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Worley, 'Review of David Howell, )] TJ ET BT 280.136 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MacDonald?s Party: Labour Identities and Crises, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1922?1931)] TJ ET BT 118.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(', )] TJ ET BT 126.176 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour History Review)] TJ ET BT 238.172 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 69.1 \(2004\), 120?1.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 338.492 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 338.492 589.251 m 392.480 589.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy with this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 538.133 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 523.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 519.151 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 501.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 501.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/472)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 499.977 m 322.316 499.977 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 475.000 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 460.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2490)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 338.4917 589.5655 392.4797 601.4455 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 500.2915 322.3157 512.1715 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/472) >> endobj xref 0 27 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000581 00000 n 0000000670 00000 n 0000005283 00000 n 0000005392 00000 n 0000005502 00000 n 0000005611 00000 n 0000009172 00000 n 0000009300 00000 n 0000009384 00000 n 0000009413 00000 n 0000009541 00000 n 0000009577 00000 n 0000009642 00000 n 0000016994 00000 n 0000017059 00000 n 0000024597 00000 n 0000024688 00000 n 0000027556 00000 n 0000027684 00000 n 0000027739 00000 n 0000027867 00000 n trailer << /Size 27 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27962 %%EOF