%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722005458+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722005458+01'00') /Title (The Knights Hospitaller of the English Langue 1460?1565) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5177 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Knights Hospitaller of the English Langue 1460?1565)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The history of the Hospitallers in the later-middle ages is still to be written, both in general terms and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many particular respects. Although there has been some recent research on specific aspects of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions, this has been mainly concerned with the previous centuries \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 383.648 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 383.648 229.161 m 389.648 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 389.648 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), while general surveys on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hospitallers of the British Isles, like that of Edwin J. King, are generally outdated \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 432.968 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 432.968 214.905 m 438.968 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 438.968 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). We are, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite well informed about the central policies of the order on Rhodes in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 38.012 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 38.012 186.393 m 44.012 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 44.012 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), the order?s wars against the Mamluks and Ottomans, especially the sieges of Rhodes in 1480 and 1522 \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 172.137 m 40.016 172.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 40.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), and individual priories \(a priory comprised the group of houses located in any one country\), especially in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France and Spain \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 124.328 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 124.328 157.881 m 130.328 157.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 130.328 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). But although there are some very good regional archives \(for example for Spain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southern France, and Bohemia\), relatively little is known about the inner life and administration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order, the interrelationships of the priories, their representation in the convent \(the headquarters of the order, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established on Rhodes from 1309 until 1522 and then, after 1530, on Malta\), and their relationship with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kings and princes. These areas are all discussed by Gregory O?Malley in this book, which is an extended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(version of his Cambridge PhD dissertation of 1999. This thesis was concerned with the English houses of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order in the crucial years between 1460 and 1565; that is before, during, and after the Reformation and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissolution of the order in England. For this book, the houses in Ireland and the single house in Scotland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(602)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 May, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gregory O'Malley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199253791)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(71.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(445pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199253791.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jrgen Sarnowsky)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 383.6477 229.4755 389.6477 241.3555 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 432.9677 215.2195 438.9677 227.0995 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 38.0117 186.7075 44.0117 198.5875 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 172.4515 40.0157 184.3315 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 124.3277 158.1955 130.3277 170.0755 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7483 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which formed a part of the English priory\) have been added, so as to provide a complete picture for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Isles. Although the archives of the priories are almost completely lost for the British Isles, there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many other sources?especially from the central archives now in the National Library of Malta, Valletta, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various royal and other documents from England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland?that provide rich information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a study of this kind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The introduction starts with a survey of the order?s history up to 1565, the date of the Turkish siege of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malta, which concentrates on the Rhodes \(1460?1522\) and Maltese \(1530?1565\) periods \(insofar as they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covered by the span of the book\). General remarks on the Hospitallers in the British Isles are followed by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey of the relevant sources and a short discussion of the existing historiography. The main content of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book can be divided into two parts. The first section \(comprising chapters two to six\) deals mainly with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England and Wales. The second part \(chapters seven to nine\) discusses the houses in Ireland and Scotland, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the knights of the English langue \(that is, the representatives from the priories of England and Ireland based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the convent on Rhodes and, later, Malta\), and the situation that followed the dissolution of the order in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England. This is followed by a short conclusion and by lists of priors, various other important officials, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the members of the langue for the period between c.1460 and 1565. These provide very useful biographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and prosopographical information on families and offices.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second chapter is mainly devoted to the careers of the brethren. It discusses admission to the order, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recruitment of knights, their family relationships and status, life in the preceptories and convent, promotion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to offices, and spirituality and literacy. Between 1460 and 1560 there were no admissions of sergeants, and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the church at Clerkenwell set aside, secular clergy, rather than ordained members of the order, served in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of the order?s churches. Thus the brother knights formed the dominant part of the order?s membership, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of whom came from noble or gentry families from the North or North Midlands, or at least from their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cadet branches. Their chance to be promoted to office within the order was limited by the number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preceptories?there were just twenty of them. Administration and finance are the topics of the third chapter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which considers the changes in the management of the order?s estates after the inquest of 1338, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of the Black Death, the income, the responsions \(payments sent to the convent on Rhodes\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and other payments to the common treasury, and the collection of these monies. In the period around 1500, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more and more land was leased out, often for long terms, with the leases being granted by provincial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters?although from the 1490s the income from leases remained stable. Other sources of income were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confraternity payments and spiritualities \(tithes, oblations, indulgences, burials, and so on\). The yearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(income from farms and rents alone still amounted to 3,000 in the sixteenth century, but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsions?based on the priory?s income?paid to the convent in around 1500 amounted to just 945, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was only half of the sum sent in 1338. Nevertheless, the English brethren took their obligations to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convent seriously, and contributed more than 6,000 in 1522 when the Ottoman siege of Rhodes had begun. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is illustrated by the discussion in chapter four of the reception of the order in society, the influence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusading ideas, the mentality of the brethren and their adherence to the original ideas, and their spiritual, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial, and personal links to lay people. During the period covered by this book, the order still had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some success in recruiting confratres, selling indulgences, and providing extra-parochial spiritual services. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The brethren were integrated in their personal and family networks, but concessions were mainly made to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-members who were influential at the royal court.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The central chapters, chapters five to six, discuss extensively \(and for the most part chronologically\) the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship of the Hospitallers with the English crown, first for the period covering the reigns from Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(III to Henry VII \(1327?1509\), and then for the reign of Henry VIII \(1509?1547\). The crown had a recurring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tendency to limit both the payments to \(ecclesiastical\) authorities outside England, and the journeys, foreign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities, and obligations of Englishmen, including the provision of \(ecclesiastical\) offices. Nevertheless, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even though responsions were at times stopped, the order was regularly allowed to send men and money to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rhodes, especially in the fifteenth century, when this was an effective English way to contribute to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defence against the Turks?something made manifest in the English tower at the order?s castle of St Peter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Bodrum\). The price for this was a close relationship between kings and priors which sometimes led into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict, as, for example, when Edward IV tried to influence two prioral elections?that of Langstrother in the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 6739 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period 1468?70, and that of Robert Multon, whose bid failed in the face of the convent?s hostility, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1474?77?and when Prior John Kendal became involved in the Perkin Warbeck affair during the reign of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VII. The cooperation continued during the first fifteen years of Henry VIII?s reign, although for Prior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Docwra this doomed him to spending more and more of his time working for the royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration. But during the second Ottoman siege of Rhodes the king had no sympathy for sending men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or money, and when Rhodes was lost relations deteriorated?at least after 1526. Thus, when Docwra died in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(April 1527, the sequestration of the priory followed, only to be lifted after his successor, William Weston, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had paid a heavy fine?albeit that it was afterwards ?generously? handed over to the master when he came to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England. In the meantime, some of the goods of the late prior and the priory had been alienated and now had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be recovered. Furthermore, the ambitions of Clement West, the turcopolier \(the officer responsible for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mercenaries known as ?turcopoles?\) since 1531, caused problems both to the English langue at Malta and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England itself. Finally, after the king broke with Rome, the order was dissolved in England on 1 May 1540.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven at first discusses the history of the Irish houses of the order. These mostly lay within the parts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Ireland dominated by the English, and the consequence of this was that many of the priors also served as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal officials. In the fifteenth century, the Irish priory became the object of quarrels between the leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Irish families, while English brethren nominated as priors by the English langue or the convent at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rhodes mostly failed to establish themselves in the country. This was very different from the situation that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pertained in Scotland, where the preceptory at Torphichen \(and the other Scottish properties of the order\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was subjected to, and dominated by, the English priory?something that was backed by a ?grudging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cooperation of the two crowns? \(p. 266\), which was only ended by the Dissolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the convent, which moved from Rhodes first to Italy and then to Malta, the English, Irish, and Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(houses were represented by the English langue. Its role, and that of its members, in the convent is examined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in chapter eight, which discusses the journey to the convent from Britain, the numbers of brethren who made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up the langue, the maintenance of the auberge in which they lodged, commercial operations, problems of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline, the contributions of the members of the langue to the defence of Rhodes, the caravana of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(younger brethren, the office of turcopolier and the employment of turcopoles, and the members? service on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commissions and as officials. Finally, chapter nine deals with the fate of English brethren after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissolution, while the conclusion stresses the relative importance of the English langue, and the commitment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of its brethren, to the order?s tasks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Based on an impressive bulk of materials, which becomes even denser for the sixteenth century, this book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fundamental study on all aspects of the history of the Hospitallers in the British Isles in the later middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ages. The diligent and thorough approach of the author allows intensive insights in the structures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(procedures of the British branch of the order. Even if the situation here was different from that in the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(langues, the results of the study will form a good basis for comparison with other branches and regions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Additionally, the descriptions of the life of the knight brethren complement studies on the English nobility in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the later middle ages, while the order?s relationship to king and government forms part of the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of England around 1500. In sum, this book is an important study that contributes much to our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of late-medieval history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 167.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See the articles of Helen Nicholson and Jrgen Sarnowsky in )] TJ ET BT 360.632 167.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mendicants, Military Orders, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Regionalism in Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 222.332 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. H. Nicholson and J. Sarnowsky \(Aldershot, 1999\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.300 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.300 151.827 m 545.288 151.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 138.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. J. King, )] TJ ET BT 118.016 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Knights of St John in the British Realm)] TJ ET BT 326.696 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, third edition revised by H. Luke \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1967\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 98.012 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 98.012 123.315 m 152.000 123.315 l S endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.2997 152.1415 545.2877 164.0215 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 98.0117 123.6295 151.9997 135.5095 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 3693 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, the collected studies of Anthony Luttrell: )] TJ ET BT 351.644 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Hospitallers in Cyprus, Rhodes, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Greece and the West, 1291?1440)] TJ ET BT 223.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1978\); )] TJ ET BT 308.312 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Latin Greece, the Hospitallers and the Crusades, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1291?1440)] TJ ET BT 118.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1982\); )] TJ ET BT 202.676 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Hospitallers of Rhodes and their Mediterranean World)] TJ ET BT 488.336 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1992\); )] TJ ET BT 98.348 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Hospitaller State on Rhodes and its Western Provinces, 1306?1462)] TJ ET BT 443.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot, 1999\); and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Sarnowsky, )] TJ ET BT 134.012 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macht und Herrschaft im Johanniterorden des 15. Jahrhunderts)] TJ ET BT 442.652 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Mnster, 2002\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.640 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.640 738.051 m 557.300 738.051 l S BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 723.795 m 90.344 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 710.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cf. N. Vatin, )] TJ ET BT 129.344 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Ordre de Saint-Jean-de-Jrusalem, l?Empire ottoman et la Mditerrane orientale )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(entre les deux siges de Rhodes, 1480?1522)] TJ ET BT 275.648 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Collection Turcica, 7 \(Paris, 1994\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 454.292 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 454.292 695.283 m 508.280 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 682.426 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example by P. Bonneaud, )] TJ ET BT 209.672 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le prieur de Catalogne, le couvent de Rhodes et la couronne d'Aragon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1415?1447)] TJ ET BT 118.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Milites Christi, 2 \(Larzac, 2004\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.332 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.332 666.771 m 339.320 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance Quarterly)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 612.003 m 154.700 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 608.671 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 590.891 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 590.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/602)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 589.497 m 322.316 589.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 564.520 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 550.120 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4031)] TJ ET BT 34.016 535.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 521.464 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/renaissance_quarterly/v059/59.4braddock.pdf)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 529.6397 738.3655 557.2997 750.2455 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 724.1095 90.3437 735.9895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 454.2917 695.5975 508.2797 707.4775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.3317 667.0855 339.3197 678.9655 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 612.3175 154.6997 624.1975 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/renaissance_quarterly/v059/59.4braddock.pdf) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 589.8115 322.3157 601.6915 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/602) >> endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000558 00000 n 0000000675 00000 n 0000005904 00000 n 0000006013 00000 n 0000006123 00000 n 0000006232 00000 n 0000009793 00000 n 0000009921 00000 n 0000010005 00000 n 0000010133 00000 n 0000010169 00000 n 0000010297 00000 n 0000010333 00000 n 0000010459 00000 n 0000010495 00000 n 0000010621 00000 n 0000010657 00000 n 0000010785 00000 n 0000010821 00000 n 0000010886 00000 n 0000018422 00000 n 0000018513 00000 n 0000025305 00000 n 0000025433 00000 n 0000025469 00000 n 0000025596 00000 n 0000025632 00000 n 0000025751 00000 n 0000029497 00000 n 0000029625 00000 n 0000029661 00000 n 0000029787 00000 n 0000029823 00000 n 0000029951 00000 n 0000029987 00000 n 0000030115 00000 n 0000030151 00000 n 0000030278 00000 n 0000030433 00000 n 0000030561 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30656 %%EOF