%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R ] /Count 2 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021202701+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021202701+01'00') /Title (Emigrant Homecomings: The Return Movement of Emigrants, 1600?2000) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3908 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Emigrant Homecomings: The Return Movement of Emigrants, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1600?2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like many another Roundhead, George Downing had a problem when Charles II returned in 1660, not least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because he had been inconveniently prominent in urging Oliver Cromwell to become king. Luckily there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a way out. In 1638 the Downing family had decamped to Massachusetts, where young George had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become the second person to graduate from Harvard. He had, he explained, ?sucked in principles which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since his reason had made him see were erroneous?. Fast forward to 1995, when the Scottish National Party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was poised to win a by-election in Perthshire. Their candidate, Roseanna Cunningham, was articulate, forty-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something, every inch a winner, but for one awkward problem?she wanted a Scottish republic, and hostility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the monarchy might not play well in caber-tossing country. SNP spin-doctors came up with the answer: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ms Cunningham, they explained, had spent her early life in Australia where she had picked up a few strange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas that were definitely not party policy. Few voters would appreciate that Australia?s republican )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement was a relatively-recent and shallow-rooted fad. The ploy worked in both cases. Downing escaped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disembowelment and pulled off the Whitehall property deal that still gives Britain?s prime minister an Ivy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(League address. The SNP won their parliamentary seat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(610)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marjory Harper)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719070709)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/catalogue/book.asp?id=1204160)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ged Martin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7063 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nobody really knows how many migrants came back. Official statistics usually deal with passenger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movements, the raw numbers of people who passed through the ports. Passengers were not always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sojourners, nor did the returnees necessarily make a tidy reverse journey by the same routes. In her useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to )] TJ ET BT 108.020 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Emigrant Homecomings)] TJ ET BT 225.008 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Marjorie Harper assembles estimates suggesting that two-fifths of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emigrants from England came back in the half century before 1914, along with about one-third of wandering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scots. These are notably sizeable proportions within massive global movements of people, but they are only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just starting to make an impact upon the scholarly literature in this field. Who were they? Why did they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come home? Did they repatriate fresh ideas? What impact did they make upon their communities? This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume, handsomely produced by Manchester University Press, is an attempt to start providing some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(answers. The contributing essays are grouped into four sections: an overview, a discussion of motives, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of mechanisms and finally an attempt to evaluate impact.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Emigrant Homecomings)] TJ ET BT 151.004 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( opens with a paper by Mark Wyman that offers an analytical model to account for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the varying balances of motive and circumstance. Patrick Fitzgerald argues that return migration was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established feature of pre-Famine Irish migration, even if the flows cannot be counted. Steve Murdoch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates not only a major two-way movement of people in and out of seventeenth-century Scotland, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also a perhaps surprising level of ethnic identification with the homeland even among ?Scots? who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(born and raised in the Baltic. Eric Richards covers a great deal of ground looking at Australia, suggesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that as many as five per cent of transported convicts anticipated Roseanna Cunningham and made it back to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain. Richards interweaves a complex picture of tourists, failed emigrants, successful colonists and long-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distance workers. As communications improved, so nostalgia for the old country made migration less of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once-for-all decision. Yet, as Alistair Thomson argues in his survey of post-1945 British migrants to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australia, homesickness is far from being a simple concept, although it probably gave Australian authorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an easy way of explaining away the difficulties of adjustment experienced by many Poms. Paul Basu )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interprets the idea of ?homecoming? in an even more precise manner, examining the rise of ?roots? tourism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the Scottish Highlands. The loose-worded trend among popular writers to hint that Gaelic Scotland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffered some form of genocide encourages overseas visitors to impart some form of meaning to their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derived identities through making a symbolic pilgrimage to places such as Culloden. Bruce S. Elliott ranges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely through his important work on Irish migration to highlight the return journey as, literally, a passage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rite within a trans-national community. Kathleen Burke lifts the veil on the Canada Club, a mysterious elite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London dining club founded in 1810 and initially closely linked to powerful interests in the fur trade. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marilyn J. Barber investigates the Fellowship of the Maple Leaf, an Anglican missionary organization that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to have helped its members foster a joint sense of British-Canadian identity throughout the central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades of the twentieth century. Alexia Grosjean offers a four-hundred year overview of the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returned migrants on the Aberdeenshire parish of Belhevie. It is hardly surprising that she doubts whether a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single overarching model can explain so much diverse human mobility, although the perennial pull of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?home? is evidently a continuing theme. Andrew McKillop rounds off the collection with an example of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(presumably\) small but highly-visible group, the Nabob who came home from India loaded with loot. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case of Sir Hector Munro of Novar, acquired wealth underpinned existing social and landed authority, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making it all the easier for him to reshape his community. As McKillop says, the homecoming of one rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man resulted in the forced emigration of many of his poorer neighbours.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus the collection combines attempts at categorization with explorations of specific examples. Like all such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books, its strengths are its weakness, and vice-versa. There is certainly much useful material here for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(university seminar course on migration, and enough questions are posed to stimulate further work in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 130.735 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 112.955 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 112.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/610)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 111.561 m 322.316 111.561 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 86.584 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.184 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4062)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 111.8755 322.3157 123.7555 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/610) >> endobj xref 0 18 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000328 00000 n 0000000365 00000 n 0000000554 00000 n 0000000636 00000 n 0000004596 00000 n 0000004705 00000 n 0000004815 00000 n 0000004924 00000 n 0000008485 00000 n 0000008613 00000 n 0000008697 00000 n 0000008781 00000 n 0000015897 00000 n 0000016025 00000 n trailer << /Size 18 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 16120 %%EOF