%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728104200+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728104200+01'00') /Title (British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4578 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aidan Clarke is a formidable and influential scholar of early modern Ireland. His scholarship has always set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a high standard: firmly grounded empirically, challenging of received 'truths' and, in its faithfulness to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronology, sensitive to how contemporaries may have perceived events. And while the tools have always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been traditional, the questions asked and contexts considered have not. Consequently, his work displays a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dazzling range: thematic, geographic and chronological. We are thus indebted to Clarke for helping to lift )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historiography of early modern Ireland out of the provinciality for which it has often been derided.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland)] TJ ET BT 254.336 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( stands as a tribute to the man and his work. It is a rich and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important collection worthy of both. The essays are, fittingly, constructed in a 'Clarke-ian' mould: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodologically traditional ? largely eschewing theory for a meticulous empiricism ? yet asking questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and considering contexts which are either new or excitingly revisionist \(in the literal, not ideological, sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the word\). There is no real unifying theme connecting these sixteen essays ? which in itself is something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a tribute to Clarke's scholarly breadth ? other than the very general one offered by the title. Loose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(category though it may be, 'British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland' was nevertheless chosen for clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical reasons. For as the editors state in their valuable introduction, the writing of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish history ? particularly that dealing with English-Irish relations ? has been dominated by a paradigm of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitable 'conquest and colonisation' which at best falsely flattens the complexity of the period and at worst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anachronistically serves to sustain presentist political agendas. These essays, it is argued, work to break )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down that simplistic caricature of power relations by offering soundings into the fullness and variety of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British experience in Ireland ? the negotiations, compromises and frustrations alongside the more well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(504)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 March, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ciaran Brady)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Ohlmeyer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(0511079435)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brendan Kane)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7383 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known triumphs and powerplays. The collection, then, serves both as tribute and state-of-play in the field.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As such, it introduces us to some of the avant-garde areas of research. One of these is material culture, nicely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored in R. J. Hunter's essay, 'The Bible and the bawn: an Ulster planter inventorised'. The focus here is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on one character ? the Reverend Edward Hatton ? who combined in his person the two main interventionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strains, i.e. planter and Protestant preacher. Hatton died before the deluge, and thus his life and will offer an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting window onto settler life in the comparatively peaceful 1630s. In addition to giving us some sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of what it meant to materially live well in Ireland \(a subject scandalously under-researched\), the study also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheds light on the sort of cross-confessional cooperation and accommodation the breakdown of which would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elicit such surprise from the 1641 deponents. One of the very intriguing bits here are the 40 books listed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inventory ? if only we knew the titles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Education is another neglected subject which gets its due here. The study of education in Ireland in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period is nearly non-existent. One gets the sense that study of its Protestant/colonial iteration has suffered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the same stigma that so long plagued the study of the Reformation in Ireland: namely, that its lack of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact on the locals \(be they Anglo-Norman or Gaelic in descent\) simply revealed the fact that it was fated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to fail, thus rendering research on it silly, even wasteful. Such a position is thankfully debunked by Helga )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robinson-Hammerstein's 'The "common good" and the university in the age of confessional conflict'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robinson-Hammerstein has been one of the few to write intelligently and sympathetically on education in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern Ireland. The present essay continues that work by situating movements for a university in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland within European-wide ? and specifically German ? visions of the university as a means to promote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'common good' of the whole society, not merely of a narrow elite.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Jackson's 'The construction of argument: Henry Fitzsimon, John Rider and religious controversy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dublin, 1599?1614' offers a very different view of education in the Anglo-Irish context. The comparison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here is to England, not Germany. In a striking exploration of the use of rhetoric in an Irish context, Jackson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows the disputants' shared connection with Oxford and charts the effects that institution's curricula, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic rituals and general intellectual culture had on religious controversy in Ireland. This piece is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting in that in reminds us that no matter how much it dominates the historiography, Tyrone's rebellion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not the only game in town in turn-of-century Ireland: as the 'rebellion' raged and put the government on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the back heel, Dublin was still the site of dinner parties and disputations. And Jackson's last line may prove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the most provocative of the collection, suggesting that the efforts of Wadding and Rothe to silence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(internal debate and dissent may in large part be responsible for posterity's notion of the Irish Counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reformation as a 'heroic national struggle, led and directed as a uniform clerical initiative' \(p. 115\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These connections between education, religion and high politics in a 'British' context are further drawn out in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Ford's fascinating and important contribution, 'That bugbear Arminianism: Archbishop Laud and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trinity College, Dublin'. Ford cautions that Laud must not be seen as purely an ecclesiastical leader, or, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of policy development, as having played second fiddle to Wentworth and Bramhall. Rather, he argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laud too was of an activist bent and his educational interventions at Trinity ? where he was named )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chancellor in 1633 ? were meant as models for reform of Oxford. Ford thus reverses the direction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educational influence discussed by Hunter. This, of course, is a new take on the classic line that Caroline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland served as a practical lab for policies eventually intended for adoption in England. But it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincingly done, and thus we see at Trinity a much more interventionist Laud in curricular, disciplinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and faculty matters than we see \(at least by Kevin Sharp's telling\) at Oxford. Ford has indeed told us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something new and important about Laud's overall 'motivation and ideology' \(p. 137\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part of what makes this piece worthwhile too is that it takes seriously those projects and possibilities which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not prove successful and uses them to more richly reconstruct the lived reality of early modern Ireland. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is vital to breaking us out of the standard periodisation, built as it is upon seemingly fated 'great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moments' of conquest and colonisation. Robert Armstrong's 'Protestant churchmen and the Confederate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wars' is an excellent example of this approach for a later period. He describes the 1640s as the 'lost decade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the history of the Protestant church establishment in early modern Ireland' \(p. 230\). According to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard line, the Church of Ireland saw any chance at establishing itself as the church of the majority ? )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7740 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however weak it may have been by the 1620s anyway ? die an ignominious death during the 1640s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Armstrong cautions that this is a classic example of hindsight's clarity and grossly discounts the energetic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(efforts of churchmen and lay authorities to protect themselves from the forces that threatened to engulf them. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Squeezed between a Catholic right and Covenanting left, establishment Church of Ireland members worked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assiduously for the royalist cause. The bishops in particular distinguished themselves by actively working on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Royalist propaganda campaigns ? this in contradistinction to Church of England bishops most of whom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fled quietly rather than pick up the pen in defence of the regime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michel Siochr's 'Catholic Confederates and the constitutional relationship between England and Ireland, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1641?49' offers a further take on the 'what-if' motif. The essay makes the important, if too readily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlooked, point that constitutional questions were as equally divisive of Confederates and Royalists as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were religious ones. Two key points of contention in the many attempts at peace talks were Poynings' Law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the increasing interference of Parliament in Irish affairs. On the first of these points, Siochr shows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself the only contributor willing to take on the man honoured, arguing as insufficient Clarke's depiction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Confederate attitude to Poynings' Law as a short-term agitation based on a matter of trust, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional principal. He claims instead that the Confederates felt that the constitutional relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed serious clarification, and quickly, in light of Parliament's self-assertiveness \(p. 208\). But it is on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second point where he provides his most provocative contribution, showing how events in England could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dramatically alter negotiations in Ireland. Specifically, he demonstrates that once it seemed the Royalist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cause was in serious danger of collapsing, Confederates ? in working to protect themselves from an avenging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament ? sought to effect the Irish Parliament's separateness and independence. The English Civil Wars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then, 'fundamentally altered the relationship between the two kingdoms' \(p. 229\). Not only is this a revision )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the accepted notion of Westminster's relationship to Ireland ? the 'studied indifference' suggested by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Little \(p. 229\) ? but also, as a result, provides a different origin for the arguments for Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary independence which would dominate Anglo-Irish politics up until the Act of Union. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Contingency' here is not a historiographical buzzword, but rather a historical reality the effects of which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must be taken seriously as we reconsider the character and periodisation of British/Irish relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Questions of parliamentary politics and constitutional relationships constitute one of the collection's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strongest themes, Siochr's study of the 1640s falling chronologically between similarly-themed studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Ciaran Brady and Patrick Kelly. Brady's 'The attainder of Shane O'Neill and the problem of Tudor state-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(building' offers a major re-evaluation of mid-sixteenth-century constitutional politics, arguing that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crown's postmortem attainder of Shane was done not as a cynical land grab, but rather as a calculated bit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creative history telling done to set out an entirely new 'constitutional' conception of Ireland \(p. 33\). Brady )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that the attainder's preamble played down the twelfth-century conquest in favor of a myth-history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which posited sovereignty originating in the person of King Gurmundus, king of Great Britain, and lord of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bayon in the Spanish province of Biscan. The point to this, it seems, was to establish the crown's claim to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the land of Ireland and the loyalty of its inhabitants as arising not from military conquest but from a political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fount which could speak both for Britons and Irish Milesians. The drafting of this new origin tale amounted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to an effort to effect a 'second constitutional revolution' \(p. 46\): on the one hand, it attempted to strengthen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gaelic loyalty by showing that the crown's sovereignty was a thing of peaceful consent; on the other it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proved the writing on the wall for the English of Ireland whose exalted socio-political status rested upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rights bequeathed to them by their twelfth-century conquering forebears. The attainder, then, was no ham-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(handed land grab of Gaelic property, but rather a farsighted attempt to trump any historically based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges to the crown's sovereignty ? be they from Gaelic or Anglo-Norman critics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Brady's piece tends to downplay the role of conquest in the constitutional thinking of Tudor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('conquistadors', Patrick Kelly's 'Conquest versus consent in Molyneux's )] TJ ET BT 379.796 133.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Case of Ireland)] TJ ET BT 454.460 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' shows its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance in the thinking of that late-seventeenth-century 'conciliator', William Molyneux. In a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provocative reading of the )] TJ ET BT 163.316 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Case of Ireland)] TJ ET BT 237.980 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Kelly makes two suggestive exegetical moves. The first is to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate that Molyneux ? famous for his emphasis on consent as the basis for the emerging ascendancy's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimacy as Ireland's elites ? found the need to fall back on conquest in order to explain both the presence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Anglo-Irish and the dispossession of those Catholics whose ancestors had submitted consensually to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7593 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry II. The second is more interesting ? especially given the bait-and-switch character of the title ? in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he argues conquest and consent to have been not necessarily mutually exclusive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These explorations of constitutional matters are complimented by studies of the practical politics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary manoeuvring. Brd McGrath's 'The Irish elections of 1640?41' not only offers the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed nuts-and-bolts description of this very fateful parliamentary 'selection', but also a clear example of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the best laid plans can go awry. She tells a tale of two halves, one in which a very 'thorough' Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deputy gets his wish for a hand-picked parliament, but loses control of it in its second session. In doing so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she gives us another example of how Irish politics could throw up very strange marriages of convenience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between competing groups and individuals in the face of a common enemy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It falls to Jane Ohlmeyer, then, to continue this story by exploring the individual tales of those Irish peers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved in that fateful session in the wake of its collapse. It is remarkable how little we know of the Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peerage in this period, and Professor Ohlmeyer's 'The Irish peers, political power and parliament, 1640?41' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goes a long way to mapping their efforts to politically reverse the almost ritual shaming they had received at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hands of the arriviste Wentworth. Of particular interest here is the detailing of the workings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliament by proxy \(since many of those returned did not attend\). More generally, the essay rightly places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Irish peerage ? ancient and novus ? in its larger British contexts. Thus we see the peers not just acting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and agitating in Dublin, but at Whitehall and Westminster too in the hope of creating a situation akin to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1620s when a weak executive was susceptible to \(their\) aristocratic pressure. They did not succeed in this, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course, but the attempt is significant ? a further 'what-if' scenario, the neglect of which facilitates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persistence of a simplistic 'conquest and colonisation' view of this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold O'Sullivan's 'Dynamics of regional development: processes of assimilation and division in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marchland of south-east Ulster in late medieval and early modern Ireland' quite specifically rejects the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paradigm of conflict, conquest and confiscation. Two things make this piece stand out. First, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological/theoretical choice of doing a regional study ? as a via media between 'global' and 'local' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history ? helps reorient our spatial awareness of 'British-Irish' cultural contact to accurately reflect a frame )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important to contemporaries. Secondly, by starting his study in the fifteenth century, O'Sullivan attempts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cross the traditional breakage point of 1534. His conclusion that the collapse of regional characters was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely a result of the collapse of the O'Neill dynasty of Tyrone suggests that perhaps 'region' and 'lordship' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be somewhat coterminous. Be that as it may, close studies of lordships and their interactions with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlers are thin on the ground and this is a welcome contribution in its efforts to analyse the negotiated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interactions of settlers with the members of those regions/dynasties.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A stress on negotiation, of course, suggests that those doing the intervening did not constitute a monolithic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bloc. And duly there is no 'British' or 'Protestant mind' to be found here. Raymond Gillespie playfully opens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his essay on the late-seventeenth century reception of Temple's )] TJ ET BT 339.776 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish Rebellion)] TJ ET BT 432.440 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by stating that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('seventeenth-century Protestant mind was largely dominated by three texts: William King's )] TJ ET BT 473.288 263.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(State of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Protestants of Ireland)] TJ ET BT 139.352 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Molyneux's )] TJ ET BT 204.512 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Case of Ireland ... Stated)] TJ ET BT 345.176 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Temple's )] TJ ET BT 417.992 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish Rebellion)] TJ ET BT 510.656 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(315?16\). However, by interrogating how different individuals read their Temple, he is able to demonstrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the 'Rebellion' was not 'a singular book with one official reading' \(p. 324\). Rather, he argues, it was 'the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raw material by which individual Protestants made sense of their world' \(p. 332\) ? material the interpretation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of which was as dependent upon changing political circumstances as it was upon individual predilection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toby Barnard, the most eloquent and prolific voice on seventeenth-century Protestant Ireland, reminds us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that even the Protestant mind in one head was prone to change. His study of the 'fanatic zeal and irregular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambition' of Richard Lawrence charts how one man's advocacy for transplanting the defeated Irish west of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Shannon morphed into intense championing of the interests of the locals. And even though Barnard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims that Lawrence's intellectual trajectory was probably representative of a journey taken by numerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlers, and thus of intellectual reaction to dramatic changes in Dublin in the 1650s, he still shows that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end product of that evolution was up to the individual mind: thus Lawrence's rather original notion that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(luxury, as well as poverty, exerted an 'enervating' influence on the Irish economy \(p. 314\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7235 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The stress on negotiation and demographic complexity, however, should not blind us to the very real power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differentials present between newcomer and native. Sarah Barber's 'Settlement, transplantation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expulsion: a comparative study of the placement of peoples' is a powerful reminder of this. Concerned with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders and state formation, Barber looks at 'the identities imposed on the Irish and the Moriscoes by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English and the Spanish during the first half of the seventeenth century' and 'uses the perception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delinquent behaviour, allied with the concept of place, in order to discuss the comparative marginalization of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples' \(p. 280\) The argument that the presence of 'uncivilized others' created internal boundaries which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hindered socio-political unity in Spain and England offers both a new way for understanding how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('cultural conquest of Ireland' was conceptualised by contemporaries and further evidence that ideological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trends in Anglo-Irish relations were part of larger European ones.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final nail in the coffin of Irish exceptionalism, then, is hammered home by Geoffrey Parker's piece on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the General Crisis of the seventeenth century. While this is a topic dear to both Parker and Clarke, Parker )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vastly expands the scope of enquiry: the 'crisis' discussed here is not European, but global. Befitting the scale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the effects, the cause Parker explores is vast and impersonal: the sudden onset of radical environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. A fascinating survey of social, political and economic consequences of nature's fickleness, this may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be the piece with the clearest application to the present.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having commented briefly on the individual essays, it remains to ask what of the sum of the parts? This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult question to answer in that these pieces came out of a conference and thus were not commissioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a mind to providing detailed coverage. Nevertheless, there are some omissions worth noting. The lack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of attention paid the Scots is surprising ? not to mention that it is simply odd that a book entitled 'British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interventions in Early Modern Ireland' would begin with an introduction entitled 'Making good: new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives on the English in early modern Ireland'. Moreover, one could get to the end of this book and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have no sense that the British were intervening in a place where another language was spoken. Language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was one of the great limiting factors in the settler/governing experience, and thus it would have been nice to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see some discussion of how the language barrier affected and mitigated that experience. This is merely an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effect, however, of the most striking omission: the Irish themselves. Yes, this is a book about the British in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland, but what made their experience there fraught with difficulty was their interactions with those already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the ground. 'Negotiation' was less with the land than with its inhabitants, and yet there is precious little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While acknowledging that it is perhaps unfair to speak of what is not there to the neglect of what is, I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless think it is worth ruminating a bit on some potential historiographical implications of the natives' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muted presence, if not complete absence. On the one hand this is a non-issue: our knowledge of the settler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience is woefully under-researched, and the pieces gathered here go a long way to reconstructing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various worlds ? mental and material ? in which these men and women moved. But on the other, it can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facilitate a certain 'insecurity of empire' reading of the material which in its sympathies for the struggles, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frustrations and compromises facing those British men and women who came to work and govern the island )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlooks the tragedy and often gross disparity of power in their relations with those they encountered. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is surely not the editors' intention and thus it seems preferable to see this strong focus on the newcomers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alone as suggestive of two powerful possibilities for the study of British/Irish comparative history. The first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that we may thankfully be in a moment when the present-centered political usefulness demanded of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish past has faded a bit into the background ? a moment when a focus solely on the English needs no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefatory defence and in which we can stop thinking of the Protestants/English as a monolithic bloc and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead explore their individual and small-group dynamics. The second is that the obvious analogue of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British problems, failures and compromises is Irish possibilities, successes and agency. These essays have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly succeeded in problematising the caricature of a British colonial juggernaut; hopefully they will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspire further research debunking equally two-dimensional depictions of the collapse of the Gaelic \(and Old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English\) worlds.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A more nuanced picture of British-Irish interactions, however, a new periodisation does not make. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction holds out the possibility that this collection will break us out of a rigid and received chronology )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 2973 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Irish/British history built upon a paradigm of inevitable conquest and colonisation. If such an effect is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detectable, it must come from the reader's own meditation on the collection in toto and arrived at almost in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spite of the message of the individual essays. For while they certainly lower the temperature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interactions between native and newcomer, most \(if not all\) of them nevertheless hold to the notion that there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were discernible moments after which the fundamental character of those interactions were altered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The reason for this, of course, is that the story of )] TJ ET BT 270.308 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland)] TJ ET BT 490.628 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is in the end )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of political domination and, as Barber writes, of 'cultural conquest'. The volume's great success, then, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to investigate the messy reality of conquest while simultaneously critiquing the )] TJ ET BT 416.996 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(paradigm)] TJ ET BT 463.664 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of conquest, in all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of its schematic simplicity and teleological totality. This requires subtle and patient work of empirical rigour, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work capable of demonstrating the contingencies, possibilities and paths not taken which were so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaningful to contemporaries yet largely lost to posterity. That is to say, it requires the sort of work a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(career's worth of which has earned Aidan Clarke a festschrift conference and collection. The volume thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a fitting tribute.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(March 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are happy to accept this review and do not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 515.647 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 497.867 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 497.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/504)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 496.473 m 322.316 496.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 471.496 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 457.096 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2883)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.696 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 496.7875 322.3157 508.6675 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/504) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000005274 00000 n 0000005383 00000 n 0000005493 00000 n 0000005602 00000 n 0000009163 00000 n 0000009291 00000 n 0000009375 00000 n 0000009440 00000 n 0000016876 00000 n 0000016941 00000 n 0000024734 00000 n 0000024799 00000 n 0000032445 00000 n 0000032510 00000 n 0000039798 00000 n 0000039882 00000 n 0000042908 00000 n 0000043036 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 43131 %%EOF