%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228203001+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228203001+00'00') /Title (Brief Histories: The Caribbean) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4184 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Brief Histories: The Caribbean)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Caribbean is not only made up of the islands in the Caribbean Sea but also of the mainland territories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belize, Suriname, Guyana, and French Guiana. The region is marked by diversity. Some territories are very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(small, such as St. Martin, which has a surface area of thirty-seven square miles and a population of 73,000. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Others are much larger, such as Jamaica with its more than four thousand square miles and a population of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nearly three million. And while some territories are forested, such as Suriname, others have very little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vegetation, like Barbados. The region is not only marked, however, by geographic differences but also by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linguistic and cultural differences. The main languages spoken are English, French, Spanish, and Dutch. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cultural differences, such as religion and sport, cannot only be explained by the nations that colonized the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(region but also by recent migrations. Indentured migration from the Indian subcontinent in the nineteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, for example, explains why Hinduism is one of the main religions practised in Guyana today.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because of its diversity, it is very hard for scholars to write a history of the Caribbean. Slavery, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was abolished in the British Caribbean in 1834, the French Caribbean in 1848, the Dutch Caribbean in 1863, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in Cuba in 1886. And while most territories became independent in the 1960s and 1970s, some became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent much earlier and others are still \(semi\) dependent. By not adopting a strict chronological order, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heuman has been able to demonstrate that the territories ?experienced similar histories of slavery, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonialism and exploitation? \(p. xii\). The first chapter explores the encounter between the native inhabitants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(549)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 31 October, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gad Heuman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780340763636)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hodder Arnold)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henrice Altink)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7665 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the first European nation in the region?the Spanish?and describes the establishment of the English, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French, and Dutch island colonies. This is followed by a chapter that describes and explains the development )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of slavery in the region. The next four chapters examine the main features of Caribbean slave societies. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only set out the living and working conditions of the slaves, but also look at the lives of the whites and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the free coloureds and blacks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because it played such a crucial role in the abolition of slavery in the region, an entire chapter is devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Haitian revolution. This is followed by three chapters that survey the ways in which slavery was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abolished in the other colonies. Chapters 11 and 12 provide various examples to illustrate that emancipation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not bring freedom. In Cuba, for example, blacks were not admitted to secondary schools and many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public places were segregated. These chapters also convey that the ex-slaves and their children and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grandchildren did not passively endure their status as second-class citizens. Their methods to achieve full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equality included not only strikes and riots but also organization. In 1914, for instance, the Jamaican Marcus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garvey set up the Universal Negro Improvement Association, an organization that tried to instil race pride )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and racial solidarity among blacks and became the largest organized mass movement in black history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the turn of the twentieth century, the United States intervened in some territories in order to enhance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stability and prevent European nations from increasing their hold over the Americas. Chapter 12 examines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(US interventions in Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, which ranged from military occupation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(financial controls. This is followed by a chapter that explores a series of labour riots that took place in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglophone Caribbean in the 1930s, and put this part of the region on the road to independence. An even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more important upheaval in the twentieth-century Caribbean was the Cuban Revolution. Chapter 15 provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a summary of the Revolution and investigates its implications for the region. The next chapter looks at some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary issues in the Caribbean that have a long history, such as economic dependence on the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States. The last chapter deals with the creativity of the Caribbean people from 1492 till the present and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses on the region?s most notable export product: music.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heuman demonstrates most clearly that a struggle for self-determination runs as a consistent thread through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of the Caribbean. He shows not only that slaves used a variety of methods to resist their masters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that strikes and riots were only some of the means used by African Caribbean people after emancipation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to achieve full equality, but also that the US influence in the region in the twentieth century called forward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fierce resistance. Heuman also conveys another and related theme in Caribbean history: movement. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses the arrival of Europeans and Africans in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the influx of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indentured migrants from India in the nineteenth century, and the migration within and outside of the region )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contrary to other historical surveys of the Caribbean, Heuman?s book does not concentrate on economic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political developments but on the social history of the region \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 332.660 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 332.660 276.627 m 338.660 276.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 338.660 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). As a result, it pays considerable attention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the social structure of the territories during slavery and freedom. The chapters on slavery, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrate that there was a hierarchy amongst the enslaved based on occupation and colour and that white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society was divided along class lines. These chapters furthermore illustrate that during slavery a tripartite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure was formed, with blacks at the bottom, whites at the top, and coloureds in the middle. Heuman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that after emancipation this colour hierarchy became entwined with a class hierarchy. A few more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples to illustrate how colour and class intersected in the post-emancipation period would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helpful, as it enables readers to understand not only Garvey?s calls for racial solidarity but also the fact that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unions in some territories were led by white or coloured men. I would also have appreciated a stronger focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the social history of the region in the chapters on the twentieth century. These chapters largely ignore, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the poor provision of health care and education in the early-twentieth century that in many places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was caused not only by economic changes but also by colonial status.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book also differs from previous surveys in that it engages with the most recent studies in the field. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, while earlier surveys have attributed the development of sugar in Barbados to Dutch money and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expertise, this book argues that English investors and merchants also played a crucial role, as has recently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been suggested by John McCusker and Russell R. Menard \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 320.648 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 320.648 50.787 m 326.648 50.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 326.648 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The emphasis placed on the role of women in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 332.6597 276.9415 338.6597 288.8215 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 320.6477 51.1015 326.6477 62.9815 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 6193 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slave resistance and in the strikes and riots in the post-emancipation period reveals most clearly the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement with recent scholarship. It was not until the late 1980s that historians began to pay attention to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lives and representations of slave women. In recent years, they have also begun to adopt a gender focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in their work on the post-emancipation period \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 260.984 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 260.984 752.307 m 266.984 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 266.984 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). As scholarship on the Anglophone Caribbean is more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed than that on the French, Hispanic, and Dutch-speaking Caribbean, it is not surprising that this part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the region features more prominently in the book than the other constituent parts. Heuman, however, tries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in each chapter and also in the ?suggestions for further reading? to pay attention to all parts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heuman, then, has managed to write a history of the Caribbean that does justice to its enormous diversity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He has brought the history to life not only by including visual illustrations but also by providing quotes from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary sources. This and the ?suggestions for further reading?, which include primary sources and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monthly list of new publications on H-Caribbean \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 276.332 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/~carib/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 276.332 640.515 m 414.812 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 417.812 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 431.804 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), make it a very student-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendly book. As it lacks engagement with important historical debates, such as the question of whether ex-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slaves were pushed or pulled off the plantations, the book lends itself more for introductory than specialized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate courses on Caribbean history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 564.243 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for instance, J. H. Parry, P. M. Sherlock, and A.P. Maingot, )] TJ ET BT 376.316 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Short History of the West Indies)] TJ ET BT 540.308 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fourth edn. \(Oxford, 1987\); and J. Rogozinski, )] TJ ET BT 290.324 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Brief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Carib to the Present)] TJ ET BT 182.684 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 2000\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 279.992 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 279.992 503.715 m 333.980 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. J. MCusker and R. R. Menard, ?The sugar industry in the seventeenth century: a new perspective )] TJ ET BT 543.932 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Barbadian ?sugar revolution??, in )] TJ ET BT 246.644 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tropical Babylons: Sugar and the Making of the Atlantic World, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1450?1680)] TJ ET BT 118.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. S. B. Schwartz \(Chapel HiIl, 2004\), 289?330. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.320 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.320 460.947 m 417.308 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a good overview of the emergence of studies on slave women, see B. Brereton, ?Searching for the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invisible woman?, )] TJ ET BT 155.012 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Slavery and Abolition)] TJ ET BT 259.676 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 13.2 \(1992\), 86?96. On women in the post-emancipation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, see, for instance, R. E. Reddock, )] TJ ET BT 260.312 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 100.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1994\); M. Sheller, ?Quasheba, mother, queen: black women?s public leadership and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political protest in post-emancipation Jamaica, 1834?65?, )] TJ ET BT 343.316 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Slavery and Abolition)] TJ ET BT 447.980 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 19.3 \(1998\), 90?117; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and various articles in )] TJ ET BT 172.664 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World)] TJ ET BT 432.980 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. P. 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