%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818100329+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818100329+01'00') /Title (The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4926 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Centuries)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a splendid book, weighty, richly documented and densely argued. The title might suggest a book of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focused, perhaps rather limited scope. But the Norman frontier was a broad zone, and a long one, running )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the Channel coast and the Picard uplands at Le Trport all the way to the border with Brittany at Le )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mont-Saint-Michel, via Gisors, Pacy-Sur-Eure and Verneuil-sur-Avre. As the author observes, it traverses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some very diverse areas of France. Besides, the book deals with the frontier in its broadest sense, looking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost as much at the 'French' side of the border ? at the Beauvaisis, the French Vexin, the north-western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaches of the Chartrain, the Perche, Maine and north-eastern Brittany ? as at the Norman side. In addition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to highlight certain features and problems specific to the Norman frontier, many aspects of frontier society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are discussed in comparison to what was happening deep within the duchy, in Norman society in general. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The result is a book which is full of insights about the entire duchy, particularly its governance, its laws and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs, and its aristocratic society, in the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. A general history of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period in Normandy is badly needed, and this book provides the nearest thing to that since Powicke's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magisterial )] TJ ET BT 90.344 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Loss of Normandy)] TJ ET BT 199.352 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the second edition of which was published almost 50 years ago in 1961. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 165.009 m 40.016 165.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 40.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) Indeed, the last part of Power's book, which deals with the political history of the Norman frontier, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effect provides a new narrative of the collapse of Normandy in 1204, incorporating recent research, to set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside ? and often correcting ? Powicke's classic account.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The exercise of power, whether ducal or royal, or ecclesiastical, or aristocratic, and the conflicts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governance and lordship in areas where loyalties were likely to be sharply divided, form the focus of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book. The author explores how the political divisions between Normandy and its neighbours shaped the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities of the Norman frontier, and, conversely, how the frontier impacted upon power structures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategies of lordship and governance. The discussions of the development of custom and jurisdiction, and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(511)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 April, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Power)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lindy Grant)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 165.3235 40.0157 177.2035 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6710 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical boundaries, particularly archdeaconries, within the frontier zones, are particularly rich and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggestive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What underpins so much of the work in this book on power structures and frontier communities is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(astounding depth and breadth of research into the prosopography of the aristocracy of the Norman frontier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zones. It pays huge dividends. It is what allows Power to produce a narrative so much more detailed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exact than Powicke's. The author himself says at one point that he is aware that he is writing microhistory. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is true, but the book is well written and carefully structured, so that the reader never feels lost in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wood for the trees.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But there are dangers in the method. The author is intensely aware of, and places great emphasis on, local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, on neighbourhood, on the importance of neighbourly interconnections, and on what he calls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('endemic localism'. He demonstrates this particularly in an extended and impressive chapter on suretyship. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is his answer to the methodological problem raised by the general question of what a frontier is \(he provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a clear analysis of recent discussion of this problem\), and by the particular question of what the frontier of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Normandy really was and meant. He notes the existence of some families which developed strategies for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealing with a clearly delimited border, but time and again his meticulous researches have uncovered local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(societies which interacted across the borders, within the frontier zones, behaving much of the time as if the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(border did not exist. This allows him to unpick the borders of the polity of Normandy, but it leaves him with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problem that in dismantling one type of geographical delimitation to social intercourse \(a political one\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he builds another geographical delimitation ? the neighbourhood. In most cases, I am in thorough agreement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with his conclusion as to his social neighbourhood delimitations, but it is not the answer to the problem as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what the Norman frontier was and why. It simply shifts the argument on to a larger scale map ? and one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where such delimitations, while undoubtedly real and observable, are even more inscrutable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incomprehensible than the borders of crude political expediency.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed the thrust of the book is to dismantle the borders of Normandy. In many ways this is not difficult. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is easy enough to show that the Norman borders were never hermetically sealed. Even where the border was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked by a river, the rivers in question ? the Epte, the Bresle, the Avre ? are meandering streams rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than raging torrents. Custom and language were both somewhat inexact in their reflection of the accepted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(border of the duchy. The dioceses of Rouen and Ses extended some way beyond it. All this is true. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Power comes perilously close to saying that Normandy had no real frontier at all, or no more of a frontier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than Champagne or Flanders. This is surely to go too far. Not least because there is ample evidence ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence which Power lays before the reader, but usually only to argue against it ? that contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought there was a difference between the duchy of Normandy and the Kingdom of France, and, indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the Normans and the French. Clearly contemporaries also thought there was a difference between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the duchy and its people, and the lands and peoples of Perche, Maine and Brittany, which lay to the south; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though the differences there were fogged by the fact that the Norman dukes had long attempted to influence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control or rule these areas too. And the Normans did not stop seeing themselves as, and being regarded by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other Frenchmen as, different after the duchy was absorbed politically into the kingdom of France in 1204. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perceptions, and perceptions of identity, matter, and have their own meaning. The problem is that they can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rarely be pinned down with the sort of meticulous forensic research and analysis at which this author excels. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed it is Powicke, rather than Power, who, in a subtle and suggestive final chapter, sets the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of what was Normandy, and what it was to be Norman, in the thought world and the cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual context of the years around 1200.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But there is so much in this book that it is unfair to cavil at what is not. This is an important book which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a major contribution to the study of the political history, the governance and administration, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocratic society, not only of Normandy and the Angevin Empire, but also of Capetian France in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twelfth and thirteenth centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.051 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1204 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(F. M. Powicke, )] TJ ET BT 140.684 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Loss of Normandy, 1789?1204: Studies in the History of the Angevin Empire)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1913; 2nd ed. Manchester, 1961\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.652 780.819 m 286.640 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 736.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 719.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 719.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/511)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 717.801 m 322.316 717.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 692.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2898)] TJ ET BT 34.016 664.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.6517 781.1335 286.6397 793.0135 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 718.1155 322.3157 729.9955 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/511) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005628 00000 n 0000005737 00000 n 0000005847 00000 n 0000005956 00000 n 0000009517 00000 n 0000009645 00000 n 0000009729 00000 n 0000009855 00000 n 0000009891 00000 n 0000009956 00000 n 0000016719 00000 n 0000016810 00000 n 0000018067 00000 n 0000018195 00000 n 0000018231 00000 n 0000018359 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 18454 %%EOF