%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141227122143+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141227122143+00'00') /Title (The Marital Economy in Scandinavia and Britain 1400?1900) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4064 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Marital Economy in Scandinavia and Britain 1400?1900)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent decades, the fields of women's and gender studies have rapidly expanded. In trying to understand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's roles in past societies, historians have paid particular attention to issues surrounding marriage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family, and the household. This volume seeks to expand the discussion of women's places in early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(northern-European societies by focusing on the institution of marriage and its role in economic activities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arising out of a series of conferences sponsored by the Swedish Research Council, this work contains fifteen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles by historians from throughout the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Canada.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To address the connections between the institution of marriage and the larger economy, this work explores )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three different phases of marital activities, namely forming the partnership, managing the partnership, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissolving the partnership. The book begins with an introduction by Amy Louise Erickson where she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a comparative overview of marital economic activities throughout northern Europe. This article is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of particular importance because Erickson provides a clear and concise discussion of the similarities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differences between the economic, cultural, societal, and legal norms and expectations surrounding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriages in the British Isles and Scandinavia. In doing so, she provides a truly northern-European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective which sets this work apart from others that focus more narrowly on a particular country or region.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book next examines topics dealing with the formation of the marriage partnership. This section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(475)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 October, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maria gren)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amy Erickson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(754637824X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(302pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Elizabeth Ailes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7492 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly focuses upon the legal ramification of courtships and the economic negotiations that took place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before a marriage was concluded. Hanne Marie Johansen and Catherine Frances examine consistory court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records in Norway and north-west England to discuss the legal consequences of the breakdown of betrothals. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By making extensive use of court records both authors convincingly argue that during the seventeenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century women successfully sued men who had broken their engagements. Johansen found that such ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began to change in Norway during the eighteenth century with the growing popularity of pietism which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sought to regulate more highly marriage practices, and with the greater acceptance of natural law theory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which emphasised an individual's ability to break unacceptable contracts. These changes in attitudes were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected in the passing of new laws which weakened women's abilities to successfully seek compensation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the courts for broken engagements. In contrast, Frances concluded that women who sued men over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breakdown of betrothals experienced the greatest success when they received the support of the families )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved. This idea challenges the theory that because of work opportunities outside of the home, young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people did not need the financial or emotional support of their families when concluding a marriage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The rest of the section examines the economic negotiations surrounding the establishment of marriages. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gudrun Andersson investigates the practice of transferring property at the beginning of a marriage among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the merchant elite in the Swedish town of Arboga, Anu Pylkknen studies the acquisition of marital property )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the peasantry in Finland, and Jane Whittle examines the abilities of servants in rural England to earn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough money to establish their own households. In Sweden and Finland, the authors found that women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played vital roles in the transfer and maintenance of family property. According to Andersson, because men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and women who lived in Swedish town received equal inheritances, both sexes played important roles in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintaining a family's position within society. Thus the marriage of a daughter often provided a means to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secure or advance a family's societal position. Similarly to Andersson, Pylkknen concludes that women in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Finnish countryside played important roles in the maintenance and transfer of family property. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rural setting, however, it was the economic importance of women's work that gave them influence in familial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategies regarding the disposition of property. In England, Whittle found that for many young people a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period of working as a servant was often a means to acquire the skills and assets needed to establish an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent household. Through studying servants' wages, Whittle found that while individuals could earn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough money to buy a small cottage, only those who inherited property could experience social mobility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second section, Hilde Sandvik, Inger Dbeck, Rosemarie Fiebranz and Ann-Catrin stman explore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how couples managed issues that occurred during their marriages such as property management, household )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roles, and the family's economic activities. Sandvik and Dbeck provide overviews of the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norwegian and Danish matrimonial law during the early modern period. In both articles the authors show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that women regularly engaged in trade without their husband's consent and had a say in the selling of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherited property even though such activities were technically illegal. Of the two articles, Sandvik makes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more convincing argument because of her use of a variety of sources including legal documents, court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records, and land registries, which illustrate how practice deviated from the legally prescribed norms. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dbeck's article is not nearly as satisfying because she only describes changes in Danish matrimonial law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the early modern period, but does not analyse why these changes occurred. Fiebranz and stman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compare changing societal attitudes about the division of labour in rural households in Sweden and Finland. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through a discussion of marital cases in northern Sweden, Fiebranz illustrates that women could act )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independently when the economic wellbeing of their family was threatened. In comparison, stman studied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a series of letters between a husband and wife written in the late 1800s to show how couples negotiated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familial expectations and roles. While Fiebranz and stman both raise interesting issues about why marital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts occurred and how couples tried to resolve such conflicts, their conclusions are limited by the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrow focus of their source material. Neither author explores in detail how representative their case studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are of the larger society, which gives their articles an insular quality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the third section, which concerns dissolving the partnership, Hanne Marie Johansen, Elizabeth Ewan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anges S. Arnrsdttir, and Maria gren discuss the economic impact of the end of marriages including the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of divorce, separation, and death. Hanne Marie Johansen examines economic issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounding divorce in early modern Norway. Through examining consistory court records, Johansen )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7301 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes the reasons behind the granting of divorces and the splitting up of familial assets. While she hints )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at issues such as the upsurge in divorces around 1800, the government's concern to prevent divorced women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from becoming financial burdens on their local communities, and the greater accessibility of divorce to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people from all levels of society than was found in other parts of Europe, Johansen never fully addresses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these points. The article provides interesting insight into the mechanics of how divorces occurred, but does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not fully engage with the larger societal impact of divorce.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From different perspectives, Ewan, Arnrsdttir, and gren consider inheritance and the maintenance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surviving widow or widower after their spouse's death. Ewan analyse how urban elites in Scotland made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provisions to provide for the economic welfare of widows, Arnrsdttir investigates the practice of gift )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving in late-medieval Iceland that was used to give financial support to illegitimate children, and gren )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looks at how families made decisions about the transfer of property to the next generation through an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation of land transactions involving two farms in northern Sweden. Ewan and Arnrsdttir provide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very descriptive accounts of strategies that families used to give financial support to widows and illegitimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children. While their studies add details to our general knowledge of property transfers, they provide little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new insight into how or why such decisions were made. In comparison, gren's article suggests new insight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the importance of property transfers between generations. Although her study is very narrowly focused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on two farms in northern Sweden, gren successfully uses this micro-study to investigate the larger issue of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the growth of individualism and self-interest among young people in Sweden during the nineteenth century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through a detailed analysis of the land transactions involving the two farms, gren concludes that prior to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nineteenth century young people appeared to be more self-sacrificing because they had few economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(options that allowed them to act independently. In the nineteenth century when new economic opportunities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed within Sweden and expanded opportunities to emigrate to America were created, more members )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the younger generation lived independently of their families, thus creating an impression of greater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individualism. In the article, gren convincingly argues against the idea that the nineteenth century saw the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of more selfish and self-centered attitudes among Swedish youth. Instead she concludes that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater economic opportunities allowed young people to pursue their own interests.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book concludes with a discussion of how modern economic theory has traditionally disregarded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage as a primary economic institution. After looking at various European economic theories written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1500 and 1800, Michael Roberts concludes that during the early modern period economics were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usually defined as political economics and thus focused on connections between economic activities and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state. Considerations of familial and household economic activities would have fallen outside of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic discourse of the era. Roberts rightly points out that what the essays in this volume suggest is a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definition of economics, which encompasses many aspects of economic activities. He ends by stating that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is lacking is a comprehensive discussion of the marital economy throughout northern Europe, but that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps many small, local studies provide the means to create a larger picture. This sentiment expresses both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the greatest strength and greatest weakness of this work. While taken together the articles provide a detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture of the economic impact of marriage upon families and women in particular, their scattered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical focus and scattered time focus leave large holes in the discussion. Additionally, many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles narrowly focus on the specific issues under examination and do not link the impact of the marital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy to larger societal or political issues. For example, discussions of how the constant state of warfare )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the massive depopulation among rural communities in Sweden and Finland during the seventeenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century impacted on marital economics or how the religious and political radicalism of the middle decades )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the seventeenth century in the British Isles influenced familial economic decisions would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful to address. Despite these shortcomings, the articles are very valuable in providing details about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marital economics and the inter-workings of forming, managing and dissolving marriages during the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 85.711 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 67.931 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 67.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/475)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 66.537 m 322.316 66.537 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 41.560 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 66.8515 322.3157 78.7315 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/475) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 234 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2498)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000559 00000 n 0000000641 00000 n 0000004757 00000 n 0000004866 00000 n 0000004976 00000 n 0000005085 00000 n 0000008646 00000 n 0000008774 00000 n 0000008858 00000 n 0000008923 00000 n 0000016468 00000 n 0000016552 00000 n 0000023906 00000 n 0000024032 00000 n 0000024127 00000 n 0000024192 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24478 %%EOF