%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722185018+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722185018+01'00') /Title (Monarchy and Religion: The Transformation of Royal Culture in Eighteenth-Century Europe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3962 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Monarchy and Religion: The Transformation of Royal Culture in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Eighteenth-Century Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is the latest in a distinguished series of volumes resulting from international colloquia sponsored by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German Historical Institute in London. This one took place in 2002, and the printed proceedings bring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together fifteen contributors addressing the theme for Germany, Great Britain, France, and Russia. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editor is well aware that the sample is far from exhaustive, and it is particularly regrettable, given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread influence of Spanish court paradigms, that there is no essay on Iberia. More regrettable still is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the complete absence of illustrations. Much of the text is taken up with ceremonial and display, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance conveyed by pages of the now-obligatory ?thick? description, but its impact could have been so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much greater with some visual accompaniment. On the other hand, cost apart, might such a deployment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent evidence have made some of the more extravagant analyses harder to establish?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection covers three broad themes. Part I, ?Religion at Court: Personnel? studies the presence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergy around monarchs. It emerges as surprisingly poorly documented, especially at the Austrian and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russian courts surveyed respectively by Derek Beales and Paul Bushkovitch. Both authors offer conclusions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely from inference. Nevertheless Beales?s is the most distinguished essay in the whole collection, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(616)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 30 June, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Schaich)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199214723)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(509pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199214723.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Doyle)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7697 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beginning with a brilliant and thought-provoking definition of what a court was: a symbol or a fiction, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place, an activity, a set of people, a unit of jurisdiction. Within this template he then displays a dazzling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquaintance with sources on the most complex of all courts, based on a lifetime?s study. Sermons are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main evidence for clerics at court in Russia, and although their declining influence is convincingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrated by Bushkovitch, the decline was far less precipitate than at the courts of the first two British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Georges studied by Stephen Taylor. Declining too was the influence of the confessors to French kings, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose changing images are reviewed by Nicole Reinhardt. Their eighteenth-century role seems to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minimal, and even that of the two much-execrated confessors to Louis XIV appears to have been greatly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exaggerated by ill-disposed contemporaries. Only in the court of the exiled Stuarts, presented by Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gregg, did the clergy retain, if not increase, their prominence. But then the Pretenders, as they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves well aware, had no meaningful identity without the ostentatious Catholic piety which led the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of them to give up his slender hopes of a throne for a cardinal?s hat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The rest of the volume is largely taken up with ceremonial and its meaning. Part II is devoted to everyday )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious observances, beginning with Simon Dixon on the Russian court. Like Bushkovitch, he finds the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline of religious commitment under and after Peter I greatly overemphasized by previous historians. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefers to see its character changing rather than shrinking as military achievements, worth celebrating as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proofs of God?s providence, multiplied. Catherine II also needed to mask her usurpation from a foolishly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irreverent husband by ostentatious commitment to Orthodoxy. The Wittelsbach electors of Bavaria, ruling a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeply pious population, needed no such incentives, but, as Ferdinand Kramer argues, the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment of the fragile dynasty to luxuriant religious observance helped to keep their subjects tolerant of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing electoral interference in the institutional life of the church. And whereas declining religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment is often taken as the corollary of advancing Enlightenment, Clarissa Campbell-Orr contends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the regular rhythms of religious practice observed at the court of George III are evidence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integration of an English version of Enlightenment into the confessional British state. She argues her case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with an impressive range of reference and evidence, but fails to offer an entirely satisfactory explanation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why this ?personally tolerant? monarch refused to countenance Catholics in Parliament, sacrificing his most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful and reliable prime minister rather than do so. Before taking this stand, the king had consulted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops?surely a strikingly late example of clerical power which adds to the overall picture presented in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of priestly influence more persistent than has usually been assumed. In France, indeed, only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thirteen years before that, an archbishop had been the last chief minister of the ancien regime, and there were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually more clerical ministers during this century than in the preceding one, remembered for its great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cardinal statesmen. France, the land \(perhaps the only land?\) of an Enlightenment defined above all by its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-clericalism, was in fact, Grard Sabatier reminds us, governed from a court whose religious rituals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?hardly changed throughout the eighteenth century?. And he concludes his guided tour through those rituals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a very welcome scepticism about the much-touted desacralization of the French monarchy. Much more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plausibly he suggests that the very opposite may have taken place, a ?sacralization of the office of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy? \(p. 280\) reinforced by models of kingly power derived from antiquity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is not what Chantal Grell thinks, to judge from her piece which opens Part III: ?State Occasions?. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writes on the coronation of Louis XVI; but of the five contributions in this section four discuss funerals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchs, respectively those of Habsburg emperors \(Mark Hengerer\), Russian emperors and empresses \(the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late Lindsey Hughes\), British monarchs \(Michael Schaich\), and the Prussian kings \(Eckhart Hellmuth\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Largely descriptive, what all these accounts show is that, however apparently tradition-bound, royal funerals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were endlessly rechoreographed according to the circumstances of the times when death occurred. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process, the wishes of the royal deceased played little part, even when \(as in the case of Frederick the Great\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were set out in considerable detail and a tomb had actually been prepared. The wishes of the transient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occupant of the throne, however great in life, counted for nothing in a ?theatrical production designed less to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate mourning than the power of the ? crown? \(Hellmuth, p. 458\). None of these commentators on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal obsequies see any contradiction between religion and theatricality. For Chantal Grell, however, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theatrical quality of Louis XVI?s sacre made it a largely meaningless sham. Though she mentions the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crowds overcome with emotion when the doors of Rheims cathedral were thrown open to reveal the young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarch crowned in majesty, and the 2,400 scrofula sufferers who turned up to receive the royal touch )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6653 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unbestowed for thirty-seven years, still she insists that this coronation was an empty anachronism. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical trappings with which the gothic cathedral was decked she considers to have debased the occasion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with confusing messages. At the same time Louis XVI is condemned for insisting on taking the traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jumble of oaths. There are distinct Jansenist overtones in her insistence that planned display, not to mention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departures from older traditions, somehow cannot be authentic or sincere or accepted as such by those at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom they are directed. But coronations, like funerals, need to be adjusted, especially when they come so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long after the last one. We in England will no doubt witness this problem a few years from now. Though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly intended by the pious young monarch as a public renewal of the crown?s commitment to religion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is no convincing evidence that the sacre was designed, as Grell claims \(p. 366\), ?to reverse the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of desacralization which was affecting the monarchy?. As Hengerer notes in a different context on the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(next page, ?secularization does not necessarily mean desacralization?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three main sections of the collection are preceded by two overviews. In a substantial introduction, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Schaich attempts to distil general conclusions, but too often a lack of consensus among the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributors leaves him sitting on the fence. Nobody has ever accused J. C. D. Clark of doing that, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The re-enchantment of the world? Religion and monarchy in eighteenth century Europe? he takes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to remind us of what he has been preaching for a generation. Religion and its doctrines, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, were not taken seriously by the social-science oriented historians of the mid- twentieth century, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequently they failed to take account of one of the mainsprings \(indeed )] TJ ET BT 394.616 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the)] TJ ET BT 409.280 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( mainspring, he almost seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be claiming\) of public life throughout the long eighteenth century. Adapting a famous formulation of Max )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weber, by the ?re-enchantment of the world? he means the return of religion to centre stage of research and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis. The turning point came, ?strangely, unexpectedly? \(but doubtless not coincidentally!\) in England in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early 1980s, at just about the time Clark was starting his own research career. Theological frameworks, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he claims, began to replace the secularist perspectives of the ?Cambridge School? of the history of ideas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he provocatively describes as a sort of theology in itself. The waspishness he once reserved for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxists like Christopher Hill or Edward Thompson reappears here, but is also now deployed against such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(targets as Quentin Skinner and Keith Thomas, both damned with faint praise for not discerning the direction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which research was destined to go. So this collection is invoked as a vindication and a celebration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clark?s own hitherto thinly-subscribed crusade. And now we learn that the crusade is not yet over. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes proclaim the imminence of a new instalment, a book on )] TJ ET BT 351.980 385.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Providence, Chance and Destiny)] TJ ET BT 509.948 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will doubtless inimitably explore themes which occur in this collection, but are not consistently pursued by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any of the contributors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not that Clark is wrong to feel vindicated. The overall message of this book is indeed that religion and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections with monarchy remained vital over the long eighteenth century. The practice and interpretation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of religion at court certainly changed, but it did not shrivel away as so many previous historians took for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(granted. And the Enlightenment-derived idea of desacralization, so far from being beyond dispute as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editor claims \(p. 38\), looks to have been a massive and unnecessary detour in our understanding of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century monarchies and their courts functioned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/502/752.full)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 203.091 m 312.332 203.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 315.332 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 199.759 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 181.979 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 181.979 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/616)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 180.585 m 322.316 180.585 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 155.608 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.208 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4110)] TJ ET BT 34.016 126.808 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/502/752.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 203.4055 312.3317 215.2855 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/502/752.full) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 180.8995 322.3157 192.7795 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/616) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000583 00000 n 0000000665 00000 n 0000004679 00000 n 0000004788 00000 n 0000004898 00000 n 0000005007 00000 n 0000008568 00000 n 0000008696 00000 n 0000008780 00000 n 0000008845 00000 n 0000016595 00000 n 0000016686 00000 n 0000023392 00000 n 0000023519 00000 n 0000023628 00000 n 0000023756 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23851 %%EOF