%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001193646+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001193646+01'00') /Title (The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation: Glory, Laud and Honour) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3867 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation: Glory, Laud and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Honour)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout my reading of Professor Parry?s new book I was distracted by a low, angry, buzzing noise. On )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflection, I realized it was the sound of Hugh Trevor-Roper spinning in his grave. The scale of the chasm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the two authors can scarcely be exaggerated. Trevor-Roper?s biography of Archbishop William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laud, first published in 1940, must represent one of the most gloriously imperfect matches of author and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject in the whole canon of historical writing. It was motivated by a depthless disdain for clerical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pretension?a characteristic of Trevor-Roper?s that has become still clearer after the recent publication of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of his vast correspondence. From this intensely erastian viewpoint, Laud could hardly be excelled as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an example of prelatical arrogance and megalomania. Professor Parry adopts a very different perspective. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrates the achievements of a brief ?Anglican Counter-Reformation? in the arts, and presents Laud as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key figure in that movement. In so doing he obliquely offers one of the most convincing explanations for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English Civil Wars I have ever read.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book divides fairly neatly into two halves. The first consists of four chapters dealing with the physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context for worship within the Church of England in the 1620s and 1630s. We are given extended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(589)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 May, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Graham Parry)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843832089)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(247pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boydell & Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.boydell.co.uk/43832089.HTM)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grant Tapsell)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7229 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions of church building in this period; the renovation of cathedrals; changes in Oxbridge college )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapels; and the style in which churches were furnished. Parry?s key theme is the zeal with which Laudians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sought to create an appropriately splendid setting in which to worship God. Here the most important model )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the Temple of Solomon, vividly evoked in II Chronicles 3, and praised by David for its ?beauty of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(holiness? in the ninety-sixth Psalm. Puritans were quite wrong to have swept away much of the material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magnificence of the medieval English church in the mistaken belief that they were cleansing it of pernicious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popery. Indeed they were not just wrong, they were actively impious. The Cambridge scholar and poet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Crashaw blasted the ?sluttishness? he felt puritans promoted with their plain services: churches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be ?consecrate to none,/Or to a new God )] TJ ET BT 265.292 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Desolation)] TJ ET BT 317.960 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 141\). According to the antiquary, William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Somner, puritans would ?level? all churches and worship instead ?in some empty barne? \(p. 180\). Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers may feel that something of an over-reaction ensued: painted glass and cherubs on ceilings; railed-in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altars on raised chancels; fonts submerged beneath vast and elaborate covers; rich altar cloths and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communion plate; carved choir screens and costly organs?all can be found in many of the churches, chapels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cathedrals that Parry evokes in loving detail. Several key sites draw particular attention: Abbey Dore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the munificent patronage of Viscount Scudamore; St Paul?s during and after Laud?s time as bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London; and the magnificent stained glass windows in the chapels of Wadham, Lincoln, and University )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colleges in Oxford.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout this first half of the book, Parry repeatedly draws attention to the ?neglect? that church buildings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had endured during the reigns of Elizabeth and James I. The University Church of Great St Mary?s in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, for instance, suffered from a ?general air of shabbiness and disorder? \(p. 84\). Fortunately for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church of England, Laud rode to the rescue. After his installation as archbishop of Canterbury in 1633, ?He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found the chapel at Lambeth [palace] in a neglected condition; the last faltering decade of George Abbot?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primacy had been a time of protracted decline in the ordering and maintenance of the Church in so many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways? \(p. 43\). \(We learn later that Abbot had nevertheless shown, ?willingness to commission images in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glass and stone? in other churches in the 1620s: p. 104.\) Crucially, the Laudian movement worked hand-in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glove with Charles I. To pluck just one example from many, nowhere was this co-operation clearer than in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St George?s chapel in Windsor castle, home to the Order of the Garter, which Charles re-vamped during his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reign. A silver communion service costing 742 was commissioned and then consecrated in a special service )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in October 1637 \(p. 112\). More than a thousand ounces of silver were subsequently required to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(candlesticks for the chapel and covers for the Bible and Book of Common Prayer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second half of the book addresses the less tangible aspects of the ?Laudian style? that were the natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and logical corollaries of this change in the physical context for worship. In modern computer terms, if the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church structures provided the Laudian ?hardware?, the prose, poetry, music, and antiquarian writings that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parry discusses over four chapters were the movement?s ?software?. Once again, the tale is one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renovation after a period of neglect: ?A distinct deficiency of the Elizabethan Church of England was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inadequate provision for private devotion? \(p. 113\). And just as Laudians had exploited foreign artisans to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beautify their churches, so they looked to the continent for models of literary and artistic activity. Pious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laymen and women at Little Gidding pasted Flemish engravings of biblical scenes into their concordances; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clerics were attracted by the liturgical developments then fashionable in Jesuit circles; and elaborate Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(verse forms were taken up by English poets. The book ends with a chapter on the role played by antiquaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in attempting to defend the Laudian church from the kind of sacrilege that some felt the Church of England )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had endured from the Henrician dissolution of the monasteries onwards. The civil wars and interregnum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented a catastrophic failure for the Laudian movement, but even in 1658 William Dugdale could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publish his )] TJ ET BT 89.360 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of St Paul?s Cathedral)] TJ ET BT 238.040 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In Parry?s words, this book was,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an eloquent indictment of the depraved religious values that now hold sway in London, a protest )] TJ ET BT 64.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against puritan barbarism by a man who remembers a mode of worship before the Civil War )] TJ ET BT 64.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that reverenced the past and preserved in a judiciously reformed way many of the best )] TJ ET BT 64.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devotional practices of the ancient faith \(p. 177\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7924 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Is this last quote intended simply as a summary of Dugdale?s position, or is it also a reflection of Professor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parry?s own views? Throughout )] TJ ET BT 192.656 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation)] TJ ET BT 416.324 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, there is a clear sense that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laudians deserve praise as liberal benefactors of the arts, and that puritans should be condemned for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philistinism. It is not obvious that this judgemental position enhances the book as a whole, particularly when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it comes to the handling of evidence. Forced to rely on William Prynne?s hostile account of the stained glass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Lambeth palace chapel, Parry nevertheless emphasizes the nature of Prynne?s ?poisoned pen? and notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he had a ?lawyer?s eye for incriminating detail? \(p. 44\). Eight pages later, no such pejorative terms are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used to describe Peter Heylyn when Parry quotes his critical description of John Williams, bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln, as, ?a perfect Diocese within himself, as being Bishop, Dean, Prebend, Residentiary, and Parson, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and all these at once? \(p. 52\). Williams may well?as Parry notes?have been a ?notorious pluralist?, but using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the adoring biographer of Williams?s arch-enemy Laud to make the argument is hardly providing a balanced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective. \(Nor are Laudians like Christopher Wren the elder criticized for )] TJ ET BT 404.576 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(their)] TJ ET BT 427.244 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( pluralism: p. 92.\) There )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains a sense in which for Parry all right thinking and reasonable people )] TJ ET BT 396.284 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ought)] TJ ET BT 423.620 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to have been Laudians. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antiquaries, for instance, are presented as men of conservative temperament, hostile to puritan iconoclasm: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The desire to preserve was usually accompanied by a disposition to approve the High Church practices that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gave prominence to formality, order and decorum in matters of worship, and respect for the traditions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointments of the church? \(p. 178\). What William Prynne might have made of this argument is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered. Certainly Parry ignores the widespread tradition of puritan?and, later, nonconformist?antiquarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies that just as rigorously sought to provide historical antecedents for a very different vision of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church of England. Puritan criticism of Laudian activity is revealingly described as ?sniffing hostility? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70\). Yet was it not just as valid as Wentworth?s sneering description of the tomb created in St Patrick?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cathedral, Dublin, by the puritanical Richard Boyle? Those seeking to ?do reverence to God? could not do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so without ?crouching to an Earl of Cork and his lady? or to those sea-nymphs his daughters, with coronets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon their heads, their hair dishevelled, down upon their shoulders? \(p. 186\)? This notwithstanding the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Boyle had paid to have the cathedral chancel raised and paved.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Three further substantial problems with this study can be identified. The first is one of chronology. Despite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an extensive contextual first chapter, Professor Parry never seems comfortable delineating when exactly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes he seeks to chronicle begin. To give one physical example, he describes the installation of new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painted glass windows in Wadham chapel in the mid 1610s, ?somewhat before the movement for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beautification got underway? \(p. 60\). Some of the artists involved may also have been associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(windows in Hatfield House?s chapel, installed around 1610 by order of Robert Cecil, earl of Salisbury. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although noting that this was a ?bold advance?, Parry undercuts Cecil?s importance by describing him as ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(law unto himself?, someone who ?could breach the taboo against imaged glass with impunity? \(p. 101\). Not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only does this bald statement ignore Pauline Croft?s important published work on the developing nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Cecil?s religious beliefs, it also begs the question of what we should recognize as being signs of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things to come, rather than just freak aberrations. Despite highly deferential early use of Nicholas Tyacke?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anti-Calvinists)] TJ ET BT 106.028 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Parry seems ill at ease when it comes to offering any sense of the trajectory of Arminian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development. Perhaps this is because he is happier speaking of Laudianism \(see ?A Note on Terminology?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. xi\), the specifically English external manifestations of a continental doctrinal that had very different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outcomes in the United Provinces. Hence the uncertain gap between the period of Hooker?s writings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(especially pp. 14?18\) and the emergence of Laud, Cosin, and Wren, especially from the mid 1620s. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancelot Andrewes looms very large indeed, but in a curiously uncertain way. His influence on future stars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Laudian firmament is stressed \(mainly through reliance on Peter McCullough?s excellent and ongoing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research: esp. pp. 19?21\), even to the extent of the off-hand comment that ?Andrewes? disciples?for that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what Laud, Wren, Cosin and their associates were, in effect?maintained the style of churchmanship that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had developed? \(p. 19\). So important does Andrewes eventually become in this book that by the final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paragraph I wondered why he, rather than Laud, was not named in the subtitle: ?A whole new world of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious art and expression was called into being by the refining of devotional practices by Bishop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrewes and his followers? \(p. 192\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A second substantial problem with )] TJ ET BT 203.672 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation)] TJ ET BT 427.340 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the overall issue of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7678 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substance. What was it that unified the Laudian movement? And what justification can be offered for placing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laud at the heart of a movement in the arts? These may seem ridiculous questions. Laud?s influence as, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consecutively, bishop of London and archbishop of Canterbury, and his enormous success in dominating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles I?s ear, cannot be doubted. Nevertheless, Laud?s own extensive writings are barely utilized. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfortunate with regard to the key theme of the book, but it is also unfortunate because it contributes to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lack of a broader contextual awareness of political and factional conflict. A key figure here is undoubtedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Williams, bishop of Lincoln. This shadowy, serpentine figure haunted?literally and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metaphorically?Laud?s dreams. Perhaps their royal master might one day chose to supplant Laud with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams as the main conduit for his royal favour and bounty to the church? This explains Laud?s relentless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ultimately successful effort to destroy Williams by any possible means. Yet if such a change of fortune )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever had occurred, what would have been the impact on the arts? Parry himself notes that Williams was ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most energetic improver? of Westminster abbey in the early Stuart period, and may have spent up to 4,500 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on beautifying the church \(p. 52\). He also spent vast sums on beautifying the chapel of Lincoln College, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford, prompting Parry to reflect that although factional rivals, ?in most respects Williams and Laud were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in agreement over outward forms of worship that honoured Christ in a dignified, harmonious and beautiful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethos? \(p. 65\). Yet Williams was hardly a Laudian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What then gave Laudianism its distinctive artistic character? Indeed did it have one at all? Early on in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book we are told that, ?An integrated cultural revival centred on the Church was in process when it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brusquely curtailed by the calling of the Long Parliament and the arrest of its greatest patron and advocate, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archbishop William Laud? \(p. 6\). Fifteen pages later the claim is diluted: ?It should be said that there never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was an explicit programme of church decoration promoted by the High Church bishops that one could firmly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(label as ?Laudian?? \(p. 21\). The terms of debate continue to shift. In his chapter ?furnishing the church?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parry notes that, ?The extent to which religious painting was revived in Laudian times is difficult to answer? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 105\). In the chapter on ?church music?, after two and a half pages of discussion of his work we are told )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that, ?One cannot really claim Orlando Gibbons as a Laudian composer, for his style was formed well before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laudian forms of worship took hold in the Church? \(p. 161\). George Herbert?s poetry also merits extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion, though ultimately qualified in similarly cautious fashion: ?He was undoubtedly attracted to ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beauty of holiness? ideal, but wary of loving beauty more than holiness, and feared lest the pleasures of art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should distract from the worship of God? \(p. 139\). The rather deflating logic of all this is acknowledged in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conclusion: ?No particular style predominated. What we encounter in the Laudian church of the 1630s is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an English version of the Counter-Reformation, without a unifying artistic style? \(p. 191\). So what was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laudian artistic vision? Or were there several? \(Occasionally we read of ?moderate? Laudians: the question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of hard-liners is not explicitly addressed.\) Ultimately Parry seems to equate the shift from some kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proto-Laudian tendencies in Andrewes to outright Laudianism in the 1630s simply with an increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brusque and authoritarian style of enforcement. Yet this was a political or tactical change, not a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughgoing artistic one. Perhaps ultimately Laudianism?s coherence was more apparent than real, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puritan critics making no distinction between the activities of those Parry prefers simply to call ?High )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church? and those who were?or would after the end of the civil wars become in exile?Catholics, such as, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example Richard Crashaw, the poet \(pp. 143?4\), and the organ-maker Robert Dallam \(pp. 169?70\). And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when Cosin could initiate Latin services in Peterhouse chapel \(pp. 167?8\), or when the IHS symbol so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beloved by Jesuits could gain such currency in Laudian decorative patterns \(pp. 31, 35, 82, 111, 115, 130, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(144\), who could blame them? The significance of the puritan perspective only becomes greater when?as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parry notes \(p. 89\)?we are often reliant on critical documents written by puritan iconoclasts for our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge of now lost Laudian furnishings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third and final substantial criticism that could be levelled at this book is that of its use of evidence, both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary and secondary. Too often the reader is offered a catalogue-style description of a church, or an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author, with little attempt to draw out broader issues or arguments. To cite just one chapter, that on Oxbridge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapels simply proceeds from Wadham \(pp. 59?62\) to Lincoln \(pp. 62?6\) to University \(pp. 67?9\), and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on, and so on. This is a pity as it precludes consolidated discussion of some important themes. I was struck, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance, by the persistent use of the language of drama by both Laudians and puritans. As the puritan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minister Peter Smart put it when criticizing the style of worship in Durham Cathedral during Cosin?s time as )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 6122 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishop, the ceremony of the Eucharist was ?turned wel neere into a theatricall stage play? \(p. 2\). For his part, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Laudian antiquary William Somner prophetically wrote in 1640, ?pray we that Anarchy never get )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possession of our Stage, lest Confusion shut up the Scene? \(pp. 184-5\). \(In a particularly cruel irony, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Somner?s loving description of the interior of Canterbury Cathedral was subsequently used by puritan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconoclasts as a guide to what they needed to destroy: p. 185.\) Intriguingly, Parry?a professor of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Literature, and author of a fine study of early Stuart masques?speculates that, ?there are strong suggestions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Laudianism was moving towards the reintroduction of sacred drama, with the Chapel Royal in the 1630s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the place where words and music were combining with increasing dramatic effect? \(p. 159\). No wonder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puritans reserved particular ire for the vigorous bodily gestures Parry repeatedly cites as a manifestation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(High Church ?ceremonious? worship \(for example on pp. 39, 114, 142?5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of secondary literature, Parry oscillates between considerable deference towards particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors?for instance to Nicholas Tyacke and Peter McCullough?and silence about the work of others, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably Alexandra Walsham, Christopher Haigh, and Ken Fincham. Ian Atherton?s monograph about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Viscount Scudamore is used, but not his article on Scudamore?s religion; Anthony Milton?s essay on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapel Royal is noted, but no links are drawn to his )] TJ ET BT 286.004 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catholic and Reformed)] TJ ET BT 398.000 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Parry?s canvas is admirably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broad, but ultimately the depth of coverage does suffer, and prevents several really key issues being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed. How popular was the beautification of churches? It is not enough to describe one list of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefactors to the renovation of one London church and then write, ?one is persuaded that the level of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material support for the church has returned to pre-Reformation levels, under the influence of the movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to restore God?s holy places to their ancient dignity? \(p. 35\). Did the Laudian arts appeal to distinctive social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups and/or inhabitants of particular geographical areas? Where could the line between acceptable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unacceptable religious images really be drawn? It is intriguing to find a Calvinist knight in Cornwall?Sir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Robartes?decorating his house?s long gallery with Old Testament scenes illustrating the principle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(election \(p. 92\). Without answers to these and other questions, Parry?s conclusion that, ?Resentment against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Laudian innovations \(and against the officiousness with which they were often enforced\) led many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Englishmen to side with Parliament against the king? \(p. 190\) seems rather bland. Certainly for the purposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of defining the period of Laudian activity, Parry might tease out the significance of Parliament?s repeated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention in 1643 of church affairs ?within 20 years past? \(p. 188\). Indeed, no mention is ever made in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book of parliamentary comments in the first years of Charles I?s reign critical of Laudian innovations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Returning to where we began, there would nonetheless be much in this book for Hugh Trevor-Roper to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relish. The dust-jacket illustration features the interior of Peterhouse chapel, the college that Trevor-Roper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was such a controversial master of, and of which he offered the celebrated index entry, ?Peterhouse: main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source of perverts? [sic converts, i.e. to Rome] \()] TJ ET BT 264.956 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catholics, Anglicans and Puritans)] TJ ET BT 430.304 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 302\). More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly, he would also have been delighted to know that one of the officious orders posted in the inner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapel during John Cosin?s period of ultra-sacramentalist worship read: ?noe yawning? \(p. 79\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 242.527 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 224.747 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 224.747 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/589)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 223.353 m 322.316 223.353 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 198.376 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 183.976 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3990)] TJ ET BT 34.016 169.576 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 223.6675 322.3157 235.5475 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/589) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000578 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000004579 00000 n 0000004688 00000 n 0000004798 00000 n 0000004907 00000 n 0000008468 00000 n 0000008596 00000 n 0000008680 00000 n 0000008745 00000 n 0000016027 00000 n 0000016092 00000 n 0000024069 00000 n 0000024134 00000 n 0000031865 00000 n 0000031949 00000 n 0000038124 00000 n 0000038252 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 38347 %%EOF