%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140724001032+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140724001032+01'00') /Title (Race, Class and Gender in ?Medieval? Cinema) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3990 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Race, Class and Gender in ?Medieval? Cinema)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reading this book is a little like reading something in a foreign language one has not completely mastered. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is little pleasure in the experience and one is often unsure of the meaning, although one suspects that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be wrong simply to assume that there is no meaning at all. But it is hard work. What is to be made of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(propositions such as: ?Popular culture?s fascination with celluloid history never allows it to tire of imbuing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval myth with the imprimatur of the Zeitgeist? \(p. 94\); or )] TJ ET BT 339.992 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Knight?s Tale)] TJ ET BT 418.004 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( consolidates a version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chaucerian authority visually calibrated to promote a fiction of identity? \(p. 183\)?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, this language is familiar to some. It does not yet have its own dictionary but one would be easy to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce. On page 7 of this book we find a starter?s lexicon: ?alterity?, ?the Other?, ?postcolonial?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?empowering?, ?self-empowerment?, ?encode?, ?reencodes?. It is a language one can learn. And clearly a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation or two of students in US departments of English and modern languages has done so. In fact, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume can be approached anthropologically, as a window onto the language and assumptions of progressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academics in US English and literature departments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The films discussed tend to fall into two groups: on the one hand, recent \(and usually forgettable\) US )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(615)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynn T. Ramey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tison Pugh)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781403974273)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?is=1403974276)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Bartlett)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8124 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productions, such as )] TJ ET BT 134.672 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(King Arthur)] TJ ET BT 193.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or )] TJ ET BT 209.012 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom of Heaven)] TJ ET BT 305.000 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; on the other, older, foreign films, like )] TJ ET BT 494.648 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Seven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Samurai)] TJ ET BT 74.684 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Japan, 1954\), )] TJ ET BT 149.000 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les visiteurs du soir)] TJ ET BT 246.008 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(France, 1942\) or )] TJ ET BT 335.648 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saladin)] TJ ET BT 372.320 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Egypt, 1963\). Whether the exclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the great European art movies \()] TJ ET BT 197.972 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Seventh Seal)] TJ ET BT 279.956 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 285.956 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Andrei Rublev)] TJ ET BT 354.944 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) as well as the classic Hollywood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blockbusters \()] TJ ET BT 101.672 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Braveheart)] TJ ET BT 155.660 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 161.660 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(El Cid)] TJ ET BT 192.668 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) was an editorial decision or pure happenstance is not clear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fact that the contributors are, for the most part, in literature departments may explain some features of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, notably the way that films are analysed almost entirely in terms of the aesthetic and ideological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of the end product. There is virtually no exploration of the process of creation, such as could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealed by studio archives or interviews with participants. Behind any film lies a large body of decisions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic, creative, and ideological. This helps explain what a film is like. There is nothing wrong with film )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticism that follows the usual model of literary criticism but it does not tell the whole story of film )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The absence of historians from the book may also lie behind such ridiculous assertions as ?class structures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remain one of the least explored territories of medieval life? \(p. 4\). Consultation of the footnotes at this point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows that what is meant by ?class structures? is ?class structures as revealed in medieval literature? \(the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes lead us to such works as )] TJ ET BT 181.664 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Class and Gender in Early English Literature)] TJ ET BT 401.672 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and to ?the debate about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(audience and authorship of the fabliaux?\). The huge bibliography on medieval class structures?even the huge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxist bibliography?seems to have been overlooked. The claim that class structures are unexplored must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mean that scholars of literature do not pay sufficient attention to class structures \(itself a debatable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposition\). No-one should be blamed for not knowing the scholarly publications outside their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline \(there is plenty enough within it\) but they should know that they do not know.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is perhaps then no surprise that the politics implied in the volume is not class-based, is certainly not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxist, and has no place for the organized working class; what we have is the lifestyle and identity politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characteristic of the American dissident intelligentsia. ?Class? here often boils down to an endorsement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what used to be called ?the common man?. ?Gender? translates as praise for films with ?strong women?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tellingly, race, class, and gender are described as ?this triad of modern anxieties? \(p. 5\). The psychologism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of modern American culture has often been remarked and this is a striking example. The injustices, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repression, stunted lives, brutalities, and absurdities of our ingrained systems of race, class, and gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchy are more than ?anxieties? and are certainly not only ?modern?. To turn in this way from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realities of social power and exclusion to contemporary ?anxieties? verges on intellectual narcissism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some familiar villains are targeted: ?The fantasy of the Middle Ages has always been the exclusive province )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of European colonialism, representing the historical legitimation of white, Christian, European domination? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 107\). ?Always? and ?exclusive? are dangerous words to use. Whatever one thinks of the plausibility of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Morris?s image of a integrated, craft-based, proto-socialist, medieval world of guilds or of the idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of convivencia?happy co-existence of religions?in medieval Spain, or any other of the liberal and radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strands of medievalism, they must at least be recognized. But the scholarship here is often of the self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinforcing kind. Citations reveal the usual suspects: Homi Bhaba, Foucault, Edward Said, Bakhtin \(?As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Bakhtin has argued, any sign is a site of ideological contestation? \(p. 109\)\), a little invocation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Derrida \(a Samurai who is willing to use a dead Samurai?s sword is ?like a Derridean bricoleur? \(p. 67\)\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the contributors live in the delightful groves of academe, their world is full of dangers. An alert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquisitorialism is their response. ?Presentism? must be ?exposed? \(p. 3\); historians are ?not exempt from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accusations of ahistoricity??indeed ?solipsistic presentism? is a ?threat? \(p. 4\); the editors are ?suspicious of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(truth claims in documentary? \(p. 11\); the film critic Edward Turk ?falls prey to the duality of medievalism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 143\), while, on the other hand, Carolyn Dinshaw ?rightly takes to task Bhaba?s reading of the medieval? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 153\). She is not the only one taking to task: Patrick Geary is praised for taking nationalism to task \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(57\). All this exposure, accusation, suspicion, and taking to task does of course raise up \(ironically\) the image )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of McCarthyism and \(sadly\) the starker discipline of Stalinism. Fortunately the faultfinding and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denunciations of American academia, while leaving an unhappy image of a querulous and morally self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(righteous tribe, do not generate blacklists or purges.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8790 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In some ways, the thinking behind this volume is a little like that behind a far less theoretical work, Jack G. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shaheen?s )] TJ ET BT 87.668 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reel Bad Arabs)] TJ ET BT 162.992 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 2001\), which lists over nine hundred Hollywood films with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depictions of Arabs, appraises the stereotypes in them, and awards them points on how sympathetic or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostile they are. It includes a ?Best List? and a ?Worst List? based on these criteria. The contributors to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume talk a more stylish talk but their moralism is the same?although Shaheen makes a much better read.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the great advances in human freedom in the last fifty years has been the elimination, in North )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America and western Europe, of the legal and \(to a lesser degree\) the social repression of consensual adult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexual activity. A curious by-product in academia has been the growth of 'Queer Studies'. ?Queer? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the those interesting words, like ?nigger?, that is both a traditional \(even slightly dated\) term of abuse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and also a piece of self-labelling employed by some members of the abused group. ?Queering? has indeed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become a semi-methodological term in some strands of literature and ?Theory?. In this book, a note on p. 10 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains a quite full bibliography of recent publications on medieval sexuality, which include )] TJ ET BT 485.300 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queer Love in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 112.004 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 118.004 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queering Medieval Genres)] TJ ET BT 248.636 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(by one of the co-authors of this volume\), )] TJ ET BT 454.604 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chaucer?s Queer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nation)] TJ ET BT 66.692 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 93.020 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queering the Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 219.332 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Queer Theory is not simply the understandable urge to write )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality back into the story, to reveal those who were ?hidden from history?, as earlier feminist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship sought to do in the case of women. Queerness has a hint of the metaphysical. When Tison Pugh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asserts that ?the queerness of all human bodies? lies in the fact that ?they are ultimately beyond our control? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 134\) we are surely in the realm of the unprovable and unfalsifiable.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But there are good things here. John Ganim?s piece on the film )] TJ ET BT 340.304 503.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saladin)] TJ ET BT 376.976 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by the Egyptian director Youssef )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chahine, situates Chahine in his cultural and political context very well: his Christian and Alexandrian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background, his complex relationship with the Nasser regime, the influence of both western and Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cinema. Ganim points out the very ?Hollywood? character of )] TJ ET BT 330.620 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saladin)] TJ ET BT 367.292 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: ?it resembles in some respects the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hollywood versions of the Crusades that it seeks to answer? \(p. 45\) and has an ?anomalous relation ? to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other more complex and self-reflective films of Chahine?s oeuvre? \(p. 46\). Perhaps in this respect it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chahine?s equivalent of Eisenstein?s )] TJ ET BT 215.324 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Alexander Nevsky)] TJ ET BT 301.628 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, his most Hollywood film. \(Incidentally, )] TJ ET BT 501.296 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saladin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now has a relatively large English language literature, as it is also discussed at length in John Aberth?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent book on medieval film \()] TJ ET BT 182.324 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Knight at the Movies)] TJ ET BT 292.988 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(New York, 2003\).\) Ganim also outlines the parallel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between medievalism and orientalism which he has expounded at greater length in his book of that title )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York and Basingstoke, 2005\). The common features are ?colorful excess, emphasis on the heroic pride )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the protagonists, regressive social conditions, autocratic and aristocratic rule? \(p. 50\). )] TJ ET BT 459.932 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saladin)] TJ ET BT 496.604 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( dates to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1963. Remarkably, Chahine was still directing films in 1997, the date of his )] TJ ET BT 400.664 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Destiny)] TJ ET BT 437.324 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a film discussed in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume by Don Hoffman, who is interested in the way the director attempts ?to destabilize the Otherness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Other? \(p. 34\). Hoffman is also interested in Chahine?s sexuality and returns, rather insistently, to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scene in the film in which two brothers embrace: is it ?a campy reinvention of a Hollywood clich ? a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentary gay fantasy? or, more personally, ?a lushly romantic moment that I can imagine some conflicted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young Cairene treasuring in his heart? \(pp. 35, 40\). This tireless pursuit of the homoerotic is characteristic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Also worth reading is Arthur Lindley, who develops the ideas on ?the ahistoricism of medieval film? set out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in his stimulating 1998 article of that title. He demonstrates cogently that virtually no feature of the character )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Balian? in )] TJ ET BT 91.340 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom of Heaven)] TJ ET BT 187.328 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( corresponds to the historical Balian, leaving us with the intriguing question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of why, when virtually all historical reality is removed, film-makers should still chose to use named and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dateable characters and events. There are other options. As Lindley observes, ?the overwhelming majority of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval films deal with legendary material?King Arthur, Robin Hood?or openly fictitious characters? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19\). But time and again film-makers invoke only to distort historical characters and settings. Sometimes this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is simple artistic sense?no-one misses the actual third brother in the sibling rivalry depicted in )] TJ ET BT 487.640 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(El Cid)] TJ ET BT 518.648 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes it grates: why does )] TJ ET BT 181.676 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Braveheart)] TJ ET BT 235.664 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( open by giving a historical date inaccurate by a few years and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later suggest that the eighteenth-century banning of the bagpipes took place in Lowland Scotland in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thirteenth century?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lindley points out the way )] TJ ET BT 165.680 66.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom of Heaven)] TJ ET BT 261.668 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has upset both Christians and Muslims: ?What unites these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two parties is the assumption that what they are judging is or ought to be a historical document combined, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1598 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather awkwardly, with the assumption that the film is all about the present ? \(pp. 17?18\). A similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awkward assumption characterizes some of the contributors to this volume, including the editors, who at one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment endorse the hope that a film about the Middle Ages will ?get it right? \(p. 2\) while also ?being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skeptical of documentary-style truth value in narrative? \(p. 11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the contributors to this volume laments that ?It has become virtually a commonplace among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medievalists to decry the indifference of our students, our colleagues, and our publishers to our work? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.108\). This indifference, if indeed it exists, might be dispelled by vigorous empirical scholarship expressed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in lucid prose.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 667.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 650.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 650.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/615)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 648.777 m 322.316 648.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 623.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 609.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4103)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 649.0915 322.3157 660.9715 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/615) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000546 00000 n 0000000628 00000 n 0000004670 00000 n 0000004779 00000 n 0000004889 00000 n 0000004998 00000 n 0000008559 00000 n 0000008687 00000 n 0000008771 00000 n 0000008836 00000 n 0000017013 00000 n 0000017078 00000 n 0000025921 00000 n 0000026005 00000 n 0000027656 00000 n 0000027784 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27879 %%EOF