%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 18 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140916210822+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140916210822+01'00') /Title (The People's State. East German Society from Hitler to Honecker) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4523 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The People's State. East German Society from Hitler to Honecker)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Consider two of the most intriguing facts contained in this book: while around one in six East Germans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disliked their country so much that they left it permanently, one in five adults were prepared to become a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(member of its ruling party, the SED \(Socialist Unity Party\). The first fact will come as a surprise to nobody. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second fact is rather more unexpected, but what is perhaps most interesting of all is the majority of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population who neither left the country nor wore a membership badge. This book tells their story, paying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular attention to the insistence of many former East Germans that they led 'perfectly ordinary lives'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How can one explain this, given the undoubtedly dictatorial nature of SED rule, and the countless lives that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were ruined by state repression? This is what Mary Fulbrook terms the 'people's paradox', which she takes as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the starting point for her social history of East Germany.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook, of course, is uniquely qualified among Anglo-American historians to tell this story. She has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written extremely widely on East German history, and indeed could be forgiven a measure of judicious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recycling. But one of the most appealing features of )] TJ ET BT 285.968 147.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The People's State)] TJ ET BT 374.528 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is its author's generous and admirable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unwillingness to repeat herself. On topics such as the role of the churches, and the GDR's troubled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship with the past, readers are directed to previous books such as )] TJ ET BT 384.284 118.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anatomy of a Dictatorship)] TJ ET BT 511.952 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German National Identity After The Holocaust)] TJ ET BT 258.344 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This results in a fresh, flowing, and thoughtful account, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which is surely her best work yet.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an immensely readable book, due to Fulbrook's clear, accessible style, and the book's inviting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure. Part 1 deals with different aspects of what she calls the 'East German social revolution': )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(521)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 30 April, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Fulbrook)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(0300108842)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Josie McLellan)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7460 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumerism, home and privacy, leisure, health and death, youth, and gender. Part 2 turns to the three main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social groups in East German society: elite functionaries, the socialist intelligentsia and the nebulous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('working class'. Part 3 explicitly conceptualises the structures of power and participation in the East German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictatorship, with chapters on the diffusion of power, the socialist public sphere and the culture of complaint. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All fourteen chapters are seemingly brief, but contain a deceptive amount of material and analysis. Fulbrook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes creative use of the secondary literature where it is available, but switches seamlessly to archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material in areas where the research is thinner on the ground, particularly in the superb chapter on health and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Fulbrook's book has one main theme, it is that of 'participatory dictatorship'. This term nicely captures the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tension between the sometimes brutally coercive nature of SED rule and the fact that millions of its citizens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Fulbrook estimates 8-16 per cent of the population\) took on significant functions in one or other of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organs of the party and state: trade unions, cultural organisations armed forces etc. Not all of these people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did so out of political conviction, and Fulbrook is particularly good on the shifting and ambiguous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivations for participation. For some, the desire to contribute to the community was paramount, for others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the unspoken rewards of participation played a greater role, whether jumping the queue for an allotment or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preferential access to higher education. Joining in did not necessarily mean that one bought into state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialism. 'It was possible', Fulbrook concludes, 'both to have participated in the structures of power, and yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simultaneously to have been openly critical of the regime ? even well before 1989' \(p. 236\). Nowhere was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this clearer than in the letters of complaint sent to the regime in their millions where citizens prefaced their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coruscating critiques of East German housing, food and social policy with lengthy testimonials to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialist credentials. Here, membership of the SED or mass organisation was often used as a means of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proving oneself as a deserving citizen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this is not to imply that participation was merely or always cynical. There is much evidence to support )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook's assertion that 'distinct traces of socialist idealism as well as Western consumerism' were to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found among the East German population \(p. 140\). Work on environmental petitioning, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicates that not all letters to the state written with complaint in mind. In the early 1970s, almost one third )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of petitions about the environment were ideas and proposals, rather than grumbles or queries, for example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the suggestion that all young East Germans be made to do six months' service in an 'environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protection troop'. This proportion fell sharply, however, from 30 per cent in 1972 to 14 per cent in 1976, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just eight percent in 1979. By 1981 it had reached an all time low of 0 per cent. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 421.292 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 421.292 357.651 m 427.292 357.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 427.292 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook's explanation of the people's gradual estrangement from 'their' state is a convincing one. If the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(GDR can be said to have had a golden age, it took place in the 1960s. With the privations of the immediate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-war period behind them, East Germans were able to enjoy the first fruits of consumer socialism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paradoxically, the building of the Berlin wall prompted attempts at domestic social reform, although their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success rate was mixed at best. Economic and technological innovation created opportunities for those from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modest backgrounds to climb the social ladder. But the gains of the later Ulbricht period, along with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western TV pictures beamed into almost every East German household, ultimately raised expectations to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unachievable heights. As both the economy and the social revolution stagnated in the 1970s, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Biermann affair demonstrated the illusory nature of Honecker's rhetoric of liberalisation, East German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society became more individualistic, and its members more disillusioned. What utopianism may have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existed was replaced by materialism, and constructive suggestions turned to complaint and outright hostility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is above all a humane history. Fulbrook has sympathy not only with the woman driven to write to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime by the fact that seven members of her family had to sleep in a two room flat, but also with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stressed out lower level functionary whose job it was to answer her letter. The discussion of the motivation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Stasi informers is particularly sensitive. How to explain the 500,000 East Germans who informed on their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families, colleagues and neighbours in the Honecker era alone? A discussion of the diary of writer Brigitte )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reimann, approached by the Stasi in 1957, shows that idealism, adventure, and coercion could all play a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role. Reimann soon realised what 'swine' her Stasi contacts were, and had the strength of mind to break with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them. But how many others have lacked her courage?)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 421.2917 357.9655 427.2917 369.8455 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7696 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The People's State)] TJ ET BT 122.576 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a wonderfully assured social history of the GDR. But it is more than just a synthesis. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, one of its great strengths is the future directions it suggests. Perhaps most intriguing of all is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook's description of how power worked in the GDR. 'Power', she writes, 'spread like a dye through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider fabric of society, colouring great patches of all areas of professional occupation and social activity, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some areas visible and benign, in others dark and disturbing' \(p. 249\). In some ways, this sounds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tantalisingly close to a Foucauldian conception of power, particularly Foucault's claim that 'power is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercised from innumerable points, in the interplay of nonegalitarian and mobile relations'. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 477.440 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 477.440 697.539 m 483.440 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 483.440 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) It would also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be interesting to know how this relates to some of the recent work on the Soviet Union such as Stephen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kotkin's )] TJ ET BT 77.180 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magnetic Mountain)] TJ ET BT 172.172 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Kotkin places a far greater emphasis on a positive identification with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime, describing Stalinism as a 'set of values, a social identity, a way of life'. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 418.616 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 418.616 654.771 m 424.616 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 424.616 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) Fulbrook does not go this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far, but she shares Kotkin's interest in participation, the diffusion of power and the interaction between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime and population. The decision to avoid lengthy historiographical or theoretical discussion in )] TJ ET BT 509.972 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(People's State)] TJ ET BT 101.576 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a sound one, which undoubtedly makes a significant contribution to the book's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readability. But it would be fascinating to see Fulbrook further explicate her conceptualisation of power in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another forum. The term 'participatory dictatorship' is also one that could be fruitfully tested on other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authoritarian regimes. What was the nature of 'participation' in the Third Reich, for example, when taking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part in Strength through Joy holidays or writing to their local NSDAP office? This is not to criticise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook's term in the slightest, but to point out its potential usefulness as an analytical tool beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries of the GDR.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter on gender also suggests intriguing directions for future research. Fulbrook gives a wonderfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differentiated account of the experiences of women, whose attitudes towards work and family varied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radically depending on their age, job and expectations. While women as a whole benefited from state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsidised childcare and the chance to be financially independent, workers in traditionally female, poorly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paid factory jobs may have felt less than emancipated. Fulbrook does not deny the gains, but concludes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soberingly that)] TJ ET BT 64.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the majority of women continued to lead extremely hard lives, concentrated predominantly at )] TJ ET BT 64.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lower levels of any hierarchy, where they had lower social status and less control over their )] TJ ET BT 64.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work than did their male superiors; and they continued to rush around in an often-frenzied )] TJ ET BT 64.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to accomplish, in addition, the majority of mundane tasks required to keep families and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households functioning \(p. 174\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What role men played in all this has yet to be explored. Fulbrook's claim that male gender roles remained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively static seems plausible. But future historians of the GDR will need to further examine the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played by masculinity, both the continuation of the misogynistic traditions of German communism, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways in which a powerful image of masculinity was used as a strategy of rule. Women were appealed to as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both workers and mothers, and presented with flowers and chocolates at the annual, vaguely patronising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrations of International Women's Day. But what role did the muscular, uncomplicated masculinity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favoured by the regime play in winning men over to cooperate or participate? Given the male dominated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of East German power structures, might it have been counterproductive to challenge gender roles in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways which might have been uncomfortable for men?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since the collapse of the Berlin Wall, popular fiction and non-fiction accounts have presented East Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a cold, inhospitable country, where every move was shadowed by Stasi agents, normal family life was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impossibility, and innocent pleasures were few and far between.\()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 345.944 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 345.944 126.579 m 351.944 126.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 351.944 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) This was, of course, a reality for those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlucky enough to fall foul of the state, many of whose lives were ruined or cut short. But there is more to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Germany than this 'Stasiland' view of history might suggest. As Fulbrook puts it, 'Of course it was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictatorship. But it was not only a dictatorship' \(p. 11\). )] TJ ET BT 299.168 85.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The People's State)] TJ ET BT 387.728 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( goes a long way towards helping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us to understand this curious mixture of the extreme and the everyday. Above all, this empathetic account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puts East Germans back into their own history. As such, it will surely act not only as a standard work on )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 477.4397 697.8535 483.4397 709.7335 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 418.6157 655.0855 424.6157 666.9655 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 345.9437 126.8935 351.9437 138.7735 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 3645 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(GDR society, but also as a model for the emerging social history of post-war Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 761.571 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 730.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leon Quinn, 'The politics of pollution?: Government, environmentalism and mass opinion in East )] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany, 1972?1990' \(University of Bristol PhD thesis, 2002\), pp. 101, 342. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.156 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.156 715.299 m 491.144 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michel Foucault, )] TJ ET BT 149.012 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Will to Knowledge. The History of Sexuality: vol. 1)] TJ ET BT 415.340 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Harmondsworth, 1990\), p. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(94. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 82.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 82.016 686.787 m 136.004 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 136.004 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Kotkin, )] TJ ET BT 145.016 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization)] TJ ET BT 373.364 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berkeley, Calif., 1995\), p. 23. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 526.676 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 526.676 672.531 m 554.336 672.531 l S BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 658.275 m 90.344 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 90.344 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two recent examples are Anna Funder, )] TJ ET BT 256.292 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stasiland)] TJ ET BT 300.968 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2003\) and Nicholas Shakespeare, )] TJ ET BT 470.924 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Snowleg)] TJ ET BT 511.592 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2004\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 629.763 m 118.004 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.004 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.645 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Political Affairs)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.politicalaffairs.net/book-review-the-people-s-state-east-german-society-from-hitler-to-honecker/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 548.739 m 554.552 548.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 531.151 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 513.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 513.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/521)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 511.977 m 322.316 511.977 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 487.000 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 472.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2921)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.315 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.politicalaffairs.net/book-review-the-people-s-state-east-german-society-from-hitler-to-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 443.944 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honecker/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 437.1557 715.6135 491.1437 727.4935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.0157 687.1015 136.0037 698.9815 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 526.6757 672.8455 554.3357 684.7255 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 658.5895 90.3437 670.4695 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 630.0775 118.0037 641.9575 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 549.0535 554.5517 560.9335 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.politicalaffairs.net/book-review-the-people-s-state-east-german-society-from-hitler-to-honecker/) >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 512.2915 322.3157 524.1715 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/521) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000566 00000 n 0000000648 00000 n 0000005223 00000 n 0000005332 00000 n 0000005442 00000 n 0000005551 00000 n 0000009112 00000 n 0000009240 00000 n 0000009324 00000 n 0000009408 00000 n 0000016921 00000 n 0000017049 00000 n 0000017085 00000 n 0000017183 00000 n 0000024932 00000 n 0000025060 00000 n 0000025096 00000 n 0000025224 00000 n 0000025260 00000 n 0000025388 00000 n 0000025424 00000 n 0000025550 00000 n 0000029248 00000 n 0000029376 00000 n 0000029412 00000 n 0000029539 00000 n 0000029575 00000 n 0000029703 00000 n 0000029739 00000 n 0000029865 00000 n 0000029901 00000 n 0000030028 00000 n 0000030064 00000 n 0000030191 00000 n 0000030350 00000 n 0000030478 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30573 %%EOF