%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150825191135+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150825191135+01'00') /Title (Japan in Print: Information and Nation in the Early Modern Period) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4521 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Japan in Print: Information and Nation in the Early Modern Period)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On a recent holiday to a country that has nothing to do with either Britain or Japan \(Iran, as it happens\), I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took both an English and a Japanese guidebook. I often do this. As expected, the Japanese one was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinarily accurate in boat and bus timetables, entry fees and opening hours, all of which were correct. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But next to no interpretative assistance was supplied. Mosques with their domes and minarets, buildings and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensions, Shahs and ayatollahs, in short, the culture of the place, were not part of the purview. By contrast, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the English guidebook \(or I should say the Western one, since I am not arguing for any British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionalism\) was wrong on most specifics, where it listed them at all, and accepting its own limitation it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often told the reader to check at their hotel. But it was expansive on the cultural, or what one might call the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplative rewards of travel. Here, perhaps, is an atavistic extension of what Berry writes about in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating new book, )] TJ ET BT 142.664 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Japan in Print)] TJ ET BT 212.000 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. She calls the archives that were created with astonishing rapidity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early Edo period \(roughly, the seventeenth century\) an 'information library'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berry is too judicious to make generalisations about the repercussions into the present, much less to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proclaim that she has located the origin of what became a trans-historical norm of 'Japanese culture'. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless, those who know the Japan of today will feel a sense of familiarity with what she writes, as I do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with my guidebook. A sense of familiarity, and also, perhaps, of familiar lack. It remains popular in Japan to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(note how the education system enforces rote learning of masses of data, while, conversely, downplaying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analytical or creative skills \(which is often expressed in the conundrum of why has Japan has so many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientists but so few Nobel Prize winners\). I would maintain that if Berry is correct in seeing the emergence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(537)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 July, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Elizabeth Berry)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(0520237668)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of California Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Los Angeles)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Timon Screech)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7510 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of an obsession with information in the first generations of the Tokugawa shogunate, and of a way of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categorising life and of understanding knowledge by the a positioning of oneself against vast quantities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information, this is indeed very much still the dominant mode.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berry's book is packed with data to substantiate her claims. In a curious way, she recreates the material she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes. Readers of Michael Ann Holly's )] TJ ET BT 242.468 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Past Looking)] TJ ET BT 306.140 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cornell University Press, 1996\), will find an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance here of Holly's notion of how past works \(she is thinking of paintings but it can as well apply to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books\) prefigure the shape of their subsequent histories. The information library has infested Berry's book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and replicated itself, like a cancer, within it. But this is not to criticise. By making her present book one with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its subject, Berry creates, for the modern reader, a sense of access to the older works under analysis, and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading as an Edo reader read. Berry states how an Edo text will be a 'litany of nouns' \(p. 18\). Hers is too. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this is not to deny she has a theme or agenda, and, as her subtitle denotes, she has a bold one: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation via this collective oeuvre of the Japanese 'nation' \(on which more below\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japan, in its early modern, or Edo, or Tokugawa period \(1603?1868\), is thought of as a country at peace. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a large extent it was, at least in the middle portion of that timeframe, barring several peasant insurrections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the very occasional attempted coup. Otherwise expressed, the early Edo period saw a country emerging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a full century of warfare during which there was no central authority at all. This warfare was quite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unlike the battles of Europe, which are petty in contrast, because it engaged such vast numbers of people. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Regularly tens of thousand were arrayed on either side, and fighting could occur in many parts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archipelago at once. The wars were immensely destructive, but also organisational feats of a kind never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known in Europe. Under such conditions, Berry has it, a community of knowledge, fed by printed media, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could not emerge. Skills were built up and handed on, by experience or through oral traditions, but they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not openly available. One of Berry's most interesting and provocative contentions is that it was the cadastral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surveys that are known to have been compiled for purposes of taxation as soon as peace was effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restored \(from the close of the sixteenth century\), that initiated the new 'style of knowledge' which was one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('sated by categories' \(p. 13\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Japanese islands are extraordinarily diverse. The north is snow-bound while oranges grow in the south. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This plethora had to be subjected to some unifying grid if it was to hold together. A similar proposal was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made long ago about France, being both Atlantic and Mediterranean. Japan is infinitely more diverse than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France. A force equal to bringing its 2,000-plus kilometre string of mountains into one overarching grip had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be very strong indeed. Under the cadastres, the whole sweep of the landscape was measured, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(required certain procedures, and the one chosen, intriguingly, was that of rice equivalency. All land was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surveyed and, whatever it actually produced, or was thought capable of yielding, it was assigned a rice-yield )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equivalent. Since warrior stipends were paid in rice, this allowed an immediate transferability from land to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earnings. The shogunate enfeoffed its supporters in quantities of land/rice commensurate with their dignity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The lords to whom they gave territories, or whose pre-existing lands they accepted, possessed publicly-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known kokudaka, or 'bushel levels', and tabulations of lordly landholdings were ipso facto tabulations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lordly income. The entire landscape was construed as mobile units, with the lords moved in or out, their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lands added or subtracted, as merit or demerit demanded. These lords were known as daimy, literally 'great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landholders'. Indeces of European peerage list by hierarchy of nobility; Japanese ones listed the shogunal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court by landholding, which actually meant income. They listed in the same unit, if exponentially more, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that with which a blacksmith or ostler could measure his wealth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The cadastres are certainly important in Japanese history. But no one has before given them the capacity to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construct an entire mental grid, that of 'the knowability through observation of worldly phenomena' \(p. 16\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And in her conclusion Berry asserts that 'the surveys inducted large numbers of participants ? investigators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and investigated alike ? into an exemplary logic: social phenomena were amenable to inquiry, knowable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through observation, and communicable though taxonomic analysis \(p. 210\). Many readers may find this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasive, and think it is, at least, the best available working hypothesis. Unification brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standardisation with the cross-referencing of administrative units. It was via assessment ? and )] TJ ET BT 486.608 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(being)] TJ ET BT 513.272 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( assessed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? that people learned 'in effect, how to be a public ? an object of analysis and collective definition' \(p. 42\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7480 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is where Berry's story starts. Some will want to know more about printing in Ming China, which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surely a major influence, but which is barely note here \(see p. 147\), as an impetus to putting information out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into general circulation ? not least as the cadastres as such were not printed)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The cadastres begin, but maps are also a major part of Berry's book. In some ways they rather unbalance it, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occupying, as they do, so large a chunk in the middle section. Yet indeed, it was by mapping, literally and by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphorical extension, that the archipelago became be known, brought together, and its people could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merge. It is notable \(and Berry notes it\), however, that maps contained absences. The Tokugawa castle in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central Edo \(modern Tokyo\) was never shown. It is a blank on the depicted city space ? which led to some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wild interpolations when maps were exported and European cartographers sought to plug this gap, adding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Versailles-style parterres and orangeries. Maps were also always partial, showing regions or cities, but rarely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the entire landmass. Maps also retained ancient and long-defunct political boundaries, and wrote in sites of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purely poetic renown. They therefore included the past within the present. The current daimy, or even the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shogun \(who directly ruled some third of the land\) was inheritor and custodian, but not necessarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permanent possessor of his territory. His political boundaries might not even be demarcated. The Japanese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(map is a thing of great interest. But again, they were rarely printed, and so are somewhat out of place as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(core of Berry's book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Printed books \(not printed pictures\) are the real theme, and how they circulated information. Enviably sitting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in UC Berkeley's sensational East Asian Library, Berry has been surrounded by printed matter of all kinds. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She is overwhelmed by their extensiveness, and who wouldn't be? But it is also the case that many aspects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge were not covered in books, and many things that were covered were not covered in print, only in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript. Although cadastres and most maps remained un-printed, Berry has no interest in the manuscript, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this is the one serious limitation of the present study. The shogunate, in fact, did control the presses, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not permit the circulation of many kinds of information, for all that the quantity of information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distributed was big and some unexpected fields \(daimy income, shogunal officeholders\) were not policed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of late, scholarship has tended to focus on censorship and acts of prohibition. Berry's celebration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of available printed material is certainly welcome, and perhaps a necessary counter-balance, but she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goes close to the other extreme. Looking at non-printed work \(beyond cadastres and maps\), would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended her argument, showing how, if manuscripts are taken into account, even more information was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available. By addressing manuscripts she would also have shown how emphatic was the division between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what could be printed, what could only be published in manuscript, and, indeed, what could not be written in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either. Several works now thought key to understanding the Edo period were never published. One example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is Hokusa bunryaku \('Tales of a Northern Raft'\), one of the first extensive eye-witness surveys of Europe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken down from the words of a castaway who had spent many years in Russia and met Catherine the Great, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compiled in 1793. Matters dealing with the state, its formation and the alterities of differing systems, could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not be printed. This book was never published. But we know it was widely read in manuscript. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction might seem technical since it does not figure that printed books necessarily circulated in more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copies that manuscripts, but it was a matter of law, or of taboo, and crucial for commercial or even actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survival to observe fully. Nor does Berry tell us of Baba Bunk. His fate is instructive. Bunk was an early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century storyteller, and although the facts are little known, his tales of past and present goings on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the shogunal castle were circulated in manuscript. For this he was executed in 1758. There are famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cases of others who fell foul of the law, such as Hseid Kisanji \(who preferred suicide to interrogation\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kitagawa Utamaro \(who was manacled and, with wrists destroyed, never worked as well again, and died )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soon\). Neither figures in Berry's index. Berry might claim that these occur in the eighteenth century, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times were different, but that century also constitutes a major part of Japan's early modern period, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned in her title. Her claim that 'the state left the past open ? and thus made it accessible to popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers' \(p. 238\) is a little optimistic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps in the deaths of Bunk, Kisanji, Utamaro and others, we see the split between the information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(library and the analytical library. Incessantly printed and repeatedly up-dated compendia of all manner of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things \(temple treasures, daimy estates, shogunal officers, theatres\) came out, but there was much less data )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was not overtly informational. It was even the same in fiction, Berry notes, citing the famous novelist )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3072 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ihara Saikaku, who made stories with 'gleeful lists interrupting the action as virtual parallel plots' \(p. 217\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And then, as a shogunal chief minister of the late eighteenth century, Matsudaira Sadanobu \(admittedly an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extreme case\), put it, 'we should not offer new interpretations of classical texts'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, we must return to the notion of nation. Having referred throughout to 'Japan', from the final chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(boldly entitled 'Nation'\), Berry begins to refer to Nihon \(which, with the romanisation Nippon, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese term for Japan\). She is aware that 'nation' is a tricky concept and apt to slide into that of nation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state, which, of course, she realises is anachronistic. But does 'nation' here mean much more than a public? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nation is a loose concept \(the Navajo nation and, say, the French nation are quite unalike\). A large portion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of any educated Japanese person's reading would have been Chinese. How does this impinge? Being part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a group of readers that precisely did not consider itself defined by the identity of its overlords, like an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Islamic )] TJ ET BT 72.344 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ulema)] TJ ET BT 101.672 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or an early-modern German or Italian cultural cluster, or indeed like being an English-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language reader today, suggests absence of nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berry has written a book replete with information and with insight. It introduces so many types of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication that have never been properly discussed before, and treats them in terms of quantity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profusion as well as of specific content, that she has probably changed the way her field will be viewed for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long time to come.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 513.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 495.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 495.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/537)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 494.217 m 322.316 494.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 469.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2956)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 494.5315 322.3157 506.4115 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/537) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005223 00000 n 0000005332 00000 n 0000005442 00000 n 0000005551 00000 n 0000009112 00000 n 0000009240 00000 n 0000009324 00000 n 0000009389 00000 n 0000016952 00000 n 0000017017 00000 n 0000024550 00000 n 0000024634 00000 n 0000027759 00000 n 0000027887 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27982 %%EOF