%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150330185831+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150330185831+01'00') /Title (1715: The Great Jacobite Rebellion) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4260 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1715: The Great Jacobite Rebellion)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 1715 rebellion has never really sparkled in the heroic iconography of the Jacobite cause. Within the old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(received narrative of doomed chivalry and defeated virtue, it inhabits a melancholic role, untouched by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colour and charisma of Charles Edward Stuart and the ?45, or the epic afterglow of Viscount Dundee?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier stand at Killecrankie. The historians? judgement has typically taken its cue from the cries of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish rebels at the battle of Sheriffmuir, who called out for ?an hour of Dundee? as the earl of Mar led )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them to a deadening stalemate that neither crushed nor advanced the cause. The tardy landing of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pretender, James Edward Stuart, coldly received by some of his supporters, became a neat epitome of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobite failure and frustration in 1715, as the Hanoverian regime overcame the early challenge to tighten its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grip on the polity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this unpromising image makes the ?15 fertile territory for those scholars who have sought to rediscover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Jacobite movement as a genuine challenge to the post-Revolution, post-Union British state. Indeed, after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a steady stream of scholarship from authors such as Eveline Cruickshanks, Paul Monod, and Murray Pittock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over three decades, it is perhaps surprising that Daniel Szechi?s new book offers the first sustained modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the dynastic rising \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.324 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.324 88.857 m 188.324 88.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 188.324 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are, as this latest writer acknowledges, certain constraints to writing about a rebellion that was ?not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very interesting? \(p. 195\) as a military moment, and ultimately failed to amass the force necessary to pose a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(560)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 December, 2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Szechi)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300111002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(384pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gabriel Glickman)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.3237 89.1715 188.3237 101.0515 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7603 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(danger to London. Szechi?s contention that the 1715 rising was a more formidable challenge than its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrious successor runs up against the fact that there was no sweeping march to Derby, no sign of panic in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London nor?unlike in 1744?45?any real chance of intervention from overseas. The rise of Regent Orleans at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Versailles?his speculative claims on the French throne hinging on Britain sticking peacefully to the Treaty of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Utrecht?effectively put paid to that option. Instead, Szechi explores his argument with a wider scope and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scale, stepping back from the battlefield to probe the ideological dynamics of the kingdoms that produced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rebellion. Supported by a wealth of previously unexamined official sources, he is most at home in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of post-Union Scotland, where a conjunction of national grievances and high-political chicanery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created a wellspring for Jacobite activity, and drew a wider section of the aristocracy into the web of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuarts than would be the case in 1745. The ?15, in this light, is redefined as the inarticulate expression of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genuine national disorder, striking at the political foundations of the British Isles on the accession of George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. When concepts of rights, titles, and legitimate rule appeared thrown into flux, the )] TJ ET BT 437.288 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(conditions)] TJ ET BT 487.292 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for Stuart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumph held greater promise in 1715 than in 1745, even if the military effort was less impressive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How far this thesis holds is not an immediately easy judgement to make, in view of the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelming?and somewhat traditionalist?concentration on the Scottish theatres of action. For those less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar with his earlier study of )] TJ ET BT 191.996 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jacobitism and Tory Politics)] TJ ET BT 330.332 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 337.328 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 337.328 569.235 m 343.328 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 343.328 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), greater consideration of the potential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathizers in England and Wales would have been welcome \(one major legacy of 1715, after all, was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enduring proscription of the Tories from public office\). However, the book?s reconstruction of the mental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world of early-Hanoverian Scotland is often masterly, offering a pithy anatomy of the political choice, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious zeal, and military braggadocio that impelled approximately 20,000 men to enter into violent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurrection. ?Rebellions, like politics, are always local? \(p. 110\), Szechi reminds the reader, but behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disparate collection of insurgents centred on the Highlands and the north east was a deeper phenomenon, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polarization of the nation?s elite along religious and political lines, so that signs of rising conflict could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detected as much in the affairs of private households as in the trends of public debate. Beset by what one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observer called the ?snares and temptations? \(p. 71\) towards civil conflict, the common social altercations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patrician life?duels, quarrels, and family splits?increasingly reified into a clash of dynastic loyalties.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1715, seen in this light, was the climax of a struggle for Scotland?s national and political identity??the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestant soul of a Protestant polity? \(p. 29\) as Szechi dubs it \(the Stuarts? Catholicism notwithstanding\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By 1714, the opposing factions were already starting to group into organized units and formations, working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practically and rhetorically to bring the country to ?a mirror-image siege-like state of hostility? \(p. 24\). Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sides had their part to play. In the Hanoverian corner, Szechi succeeds in rescuing the Whig-Presbyterian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contingent from their old characterization as passive figures propping up the status quo. Never forgetting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pounding they had taken between 1660 and the Glorious Revolution, these new defenders of George I are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealed as increasingly urgent, coherent, and aggressive, preparing for a counter-insurgency that would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impose their own, unshakeable partisan settlement on the Scottish nation. In a reminder that the old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Covenanting spirit was far from dimmed, Jacobite agents warned that Presbyterian firebrands were ready ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(go to Armes before they quit their Kirks, so ?tis feared we may have a war of religion? \(p. 68\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the same time, Whig partisanship was matched by the escalation of Jacobite hopes?part political, part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(providential, as Queen Anne?s reign drew to a close?into a frenzy that could only find military gratification. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Linking itself to a mood of hostility to the Union, the dynastic restoration movement had taken on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character of a struggle for national liberation, transforming the nature of the Stuarts? appeal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengthening not just the numbers but also the political resolve of James III?s supporters. Before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobite army had established regimental discipline, the military adventure had already begun, ignited by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of independent, volunteer actions at local level, including the attempted seizure of Edinburgh Castle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Scots Guard veterans. Social, cultural, and personal pressure was at work, operating in a way that could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn each isolated incident into a chain of rebellious activity. David Smythe of Methven explained his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The plain treuth was that there being ane appearance made in favours of what I had always )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 337.3277 569.5495 343.3277 581.4295 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7165 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professd to be my principalls, I thought I could not ward off the imputation of couhardice )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(otherways than by embarking in it \(p. 74\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such words neatly revealed how a scattered, clandestine community could effectively talk themselves into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurrection. ?Very little is inevitable in history?, writes Szechi, ?but the Scots Jacobite rebellion of 1715 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comes very close? \(p. 76\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In explaining the gathering storm, )] TJ ET BT 200.000 689.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1715)] TJ ET BT 224.000 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( shows how the issue of the Union and the rhetoric of patriotic loss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was grafted onto an earlier disruption: the wreckage of the Episcopalian church?supreme almost from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point of the Restoration, and now cast out on a tide of resurgent Presbyterianism. Behind the Jacobite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebellion lay the grandiose, frustrated world of this older leadership, lay and clerical?a community heavy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gentry and aristocratic patronage, whose grip on the instruments of state power had been traumatically prised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apart after 1688. Episcopalian clergyman, so it was claimed, responded by conflating their principles of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion with matters concerning ?the people?s civil rights?, teaching that ?it is as unchristian not to believe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their notions of government as it is to disbelieve the gospel? \(p. 24\). In effect, this meant opting for a line of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic migrs over the incumbent Lutheran Guelphs, a decision made with serene conviction by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriarchs of the north-east such as Lord Pitsligo, who damned the ?illegal and unwise? Revolution as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(root of Scotland?s troubles, even as he continually lamented the policies of James II \(p. 58\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Faced with the threat of dispossession, Episcopalian political thought intensified beyond simple preference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for James over George into a mystical mode of expression, freighted with a rhetoric of national destiny, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zion, and salvation, which duly bewildered many of the Stuarts? less high-flown Catholic adherents. ?We ar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buzed with prophesies, dreams and visions? said a perplexed Bishop Thomas Nicolson, with even ?verie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anticatholik? ministers claiming to see the victory of James III writ large in heavenly portent \(p. 63\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobitism, in the eyes of Episcopalian elders like George Lockhart of Carnwath and Dr George Garden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered a complete moral and spiritual plan for the recovery of the legitimate order; a panacea that fed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yearning for unity in a society disturbed by political cleft.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In following the rebel leaders, )] TJ ET BT 181.316 394.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1715)] TJ ET BT 205.316 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( becomes of necessity a part-social study; an investigation into the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Scotland?s gentry order and its capacity to foster armed allegiance, on either side of the Highland line. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobitism flourished in the milieu of the squirearchy, and the Stuart cause drew strength from ancient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patterns of mobilization, transmitted and aroused by the bond that joined the tenant to his landowner, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clansman to his chieftain. In Lowland regions, as much as the Gaelic north and west, Jacobitism emerged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from ?a latent military potential more associated with landownership? \(p. 25\), not so much because the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement behoved a feudal sensibility, but because a force acting against the state had to rely on an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alternative cultural apparatus for protection and preservation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But if gentry passions precipitated near civil war in 1715, they also contained it, with the ferocity of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict kept in check by a culture of civility, even class solidarity, underpinned by kinship networks that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crossed the political divide. This public dispute of government, faith, and dynasty was ?not the quarrel of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private gentlemen or noblemen?, Alexander MacDonald of Glengarry reassured the Whig commander at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fort William \(p.111\). In the military zone, such inhibitions reduced the burning and looting of enemy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(territory, and limited the extent of lasting social and economic disarray. Intellectually, the appeal to common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gentry solidarity meant that, for all its visionary fervour, the Stuart cause carried strong, irenic overtones. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Episcopalian Jacobitism had to promise prosperity and tranquillity, and it duly came to shadow so closely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the normative customs of Scottish society that rebels in Perth and Dundee took to reading out traditional ?No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Popery? proclamations as they took the towns for a Catholic prince. If Szechi occasionally appears )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat airy in glossing over the complicated phenomenon of conflict )] TJ ET BT 383.972 125.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 401.972 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( camaraderie within the elite, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the enigma was clearly in evidence, and merits further investigation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the ?chronic tension? \(p. 61\) between its supporters? clashing national and confessional aspirations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately thwarted the chance of Jacobite success, the essential weakness of the ?15 really stemmed from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the underlying paradox of a gentry-led revolt. In order to convince the nation of their ability install an )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 6503 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective, legitimate order in the three kingdoms, Stuart ideologues had to distance themselves from exactly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sort of brutal, implacable action needed to overthrow the Hanoverian order \(at least, without the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assistance of troops from abroad\). James III?s genteel body of supporters?and there were many?would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately prove too averse to social violence, too haunted by memories of Civil War, to countenance a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reckless, bloody onslaught against their fellow countrymen. Correspondingly, the existence of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restraints helped to map out a strategy for supporters of the government, after the disorder had come to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end. One of the most compelling passages in the book is Szechi?s account of how Scotland?s victorious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whig grandees, led by the guiding hand of the duke of Argyll, worked patiently and assiduously to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruct civil society, moving to drain the Jacobite swamp through a policy of exemplary punishment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited retribution, and the coaxing of erstwhile rebels into tight networks of dependency.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Szechi argues convincingly that a demilitarized Jacobite was not a depoliticized Jacobite, and there remained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plenty to pluck the conscience of rebellious spirits when one consequence of the ?15 was the creation of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish Episcopalian diaspora, out of sight but far from out of mind. The account of these defeated, yet still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ardent individuals, wandering through the suspicion and hostility of Catholic Europe, offers a poignant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epilogue to the rising. However, the Stuart cause in Scotland was forced to contend with the resources of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Argathelian faction \(led by Argyll and his sibling Lord Islay\) in ushering selected Jacobites over the bridge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of constitutional politics, when the disarmed, vulnerable patricians held far too much social and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capital for an ambitious statesman to ignore. Not all families made such a complete conversion to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hanoverian realm as the Gordon dukes of Gordon, whose shift from Catholic Jacobitism to vocally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestant Whiggery began with the wining and dining of government officers barely more than a month )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the rebellion?s collapse. But Argathelian ingenuity?aided by the duke?s careful hint of ambiguity over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his own dynastic preference?drew enough of them under the safer canopy of ?patriot? opposition politics to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dampen support for another insurrection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The study of Jacobitism remains fraught and contested, with a last word on the subject refreshingly far out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sight. In the hands of the strongest authors, it can provide piercing enlightenment on the terrain of eighteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Britain. How great a threat was really posed to the first two Georges by the phenomena of Jacobite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebellion needs an analysis that draws in England and Europe as much as disaffected ?North Britain?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, as a sensitive grasp of the Scottish political imagination in the aftermath of Union, Szechi?s new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book deserves a wide readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.403 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 307.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notable works include, )] TJ ET BT 178.664 307.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689?1759)] TJ ET BT 470.972 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. E. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cruickshanks \(Edinburgh, 1982\); P. K. Monod, )] TJ ET BT 295.340 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jacobitism and the English People 1688?1788)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1989\); and M. Pittock, )] TJ ET BT 238.676 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Myth of the Jacobite Clans)] TJ ET BT 389.000 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edinburgh, 1995\). The most )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive previous account of 1715 is offered in J. Baynes, )] TJ ET BT 377.288 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jacobite Rising of 1715)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1970\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 145.340 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 145.340 249.363 m 199.328 249.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 236.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Szechi, )] TJ ET BT 116.672 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jacobitism and Tory Politics 1710?14)] TJ ET BT 300.008 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edinburgh, 1984\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 397.664 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 397.664 235.107 m 451.652 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 210.245 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 191.263 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 173.483 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 173.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/560)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 172.089 m 322.316 172.089 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.112 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.712 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.312 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 145.3397 249.6775 199.3277 261.5575 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 397.6637 235.4215 451.6517 247.3015 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 172.4035 322.3157 184.2835 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/560) >> endobj xref 0 30 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000537 00000 n 0000000626 00000 n 0000004938 00000 n 0000005047 00000 n 0000005157 00000 n 0000005266 00000 n 0000008827 00000 n 0000008955 00000 n 0000009039 00000 n 0000009166 00000 n 0000009202 00000 n 0000009286 00000 n 0000016942 00000 n 0000017070 00000 n 0000017106 00000 n 0000017171 00000 n 0000024389 00000 n 0000024487 00000 n 0000031043 00000 n 0000031171 00000 n 0000031207 00000 n 0000031335 00000 n 0000031371 00000 n 0000031499 00000 n trailer << /Size 30 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31594 %%EOF