%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 38 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722092035+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722092035+01'00') /Title (Making Museum Histories) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3360 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Making Museum Histories)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors of these two volumes are both young historians whose first books each stake a claim to a portion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the increasingly crowded field of museum studies in general, and of museum history in particular. Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are concerned with the development of museums during the second half of the nineteenth century, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each has selected a very different lens through which to survey the scene. Christopher Whitehead applies a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphorical magnifying glass to a close study of the National Gallery, London between 1850 and 1876, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while Kate Hill applies a telescope to the wide and varied panorama of British municipal museums from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1850 to 1914. Aware of the jostling for position that characterises every young discipline \(and indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(536)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 July, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kate Hill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(0754604322)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Whitehead)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(0754632369)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Rees Leahy)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8557 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholar\) in the process of its maturation, each is keen to stress that they are charting new territory in museum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, even if their respective subjects may appear superficially familiar at first. Hill argues that hers is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first systematic study of the municipalisation of museums following the enabling legislation of the mid-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century that allowed \(but did not require\) town halls to devote a small proportion of the rates to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their establishment. Meanwhile, Whitehead stresses that, although some aspects of the National Gallery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(such as the collecting practices of its first Director, Charles Eastlake, between 1855 and 1865\) are very well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known, his analysis of the intersection of architecture and display during a period of institutional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation breaks new ground. Both authors also reflect on the fact that during the past twenty years the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical literature on museums has grown exponentially, partly reflecting the rapid expansion of museum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies in the Anglophone world, and especially in Britain where there are now estimated to be more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fifty MA programmes in the discipline. Moreover, an interest in museums is not confined to academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museologists or to museum professionals: the museum is now a topic of interdisciplinary scrutiny by, among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, cultural historians, sociologists, anthropologists and archaeologists. It adds up to what we might call )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a 'museological turn' if only, to borrow from Peter Burke, 'there had not been so many turns already that [we] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be in danger of becoming dizzy'. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 221.468 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 221.468 595.491 m 227.468 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 230.468 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 244.460 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In their respective introductions, Whitehead and Hill each reflect on the development of different approaches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to museum history since the 1970s in relation to their own projects. For example, Whitehead acknowledges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his own indebtedness to empirical accounts of institutional biography, sometimes commissioned by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums themselves to mark a significant anniversary or the building of new wing \(p. xiii\). Examples )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include Frances Spalding's history of the Tate Gallery published in 1998 and David Wilson's equivalent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the British Museum in 2002. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.004 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.004 497.955 m 238.004 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 241.004 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 254.996 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) Such histories are typically chronological rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematic, consensual rather than controversial, and lack an overarching theorisation through which to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analyse the actions of staff, donors and trustees. By contrast, the theoretical influences of Foucault and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bourdieu are palpable in studies of nineteenth century museums by, say, Douglas Crimp, Carol Duncan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Bennett and Nick Prior. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.332 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.332 440.931 m 189.332 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 192.332 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 206.324 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) And it is hardly an exaggeration to say that such theorised approaches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been in the ascendant for the past decade, and the deconstruction of the museum's operation in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a Foucauldian nexus of space/knowledge/power relations is now commonplace.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both Hill and Whitehead are careful to position their projects in relation to what they perceive as a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical orthodoxy whose value they each acknowledge and also, to different degrees, resist. Whitehead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expresses concern that a single theoretical predominance can 'skew' a close historical reading and can deflect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historian's attention from the smallest ? and sometimes the most illuminating ? evidence \(p. xvii\). His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objective is to write a museum history that is contextual and critical, but is driven and shaped by the wealth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of archival sources that he musters, rather than by a preset theoretical position. On the other hand, Hill )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mobilises much of her material in support of the contention that 'behavioural and recreational reform of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class was the major aim of the municipal museum' \(p. 143\). Although one of the most valuable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of her study is the demonstration that institutional objectives were inconsistent, variable and unstable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the period 1850 to 1914, she also tries to make critical sense of this complexity. However, despite her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best efforts to impose some order on the scene that she surveys, Hill is too conscientious a historian to allow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory to impose a spurious order on overwhelming evidence of diversity, contradiction and change.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead, she draws on a range of theoretical positions to introduce successive thematic chapters: for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she deploys Hillier's and Hanson's space syntax analysis in a chapter on 'Decoding the displays and layout' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Susan Pearce's theory of collecting in one entitled 'Reading the objects'. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.440 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.440 174.579 m 411.440 174.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 414.440 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 428.432 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) Methodologically, this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a little clumsy and a telltale sign of the book's origins as a PhD. Her theoretical reflections tend to reach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather an abrupt halt and are the least useful dimension of a project whose real strength lies in its revelation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the impossibility of the task Hill has set herself. For she conclusively demonstrates that there was no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single model, no coherent plan and really only a very hazy pattern of museum municipalisation in the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half of the nineteenth century. And what is often referred to as a boom period for museums was, in fact, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterised by official ambivalence and local contingencies, such the chance to take over a struggling Lit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Phil Society \(Leicester, Sheffield and Preston\) or the philanthropy of a wealthy individual \(William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brown in Liverpool and Edmund Harris in Preston\). The resulting map of municipal museums was scattered )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 221.4677 595.8055 227.4677 607.6855 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#1) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.0037 498.2695 238.0037 510.1495 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#2) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.3317 441.2455 189.3317 453.1255 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#3) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.4397 174.8935 411.4397 186.7735 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#4) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7568 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and varied, in terms of institutional rationale, ambition and scale, embracing the industrial towns and cities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the midlands and north of England, ports, seaside resorts and market towns. In turn, Hill's study ranges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across disparate institutions in \(primarily\) Leicester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Hull, Sheffield and Preston. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Invariably she finds herself pointing to divergences and contrasts between them, as the city fathers of each of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these towns and cities pursued singular and opportunistic strategies that reflected local circumstances.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The picture that emerges from Hill's study is, inevitably, patchy given the parameters of her project: by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing on municipal museums \(in all their diversity\), she necessarily excludes independent, associative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and university museums, unless and until they become municipalised. Similarly, her explicit exclusion of art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(galleries \(for understandable reasons of space\) means that neither Manchester City Art Gallery nor the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool are present on these pages, although others \(such as the Harris Museum and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Art Gallery, Preston and Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield\) are. However, a lack of material is certainly not a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weakness of this study: on the contrary, at times both author and reader struggle to maintain the thread that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(runs through this wide-ranging account. Hill's decision to organise her material thematically \(rather than by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions or places\) has the virtue of drawing attention to the shared experiences of, for example, visitors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the country, but it also has the concomitant disadvantage of dropping the stitches that would help us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to connect the experiences of visitors in, say, Leicester or Liverpool to their specific encounter with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections, buildings and displays in those places. Of course, there is a difficulty regarding sources: archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence is not consistent across institutions and in particular, the paucity of first-hand information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding visitors' experiences is familiar all museum historians. For example, Hill mines a rich seam of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material relating to visitors to the Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, but the case for its extrapolation to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions is moot and, wisely, Hill does not attempt to make it. Instead, she locates the history and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of her municipal museums within their wider civic and socio-cultural contexts: if her conclusions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are rather general, they open up the field for further study and analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reading Whitehead's volume on the National Gallery has the opposite effect: by the end of it, one wonders if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is anything left to say about the history of the Gallery between its reconstitution in 1855 to the opening )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a new suite of rooms \(the Barry Rooms\) in 1876. The two events neatly enclose a period of unprecedented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and subsequently unequalled\) debate about, and experimentation within, the Gallery, which \(according to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitehead\) contributed to the significant development and consolidation of new practices of museology, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(display and connoisseurship. In a sense, the National Gallery that we know today originates from this period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than from its foundation in 1824, which was followed by three decades of notoriously haphazard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration and ad hoc collecting. Of course, there are \(deliberate\) exclusions in Whitehead's account: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably, the choices and processes of acquisition, as opposed to the subsequent deployment of the pictures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the Gallery. However, the key decade of Eastlake's reforming directorship, from 1855 to 1865, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been exhaustively examined by David Robertson and more recently by Charlotte Klonk, and the current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work provides a valuable counterpoint to these studies by turning our attention to both the minutiae and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider contexts of museum architecture and design at this time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Central to Whitehead's project is the resurrection and close examination of a wealth of archival sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through which the debates around and practices of the National Gallery were constructed. From these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials, he reconstructs the disputatious history concerning, first, the National Gallery site \(should the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallery be relocated to a less noisome part of London?\) and then the subsequent expansion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reorganisation of the Wilkins building in Trafalgar Square, culminating in the opening of the Barry Rooms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1876. It all amounts to a relentless \(and compelling\) confirmation of the Victorian passion for enquiries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proceedings, reports, minutes, proposals, articles, designs, protests and counter-statements, and evidently the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(National Gallery was a burning topic for many influential parliamentarians, critics, artists, architects and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sundry others who thought that they knew best. A useful by-product of Whitehead's scholarship is the light )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it casts on the formation of public opinion in mid-nineteenth century London through the confluence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(official intervention, private initiative and press commentary.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitehead's work also shows that close scrutiny of one institution demands comparison with others, and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archival sources frequently lead him to the South Kensington Museum \(later the Victoria & Albert Museum\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose very different exhibitionary regime redefined the remit and nature of the National Gallery in the mid-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 7987 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century and, in many ways, functioned as its museological 'other'. To that extent, his book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceeds the template of the traditional institutional monograph by locating the history of the National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallery within wider national debates concerning the public management and promotion of visual art. It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an era of energetic, opinionated and voluble men ? including Charles Eastlake, Henry Cole, John Ruskin, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Redgrave and J. C. Robinson ? all of whose arguments, struggles and disputes populate this book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, the National Gallery was ? and is ? an exceptionally powerful institution at the heart of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural state: the stakes were high for all those involved in its administration and development during this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volatile period. It all makes Prince Charles's 1984 comment that the then proposed extension to the National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallery was like a 'monstrous carbuncle on the face of a much-loved and elegant friend' seem tame by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison, although few of Whitehead's protagonists would have concurred with Charles's admiration for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilkins' building. Notably absent from Whitehead's account are references to the nation beyond London: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is almost exclusively a narrative of metropolitan culture, and, it seems, a world away from Hill's civic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worthies and provincial benefactors)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, some aspects of the books themselves raise wider issues about the condition of museum studies. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both of these volumes are published by Ashgate Publishing, but each has been issued within different series, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself an indication of the mobility of museum studies across the field of the humanities: Whitehead's book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a contribution to 'Perspectives on Collecting' while Hill's forms part of the 'Historical Urban Studies' series. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Whitehead is better served by inclusion of 45 black and white illustrations \(mainly architectural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plans and designs\) that form an essential dialogue with, and amplification of, his text. By contrast, Hill's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is unillustrated except for her chapter on design and layout, leaving the reader to speculate as to what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the museums' objects or their visitors might have looked like: this is very much the tradition of urban, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposed to art, history. Finally, neither author is well served by the titles of their respective studies, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are both so generalised that they give little indication of what each is actually about. Perhaps the publisher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(felt that the combination of the words 'municipal' and 'museum' would be fatal to sales, but that \(and not the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider arena of 'public museums'\) is actually what Hill's book is about. The title of Whitehead's book shows a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar lack of nerve: why exaggerate both the temporal and geographical scope of a book whose strength is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its focus, and not its breadth?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 378.915 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Burke, )] TJ ET BT 127.004 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What is Cultural History?)] TJ ET BT 252.020 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2004\), p. 71. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 382.340 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 382.340 346.899 m 436.328 346.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 439.328 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frances Spalding, )] TJ ET BT 153.008 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tate: a History)] TJ ET BT 247.340 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1998\); David Wilson, )] TJ ET BT 361.664 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Museum: A History)] TJ ET BT 512.324 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2002\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 318.387 m 118.004 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 121.004 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8])] TJ ET BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Douglas Crimp, )] TJ ET BT 143.684 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(On the Museum?s Ruins )] TJ ET BT 263.672 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, Mass., 1995\); Carol Duncan, )] TJ ET BT 468.644 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civilising Rituals)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1995\); Tony Bennett, )] TJ ET BT 174.008 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Museum)] TJ ET BT 293.336 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1995\) and )] TJ ET BT 351.656 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pasts Beyond Memory)] TJ ET BT 459.632 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2005\); Nick Prior )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Museums and Modernity: Art Galleries and the Making of Modern Culture )] TJ ET BT 427.652 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2002\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 506.300 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 506.300 275.619 m 560.288 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9])] TJ ET BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bill Hillier and Julienne Hanson, )] TJ ET BT 225.344 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Social Logic of Space)] TJ ET BT 350.672 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1984\); Susan Pearce, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Interpreting Objects and Collections )] TJ ET BT 243.344 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1994\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 281.336 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 281.336 232.851 m 335.324 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 338.324 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10])] TJ ET BT 34.016 207.989 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 189.007 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 171.227 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 171.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/536a)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 169.833 m 327.644 169.833 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 144.856 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4367)] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.056 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4368)] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#1)] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#2)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#3)] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#4)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 382.3397 347.2135 436.3277 359.0935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#1t) >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 318.7015 118.0037 330.5815 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#2t) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 506.2997 275.9335 560.2877 287.8135 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#3t) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 281.3357 233.1655 335.3237 245.0455 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#4t) >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 170.1475 327.6437 182.0275 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/536a) >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 39 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Length 657 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#1t)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#2t)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#3t)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.154 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/articles/reesleahy.html#4t)] TJ ET BT 34.016 738.754 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 40 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000533 00000 n 0000000615 00000 n 0000004027 00000 n 0000004136 00000 n 0000004246 00000 n 0000004355 00000 n 0000007916 00000 n 0000008044 00000 n 0000008128 00000 n 0000008233 00000 n 0000016843 00000 n 0000016971 00000 n 0000017101 00000 n 0000017229 00000 n 0000017359 00000 n 0000017487 00000 n 0000017617 00000 n 0000017745 00000 n 0000017875 00000 n 0000017940 00000 n 0000025561 00000 n 0000025673 00000 n 0000033713 00000 n 0000033841 00000 n 0000033972 00000 n 0000034099 00000 n 0000034230 00000 n 0000034358 00000 n 0000034489 00000 n 0000034617 00000 n 0000034748 00000 n 0000034876 00000 n 0000034972 00000 n 0000035037 00000 n trailer << /Size 40 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35746 %%EOF