%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150523065141+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150523065141+01'00') /Title (Saints and their Communities: Miracle Stories in Twelfth-century England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4028 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Saints and their Communities: Miracle Stories in Twelfth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The core of this book, which, like all in this series, is a revised version of an Oxford doctoral dissertation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprises a good empirical study of six twelfth-century miracle collections. It also contains some more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general or theoretical analysis about which one might have some reservations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The miracle collections chosen for investigation are the Miracles of St Edmund at Bury, a text which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originated c.1100 and was then repeatedly augmented over the course of the twelfth century; the accounts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relic tour undertaken in 1113 by the canons of St Mary of Laon, who traveled from Dover to Bodmin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 197.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with threads from the chemise and hair from the head of the Virgin Mary; the small collection of nineteen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miracles of the obscure St Ithamar of Rochester, put together around the middle of the twelfth century; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miracles of William of Norwich, the boy supposedly martyred by the Jews in 1144; the miracles of St )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frideswide of Oxford written in the 1180s by Philip, prior of the Augustinian house where the saint's shrine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was located; and the miracles attributed to the hand of St James at Reading and recorded in a compilation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1190s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is thus a full chronological range over the whole century and some variety in the nature of the saints, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with two biblical, three actually or putatively Anglo-Saxon and one contemporary. Becket is explicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excluded, on sensible practical grounds, nor does the book address some other big collections of twelfth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century miracle accounts, such as those of Cuthbert or Godric of Finchale, consequently giving the study a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(539)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 July, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Yarrow)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(019928363X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clarendon Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Bartlett)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7002 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pronounced southern English focus. Two of the collections studied - those of William of Norwich and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frideswide - have also been the subject of analysis in the two standard works in this field, Ronald Finucane's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Miracles and Pilgrims: Popular Beliefs in Medieval England)] TJ ET BT 327.668 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1977\), and Benedicta Ward's )] TJ ET BT 476.456 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Miracles and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Mind: Theory, Record and Event 1000-1215)] TJ ET BT 294.968 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot and Philadelphia, 1982\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A strength of the book is the author's awareness of the individual circumstances in which the collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arose, for, while it is true that works in well established hagiographic genres such as collections of miracle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts do exhibit common features, they are always created by an individual or individuals within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular communities at a specific moment in their histories. The initial collection of miracles of Edmund, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance, was recorded at a time when the saint's community, the monks of Bury, faced the double danger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of encroachments on their property by the local Norman lords and a threat to their autonomy from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diocesan bishop. Abbot Baldwin \(1065-97/8\) responded with a 'campaign to enhance, consolidate, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protect the power and prestige of his abbey' of which the miracle collection formed 'the keystone' \(p. 52\). It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fulfilled this function by stressing the continuity of the community of St Edmund \(despite the changes in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical status it had undergone\), the royal and regional identity of the saint himself and his active role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in punishing interlopers and intruders.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Yarrow does not adopt the statistical approach to the sociology of cults that was employed in Finucane's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book or in the huge study of Pierre-Andr Sigal, )] TJ ET BT 268.652 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L'homme et le miracle dans la France mdivale: XIe.-XIIe. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sicles)] TJ ET BT 66.008 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1985\) \(not mentioned here\) but he is interested in the question of exactly who is recorded as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeking out saintly help and he provides densely textured analyses addressed to that issue. He draws a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture of the cult of Frideswide, for instance, in which the 'economic vitality of Oxford' \(p. 182\) is the chief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context. Interweaving evidence from local cartularies with that of Prior Philip's miracle stories, he produces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a miniature prosopographical study of the urban elite of this thriving commercial centre, whose members )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traded, occupied local office and had continuous relations with the community of St Frideswide on their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doorstep. This is epitomised by the fact that the climax of the collection is the cure of a boy, Lawrence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kepherim, who went on to become the first mayor of Oxford.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 3, 'The canons of Laon and their tour of England', is particularly successful. After the destruction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of their cathedral by fire during the insurrection of the commune of 1112, the canons of Laon took )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their relics on fund-raising tours that, unusually, extended throughout northern France and southern England. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Yarrow describes the political background to the Laon rising, the history of the practice of taking relics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on tour, the nature, limits and value of the two main written sources \(Guibert of Nogent and Hermann of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tournai\), the place of Marian devotion in England and \(a recurring theme in his analysis\) 'The Wealth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southern England'. An extremely full English context is created through use of )] TJ ET BT 415.796 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domesday Book)] TJ ET BT 494.108 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, charters, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numismatic evidence and other material, although, rather austerely, the author chooses not to mention one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most well-known passages in Hermann's account, the quarrel between one of the canons' servants and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cornishman over whether King Arthur was still alive \(probably the earliest evidence for a belief in 'the once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and future king'\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some aspects of the general analysis are less convincing. The portrayal of the cult of St William of Norwich, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was premised on ritual murder by the Jews and eventually won the support of the local bishop, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culminates in the conclusion)] TJ ET BT 64.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(...the cult articulated and exploited the social anxieties of Norfolk's commercial establishment, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by encouraging them to negotiate a sense of their religious identity and derive practical support )] TJ ET BT 64.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the diocesan centre. Regrettably, the elaboration of a new kind of pollution rhetoric was a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(price Bishop William was willing to pay ... \(p. 167\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The idea that the author of the Life and Miracles, the Norwich monk Thomas of Monmouth, used 'pollution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetoric' is actually very hard to substantiate from his text. Nor, as Dr Yarrow recognises, is there anything )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noticeably anti-semitic in the record of the miracles themselves. In order to establish that William was a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 3884 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saint, Thomas had to demonstrate that he had died for his faith, being 'martyred' by the Jews. Once this had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been established to his satisfaction, the miracles he records are scarcely different in kind from those of any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other saint. And, just as it is difficult to find 'pollution rhetoric' in Thomas's text, so there is little evidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the 'social anxieties' attributed to the Norfolk traders. Both have the air of concepts imported into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material and the book does show a slight propensity to bring in such ready-made analytical tools: 'cult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impresario', 'moral economy', 'imagined communities', etc.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Occasionally the prose becomes clotted: 'the miracle is a cultural phenomenon that existed in a medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society as a possibility for social practice' \(p. 14\). Dr Yarrow writes that his research 'was inspired by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work of Peter Brown' \(p. vi\) and no one can doubt the brilliance of Professor Brown's writings on the holy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man and the cult of the saints and its invigorating influence on subsequent study, but his intricate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idiosyncratic style of thinking and writing may be a dangerous model to follow.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As far as one can tell, this book is free of factual errors, although it does contain two significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misinterpretations of the Latin text of the Miracles of St Mary of Laon. Hermann, the author of this text, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states that he has written of the miracles not under his own name but rather attributing the account to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canons of Laon \('sub nomine canonicorum eius ecclesiae ea praetitulavi'\); mistaken division of this last word )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here into 'praetitu lavi' explains the strikingly odd translation 'I have washed these miracles by a pretext' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(76\). And the ships coming to Bristol 'de Ibernia insula' must surely, as has always been presumed, be coming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Ireland, not 'the Iberian coast' \(p. 93\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Otherwise, the book is a solid and substantial piece of work. To generalise and theorise about the meaning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and function of miracles and cults is difficult and a variety of opinions will always exist on how best to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so. Such attempts at generalisation and theorisation will always, however, have to be based on careful and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly studies such as this one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 415.855 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 398.075 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 398.075 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/539)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 396.681 m 322.316 396.681 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 371.704 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 357.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2960)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 396.9955 322.3157 408.8755 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/539) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000004730 00000 n 0000004839 00000 n 0000004949 00000 n 0000005058 00000 n 0000008619 00000 n 0000008747 00000 n 0000008831 00000 n 0000008896 00000 n 0000015951 00000 n 0000016035 00000 n 0000019972 00000 n 0000020100 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 20195 %%EOF