%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 7 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930153326+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930153326+01'00') /Title (Byzantine Style, Religion and Civilization: In Honour of Sir Steven Runciman) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4979 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Byzantine Style, Religion and Civilization: In Honour of Sir Steven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Runciman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first, main title of this volume might seem to promise too little or too much?either a very superficial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work of generalization, or a heterogeneous assortment of broadly grouped pieces too diverse and disparate to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cohere. However, the second title makes sense of it all: this is a volume that honours Britiain?s most famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantinist, who in his writings and his long life \(1903?2000\) put Byzantine style, religion, and civilization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the map for both the academic and the generally educated public. The title does not even reflect the full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of Sir Steven Runciman?s Byzantine interests: his first book was on a political subject, the reign of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Romanos I Lekapenos, while most of his subsequent books took him well beyond the borders and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(timespan of the Byzantine Empire. However, there is no doubt that style, religion, and civilization were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keynotes in his conception of, and admiration for, Byzantium. He wrote )] TJ ET BT 381.968 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine Civilization and The Last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine Renaissance)] TJ ET BT 144.332 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Byzantine religion is the thread that connects many other books: )] TJ ET BT 462.296 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manichee)] TJ ET BT 81.332 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; )] TJ ET BT 87.668 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Eastern Schism)] TJ ET BT 182.996 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; )] TJ ET BT 189.332 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Byzantine Theocracy)] TJ ET BT 311.312 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; and )] TJ ET BT 337.976 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great Church in Captivity)] TJ ET BT 485.312 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woven into )] TJ ET BT 90.680 80.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of the Crusades)] TJ ET BT 215.348 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 221.348 80.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sicilian Vespers)] TJ ET BT 320.012 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 346.340 80.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Fall of Constantinople, 1453)] TJ ET BT 506.024 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(style, it appeared with civilization in the title of a book \()] TJ ET BT 303.992 66.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine Style and Civilization)] TJ ET BT 457.664 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) published in 1975, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and though ?style? was replaced by ?art? in the 1981 reprint, it is perhaps the word that best captures the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(596)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 May, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth M. Jeffreys)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719065927)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(492pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521834452)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Magdalino)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7445 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essence of what Runciman took from, and gave to, the appreciation of Byzantium. He was a consummate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stylist in his prose, in conversation, and in the aesthetics of everyday life. He did not put it in so many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words, but it was surely a sense of style that caused him to empathize with the Byzantines and agree with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them that all other peoples were barbarians, including, and above all, the excruciatingly earnest Crusaders.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So the title of the volume is ben trovato, and the twenty-two contributions could hardly fail to correspond to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one or other of its themes. Most contributors, indeed, explicitly relate what they are writing to Sir Steven. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They represent a good cross-section of British Byzantinists, from the newly appointed to the lately deceased. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is despite the absence of many, including the author of the present review, who did not take up the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invitation to contribute, for whatever reasons?largely, one imagines, through Festschrift fatigue and through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depletion of their stock of bite-size spin-offs from major projects. One happy result is that the volume, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though substantial, is not cumbersome.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume begins, after the tables of contents, with a list of contributors \(xiii-xvi\) and a short statement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledgements \(p. xvii\) by the editor who explains how the book originated in a small conference held )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to honour Sir Steven?s ninetieth birthday, and that, ?the contributors and their themes have evolved over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervening years?, so that, ?it is now offered as a modest memorial to the wide range of interests of that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most courteous and accomplished of historians?. Elizabeth Jeffreys especially acknowledges the support of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sir Steven?s niece and heiress, the Revd Dr Ann Shukman, and her help in compiling the bibliography of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works published from 1929 to 2005 \(pp. xx?xxxviii\). Ann Shukman is also warmly thanked by Anthony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bryer in his biographical memoir \(pp. xxxix?lv\) reprinted here from the )] TJ ET BT 381.956 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings of the British Academy)] TJ ET BT 554.600 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(120 \(1993\): an affectionate, informative appraisal that perecptively puts Runciman the historian in context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The twenty-two articles are grouped in three sections corresponding to the themes of the title: Style \(1?7\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Religion \(8?13\), and Civilization \(14?22\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1. Leslie Brubaker, ?The )] TJ ET BT 155.984 434.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian Topography)] TJ ET BT 263.000 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Vat.gr. 699\) revisited: image, text and conflict in ninth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Byzantium? \(pp.3?24\). The author strengthens the arguments for assigning the production of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript in question to Constantinople rather than southern Italy, and addresses the question thus raised: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why should a sixth-century work of Nestorian inspiration, which Photios dismissed for its silly science and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vulgar style, have been copied, complete with its miniatures, in Orthodox Byzantium of the ninth century? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She finds the answer in the series of miniatures depicting the Jewish tabernacle and its associated objects, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which were often cited in arguments against the iconoclasts?and the Jews?to demonstrate that the Old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Testament had sanctioned religious imagery. The illustrated )] TJ ET BT 324.644 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Topography)] TJ ET BT 383.312 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was thus like other ninth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminated manuscripts which were used to convey religious polemic through images in the aftermath of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Triumph of Orthodoxy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2. David Buckton, ?Byzantine enamels in the twentieth century? \(pp. 24?37\), reviews the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enamels that are not what they were originally taken to be. He revisits the large number of fakes \(which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helped to unmask twenty years ago\) produced by ?moonlighters? from Faberg and other workshops in St )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Petersburg between 1892 and 1909. He next considers the surviving plaque of the Poitiers Triptych, a clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Middle Byzantine enamel that has been dated to the sixth century because of its supposed association with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relic of the True Cross sent by Justin II to Queen Radegund. Buckton suggets that the triptych housed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different Cross fragment that reached the Poitiers convent at a later date, probably in connection with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fourth Crusade. Finally, he looks at one of the treasures of the Hungarian National Museum, the so-called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crown of Monomachos, and concludes that the doubts about the authenticity of this object raised by Nicolas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oikonomides in 1994 are still valid.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3. Archibald Dunn, ?The rise and fall of towns, loci of maritime traffic, and silk production: the problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thisvi-Kastorion? \(pp. 38?71\), is a model survey of a micro-region of central Greece and its economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history in the early middle ages. The author combines a thorough and sensitive analysis of written sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from all periods with local and comparative archaeological evidence to establish, with due caution, that: \(1\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancient and modern Thisbe, near the Gulf of Corith, were identical with the Kastorion in the )] TJ ET BT 479.276 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life of Hosios )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Loukas)] TJ ET BT 68.684 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, whose local topography can be fully reconstructed on this basis; \(2\) the transition from polis to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7282 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kastron was not a ?dark age? development and did not take place in a situation of rural economic decline; \(3\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the name Kastorion \(=murex\) and dumps of murex shells indicate, the area supported a purple-dyeing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably also a silk-weaving industry in the middle Byzantine period, when much traffic between Italy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the east passed through the local harbours.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4. Zaga Gavrilovi?, ?Women in Serbian politics, diplomacy and art at the beginning of Ottoman rule? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp.72?90\). The late-fourteenth and early-fifteenth centuries were a bad time for Serbia, as for Byzantium, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but they brought out the best in the women of the Serbian royal family, who worked for the survival of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Serbian principalities and commissioned fine devotional works of art, most of which still exist. The article )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies the achievements of four of them: Milica-Jevgenija, widow of Prince Lazar who died at Kosovo; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jefimija, widow of the Despot Uglje?a Mrnjav?evi?; the twice-widowed Jela, daughter of Lazar and Milica, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who looked after Serbian interests in the Adriatic cities of Zeta and their hinterland; and Mara, the daughter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Djuradj \(George\) Brankovi?, the last effective Serbian ruler of Serbia, who was able to mitigate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effects of the Ottoman conquest through the influence she gained in the harem of Murad II.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5. In ?Byzantium-Venice-Manchester: an early thirteenth-century carved marble basin and British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantinism at the turn of the twentieth century? \(pp. 91?134\), Lucy-Ann Hunt tells the story of, ?a hitherto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglected example of medieval secular art in a British collection?, a rectangular sculpted basin acquired in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the former Manchester College of Art Collection, now the Faculty of Art and Design at Manchester )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Metropolitan University. After giving a full, illustrated art-historical description of the object, she assigns it, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by comparison mainly with sculpted panels in San Marco and Torcello cathedral, to early-thirteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Venice. She then describes the circumstances in which it was acquired, in 1900, by Councillor William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simpson, as part of the national and local effort to create collections of artworks, both replica and original, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the training of industrial designers. Considered at the time to be Byzantine, the basin thus took its place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in an eclectic array of objects from all places and periods and made a modest, ?byzantinesque? contribution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the Arts and Crafts movement in harmony with Ruskin?s enthusiasm for the stones of Venice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6. Jonathan Shepard, ?Manners maketh Romans? Young barbarians at the emperor?s court? \(pp. 135?58\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considers one important way in which Byzantine style was adopted by the empire?s barbarian neighbours. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He looks at the cases of three princes who spent time in their youth at the court of Constantinople: Theoderic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Amal, who went on to become leader of the Pannonian Goths and then king of Italy; Symeon, the king of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the newly-converted Bulgarians; and Stephen Du?an, the Serbian king who proclaimed himself ?emperor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Serbs and Greeks? in 1345. None was destined for the throne but each brought his realm to a brilliant, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transient, peak of power, and although this was at the empire?s expense, each deferred to the values he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(learned in the emperor?s court and was sensitive to the real or potential charge of having disregarded them. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, Shepard suggests that this trio ?represent the tip of an iceberg?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7. David Winfield, ?Crusader art: Sir Steven was right? \(pp. 159?73\), offers a refreshing counterblast on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural front to the historiography of the late-twentieth century that set out to revise Runciman?s view of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusades and to dismiss Byzantium?s contribution to the world of the Latin East. ?The argument of this short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critique of Crusader art is to suggest that Sir Steven?s own review of the subject, written fifty years ago, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains substantially correct. The Crusader contribution to fortifications was not by innovations in Outremer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but by carrying back to western Europe the knowledge of what they had learned from Byzantine and Arab )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortifications. The Crusader contribution to ecclesiastical architecture was the short-lived transportation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Romanesque and Gothic to Outremer. The Crusader contribution to painting and mosaic lay in the patronage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of local practitioners of these arts. There is no evidence that Frankish painting had any impact on Byzantine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painting or mosaic. The only effect that the Crusaders could be said to have had is in the sack of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8. Timothy Greenwood, ?The discovery of the relics of St Grigor and the development of Armenian tradition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in ninth-century Byzantium? \(pp. 177?91\), presents a translation and commentary of an Armenian text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relating the discovery of the relics of St Grigor Lusarowi? \(Gregory the Illuminator\) in ninth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople. According to the text, the discovery was reported to the prince of princes A?ot by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eunuch Nikodemos, ambassador from the emperor Basil I in 878-9, who said that it had been made under )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7327 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael III and Theodora \(842-856\) in a church dedicated to the Holy Trinity. Greenwood plausibly locates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the church at the imperial oikos of ta Karianou, beside the Golden Horn, and suggests that the relic discovery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the cult of St Gregory, the ?apostle? of Armenia, were promoted by Photios as part of his effort to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconcile the Armenian church to Chalcedonian orthodoxy. The article is the second of a trilogy in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author re-evaluates the evidence for Byzantine-Armenian relations in the reign of Basil I.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9. Paul Hetherington, ?The image of Edessa: some notes on its later fortunes? \(pp. 192?205\), focuses mainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on that part of the story of the famous acheiropoieton that interested Sir Steven, namely its translation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople on the initiative of Romanos I Lekapenos in 944, but also considers its subsequent fate in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?saintes chapelles? of Byzantium and Paris. His discussion of the Mandylion itself and its container is well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed, but his speculations concerning the associated relic of Christ?s letter to Abgar of Edessa are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flawed by unawareness of the sources for the letter?s transfer to Constantinople under Romanos III \(Yahya )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Antioch\) and its looting from the imperial palace during a riot in 1185 \(Choniates\). His analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(944 transfer also misses the implications of the extent to which Romanos I?s original project was hijacked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Constantine Porphyrogenitus; this was explored by Sysse Engberg in an article published in 2004 \()] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzance et les reliques du Christ)] TJ ET BT 191.672 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J. Durand and B. Flusin\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10. Andrew Louth, ?Photios as a theologian? \(pp. 206?23\), looks at a side of the great ninth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churchman and scholar that has not received much evaluation, despite his ardent anti-iconoclasm and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role in the outbreak of the Filioque controversy. Photios? 329 responses to questions supposedly asked by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amphilochios, bishop of Kyzikos, were surely, as the author suggests, meant to recall the Amphilochia of St )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basil. Louth comments on Photios? great learning, his use of Theodoret and ?the mysterious sixth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monk Job?, his exegetical approach to doctrinal questions, his awareness of the difference between theologia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and oikonomia, his good grasp of Christology, and the hints of Pythagoreanism in his Trinitarian theology. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final impression is of a typically Byzantine approach, ?disposing of a vast wealth of learning, interested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the issues raised, and also in tying up any loose ends, but not exactly fired by any great vision of how it all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hung together?a kind of theological pottering about?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11. Jennifer Nimmo Smith, ?Magic at the crossroads in the sixth century? \(pp. 224?37\), is a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of Christian definitions of magic at the end of antiquity. The article centres on Pseudo-Nonnos? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary on Gregory of Nazianzos? first oration against Julian, in which mageia is distinguished from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goeteia and pharmakeia as being the summoning of beneficent daimones. The very idea of ?good demons? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a relic of a much older, pre-Christian religion, and quite at odds with the Christian notions that Pseudo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonnos expresses elsewhere in his work. It was, however, not without importance for later Byzantium, since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his definitions were taken up by such influential works as the chronicle of George the Monk and the Suda.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12. Shaun Tougher, ??The Angelic Life?: monasteries for eunuchs? \(pp. 238?52\). ?This essay set out to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlight and explore the phenomenon of the eunuch monastery in Byzantium. The attempt encountered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems, primarily the paucity of examples, but also the scant source material for these examples. But some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis can be attempted??and the essay shows that the attempt was worth making. Eunuch monasteries did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exist, and one, that of Attaleiates, is described in its foundation document. The connection between eunuchs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the ascetic life was undoubtedly long and strong, even though ?one does wonder if in fact there would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been any difference between eunuch and non-eunuch monasteries beyond the physical condition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their personnel?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13. Frank R. Trombley, ?Armed pilgrimage and the reign of the anti-Christ: Steven Runciman and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins of the First Crusade? \(pp. 253?72\). The author attempts, ?a brief prcis on two critical questions: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?armed pilgrimage?, and the received ideas of the Christian communities about what Runciman calls the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?reign of the anti-Christ?. It observes the Latin and oriental Christians from a ?bottom up? rather than ?top )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down? angle??. The article concentrates on the conditions of the march and the ideas about the Muslims that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Latins brought with them and learned from the local Christians. The anti-Christ gets short shrift, as does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole apocalyptic dimension of the First Crusade, although this was basic to the initial crusader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceptions of Islam. Trombley cites Raymond of Aguilers on the crusaders asking the local Syrians the best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way to march from Antioch to Jerusalem, but does not cite the point of the answer they received: ?We read )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7328 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Gospel of the Blessed Peter, which is kept among us, that if you are the people who is to take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerusalem, you must take the road along the coast, although this seems impossible because of the difficulty?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The crusaders followed the coast.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14. David Frendo, ?Wine for immortality and immortality for wine: reflections on the Dionysiaka of Nonnos )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Panopolis? \(pp. 275?89\). The reflections wander far and wide, rather like Nonnos?s poem. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connecting thread appears to be the author?s conviction that this late-fifth-century epic is not a work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian allegory, and he approvingly cites Lee Sherry?s unpublished Columbia PhD thesis of 1991 to deny )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonnian authorship of the hexameter paraphrase of St John?s Gospel. The article is in three sections: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Judgements, comparisons and misconceptions?, ?Authors and authorship?, and ?The plan of Zeus?. The last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a summary of the plot, with particular discussion of the proem, in which Nonnos invokes the inspiration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only of Apollo and the Muses but also of Proteus, whom he seeks to capture ?and thus achieve the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protean multiplicity \(poikilia\) that his task demands?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15. In ?Greek fire revisited: recent and current research? \(pp. 290?325\) John Haldon, with contributions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Andrew Lacey and Colin Hewes, provides a very useful overview of modern attempts to identify and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduce the operation of Byzantium?s ?secret weapon?. He reviews the basic controversy as to whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the siphon which propelled the flaming liquid in question against the enemy ship was a pumping device, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was itself the projectile, an earthenware pot filled with liquid and hurled by a catapult. He then recapitulates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the arguments in favour of the pumping device: from the textual evidence, principally of the )] TJ ET BT 479.276 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(De )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(administrando imperio)] TJ ET BT 144.356 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and from the experiment conducted for a television programme in 2002. The article )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a detailed discussion of the mechanism manufactured for the experiment, and of the liquid itself, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well attested in the sources?light crude oil from surface seepages in the Northern Caucasus oilfield, to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantium had access until the end of the twelfth century. The footnotes to the article are a mine of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references to ancient and medieval military and hydraulic technology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16. Catherine Holmes, ?Constantinople in the reign of Basil II? \(pp. 326?39\), is about Constantinople in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense that the name of a capital city is shorthand for the politics of a state?s central government?or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governance as Holmes like to call it. In the absence of a Byzantine narrative focused on politics at the centre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during Basil?s reign, she finds structure in Ibn Shahram?s diplomatic report of his embassy from Baghdad to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople in 981?2. This reveals a young Basil II, with the support of the epi tou kanikleiou )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nikephoros Ouranos, ?trying to break free of the shackles imposed by Basil Lekapenos, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parakoimomenos?, the illegitimate son of Romanos I. The article then discusses the nature of the power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind the shackles and points to other indications of a Lekapenos presence that persisted at court long after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the parakoimomenos? fall in 985. Holmes wisely resists the temptation, ?to infer that the politics of the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half of Basil?s reign were not only dominated by civil wars with the Skleroi and the Phokades, but also by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle with the Lekapenoi?. As she points out, Basil II too was descended from Romanos I; one might add )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the parakoimomenos had loyally served Constantine VII after the latter had toppled his father. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emperor had to impose himself on his own family as well as other families, and the article concludes by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considering Basil?s consistently cautious approach to his brother, Constantine VIII, and to marriage, both for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself \(he abstained\) and for Constantine?s daughters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17. James Howard-Johnston, ?A short piece of narrative history: war and diplomacy in the Balkans, winter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(921/2?spring 924? \(pp. 340?60\). The narrative covers the climax of the hostile relations between Byzantium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Symeon of Bulgaria. It is a story that has often been told before?Sir Steven looked at it from both the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine and the Bulgarian point of view?but Howard-Johnston tells it with close attention to the sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(several of which had not been critically edited when Runciman wrote\). By ingenious emendation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main chronicle source, he dates the summit meeting between Symeon and Romanos I Lekapenos, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took place on a landing stage in the Golden Horn, to 19 November 923. While leaving the reader to decide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for himself the solution to the other main puzzle posed by the episode, namely Symeon?s ambitions, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steers the narrative to the conclusion that what Symeon most wanted was to be recognized as Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emperor of the Bulgarians.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18. Patricia Karlin Hayter, ?Restoration of Orthodoxy, the pardon of Theophilos, and the )] TJ ET BT 463.616 52.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acta Davidis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 37.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Symeonis et Georgii)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7531 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(pp. 361?73\), is one of three recent articles by the author dealing with the tangle of )] TJ ET BT 442.928 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronicle and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiographical sources for the restoration of icons in 843. This one focuses on the posthumous pardon that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to most, but not all, of the texts, the Empress Theodora obtained for her late husband as the price )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of condemning his iconoclasm. The author reiterates her conclusion that there was no regency council )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointed by Theophilos, and develops her rehabilitation of the )] TJ ET BT 341.312 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acta)] TJ ET BT 363.308 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the three saints \(which she, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dorothy Abrahamse, regards as three )] TJ ET BT 215.960 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vitae)] TJ ET BT 241.292 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( run together\), arguing that this text offers the best version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events. She concludes by examining its account, basically shared with Theophanes Continuatus, of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suicide attempted \(or faked?\) by the iconoclast patriarch John the Grammarian. ?Regardless of what actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happened, this was an excellent pretext for getting rid of the patriarch John?and was this aimed at a public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was, at the very least, tolerant of iconoclasm??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19. Peter Lock, ?Freestanding towers in the countryside of Rhodes? \(pp. 374?93\), catalogues fourteen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(securely-identified forts and nine other unlocated constructions dating from the Hospitaller occupation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(island. The article is illustrated with map, photographs of four towers \(Glyfada, Kritikou, Phourni, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pirgos\), plus a plan of the tower at Kritikou, and sets the buildings in their historical context. ?To draw too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(firm a distinction between freestanding towers and the castles of the island would be misleading. Outside the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city of Rhodes castle construction was generally late and seems to have been motivated by the Turkish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seizure of Negroponte \(Euboea\) in 1470 ? Most of the freestanding towers, including the three beacon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(platforms, fit into a Hospitaller plan for the defence of the island and protection of the south-western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches to Rhodes City; generally conceived after 1470 and implemented with an impressive provision )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and expenditure.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20. A.H.S. Megaw, ?The Campanopetra reconsidered: the pilgrimge church of the Apostle Barnabas?? \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(394?404\). The Campanopetra was a standing stone on the edge of the site of ancient Salamis, Byzantine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantia, near modern Famagusta in Cyprus. Before the Turkish military occupation of northern Cyprus in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1974, French archaeologists excavated, to the east of the stone, the remains of a large, late-fifth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pilgrimage basilica. In the subsequent publication, Georges Roux identified this as a shrine dedicated to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holy Cross. Megaw questions this identification, arguing that the basilica was the one built by the Emperor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zeno in honour of the local saint, the Apostle Barnabas, to whom the church of Cyprus owed \(as it still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(owes\) its autocephalous status. The nearby church attached to the later monastery of St Barnabas was thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to his interpretation, the original centre of the cult, to which the relics returned two hundred years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later, after the city?s destruction by the Arabs. It is unfortunate that the first sentence of this important article )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains a howler which may well confuse the unsuspecting general reader: ?the great pilgrimage church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(built by the Emperor Zeno in the fifth century to strengthen Christian resistance to the Arab invasion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cyprus?. Unfortunate, because both the author and the volume editor knew well that the Arabs invaded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cyprus two centuries later.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21. Lyn Rodley, ?The travels of Paul Lucas? \(pp. 405?12\), echoes Sir Steven Runciman?s interest in travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and travellers? accounts, of which he acquired an impressive collection. Rodley encountered Paul Lucas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1664?1737\) in her work on Cappadocia, and retained a bond of sympathy for this man who, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compelled to collect antiquities and record inscriptions for his patrons, did not feel at ease with academics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as they did not have much time for him. His forte lay in recording details of contemporary life as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?unwitting anthropologist?, and in passing himself off as a doctor in search of herbs, which opened many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doors to him, including those of harems. He thus, ?may well add something to our understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social history of the Ottoman?, and he may not be quite as neglected as Rodley implies. She states in her text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?his books have been out of print since 1744?, yet in note 2 she refers to modern editions of 1998, 2002, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 2004!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22. Peter Sarris, ?Aristocrats and aliens in early Byzantine Constantinople? \(pp. 413?27\), begins and ends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his article with pertinent references to Sir Steven, and, in between, examines one early phase of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople?s role as an imperial melting pot of a service aristocracy with central ambitions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provincial roots. He asks, ?to what extent were members of this new senatorial elite of the new capital able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to mediate between centre and locality?? He answers with reference to Egypt, ?the wealthiest and most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(densely populated region of the entire eastern Roman world?. After looking briefly at the rise and fall of a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 2864 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?well placed nest of Egyptian politicians, poets and poetasters whose political allegiances and Christological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathies were deemed suspect by the Justinianic regime?, Sarris examines the case of the Apion family, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was restored to favour by that regime and whose connections with their large estates in Egypt over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several generations are exceptionally well documented by the Oxyrhynchus papyri. He concludes that, ?in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spite of the limitations of technology and communications inherent in a large pre-industrial empire, members )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the senatorial elite clearly had the potential to operate as a real and effective point of contact between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial court and the provincial world?if, that is, they were minded to do so?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All of these articles are serious works of scholarship, and at least half will be cited for some time as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classic statements on their subjects. The only general quibble one could have is with the way that they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arranged: once it was decided to group them under the three main themes, it might have made sense to order )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each section chronologically according to topic, rather than alphabetically according to author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name?which means, in the last section, that the concluding article on the sixth century follows a study of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century traveller.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All in all, however, this well chosen and handsomely presented volume does Sir Steven proud, down to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduction on the dust-jacket of a watercolour of Constantinople by Edward Lear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 527.647 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 509.867 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 509.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/596)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 508.473 m 322.316 508.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 483.496 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 469.096 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4015)] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.696 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 508.7875 322.3157 520.6675 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/596) >> endobj xref 0 28 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000363 00000 n 0000000400 00000 n 0000000600 00000 n 0000000682 00000 n 0000005713 00000 n 0000005822 00000 n 0000005932 00000 n 0000006041 00000 n 0000009602 00000 n 0000009730 00000 n 0000009814 00000 n 0000009879 00000 n 0000017377 00000 n 0000017442 00000 n 0000024777 00000 n 0000024842 00000 n 0000032222 00000 n 0000032287 00000 n 0000039668 00000 n 0000039733 00000 n 0000047317 00000 n 0000047401 00000 n 0000050318 00000 n 0000050446 00000 n trailer << /Size 28 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 50541 %%EOF