%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417220122+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417220122+01'00') /Title (Religion and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4192 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Religion and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This study by Callum Brown, Professor of Religious and Cultural History at the University of Dundee, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms part of a larger series of general survey volumes entitled ?Religion, Politics and Society in Britain? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the general editorship of Keith Robbins. As such its brief is wide, and, as the preface lays out, it aims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to provide the ?first comprehensive narrative of religion in British society and culture throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century? \(p. xvi\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There have of course been general survey volumes before, perhaps most notably Adrian Hastings? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of English Christianity, 1920?1985)] TJ ET BT 252.704 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 259.700 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 259.700 160.137 m 265.700 160.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 265.700 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Brown?s study ranges a great deal more broadly than this, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and it is indeed a most significant and welcome aspect of the book that it considers areas of the subject that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been comparatively neglected: it pays particular attention to non-English, and in particular Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material, and to the trajectories taken by faiths other than Christianity. It is also wholly un-ecclesiastical in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character, and indeed the reader requiring a summary of the subject matter of traditional church history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period?liturgical change, bishops, and synods?will probably need to look elsewhere. The subject of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study is the people, and not the churches.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brown rightly chooses to situate his account in the context of three major world trends: firstly, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(611)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Callum Brown)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780582472891)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(360pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pearson Education)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pearsoned.co.uk/Bookshop/detail.asp?item=100000000015834)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harlow)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Webster)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 259.6997 160.4515 265.6997 172.3315 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7679 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secularization, or perhaps de-Christianization of greater Europe; secondly, a worldwide growth of militancy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in various forms in many of the religious traditions; and thirdly, the rise of the ?new age? or ?spiritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution?, the de-centring of religious experience and the move away from structures, membership, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(codification of doctrine, particularly in the Christian west. The pattern of much of Brown?s narrative will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar to those acquainted with his earlier study )] TJ ET BT 274.652 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain)] TJ ET BT 422.672 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.668 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.668 738.051 m 435.668 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 435.668 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), with the disintegration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Christian culture happening very suddenly and catastrophically in the 1960s, rather than being part of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century-long gradual decline. Bringing the narrative of Christian Britain up to the turn of the millennium, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brown rightly focuses on the experience of non-Christian minorities in the UK, the progressive adaptation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and accommodation with change happening within the Christian churches, and on a rise in religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(militancy in the last two decades \(of which more below\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In short, Brown has written an important study which is wide-ranging and stimulating in its selection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source material, ranging from printed periodicals to oral testimony and autobiography, and from statistics on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church attendance to naming practices. The writing is often evocative, and particularly so on the ferment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1960s, the most colourful of decades, and his eye for a vivid detail is acute: the story of the notorious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rector of Stiffkey finds a place, along with the jostling of Billy Graham by a Soho crowd in 1966, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(silence of Evan Roberts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It may be considered invidious to criticize a general study such as this for omissions and weight of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphases, given the diversity of British religion during the period. However, as noted above, the study does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lay some claim to comprehensiveness, and I should like to raise a series of points at which different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphases might have produced a different account.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first concerns Brown?s treatment of the motors of religious change. Whilst the book notes the principal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical frames through which the question may and has been viewed \(pp. 8?15\), the body of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text, whilst masterly in its description of the progress of religious change and its effects, seems less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned as to its causes. It is perhaps in the realm of religious )] TJ ET BT 343.292 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ideas)] TJ ET BT 368.624 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that the lack of focus on causation is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most acute. For instance, Brown rightly groups together the sweeping legislative change in the later sixties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(the Sexual Offences Act and Abortion Act of 1967, and the earlier Lady Chatterley trial\) but touches only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lightly on the tangled cluster of debates relating to the nature of the state, sexuality, human nature, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(person that were both implicit and explicit in the debates surrounding them. The 1950s and 1960s were a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period of remarkable intellectual change, and the study would have profited from giving those changes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater weight.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whilst the decline of religious behaviour, as measured by the traditional indicators of church attendance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baptisms, and so on, was indeed dramatic in the middle and latter part of the century, one feels from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brown?s account that such changes can be taken as read?that they were simply an inevitable result of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victory of right-thinking people and the shrugging-off of prurience and conservative cowardice. Brown on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasion allows his authorial objectivity to slip, which needlessly obscures his argument. The churches in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1900 were ?past-masters in producing good spin on their own performance? \(p. 76\). The 36,431 Londoners )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responding during the Billy Graham meetings of 1954?5 are described as a ?minute? total \(p. 195\), but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(350 initiates of Hare Krishna between 1976?83 were ?immensely influential ? shattering narrow conceptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of religion? \(pp. 263?4\). There are also explicit value judgements on some of the issues under examination, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the authorial ?we? occasionally allowed to presume to speak on behalf of the reader. The ?new world? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(envisioned by Archbishop Randall Davidson at the close of the First World War is ?a chimera to us? \(p. 99\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before 9-11 ?we comprehended our world as a glide from religion to reason, from talking redemptive states )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to talking welfare states? \(p. xv\). The arguments advanced against the ordination of women may well have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been ?sexist, absurd, illogical and hypocritical? \(p. 253\), but in the context of this study, their correctness is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beside the point.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A second issue, which is closely connected to the first, relates to Brown?s treatment of the religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?establishment?. Brown is often careful to note the divisions within the churches into liberal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative positions. The stir caused by )] TJ ET BT 237.656 66.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Honest to God)] TJ ET BT 307.652 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, by John Robinson, Bishop of Woolwich, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skilfully evoked, and Robinson was indeed to appear for the )] TJ ET BT 325.640 52.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(defence)] TJ ET BT 362.288 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the Lady Chatterley trial. This care )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 429.6677 738.3655 435.6677 750.2455 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8502 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over detail is, however, frequently undermined by a rhetorical tendency to speak of an undifferentiated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?establishment?, a stubborn obstacle to change. Thus the ?forces of puritanism? rose up against the sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution, represented by Mary Whitehouse, ?an artless parody of anti-intellectualism?, but the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?forces of church reaction? finally fall silent in the face of the legislative changes of the late 1960s \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248?9, 267\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This rhetorical tendency to adopt too straightforward a progressive-reactionary typology \(which, it must be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stressed, is belied by much of Brown?s detail\) tends to obscure the intricacy of the negotiation between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity and change going on within the ?establishment? and the constitution of that establishment itself. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ?establishment? was a remarkably amorphous and mobile construct, capacious enough to embrace the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usual corporate bodies of church, law, and politics, but to a large degree populated by the looser groupings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of civil society. The establishment was also able eventually to embrace an outsider figure such as Benjamin, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventually Baron Britten, and it was W. H. Auden who expressed equivocatory gratitude that his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality had ?saved me from becoming a pillar of the Establishment, and it )] TJ ET BT 429.308 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(might not even have done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(that)] TJ ET BT 52.688 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( if I hadn?t bolted to America? \(my italics\) \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 264.980 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 264.980 597.747 m 270.980 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 270.980 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). A great deal of work remains to be done to trace the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting and overlapping subsets of the several establishments in British society, and the varying trajectories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of resistance and adaptation to, and adoption of, changing ideas, and such a bi-polar picture of progress and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaction as Brown seems to present tends to obscure them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was also the case that change within the churches was sometimes )] TJ ET BT 360.620 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(driven)] TJ ET BT 391.280 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by the clergy, with little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasm, and often opposition, from the laity. Brown rightly notes the efforts to introduce ?pop? church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(music \(pp. 264?5\), but implies that it was primarily a reactive movement, driven by changes in popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. The present author has argued at length elsewhere that the introduction of pop into church provoked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several varying trajectories of reaction, with clergy, church musicians, and the laity lined up on each side of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the arguments for and against its adoption \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 242.324 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 242.324 457.443 m 248.324 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 248.324 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The same might also be argued in relation to the introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of modern art into Anglican churches, with the experiments of Walter Hussey, Vicar of St Matthew?s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Northampton and Dean of Chichester being often supported by a minority of clergy, vigorously supported by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(art-critical voices \(notably Sir Kenneth Clark, an establishment figure par excellence\), but often vehemently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposed by laity, both active members of the church and not \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 331.304 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 331.304 400.419 m 337.304 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 337.304 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The reactions prompted from )] TJ ET BT 490.604 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(outside)] TJ ET BT 525.272 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churches to the advent of revised liturgies in the Church of England in the 1970s show that lay religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatism could remain as vigorous outside the churches as within them, if not indeed more so.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final area with which I should like to engage, which is related to the question of the conservative nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the establishment, is that of the labelling of conservative religion. This is by way of an elaboration on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes left implicit in Brown?s study, and arguably unavoidably so, given the constraints of a chronological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative. Several terms denoting conservatism appear throughout, including ?fundamentalism?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?puritanism?, ?militancy?, ?evangelicalism?, and ?revivalism?. ?Puritanism?, when conceived of as a daily, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lived concern with personal behaviour, is perhaps reasonably stable as a term, although its historic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pejorative overtones cannot be reckoned without. Fundamentalism, a much more problematic term, does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receive a clear definition at any point. Christian fundamentalism, in its US incarnation, is characterized by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high levels of adherence, increased political activism, and the adoption of Creationism or ?intelligent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(design? \(p. 12\). In the UK, where \(as Brown rightly points out\) Christian fundamentalism has not been as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strong, it has tended to be characterized by a strict adherence to the literal sense of Biblical injunction \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(117?19\). When defined solely in these terms of attitudes of sacred texts, there are \(as Malise Ruthven has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggested\) reasonable grounds for labelling the vast majority of Muslims as ?fundamentalist?, when defined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very narrowly on the basis of the orthodox view of the authorship of the Koran \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 419.612 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 419.612 160.323 m 425.612 160.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 425.612 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Given the present state of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our public discourse, particular care is needed to distinguish between forms of militancy, and to delineate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more precisely what is meant by ?fundamentalism?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An urgent task, and one which Brown begins to undertake but is restrained from completing by the dictates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the shape of the book, is to begin to examine the different causes of religious activism. Such activism can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be motivated by the simple desire to preserve a societal status quo \(which may often be evident among those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of only the loosest relationship to any established church\). It may be motivated by a desire, when under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceived pressure, to carve out space, be it legislative or physical, in which one might continue to practice )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 264.9797 598.0615 270.9797 609.9415 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 242.3237 457.7575 248.3237 469.6375 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 331.3037 400.7335 337.3037 412.6135 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 419.6117 160.6375 425.6117 172.5175 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 6965 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one?s faith in private and unmolested. In its highest key, such militancy may be motivated by a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thorough-going intent to re-convert secular society to the true path, whether by door-to-door evangelism or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by lethal force. When Ian Paisley, Mgr Bruce Kent, Peter Tatchell, or the London bombers of 7 July 2005 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might all reasonably be described as ?militant?, more precise terms of art are needed for the task of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding religious activism in late-twentieth-century Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These cavils aside, Brown is to be applauded for his attempt to encompass a period of often bewildering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious diversity. The study will doubtless find a wide readership amongst scholars, students, and general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers and, like )] TJ ET BT 115.988 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain)] TJ ET BT 264.008 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( before it, provoke and shape debate on religion and society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in modern Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.523 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 604.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First published in 1986, and subsequently revised twice, to extend to the year 2000. The fourth edition )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared in 2001, published by SCM Press. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 277.004 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 277.004 589.251 m 330.992 589.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 576.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularisation 1800?2000)] TJ ET BT 420.368 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2000\). It was )] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewed by Sheridan Gilley for )] TJ ET BT 221.648 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 312.308 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \( see )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/paper/gilleys.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 546.483 m 314.672 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 317.672 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 331.664 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 344.660 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 344.660 546.483 m 398.648 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auden to Christopher Isherwood, quoted in N. Jenkins, ?Historical as Munich. Auden at 100: Who is )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he now ??, )] TJ ET BT 118.664 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(TLS)] TJ ET BT 138.008 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 9/2/2007, 12?15, at 12. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.672 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.672 517.971 m 308.660 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 505.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(co-authored with Ian Jones, University of Manchester\), 'Anglican "Establishment" Reactions to "Pop" )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church Music in England, c.1956?1991' in )] TJ ET BT 272.828 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elite and Popular Religion)] TJ ET BT 402.500 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. K. Cooper and J. Gregory, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies in Church History)] TJ ET BT 189.020 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 42 \(2006\), pp.429?41. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 304.340 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 304.340 475.203 m 358.328 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some sense of the reactions to Hussey?s commissions may be found in his )] TJ ET BT 424.988 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Patron of Art)] TJ ET BT 488.996 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1985\), pp. 67?73. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 151.340 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 151.340 446.691 m 205.328 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Ruthven, )] TJ ET BT 127.352 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fundamentalism. The Search for Meaning)] TJ ET BT 331.004 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2004\), p. 60. On Christian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentalism, see the classic study by James Barr, )] TJ ET BT 321.980 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fundamentalism)] TJ ET BT 402.644 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1977; second edition )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1981\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 98.012 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 98.012 403.923 m 152.000 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 379.061 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churchtimes)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.churchtimes.co.uk/articles/2007/27-april/reviews/book-reviews/the-future-a-church-pushed-to-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 349.155 m 547.580 349.155 l S BT 34.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the-margins)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 334.899 m 91.340 334.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 94.340 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 322.037 Td 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