%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141123213302+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141123213302+00'00') /Title (The Social Life of Coffee: The Emergence of the British Coffeehouse) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4108 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Social Life of Coffee: The Emergence of the British Coffeehouse)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the question of taste increasingly preoccupies social historians, this forms an admirable contribution to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(burgeoning set of historical works that explore why and how we alter what we eat and drink. Moreover, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book critically and provocatively addresses the controversial question of the ?public sphere?, of which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern coffeehouse is routinely seen as such an important manifestation. In addition, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributes powerfully to ?commodity chain? literature, even if his focus is resolutely on the consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end of the chain, by taking coffee as a means to illuminate many recondite corners of social life. Erudite and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively argued, this work is based on a truly impressive range of primary and secondary sources, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrated in the extensive bibliography. However, the author has a certain tendency to weave backwards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and forwards in telling his story. This results in a fair amount of repetition, makes the book longer than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessary, and crowds out some topics that could profitably be addressed. In terms of presentation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly apparatus, the well-chosen illustrations are a great boon for the reader, but the use of endnotes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than footnotes does little credit to Yale University Press, and the index is on the skimpy side.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of Cowan's fiercest critiques are directed at those historians who unproblematically portray coffee as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beverage of the rising bourgeoisie, bearing with it the seeds of liberalism, democracy, and capitalism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(620)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 31 July, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Cowan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300106664)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(384pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300106664)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven & London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Clarence-Smith)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7263 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(According to Cowan, 'contemporary historians' have accepted the triumph of coffee much too easily, seeing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this as an inevitable victory of the rising forces that championed political participation, social fluidity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial expansion, politeness, and 'modernity,' that vaguest of concepts. John Brewer, Roy Porter, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wolfgang Schivelbusch are very much in his line of fire. This is a salutary position to take, for it stands as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strong warning against anachronism and teleology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As an early modernist, Cowan prefers to see the rise of coffee as a tale firmly anchored in the ancien rgime. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The success of the drink was uncertain, and still needs to be properly understood and explained, for novelty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued to be looked at askance at this time, and many new products brought back from overseas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration were rejected. Coffee was not only new, but it also had a bitter taste, although the concurrent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growth of sugar consumption helped to offset that drawback. Coffee was also culturally strongly associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Muslim infidels, to whom it owed its name, even if this imparted a certain exotic thrill to the drink. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Furthermore, imports represented an inevitable drain on the balance of payments, as coffee could not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grown in Britain, and this was an anathema to those adopting bullionist and mercantilist views. Far from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moving effortlessly to the centre of British gastronomic habits, coffee faced an uphill struggle, and came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(close to being no more than a passing fad. For Cowan, the cultural side of the 'commercial revolution' still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely needs to be written, and this is a worthy manifesto for future research on commodities other than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coffee.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To understand why coffee was adopted and spread, the author reviews a wide range of theories. Neo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical economists consider that supply creates its own demand, notably through the mechanism of falling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prices. )] TJ ET BT 68.672 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marxisants)] TJ ET BT 122.672 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( point to the need to keep immiserized labourers hard at work, with sugar perhaps more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important than coffee itself. Social historians variously stress pre-modern medical ideas \(investigated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some detail here\), social status, social emulation, sobriety, the work ethic, and romantic sensibility. Cowan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself plumps for the pioneering role of the virtuoso ethic of curiosity. This leads him to an extended and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating consideration of a self-declared cosmopolitan social elite of virtuosos, who moved on the fringes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the court and of universities, and who seem to have been especially prominent in early-modern Britain, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared to other European states. Blurring the boundaries between the genteel and the popular, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popularized coffee as one in a set of exotic rarities from foreign parts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, the reader is left wondering why this one element is singled out to such a degree, and whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the adoption of coffee was not due to a confluence of different factors, one of which may not be given its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(due here. Cowan is somewhat slow to focus on the psychoactive and allegedly addictive alkaloid known as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(caffeine, treated mainly in chapter 2, and he is reluctant to give it much significance in his story. There is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now quite a bit written on caffeine and other alkaloids, and it is possible to see the spread of coffee as merely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one among many examples of drug addiction, albeit one with relatively minor and benign side-effects. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cowan hints at this, but does not squarely engage with the arguments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In addition, his virtuoso theory does not seem to answer some of his own pertinent questions, notably as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why this elite did not adopt other foreign novelties, such as betel, cannabis, and opium. To argue that these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(products were more 'associated with licentious sexuality or drunken disorder' than hot beverages seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scarcely satisfactory. This is especially the case with the betel quid, which Cowan misleadingly refers to as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('betel nut?, and which contains relatively mild alkaloids, not very different from those in coffee, tea, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cocoa. However, whereas the areca nut could be exported in cured form over long distances, and slaked lime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paste was easily procurable locally, it was effectively impossible to obtain leaves from the betel vine, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(third necessary ingredient in a betel quid, in a sufficiently fresh state. Some Europeans resident in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tropics, unaffected by this limitation, certainly took enthusiastically to chewing betel. The same problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the freshness of the leaf was even more important in preventing the spread of chewing qt, obtainable in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very same places that Yemeni coffee was procured, but not mentioned by Cowan. As for cannabis and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opium, they were not really new to European consumers, and opium addiction, in the form of laudanum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ingestion, did come to spread extensively in Britain, associated most famously with the tragic figure of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas De Quincey.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly the virtuoso theory does not compellingly explain why coffee fared as it did compared to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7611 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competing hot beverages. Cowan rightly criticizes S. D. Smith's influential and widely-cited views on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial role of the East India Company in lobbying for import duties and excise taxes that favoured tea. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cowan tellingly notes that the East India Company was installed in Mocha as well as in Canton, and thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had an excellent motive to lobby as much for coffee as for tea. However, there is a lot more to be said about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the competition between tea and coffee in Britain, and it is surprising in this respect that John Burnett's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Liquid Pleasures, a Social History of Drinks in Modern Britain)] TJ ET BT 338.024 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1999\) does not feature in the bibliography. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, although the existence of London chocolate houses is acknowledged, there is little said on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beverage, despite the fact that it was often served in coffeehouses. Indeed, the case of chocolate serves as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further refutation of Smith's insistence on the primacy of taxation, albeit in the context of the early-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century resurgence of coffee consumption in Britain. As for salep or saloop, Cowan ignores it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(altogether, even though this drink came to occupy a significant niche in the public consumption of hot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beverages, not least in London, as shown in M. Grieve's 1931 classic, )] TJ ET BT 370.796 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Modern Herbal)] TJ ET BT 456.116 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Salep was made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from powdered orchid roots, which were initially imported from the Middle East by the Levant Company, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and were increasingly harvested from the wild in England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To be fair, the book concentrates on coffeehouses rather than on coffee. Their origins lay in establishments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serving alcohol, although bathhouses and barbers' shops could also claim some rights of paternity. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally nondescript architectural features and their role as 'penny universities' are interestingly portrayed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is shown that their function in disseminating news, orally or by way of newspapers, gradually overtook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that of presenting virtuoso collections of oddities. Women were not expressly excluded from coffeehouses, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but they were certainly marginalized as customers. They were rather more present as proprietors and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workers, giving rise to accusations of prostitution. The presence of effeminate men was also often seen as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem, and indeed they were sometimes caricatured as Jews or foreigners. However, the author skates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away rather too quickly from the homophobic and xenophobic aspects of this story. Overall, it is not clear to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this reviewer how much of this material is really new, except perhaps in terms of the extent of the detail that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is provided, but it certainly makes for a fascinating tranche of social history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cowan further highlights the uncertainties of governments, agonizing over how to deal with coffeehouses. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They went from stuffing them with spies at one extreme, to closing them down at the other, with high-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church royalists as the main opponents of these establishments. Cowan argues for more continuity in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story of the official harassment of coffeehouses after 1688 than is generally allowed for. This is a fair point, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but he may go too far in his revisionist claim, as he admits that there were no further attempts at outright )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prohibition after the glorious revolution. Tories and Whigs are declared to have been equally elitist and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manipulative in their attitudes, and yet the latter's belief in self-regulation, rather than political repression, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was surely rather more important than is stated here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More generally, Cowan attacks the whiggish proponents of the coffeehouse as an example of the interlinked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of rational modernity, the consumer revolution, and the public sphere. Indeed, Jrgen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Habermas emerges as the author's bte noire. For Cowan, every age can be seen as having engendered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumer revolutions and enjoyed public spaces, and there is no inherent reason to privilege the era of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging European bourgeoisie. In contrast, he places great emphasis on the diversity of coffeehouses and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their clientele, described as 'a variegated set of separate publics rather than a unique one?. Moreover, subtle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mechanisms of social exclusion made these spaces less 'public' than they might appear at first sight. Rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than preparing democratic revolutions, the role of coffeehouses was 'to make the cultural politics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Augustan Britain safe for an elitist whig oligarchy?. Cowan is a self-confessed 'splitter' rather than a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('lumper?, and for him the devil lies in the detail. However, it is ultimately not all that clear how different his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective really is, as evidenced in this passage: 'The coffeehouse was perhaps the most important social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space in which civil society began to flourish, in the century before Enlightenment writers such as David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hume and Adam Ferguson gave it a name and theorized its significance?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of geographical coverage, the title of the book refers to Britain, but London dominates the story to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite remarkable degree. This undoubtedly reflects the huge influence of the capital city in the adoption and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spread of the new beverage, and the concentration of coffeehouses around the seat of political power. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, London is already the best-known aspect of this story, and 'provincializing' the text would have )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7242 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given the book more impact. Why, for instance, did York contain as many as thirty coffeehouses by the late-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century? Even if the great bulk of available evidence undoubtedly concerns London, Cowan has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(missed an opportunity to apply some 'positive discrimination' to right the historiographical balance between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the metropolis and the rest of the country. Wales is particularly poorly covered, notably in comparison with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland and Ireland, even though the author makes it clear in passing that coffeehouses spread to the Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lands. Whether a population that was still overwhelmingly Welsh-speaking reacted differently to curiosities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from overseas is in itself an interesting question.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One could even suggest that it is a pity that Britain beyond the waves, especially the North American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonies, has been excluded from this book, save for a stray mention of a Boston coffeehouse. The adoption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of hot beverages by British settlers overseas was arguably influenced by many of the same social processes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that were at play in the metropolis, and the differences could in themselves be extremely revealing. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Coffeehouses appear to have been less prominent in British North America than in Britain itself, but this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something that needs to be explored. The adoption of coffee by indigenous elites and peoples more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obviously belongs to a different story, and yet, for example, it might be instructive to delve into the roots of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the split between tea-drinking North India and coffee-drinking South India. Even if the weak and peripheral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English East India Company had little or nothing to do with this divide, the question of evolving tastes in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain's non-settler colonies remains to be considered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A trumpet blast for the need for a global approach does indeed appear in the conclusion, and a welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spotlight is turned on overseas connections in chapter 3. Unfortunately, though, the common dichotomy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between a commodity producing 'South' and a commodity consuming 'North' is maintained, leaving little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(room for an exploration of how Britain might have affected the drinking of coffee by Asians, Africans, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amerindians. Moreover, the author displays a somewhat insecure grasp of the cultivation and marketing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coffee on the other side of the oceans. To proclaim in the conclusion that 'the history of British coffee took )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place in Mocha, Surat, and Cairo,' as much as in Britain is undoubtedly true, but any reader should exercise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(caution in looking at this version of this side of the story. It may well be that the book that I co-edited with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Topik, )] TJ ET BT 104.348 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Global Coffee Economy in Africa, Asia and Latin America, 1500?1989)] TJ ET BT 466.340 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2003\) appeared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too late to be of use, but Cowan ignores fundamental work by Andr Raymond and Michel Tuchscherer on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Red Sea trade and production, even referring to a non-existent 'Imam of Mocha?. He neglects the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of coffee cultivation in India itself, fanning out from Mysore and affecting the emergence of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surplus in Mocha for sale to Westerners. Java is held to have had 'plantations?, a rather misleading term to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employ for the forced smallholder cultivation imposed by the Dutch from 1725. When discussing British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reluctance to grow coffee in the Caribbean, there is no mention of L. J. Ragatz's classic work, or indeed of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later publications that stress the difference between the old sugar islands on the one hand, and the neutral and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ceded islands, more prone to grow coffee and cocoa, on the other. The materials presented on coffee dealers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Britain, and on re-exports and smuggling of beans, are thus the most interesting and useful parts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter 3.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reviewers have an irritating tendency to lament the fact that their own interests are not covered, and to focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on their own areas of expertise, neglecting what the author knows about and has worked on. Asking a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist of overseas coffee to review a book centred on British consumption of coffee clearly runs that risk, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and it is important to end by stressing that Cowan's focus and research interests rest squarely on seventeenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century London. In that domain, he is thoroughly at home, and in impressive command of a superlative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of sources. This is a beautifully written book, which sustains the attention of the reader from start to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finish, and which any lovers of the story of coffee will proudly display on their bookshelves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/may/07/social-life-coffee-cowan-review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 105.555 m 418.940 105.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 421.940 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 102.223 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 84.443 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 84.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/620)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 83.049 m 322.316 83.049 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 58.072 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 105.8695 418.9397 117.7495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/may/07/social-life-coffee-cowan-review) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 83.3635 322.3157 95.2435 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/620) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 277 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4119)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/may/07/social-life-coffee-cowan-review)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004819 00000 n 0000004928 00000 n 0000005038 00000 n 0000005147 00000 n 0000008708 00000 n 0000008836 00000 n 0000008920 00000 n 0000008985 00000 n 0000016301 00000 n 0000016366 00000 n 0000024030 00000 n 0000024121 00000 n 0000031416 00000 n 0000031543 00000 n 0000031670 00000 n 0000031796 00000 n 0000031891 00000 n 0000031956 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32285 %%EOF