%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721094144+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721094144+01'00') /Title (Doing the Duty of the Parish: Surveys of the Church in Hampshire 1810) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4762 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Doing the Duty of the Parish: Surveys of the Church in Hampshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1810)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The standard of pastoral care provided by the 18th-century Church of England received a notoriously bad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press both from its contemporary Evangelical critics and from its Victorian successor. The very gradual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rehabilitation of the Hanoverian church's reputation during the last century from the charge of pastoral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglect has stemmed in no small measure from the publication of primary sources and records such as these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited by Mark Smith for the Hampshire Record Society. The process of scholarly revisionism began over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ninety years ago with the publication in 1913 of R. E. G. Cole's edition for the Lincoln Record Society of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Speculum of the Lincoln diocese during the episcopates of William Wake and Edmund Gibson, and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially with Canon Ollard and P. C. Walker's five volume edition in the Yorkshire Archaeological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Record Series of the returns to the queries issued by Archbishop Thomas Herring to the clergy of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yorkshire diocese at his primary visitation in 1743. Ollard and Walker's largely favourable findings about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the diligence of the eighteenth-century clergy in the parishes were quoted approvingly by Norman Sykes in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his )] TJ ET BT 51.020 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Church and State in England in the Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 317.684 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1934\), which is usually credited with being a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landmark volume in providing the first positive general assessment of the Georgian church.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since Ollard and Walker, and since Sykes, a steady trickle of published editions of visitation returns, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Specula, and other surveys of the church, have been produced, which is itself testimony to the opening up of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diocesan and county record offices to the academic community during the twentieth century. Although often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquarian in focus, taken together these publications have shed a much brighter light on the workings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hanoverian church, often complicating the Victorian stereotypes about what the eighteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church was doing on the ground, and in some cases challenging and overturning our understanding of that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church as a pastorally lethargic and somnolent institution. Those interested in the workings of the Georgian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church in Hampshire are now particularly fortunate, since prior to the publication of the current volume, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(508)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 April, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Smith)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hampshire County Council)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Winchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Gregory)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7505 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor W. R. Ward published )] TJ ET BT 192.992 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parson and Parish in Eighteenth-Century Hampshire: Replies to Bishops' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Visitations)] TJ ET BT 85.364 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which was an edition of the returns to the visitation queries of 1725, 1765, and 1788 \(and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(companion volume on parishes in Surrey, where the rest of the Wiltshire diocese lay\). With Mark Smith's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new volume we now have printed sources giving information on each parish in the county from the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. Smith's previous work has largely been concerned with the fate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the church in Lancashire, where his pioneering study of the church in the parishes of Oldham and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saddleworth challenged conventional wisdom about the church's inability to cope with the pressures of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urbanisation and industrialisation in the north of England. Here he turns his attention to one of the church's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most southerly dioceses \(which includes the Isle of Wight\), and he has used this opportunity to assess the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functioning of the church as an institution more widely. What light, then, do the surveys of 1810 shed on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church in Hampshire, and in what ways does this volume contribute to our understanding of the Georgian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instigating the surveys \(or, despite the title of this volume, perhaps more correctly survey in the singular, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since strictly speaking the volume is an edition of one survey, with supporting material\) was Bishop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brownlow North's method of finding out the answers needed to respond to two parliamentary demands for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information which were forwarded to him by the archbishop of Canterbury. These concerned the residence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or non residence of the parish clergy, and the strength of dissent in the parishes. As such the Hampshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returns provide the historian with detailed information for each parish on the patronage of the living, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name and residence status of the incumbent, the name of the curate, the number of parishioners the parish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church or chapel could accommodate, the total population figure for the parish, and the existence of non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglican places of worship. In common with best practice as it had developed during the previous century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brownlow North's survey took the form of a printed questionnaire, with spaces in between the questions for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reply.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In editing the clergy's returns to the bishop's questions, Smith has undoubtedly benefited from compiling the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most recent addition to the published genre, and he has been able to learn from previous editions to present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his material in the most effective way possible. He has also benefited from the spate of studies which, during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the last twenty years, have addressed the issue of the state of the Hanoverian church, which means he is able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to cross reference his Hampshire findings with those from other regions. Some of the earlier editions of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kinds of primary sources were little more than a transcription of the original material, with little or no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial comment or annotation. Smith has wisely chosen to present us with a 'full dress' edition. The book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is also very handsomely produced, but ? one small quibble ? although it was an excellent idea to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included a contemporary map of the county which shows the whereabouts of the parishes, it is not easy to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pick out individual parish names without a magnifying glass, and it would have been useful to have included )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a key which would have greatly helped the reader in finding the precise location of a particular parish. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition also includes a transcription of the petitions to the bishop for non-residence in 1809 and 1810, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful series of appendices contain a letter from Brownlow North to his chief diocesan administrator, a list )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the number and types of non-resident incumbents, and a table of the values of the livings. There is also a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive index, and four delightful virtually contemporaneous prints of the exteriors of four of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churches, and a slightly later painting of the interior of Portsmouth church.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ironically perhaps, these responses, which provide us with a rich picture of some aspects of Hampshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church life, are, Smith argues, the product of a lack of information at the diocesan senior level, given that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are no records of an episcopal survey of the Winchester diocese after Brownlow North's primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visitation conducted as far back as 1788. This meant that the bishop did not have the information he needed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to answer the parliamentary queries and this necessitated initiating the 1810 survey. Smith also implies that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are no similar surveys for other dioceses, which might indicate that Brownlow North had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly lax in this respect, since other bishops seem to have had the information required already to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand. However, it seems likely to me that the returns for the Canterbury diocese concerning residence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non residence in 1810?11\(found at Lambeth Palace Library, VG 2/7\) were actually a response to the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliamentary questions, and given that information had been collected for that diocese as recently as 1806, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the primary visitation of Archbishop Manners Sutton, this suggests not only that the archbishop was keen )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7575 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to get as accurate and as up to date information as possible for his own diocese to the questions which he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directed to his fellow archbishops, but also that the need to initiate the Winchester survey does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily reflect badly on Brownlow North's administration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Be that as it may, Smith has done a meticulous job in editing the responses and he provides often very full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographical information \(usually taken from the Oxford and Cambridge university registers complied by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Venn and Foster but also supplemented by contemporary sources\) on all the clergy and patrons mentioned. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These rich annotations reveal certain early nineteenth-century oddities. For instance, at least two of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hampshire clergy received premature notices of their death in the )] TJ ET BT 351.932 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 462.152 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Smith's editorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes also indicate that the Hampshire church had its share of colourful characters. There was the eccentric )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Cookson, rector of Colemore, who once announced from the pulpit: 'I have forgotten my sermon, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I will read you a true account the battle of Waterloo.' There was also Richard Durnford, the curate of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chilbolton and a keen fisherman who enjoyed the delights of the river Test \(and as such might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonged to the common stereotype of the angling cleric\). But Durnford was also a much loved pastor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standing up for his parishioners' rights, providing them with poor relief, allotments and a school. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(germane to Smith's broader conclusion that much about the Hanoverian church was not as it appears at first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sight. The Hampshire clergy in 1810 included a number of notable clerics, ranging from the High Church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Howley, the vicar of Andover and future archbishop of Canterbury, to David Williams, the rector of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ludshelf, who was a keen promoter of the Sunday School movement. Jane Austen's brother James, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rector of Steventon, was also a member of the 1810 cohort. As a snapshot of the clergy who were in post in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hampshire, the biographical material demonstrates the longevity of a number of clergy ? some were born in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first half of the eighteenth century, and some lived on into the second half of the nineteenth century ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is a reminder of the difficulties involved in trying to sum up the overall ethos of the clergy at any one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The real significance of this volume, however, lies in Smith's masterly and substantial sixty-five page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction which extracts as much juice as one could possibly hope for from what are often pretty dry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources. Smith has deftly scrutinised the responses to the bishop's questions, and places the Hampshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence within a broader national context. In particular, Smith's analysis takes the argument and debate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the state of the early nineteenth-century church forward in a number of suggestive ways. His findings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are especially significant in the highly detailed consideration of clerical residence and non-residence, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goes behind the figures to look at what was actually happening at the parish level. This raises an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue which future historians will need to apply elsewhere: how should we interpret the 'official statistics' as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented in Parliamentary returns, or culled from surveys such as these? For example, although only 47 per )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cent of the Hampshire incumbents were deemed to be 'fully resident', Smith's investigations demonstrate that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in reality the pastoral provision was much more complex than this figure might suggest. He draws our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the 'messy "ecclesiastical geography"' of Hampshire which complicates what we might mean by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('resident' and 'non-resident'. There were, for example, a number of divided parishes which could mean that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even if an incumbent was resident in one part of the parish, he could not be in the other. But Smith also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that, measured against other variables, such as geography and size, the issues of non-residence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pluralism \(the often-called 'twin evils' of the eighteenth-century church\) may have been of lesser importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for their detrimental effects on the delivery of pastoral care. In any case, echoing the evidence found for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other counties and dioceses, Smith notes that most pluralism was of a localised nature, and that long-distance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pluralism was rare. He observes that some of Brownlow North's relatives benefited from pluralism of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(type ? a point which at first sight would seem to confirm some of the stereotypes we have of the workings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Georgian church, but Smith shows that, in terms of pastoral care, these parishes were often very well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked after, having well-paid curates. In any case, some of the large parishes had chapels of ease which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helped with the issue of size \(echoing his findings from the Lancashire parishes of Oldham and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saddleworth\); moreover, Smith wryly points out that in terms of the effective deployment of resources, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real scandal for the church would have been to have a resident clergymen in a parish with a tiny population.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The discussion of non residence is supplemented in the appendices with a transcription of the petitions for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-residence submitted in 1809 and 1810. Some of the requests for non residence will seem familiar to the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7512 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern academic administrator accustomed to reading student excuses for not submitting work in on time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and might seem to play into the hands of the church's critics. But Smith argues that most of the cases are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(above suspicion, and these were genuine problems of ill-health and old age \(which were inevitable in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world before pension plans and retirement packages\). Some of the petitions were for 'technical' non )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(residence since the incumbent asked to live in a house which was actually nearer the church than the 'official' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one. And ill-health and disabilities can be found in the returns themselves: one cleric had difficulty in putting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the answers in the right box because of problems with his eyesight.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith's findings about the backgrounds and career patterns of the Hampshire clergy also deserve some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment. He notes that the clergy was, by this date, an almost exclusively graduate profession \(and links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with New College, Oxford were particularly strong\). And ? mirroring evidence from elsewhere ? the clergy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(came predominantly from clerical and middling backgrounds; this was not an aristocratic profession. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith's most important conclusion is that incumbents and their curates came from essentially the same social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cultural milieu, and if there was any significant difference between the two groups it was that curates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tended to be younger than the incumbents, and they would eventually progress to a living. This is a crucial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding since some studies, especially of the north of England, have emphasised the gulf between curates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tenured incumbent, liking curates to a clerical proletariat. Smith does observe that there were a few bitter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curates \(but are there not in any profession?\) such as James Hartington Evans the curate of Milford who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finally ended up as a Baptist minister, but his was an unusual case.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As far as church accommodation was concerned, Smith concludes that this was, on the whole adequate, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although there were a few parishes such as Newchurch \(where the chapel of ease at Ryde could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodate fewer than a quarter of the parishioners\) and Portsmouth \(where the population had grown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very rapidly\) where this was a problem, and may have resulted in some parishioners attending dissenting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meeting houses. One clergy's response is particularly suggestive of the ways in which parishioners in one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parish attended church, with husbands and wives going to separate services to allow their partner to stay at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home to look after the children. This meant that, in this instance at least, not all the parishioners would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been expected to attend at any one time. How typical this arrangement was needs further exploration, but it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might mean that in practice the parish church did not need to be able to accommodate the entire population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this finding will have implications for the ways in which we consider the issue of church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodation. As far as the existence of dissent is concerned ? which has been used by some historians as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an indicator of the dissatisfaction parishioners showed to the church ? Smith observes that nearly three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quarters of Hampshire parishes claimed to have no dissenting meeting. No doubt this figure must be handled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with care: clergy may have deliberately suppressed the information, and dissenters in one parish may have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gone to another parish to attend a meeting, but Smith argues that there was no correlation between non )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(residence of the incumbent and the existence of dissent, and he suggests that a more crucial factor was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(size of the parish. In any case, he also points to the long held phenomenon of double allegiance whereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parishioners attended both parish church and meeting house, which makes the existence of dissent a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex indicator of attitudes towards the church than some interpretations have held.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith's analysis of the state of the Hampshire church in 1810 is, then, generally up-beat. His one area of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reservation is the working of the episcopal visitation system \(since, as noted above, the reason why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brownlow North needed to conduct the surveys that make up the core of this edition is that he had not had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hands on visitation since his primary one over twenty years previously\), and here Smith challenges a recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion that the Winchester diocese did have regular episcopal visitations. Rather, Smith argues, these were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held by the vicar general and were likely to be largely revenue raising. He also gives more credit to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archidiaconal visitations. Smith may very well be right about the lack of episcopal visitations, although as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one used to an endless round of internal university inspections and reviews, and given the positive things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith says of the state of the church in Hampshire, would it be stretching the evidence too much to suggest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Brownlow North might more favourably be seen as using a streamlined procedure where monitoring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was devolved to the archidiaconal level \(in modern parlance might he have pioneered a 'light touch' quality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assurance system\)? In any case, Smith does applaud some elements of the bishop's senior administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(team, notably J. H. Glee, the bishop's steward, and rightly points to the need for a proper exploration of the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 4140 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role played by the laity at all levels of diocesan administration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are a number of further reflections which also spring to mind. First, it would be interesting to know if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was any follow-up correspondence arising from the 1810 survey, and if so, could this be published too? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second, I hope Dr Smith envisages editing the Surrey returns \(also part of the diocese of Winchester\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly the Surrey Record Society should commission him to do so. Third, there is the larger question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who will use this edition? One of the frustrations of editing material such as this \(I write as someone who did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a similar project\) is that it is not used by historians working outside church history. How many social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians ever consult publications such as these, let alone use them in their findings? Recently Mark Goldie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has wondered why historians working in the early twenty-first century seem so hung up with challenging the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judgements of Victorian critics, and gently chided some of us for not moving out of a historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(framework established nearly one hundred and fifty years ago. Part of the response would be that, despite a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large body of work which has now challenged Victorian perceptions, a great many historians of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century working outside church history depend on, and rehearse, the Victorian church's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judgements about its Hanoverian predecessor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One final note. Left with such a wealth of information, I am tempted to reflect that this material, if collated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with that found in all the other published and unpublished surveys, Specula and visitation returns relating to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the church, from the late seventeenth to the mid nineteenth centuries, and teamed up with cognate material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(currently being prepared for the AHRC funded )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 262.292 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clergy of the Church of England Database)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 262.292 528.723 m 466.916 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 469.916 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 483.908 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1540?1835\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a fully searchable online database, would make an enormously rich resource for both historians of religion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and for social historians. Bringing together all the source material of this kind would finally put the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian myth of the eighteenth-century Church of England firmly in its place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 442.111 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 424.331 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 424.331 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/508)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 422.937 m 322.316 422.937 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 397.960 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.560 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2891)] TJ ET BT 34.016 369.160 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.theclergydatabase.org.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 354.760 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 262.2917 529.0375 466.9157 540.9175 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.theclergydatabase.org.uk/) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 423.2515 322.3157 435.1315 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/508) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000579 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000005475 00000 n 0000005584 00000 n 0000005694 00000 n 0000005803 00000 n 0000009364 00000 n 0000009492 00000 n 0000009576 00000 n 0000009641 00000 n 0000017199 00000 n 0000017264 00000 n 0000024892 00000 n 0000024957 00000 n 0000032522 00000 n 0000032613 00000 n 0000036806 00000 n 0000036934 00000 n 0000037022 00000 n 0000037150 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37245 %%EOF