%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818051705+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818051705+01'00') /Title (Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4471 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The post-1965 immigration to the United States is larger and far more diverse than the 'New Immigration,' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which had such profound an impact upon virtually every aspect of American life in the late nineteenth and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early twentieth century. David M. Reimers has written a comprehensive account of this new immigration, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplementing and in some respects transforming a story which a generation ago had been largely focused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon European immigration.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 172.340 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 172.340 229.161 m 186.332 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 186.332 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Reimers builds upon what is by now a mountain of recent scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing hitherto marginal groups \(Chinese, Filipino, black Caribbean and Hispanic\) to the centre of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story. The statistics Reimers presents are large and imposing. While declining most of the many temptations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to speculate upon the future directions of this immigration, or its likely consequence for American society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers has brought together in one comprehensive account the fullest, and most accurate, picture we have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(today of the evolving story of America and its immigrants.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The leading players ? politicians, especially ? in the debate on asylum and immigration in the U.K., and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across Europe generally, could do much worse than to take a look at Reimers's )] TJ ET BT 414.440 118.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Other Immigrants)] TJ ET BT 500.768 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. What this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book tells us about America will in some ways confirm a host of post-Katrina perceptions, currently rampant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Europe and elsewhere, that the national story is a dreary narrative of loneliness, hardship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointment on the part of the immigrants, and one of racism and occasional violence on the part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('host' population. Nonetheless, the deeper aspirations ? let's call it hope ? which brought so many individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(482)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 November, 2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Reimers)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2746705885)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(399pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Homberger)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 172.3397 229.4755 186.3317 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7343 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and families to America, and largely sustained them in an encounter with an alien and disorienting society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems somehow to have been taken for granted in recent thinking about America and its place in the world. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is hard to capture the precise sense of how strange America and its ways has seemed to immigrants, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how uneasily Americans felt about these strangers. Hope, in sustaining quantities, was needed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans have sometimes extended an open hand of welcome and generosity to immigrants, but hostility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has left a deeper impact on the recollected experience of immigration. Beyond the charitable endeavours of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fellow countrymen, co-religionists, and the efforts of American charities and benevolent organisations, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigrants have had friends, of a kind, in America. Paradoxically, it was the hardfaced American capitalists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in agriculture and manufacturing, who waged campaigns and pulled strings to open the doors to immigrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workers. This was self-interested advocacy, but advocacy nonetheless. Immigrants were in demand as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural labourers and factory workers, at wages which failed to attract native American workers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Immigrant workers became strikebreakers, and were a powerful management resource against local workers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their unions, and their intermittent resistance to wage-cuts and speed-ups. When immigrants sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unionise, other immigrants could be brought in to displace them. The record of immigrant-led social protest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and radicalism is mixed. The much-admired Csar Chvez notwithstanding, agricultural workers in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(California today remain unorganised and on low wages. Race has powerfully divided workers against each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other. In American conditions the poor have struggled to sustain social solidarity, and have seldom been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sufficiently radical or class-conscious to meet the expectations of radical scholars. The increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative politics of the immigrants, as they adjust to American values, is an important facet of the story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers tells.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers's book has the merit of not leaving anyone out. Every nationality, religion, race, and ethnicity under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sun, or at least every group, community and set of beliefs which have become a presence in the great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bouillabaisse of American life, gets a chapter, or a couple of pages, or a brief paragraph here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For students of American Studies, diversity itself carries with it a vast superstructure of possibilities, as well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the usual patterns of conflict. Diversity holds the promise of remaking America along different lines, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escaping from the national narrative of racism and gun-toting imperialism. Trying to assess the larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences for America as a society of the immigration described by Reimers is something like a parlour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(game: how can we remake a nation? How many new foods can find a place in the great national food court?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drawing conclusions about the social meaning behind Reimers's large numbers is frustrating; the numbers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rapidly lose explanatory power. Reimers austerely declines to speculate on larger meanings. Individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose experience illustrates his argument appear, briefly, and are presented without much context or detail. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The appearance of Senegalese vendors on the streets of Manhattan \('Swiss Navy Watches! Only ten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dollahs!'\), noted in the 1980s, drew the grand-standing hostility of Mayor Koch. Mayor Giuliani ordered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sweeping arrests, which were thrown out by the courts. But what of the rich complexity of the system which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought the Senegalese to New York, housed them, supplied them with pirated or stolen goods to sell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(umbrellas, Yankees baseball hats\), and attended diligently to their exploitation? Working at New York )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University, Reimers must have passed such immigrants around the Washington Square campus, perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buying an umbrella on a rainy day. One would like to see such figures in the round, they way they suddenly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared, fully stocked with goods, and then vanished when the heat was turned on by the police. We need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to learn a lot more about the criminals who prey upon the Senegalese, and helped them at the same time. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers mentions the notorious Chinese snakehead people smugglers, and the Mexican coyotes. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middleman behind the young Senegalese selling umbrellas on lower Broadway or mid-town is a similar type )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom immigrants have often encountered in America, and elsewhere. It is an aspect of the 'immigrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience' which deserves more attention in a book as wide-ranging as this one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We hear in )] TJ ET BT 89.660 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Other Immigrants)] TJ ET BT 175.988 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that the immigrants struggled and faced discrimination. A few achieved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success and great wealth; a few were elected to office. For immigrant women, many from traditional and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeply conservative societies, entering employment disrupted gender roles. Mostly, the labourers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seamstresses and factory hands were invisible to the larger society, and the recovery of their stories has done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much to enrich historical scholarship, if not quite transform suburban, white American attitudes towards the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8016 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poor, blacks and foreigners.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.648 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.648 795.075 m 181.640 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 181.640 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( How these things were understood, how described, has been left to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars. Reimers mentions a handful of writers who have achieved some degree of renown, but does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cite their books, or assess what they have seen and understood about immigrant life in America. But we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should also be attending to the way immigrants have sought to shape their experience of America. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives fashioned in a broad range of plays, novels, autobiographies written by the first and second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of immigrants between 1890 and 1940 have drawn upon much the same body of experience, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped it into a coherent story of struggle and survival. Whether gleaming with the patriotic optimism of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Antin, or the poignant ironies of an Abraham Cahan )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 316.304 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 316.304 695.283 m 330.296 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 330.296 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, theirs was a story which showed at least one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the ways immigrants encountered American values, and adapted to them. The self-representations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers's 'other immigrants' are mentioned in a sentence here, a paragraph there, but he is not listening to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their voices, their narratives. What a rich body of material he has ignored.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are some almost fascinating details in Reimers's pages: the largest community of Chaldeans is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found in Detroit. Passaic County, New Jersey, and especially the city of Paterson, is the home to 20,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turks. The lawns and swimming pools of Long Island are tended by a substantial, if undocumented, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population of Salvadorans. A poultry plant in Morgantown, North Carolina, relies upon Maya immigrants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Mexico.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 100.004 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 100.004 569.235 m 113.996 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 113.996 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Ten per cent of the worldwide population of Zoroastrians now live in the United States.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a story which involves the counting of large numbers of otherwise nameless and faceless immigrants, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Other Immigrants)] TJ ET BT 120.344 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is in effect an account of the attempts by the United States government to restrict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration, and to staunch its seemingly irresistible flow. The immigration story is defined at every turn by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the government. Legislation has created precise but constantly changing frameworks for who may be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admitted, and who excluded. There are here repeated invocations of the consequences of the McCarran-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walter Act of 1952, the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, the Hart-Celler Act of 1964, the Cuban Adjustment Act )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1966, and so on. The consequences of each of these are repeatedly cited, but Reimers does not discuss the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislative passage of these measures, or the political forces and sociological thinking which lies behind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them. Given the extraordinary impact of this body of legislation, and its implementation by successive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(federal agencies, it would be nice to know if the consequences, such as the vast expansion of Asian and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean immigration, were intended or even envisaged.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Government policy veered wildly between stern measures to block immigration at the borders, and one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temporary measure after another, in response to manpower shortages of agriculture and manufacturing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing the 'undocumented' to acquire legal status through a procession of amnesties, and retrospective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legalisation through legislative means, The struggle to gain some handle on the ebbs and flows of mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration, triggered off by economic need, civil war, natural disaster and political change, produced some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealing differences in policy. Anti-Castro Cubans and some Asians \(South Vietnamese, from the 1970s\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found Washington far friendlier than did impoverished, French-speaking boat people from Haiti. However )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the control of the White House and Congress changes, the dilemmas, and the background mood-music of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility towards immigrants, remains much the same.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The terminology of ethnicity and immigration remains a quagmire of complexity and entrapment. The term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Hispanic,' it turns out, was chosen by the Ad Hoc Committee on Racial and Ethnic Difference within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Department of Health, Education and Welfare, in 1975. Other terms, such as 'people of color,' a shorthand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for blacks, Asians, and Latinos and Hispanics, has a usefully inclusive vagueness, though it is a term which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is invariably used about others, not about oneself. A poll in 2000 revealed that 'Latinos' and 'Latinas' use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neither term to describe themselves. And the existence of significant minorities within the 'Latino' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community who do not speak Spanish, and who as 'Indians' reject any such label, makes the term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressively less useful. There are good reasons to resist the application of contemporary terminology to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups in the past, and even better reasons not to attribute to those about whom we know so little the ethnic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousness which such terms as 'Hispanics' imply. Reimers suggests that there were 'Hispanics' living in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tucson in the 1730s \(p. 24\), but, more plausibly, that the 'Spanish' population of Texas and California in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century probably did not possess a Spanish identity, but one shaped by a mestizo mixture of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural and racial identities \(p. 26\). The question of identity is unavoidable, but the terminology is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confusing, and without consideration at a much closer level, is of doubtful usefulness, Reimers quotes )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 167.6477 795.3895 181.6397 807.2695 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 316.3037 695.5975 330.2957 707.4775 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 100.0037 569.5495 113.9957 581.4295 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7270 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without further comment one scholar's suggestion that Mexicans in Los Angeles have developed 'an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging ethnic consciousness' \(p. 32\). Elsewhere he finds repeated examples of immigrants \(such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Haitians and West Indians\) who have not found it easy to build relations with native-born blacks. In other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words, the terminology is no friend to understanding difference.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers suggests a political model, a strategy, through which immigrant populations can pursue their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests. The stages are precisely the same for each group: the building of group-consciousness through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment of \(foreign-language\) newspapers, self-help organisations, the establishment of churches when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the existing churches prove unwelcoming, and then the staging of festivals, the reaching out to local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politicians and elites, and the courting of the local media. Beyond that is the promised land of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliances with other ethnic communities and the active pursuit of influence and power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Virtually every immigrant community has gone through some or most of this model, but we do not know if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the path to assimilation is much affected by some or all of the constituent steps. Communities with high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(levels of group consciousness, and others with deep class and cultural divisions and low levels of co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operative life, provide only a modest guide to the successful pursuit of self-interest in America. The wild )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diversity which Reimers records, the differences between immigrant groups, their languages, different social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures, patterns of immigration, as well as their own racisms, make the growing number of immigrants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only intermittently significant in terms of politics. Anti-Castro Cubans are, due to their concentration in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Florida, an important exception. Individuals from immigrant communities have been elected to office, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that has seldom signaled a substantial shift in the bases of political power. And the awkward class divisions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between highly-educated, suburban-dwelling, entrepreneurial immigrants, and their fellow countrymen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without the advantages of higher education, who are consigned mainly to low level employment or manual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labor, have increasingly dispelled the mythical solidarity which is meant to unite immigrants.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Indian immigration of the 1950s and 1960s, marked by high levels of education and professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspiration, was followed in the succeeding decades by poorer and less well educated immigrants from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sub-continent. There is a similar absence of political unity in the large Filipino immigration \(p. 173\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(result, as Reimers notes \(p. 192\), is a more multilayered community, and one with increasing divisions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between rich and poor. The wealthy, suburban Indian entrepreneur can insulate his family from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Dotbuster' gangs who assaulted Indians in Jersey City, complaining that 'The Hindus own everything' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(193\) but individual success and prosperity did little, except vicariously, for those left behind in the struggle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for respect and dignity in America.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimers's suggests that 'If the Indian community is to be effective, Indians will have to close ranks, become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American citizens, and acquire the skills needed for political success' \(p. 195\). The notable condescension in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this piece of advice is half-undercut by a further reflection on the political dilemmas faced by African-born )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigrants and native-born blacks. It was not clear 'just how an effective alliance could be built' between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such diverse communities, but, 'given the growing immigration from Africa \(and the Caribbean as well\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these communities may work together at least on certain occasions' \(p. 247\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But then again they may not, as Reimers several times points out. As a measure of political prospects in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America today, it seems to me unpersuasive. There may be no ready formula or strategy which would hold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the promise of group-emancipation from discrimination and marginality. Ethnic communities, essentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unstable and internally divided, may be precisely the wrong kind of building blocks for effecting social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. The protean capacity of working-class and lower-middle-class white neighborhoods to come into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict with blacks is familiar stuff. Ever vulnerable to the corrosive power of racism to divide \(p. 87\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea that there may be other strategies, other possibilities \(environmental, educational, economic\) needs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fresher and more hard-headed consideration. Reimers implies that the old Democratic Party model of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliances among 'minorities' can work once again. There may not be too much mileage in this. The fourth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consecutive victory by Republicans in the New York mayoral election earlier this month, raises some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting questions about ethnicity and politics. In an ostensibly 'Democratic' city, Ferrer should have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(walked the election. As it turned out, important strata from the city's Hispanic, Asian and black electorates, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supported a billionaire Republican. All sorts of false consciousness running rampant in the five boroughs! )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 6674 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Minorities' don't seem to behave like minorities any more. This should, but it does not, pose tricky )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretive questions for Professor Reimers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('The large-scale immigration of non-Europeans since the 1960s,' writes Reimers, 'has changed America and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is continuing to do so' \(p. 290\). In other respects, he is anxious to reassure his fellow-countrymen things will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not change very much. He argues that 'American core values' are not threatened, and that the economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(burden of mass immigration is sustainable. \(British politicians: please note.\) In the 2000 census, the foreign-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(born constituted more than 11 per cent of the population \(versus 7 per cent in the U.K.\), making the country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('a more pluralistic and interesting society' \(p. 290\). If current demographic trends prove correct, by 2050 the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('white' population in America will only be in a slight majority. Trends of inter-marriage have continued to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rise, across almost every ethnic and racial group.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.292 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.292 654.771 m 282.284 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 282.284 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Reimers does not consider here the nightmares which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such figures and trends evoke, and not just in extreme white supremacist groups. By implication, Reimers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that America will be a less divided society. A revised edition, post-Hurricane Katrina, might worth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking about.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.499 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Higham's )] TJ ET BT 138.176 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Immigration, 1860?1925)] TJ ET BT 475.172 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brunswick, NJ, 1955\) and Maldwyn Jones, )] TJ ET BT 274.328 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Immigration )] TJ ET BT 386.984 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, 1960; revised ed. 1992\) )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embody the considerable strengths of the scholarship on European immigration. The absence of Asian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Hispanic immigrants in the scholarship of that era was not addressed in any sustained way until )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1960s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 113.348 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 113.348 489.459 m 167.336 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 476.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zeese Papanikolas, )] TJ ET BT 158.996 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Buried Unsung: Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre, with a Foreword by )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wallace Stegner)] TJ ET BT 143.000 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Salt Lake City, 1982\) is an exceptional example of the genre. Simon Newman's )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Embodied History: The Lives of the Poor in Early Philadelphia)] TJ ET BT 369.008 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Early American Studies Monograph )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Series, Philadelphia, Pa., 2003\) brings impressive historiographical and theoretical sophistication to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this material.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 126.680 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 126.680 418.179 m 180.668 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Antin, )] TJ ET BT 126.344 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Promised Land)] TJ ET BT 221.012 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Boston, Mass., 1912\); Abraham Cahan, )] TJ ET BT 420.992 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of David Levinsky)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, 1917\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 155.324 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 155.324 389.667 m 209.312 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leon Fink, )] TJ ET BT 119.684 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Maya of Morgantown: Work and Community in the Nuevo New South)] TJ ET BT 476.000 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chapel Hill, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NC, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.680 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.680 361.155 m 171.668 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The use of intermarriage ratio as an index of assimilation was central to Julius Drachsler's 1921 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Columbia University doctoral dissertation, 'Intermarriage in New York City: A Statistical Study of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amalgamation of European Peoples'. Reimers suggests that the process has extended far beyond the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnic limits of Drachsler's work.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 223.820 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 223.820 304.131 m 277.808 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 234.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 216.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 216.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/482)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 214.857 m 322.316 214.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 189.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2520)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 268.2917 655.0855 282.2837 666.9655 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 113.3477 489.7735 167.3357 501.6535 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 126.6797 418.4935 180.6677 430.3735 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 155.3237 389.9815 209.3117 401.8615 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.6797 361.4695 171.6677 373.3495 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 223.8197 304.4455 277.8077 316.3255 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 215.1715 322.3157 227.0515 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/482) >> endobj xref 0 49 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000005181 00000 n 0000005290 00000 n 0000005400 00000 n 0000005509 00000 n 0000009070 00000 n 0000009198 00000 n 0000009282 00000 n 0000009311 00000 n 0000009439 00000 n 0000009475 00000 n 0000009540 00000 n 0000016936 00000 n 0000017034 00000 n 0000025103 00000 n 0000025133 00000 n 0000025261 00000 n 0000025297 00000 n 0000025327 00000 n 0000025455 00000 n 0000025491 00000 n 0000025521 00000 n 0000025649 00000 n 0000025685 00000 n 0000025750 00000 n 0000033073 00000 n 0000033199 00000 n 0000039926 00000 n 0000039956 00000 n 0000040084 00000 n 0000040120 00000 n 0000040248 00000 n 0000040303 00000 n 0000040431 00000 n 0000040486 00000 n 0000040614 00000 n 0000040669 00000 n 0000040797 00000 n 0000040852 00000 n 0000040980 00000 n 0000041035 00000 n 0000041163 00000 n trailer << /Size 49 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41258 %%EOF