%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819122738+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819122738+01'00') /Title (Becoming Irlands: Private Narratives of the Irish Emigration to Argentina \(1844?1912\)) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4137 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Becoming Irlands: Private Narratives of the Irish Emigration to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Argentina \(1844?1912\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It would be easy, but facile, to dismiss emigration from Ireland to Argentina as a minor aberration in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of both countries. Fewer than 50,000 of Ireland?s eight million emigrants between 1830 and 1930 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made for Argentina, forming a tiny fraction of that country?s small ingles \(English-speaking\) minority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during an era of post-colonial wars, nation-building, and rapid economic development. This was the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-Anglophone country to attract more than a trickle of Irish emigrants, though Argentina?s exoticism was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mitigated by its close political and economic ties with Britain. In contrast to the stereotypical emigrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience in Britain or the United States, the Irish in Argentina quickly won a deserved reputation for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success in the risky but potentially rewarding business of taming the pampas, and of buying and selling land )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and livestock on a scale unimaginable in rural Ireland. Unlike the mass of emigrants heading from the rural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West and South to the industrial cities of Britain and the United States, the Irish in Argentina came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predominantly from three relatively prosperous counties \(Westmeath, Wexford, and Longford\). Strong and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enduring chains of migration developed from extended family networks clustered in a handful of parishes, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful settlers induced relatives and neighbours to follow their example and often to join their business )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprises in Argentina. The settlers were sufficiently endogamous to foster a self-replicating and self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(607)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edmundo Murray)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789509725713)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(212pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(LOLA: Literature of Latin America)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.lola-online.com/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buenos Aires)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Fitzpatrick)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7466 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciously Irish community, distinguishable within the broader English-speaking population by its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adherence to an increasingly Irish version of Roman Catholicism \(often at odds with the local hierarchy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aggressively fostered by the Irish missionary priest, Anthony Fahy\). Yet the Irish were so closely aligned in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics and business with the Anglophone lite that few Argentinians or continental immigrants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished between those of British and Irish nationality. The Irish in Argentina were therefore too few, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too comfortable in their origins, too successful, too respectable, and too British in their culture to fit any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional stereotype of the Irish emigrant. Until the 1970s, the predominance of reductive models of Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emigration ensured that the Argentinian strand would be dismissed as an insignificant if diverting footnote to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the master narrative of exile, poverty at home and abroad, discrimination, resistance, lingering resentment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and eventual triumph against the odds.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As in most fields, the effect of recent revisionist scholarship has been to dismantle such master narratives, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reject the routine application of stereotypes to individual emigrants, to affirm the multiplicity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexity of emigrant experiences, and indeed to place particular emphasis on seemingly aberrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minorities and sub-groups. In their crusade against the reductionists, whose stereotypes were typically drawn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from mid-nineteenth-century Boston or New York, Don Akenson and his motley band of acolytes and like-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minds have made highly effective use of better-documented but smaller-scale movements to countries such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and even Montserrat. Once the pursuit of an illusory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uniformity is abandoned, all variant strands carry equal significance when interpreting the consequences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration for the individual. Such studies concentrate on the diverse consequences of different host )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environments rather than the general impediments to ethnic performance formerly attributed to ?cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baggage?. The revisionist pioneers tended to picture emigrants as rational actors responding to different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combinations of opportunities and obstacles, not as impotent victims of discrimination or ignorance. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-modernized successors \(often the same people a few years on\), wary of models based on economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calculations of rational action, have preferred to visualize migration as a process of ?negotiating identity? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply of ?becoming? something different. In either case, the study of superficially exceptional movements, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as that from Ireland to Argentina, is no less useful in testing general economic or psychological models )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of migration than studies relating to Boston, or New Orleans, or Auckland, or rural Ontario.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One consequence of the disaggregation of migration studies has been enhanced interest in personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testimony, such as correspondence, diaries, and autobiographies. Most of the interesting questions about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why people choose to move, how they organize their movements, how they respond to changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environments, and how their actions affect others, lie beyond the range of the major conventional sources for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration history \(official enquiries and statistics, press reports, public debates, institutional records, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotypes expressed in political rhetoric, caricatures, or fiction\). At first sight, hand-written letters or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminiscences by nineteenth-century emigrants promise immediate access to their uncensored motives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences, social networks, and personal loyalties. As every student of emigrant testimony soon discovers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, private rhetoric is at least as difficult to unpick and interpret as public or political rhetoric. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Emigrant letters were seldom unguarded confessions or mere factual reports, typically being instruments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deployed to influence the thoughts and actions of their recipients. Since virtually no epistolary assertion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however circumstantial, can be taken at face value, the analyst is faced with formidable problems of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualization and interpretation, exacerbated in most cases by the need to imagine the missing half of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each dialogue. Furthermore, the self-evident absurdity of attributing ?representative? status to the tiny )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minority of letters that have survived, or even to the corpus of letters originally generated by more or less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literate writers, has led some critics to dismiss the utility of collections of emigrant letters, however )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrupulously handled. Despite these challenges, some of the most interesting recent work on international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration has exploited individual testimony to undermine specious generalizations and to document the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breath-taking diversity and ingenuity of human responses to novel situations. Immersion in such sources has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helped to liberate historians from self-imposed blinkers, and to reconnect aggregate analysis with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary constructions of personal experience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edmundo Murray?s quirky but fascinating edition of ?private narratives?, expanded from a Spanish version )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published in 2004, is a significant contribution to the documentation and also the analysis of Irish emigration )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7432 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Argentina. The statistical foundation for this movement is notably shaky, since most official Argentinian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enumerations failed to discriminate between those of British and Irish birth within the broad category of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ingles, while very little information on those embarking for Argentina is available from Irish or British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources. Even so, over the past quarter-century, the remarkable genealogical work of Eduardo Coghlan, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies based on nominal data by Hilda Sabato and Juan Carlos Korol, have yielded rich information on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial sub-set of Irish settlers and their descendants. Such studies have enabled Murray in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory chapter to provide a succinct account of the places of origin and settlement, the age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emigrants at the time of arrival, marriage, and death, and their occupations as recorded in the Argentinian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(census. The meat of his book, however, is four chapters of personal testimony, incorporating two brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memoirs \(presumably based on lost diaries\) and two sets of letters from Irish emigrants or their descendants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Argentina.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The memoirs are of less interest to historians of migration than the letters. That by Edward Robbins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1802?66\), a prosperous farmer from King?s County \(Offaly\) who was active in the Catholic Association )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Repeal movement, contains but a single page on his life after emigration to Argentina in 1849. ?Don )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toms? Garrahan \(1864?1936\), although of Westmeath descent, had no direct knowledge of Ireland and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spent his life making and losing large sums of money on a succession of sheep and cattle ranches \(?camps?\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in various parts of Argentina. The social and economic networks documented in his account were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelmingly Irish in origin, and the climax of Garrahan?s narrative is his marriage, aged forty-six, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another Argentinian of Irish descent. He congratulated himself on his repudiation of tobacco, drink \(apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a flirtation with wine as a boy\), and gambling \(after ?several times being sold by either rider, starter or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judge?\). Although a practising Catholic, his moralizing was as much the affirmation of a respectable ingles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as an irlands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similar values are expressed in a large collection of letters \(1844?79\) sent to Martin Murphy in Westmeath )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by his brothers and other relatives in Argentina. Mainly written by James Murphy, a relentlessly successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estanciero intent upon importing his extended family to Argentina and in building up transoceanic business )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections, these letters are particularly valuable in chronicling the complex and intricate process of chain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration. James portrayed himself as paterfamilias of a far-flung clan, sending home sage advice reinforced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by substantial remittances with strict instructions as to their use. By contrast, the letters received by John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Pettit in Victoria \(1864?75\) are primarily concerned with fostering emotional solidarity among the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descendants of Irish emigrants rather than with business connections. Pettit, born in Buenos Aires of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wexford parentage, had moved as an infant with his widowed father to the gold-town of Dunolly, but his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maternal cousins in Argentina \(mainly young women who likewise ?never visited Ireland?\) were determined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to incorporate him into their extended family and to share their news, hopes, and losses as cholera and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yellow fever engulfed Argentina. Like Garrahan, another descendant of Irish emigrants, the Argentinian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cousins belonged to a strongly Catholic ?Irish? sub-culture within the ingles and ?Foreign Community of B. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A.? \(p. 107\). Their correspondence illuminates the multiple meanings of Irishness for those conscious of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish origins, dependant on Irish contacts, yet without personal knowledge of Ireland.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Murray admits, these testaments of Irish Argentina are random records, neither remarkable for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eloquence and informativeness, nor demonstrably representative of ?ordinary? emigrants and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descendants. He makes little attempt to subject so small a dossier to content analysis or to close textual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critique, apart from suggestive if inconclusive dissections of the usage of the words ?camp? and ?home?, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an interesting discussion of the occurrence of Spanish terms in these Hiberno-English texts \(pp. 23?6\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead, the idiosyncratic introduction and epilogue offer impressionistic insights into the ?search for identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the part of the Irish in Argentina, that is to say, the recognition of what they are not? \(p. 132\). Murray )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses his four chapters of personal testimony to illustrate a process, which he believes to be general, whereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish emigrants and their descendants acquired first an English, then an Argentinian, and subsequently a self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciously ?Irish? identity \(p. 6\). This process was largely dictated by changes in the Argentinian political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context, producing different solutions to the identity problem for successive generations of emigrants, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also encouraging individuals to redefine their identity in the course of an Argentinian career. Murray?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general comments, though often thought-provoking and nuanced, appear to have only a tenuous connection )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1930 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the transcribed narratives. Textual interpretation is left up to the reader, helped by an armoury of very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed and methodical notes on individuals, places, and public events mentioned in the text. Though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naturally stronger for Argentina than for Ireland \(or Australia\), Murray?s contextualization is enriched by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some superb illustrations including the author?s own photographs of buildings and scenes in Ireland as well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Argentina. The outcome is an important contribution to the study of the Irish overseas, using unfamiliar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal testimony of interest to every imaginative student of international migration and ethnic identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buenos Aires Herald)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.irlandeses.org/devenir.htm)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 669.027 m 219.668 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 222.668 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 665.695 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 647.915 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 647.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/607)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 646.521 m 322.316 646.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 621.544 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.144 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4046)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.744 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.irlandeses.org/devenir.htm#kiernan)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 669.3415 219.6677 681.2215 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.irlandeses.org/devenir.htm#kiernan) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 646.8355 322.3157 658.7155 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/607) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000591 00000 n 0000000673 00000 n 0000004862 00000 n 0000004971 00000 n 0000005081 00000 n 0000005190 00000 n 0000008751 00000 n 0000008879 00000 n 0000008963 00000 n 0000009028 00000 n 0000016547 00000 n 0000016612 00000 n 0000024097 00000 n 0000024188 00000 n 0000026171 00000 n 0000026298 00000 n 0000026395 00000 n 0000026523 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26618 %%EOF