%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930221526+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930221526+01'00') /Title (From Constantine To Charlemagne: An Archaeology of Italy, AD 300?800) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4320 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(From Constantine To Charlemagne: An Archaeology of Italy, AD )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(300?800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Post-classical archaeology emerged into the limelight in Italy in the 1970s, in particular with the founding of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the national journal )] TJ ET BT 130.340 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Archeologia Medievale)] TJ ET BT 242.648 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1974 \(whose principal editor and driving force, Riccardo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francovich, was recently killed in a tragic accident\). In the years that followed, our knowledge of late and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-Roman Italy was transformed by a series of important surveys and excavations \(including projects on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very large scale, as in Brescia under Gian Pietro Brogiolo, and at the eighth- and ninth-century monastery of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(San Vincenzo al Volturno under Richard Hodges\). Some of this work has been published in English, since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there has always been a strong involvement of British archaeologists in post-classical Italian archaeology, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but publication is generally in Italian, putting it beyond the reach of many in the English-speaking world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neil Christie is ideally qualified to survey, assess, and make available in English these rich results, since he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has himself been active in Italy since the mid 1980s, and, amongst other achievements, published a general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the history and archaeology of the Lombards and saw through to publication the pioneering work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on medieval churches carried out by the British School at Rome in the 1960s \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 409.976 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 409.976 67.473 m 415.976 67.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 415.976 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Not only is he well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualified to write this present book, he has also put in a remarkable amount of hard graft in preparing it, as is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(598)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neil Christie)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781859284216)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(604pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&title_id=1417&edition_id=3039)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bryan Ward-Perkins)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 409.9757 67.7875 415.9757 79.6675 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6989 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear from a dense bibliography of over fifty pages \(which, in the very few areas where I feel qualified to test )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it, is both accurate and comprehensive\). Italian archaeology, particularly of the post-Roman period, tends to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disintegrate into regional studies?even the most active and intellectually brilliant archaeologists \(like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francovich and Brogiolo\) have tended to write only about their own regioni \(Toscana and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lombardia/Veneto, respectively\). One enormous strength of Christie?s book is that he ranges all over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peninsular Italy, and, indeed, into Sicily and Sardinia \(both of which, for instance, have substantial entries in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the index\) \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 89.336 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 89.336 709.539 m 95.336 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 95.336 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter, although entitled ?Sources and Contexts?, is really a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of the political history of the peninsula, as known from textual evidence, and an introduction to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various ?peoples? who occupied Italy and the regions into which it was, at various times, divided. Inevitably, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given the complicated history of this period?with an only partial \(and shifting\) Lombard occupation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(followed by another partial \(Frankish\) invasion?the material in this chapter makes for quite hard reading, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a map on page 43 that is meant to clarify the changing Byzantine-Lombard frontiers, but is more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confusing than helpful. Christie?s strengths definitely lie in comprehensive coverage, rather than in reducing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complicated narratives and descriptions to their bare and clear essentials. The contents of this first chapter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with its detailed ?historical? content, set the tone for the rest of the book in one important sense: Christie is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an archaeologist from a tradition that seeks to understand the past using textual and material evidence in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tandem, rather than one who presents material evidence in opposition to what the texts can tell us. Readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 137.672 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can rest assured?he is ?History friendly?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next four chapters are the meat of his work, examining in turn ?Church and Society?, ?Urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evolutions?, ?Defence and Power?, and ?Rural Settlement and Patterns of Change?. As he explains at some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(length in his introduction \(pp. 9?13\), Christie does not consider one other very important area of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeological evidence, that for production and exchange. This is a sensible decision, since there is a huge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliography on this subject \(inevitably, almost exclusively about pottery\), and it could not possibly have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been comprehended within a single volume, if it were treated in the same detail that Christie deploys for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other aspects of Italy?s archaeology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 2, ?Church and Society?, looks first at the evidence of declining paganism, and at the slow spread of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churches through the urban and rural landscape of Italy; it then considers some detailed general themes, such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the evidence for burial practice and monasticism, and the thorny issue of whether an ?Arian? Church can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be revealed in the excavated and standing buildings of Italy. Since there is such a wealth of both textual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence and surviving churches in Italy, this is a chapter where a great deal of what is presented is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(startlingly new. Chapter 3, ?Urban Evolutions?, on the other hand, looks at an area where archaeology has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformed our vision of the past, through discoveries in a large number of cities up and down the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peninsula, including work on an impressive scale in Naples, Rome \(the Crypta Balbi and imperial fora\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Milan, Brescia, Verona, Ravenna, and Classe \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 258.632 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 258.632 274.371 m 264.632 274.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 264.632 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Although the excavations discussed are of great interest, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for me this is Christie?s least successful chapter, because he divides his material thematically in a way that I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found confusing?for instance, in a section called ?Living Spaces?, he opens with a general account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather ephemeral remains of early-medieval housing excavated in places like Verona, Classe, and Brescia; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but then breaks up his material topographically, so that for Rome \(pp. 237?43\) we are treated to a case-study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that jumps from the sumptuous fourth-century aristocratic domus of the Caelian Hill, to the very different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world of the houses of reused brick and peperino blocks, built in the ninth century over the forum of Nerva. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It would have been much clearer to have presented a peninsula-wide discussion of late domus \(and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventual disappearance\), focusing on the fourth to sixth centuries, and to have followed this by a similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general discussion of what housing looked like in later centuries.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 89.3357 709.8535 95.3357 721.7335 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 258.6317 274.6855 264.6317 286.5655 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 6008 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 4, ?Defence and Power?, is, for me, Christie at his best. Partly because he knows a very great deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about both urban and rural fortification \(he began his archaeological career with a PhD on the Lombard and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine defences of Italy\), but mainly because it is arranged chronologically. It opens with an account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the defences of late Roman Italy; continues through the response to crisis and invasion in the fifth century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(an impressive campaign of fortress and townwall construction\); and ends with the fortifications of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peninsula divided between Byzantine and Lombard areas of power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his final central chapter, Christie discusses ?Rural Settlement and Patterns of Change?, presenting a lot of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting evidence, but again in a rather confusing thematic arrangement?four of his sections, for instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cover \(in this order\): ?Churches, Monasteries and Burials?; ?Germans and the Land?; ?Rural Insecurities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Private? Defence: Hills, Refuges and Caves?; and ?Environments, Economies and Bioarchaeologies?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These are all reasonable sub-divisions of the material, but do they fit together, and do they help the reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form a clear overall impression of what was happening in Italy?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christie closes his book with a sixth, very brief, chapter entitled ?Conclusions: Living \(and Dying\) in Late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antique and Early Medieval Italy?. This does contain a few pages, in a sub-section called ?Continuities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Change, Transformation?? \(pp. 505?7\), where he reflects on the overall conclusion of his book?in sum, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favours a picture of the inhabitants of Italy adapting to very changed circumstances. But the chapter also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduces new material: a discussion of the demographic impact of plague and other natural disasters \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(500?4\), and a brief consideration \(pp. 507?9\) of whether or not the peninsula was really divided between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinct Germanic and ?Roman? peoples in the sixth and seventh centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In an overall assessment of the book, there are areas of interpretation that I don?t myself agree with. For my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taste, there is too much ?evolution?, ?change?, ?transformation?, and ?adaptation? in what Christie writes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and not enough ?crisis?, ?dislocation?, and ?decline?. The title of his chapter on cities, ?Urban Evolutions?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is very telling??evolution? is an essentially positive word, that Christie has used twice before in the titles of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books covering the post-Roman centuries: \(with Simon Loseby\) )] TJ ET BT 344.660 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Towns in Transition: Urban Evolution in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 234.008 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1996\); and )] TJ ET BT 414.320 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Landscapes of Change: Rural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Evolutions in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 300.680 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004\). As the author of a book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the apocalyptic title )] TJ ET BT 156.008 377.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Fall of Rome and the End of Civilization)] TJ ET BT 372.020 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: Oxford University Press, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005\), needless to say, I think ?evolution?, and all it conjures up, underplays the drama and crisis that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occurred when the Roman empire disintegrated. These are, however, issues of interpretation, and Christie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has every right to disagree with me.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I do wish, however, that he had written the book in a clearer and slimmer style, and with more of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeological focus. As discussed above, the arrangement of the material is not straightforward and not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crystal clear; and, if I ask myself the key question, ?How much of this book will I set to undergraduates??, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the answer will be, ?Very little beyond Chapter 4 \(on fortifications\)?. In most of the book, I think students )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would get bogged down and lose their way. Scholars will be able to learn a lot on individual themes \(helped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by an excellent index\), though I don?t think many of them will read the book from cover to cover?there isn?t )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a strong enough argumentative thread to carry the reader along. \(And such flow as there is, is often disrupted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by long brackets, serving the purpose of foot-notes or end-notes, which I presume were banned by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publisher.\))] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7116 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christie?s book does, however, contain fascinating material that will be new to all but experts in the various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific fields that he surveys. To take one example, on pages 112?13 \(in his chapter on ?Church and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Society?\), he presents the intriguing evidence of a villa site in Umbria, which in the fifth century became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(child cemetery with some very peculiar associated burials?of puppies and young dogs, all mutilated in some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way before deposition. This is a very telling, if highly enigmatic, insight into ?popular? religious practice. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Everyone will find similar gems in Christie?s rich collection. Although I am in theory familiar with Italy?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-classical archaeology, I found much in this book that I had never heard of \(but was glad to know\); and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experts on contiguous areas \(say, Gallic urbanism or Anglo-Saxon monasticism\) will certainly find it a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productive vein to mine for parallels and contrasts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ironically, although I am very much with Christie in wanting to link the evidence of ?history? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?archaeology?, I found his book too historical, and not archaeological enough. He sets out textual evidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in considerable detail, often taking it back to the primary sources; but I think historians will either know this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material already, or will want subtler interpretations of the textual evidence, while archaeologists will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably find the historical detail boring. The main thing I missed in what is billed as ?An Archaeology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy? was better illustrations. There are 101 figures in this book, but very many of them are familiar \(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasionally rather generalized\) views of places and standing monuments; or are useful, but rather dry, plans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and maps. There are not enough photographs and drawings of the many new and important discoveries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Christie describes in words, to make the material really come alive. This is a pity, and could have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been avoided, despite the real problems that any author faces over copyright. Archaeologists are generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keen to have their work publicized in books of this kind \(aimed at an international and wider readership\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and through the internet it is now not difficult to track down first-class illustrative material. For instance, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only took a few minutes, with the help of Google, to find an excellent plan and one very moving photograph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the child cemetery mentioned above \(which Christie does not illustrate\). To me, a good illustration says a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great deal more than a long description.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a book with very considerable strengths, that summarizes and presents a mass of new information, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and gives all the necessary bibliographical leads for further exploration. It will be very useful for detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research, both into things specifically Italian and as a mine for parallels and contrasts; but, unfortunately, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not sufficiently clearly and economically constructed, nor well enough illustrated, to reach the audience it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 326.403 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 295.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N. Christie, )] TJ ET BT 122.684 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Lombards)] TJ ET BT 192.356 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1995\); N. Christie \(ed\), )] TJ ET BT 355.328 295.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Three South Etrurian Churches)] TJ ET BT 506.996 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1991\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 98.012 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 98.012 280.131 m 152.000 280.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Corsica, although part of ?Italy? in the period we are considering, does not get included?but it would )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be decidedly churlish to complain about this! )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.664 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.664 251.619 m 337.652 251.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 238.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Besides Christie?s chapter, there is a very useful summary \(in Italian\) of much of this work, and its )] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications, in Gian Pietro Brogiolo and Sauro Gelichi, )] TJ ET BT 338.012 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La citt nell?alto medioevo italiano: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Archaeologia e storia)] TJ ET BT 168.680 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Roma-Bari, 1998\); while the recent remarkable finds from Rome are well )] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented and discussed in R. Meneghini and R. Santangeli Valenziani, )] TJ ET BT 409.640 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Roma nell?altomedioevo: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Topografia e urbanistica della citt dal V al X secolo)] TJ ET BT 320.360 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Roma, 2004\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 396.020 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 396.020 180.339 m 450.008 180.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 155.477 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 136.495 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 118.715 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 118.715 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/598)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 117.321 m 322.316 117.321 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 92.344 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.944 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4021)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.544 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 98.0117 280.4455 151.9997 292.3255 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.6637 251.9335 337.6517 263.8135 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 396.0197 180.6535 450.0077 192.5335 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 117.6355 322.3157 129.5155 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/598) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000005032 00000 n 0000005141 00000 n 0000005251 00000 n 0000005360 00000 n 0000008921 00000 n 0000009049 00000 n 0000009133 00000 n 0000009259 00000 n 0000009295 00000 n 0000009386 00000 n 0000016428 00000 n 0000016554 00000 n 0000016590 00000 n 0000016718 00000 n 0000016754 00000 n 0000016819 00000 n 0000022880 00000 n 0000022985 00000 n 0000030154 00000 n 0000030281 00000 n 0000030317 00000 n 0000030445 00000 n 0000030481 00000 n 0000030609 00000 n 0000030645 00000 n 0000030773 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30868 %%EOF