%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 26 0 R 30 0 R 48 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416150129+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416150129+01'00') /Title (Neville Chamberlain: A Biography) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3845 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Neville Chamberlain: A Biography)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On 17 May 1940, in a unique display of vulnerability and anguish, Neville Chamberlain confided to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sisters that his whole world had 'tumbled to bits in a moment' \(p. 434\). Clearly in shock from his 'tremendous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reverse of fortunes' \(p. 1\), he lamented: 'There is no pleasure in life and no prospect of any' \(p. 434\). Out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power and awaiting an impending military disaster in France, Chamberlain could no longer maintain his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('grimly pragmatic spirit' \(p. 311\). Stigmatized as one of 'the authors' of Britain's misfortunes \(p. 384\), he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in no position to dream of retiring 'with a quiet mind' \(p. 344\). Yet this melancholic and 'physically broken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man' \(p. 434\) persisted in his stubborn defiance and legendary self-righteousness to the bitter end. He still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hoped against hope that, in an instant, a 'widespread demand for peace across all of Europe would find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expression'. More bizarrely, he also half expected to 'be called upon once more to assume the mantle of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peacemaker' \(p. 394\). For all his soul-searching and uncharacteristic self-pity, he remained strangely upbeat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about his own historical legacy:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The day may come when my much cursed visit to Munich will be understood. Neither we nor )] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French were prepared for war. I am not responsible for this lack of preparation...It would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(625)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 31 August, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Self)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754656159)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(584pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&title_id=7031&edition_id=9322)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vermont)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gbor Btonyi)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7774 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rash to prophesy the verdict of history, but if full access is obtained to all the records it will be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen that I realized from the beginning our military weakness and did my best to postpone if I )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could not avert the war \(p. 435\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As far as the historical reassessment of his pre-war diplomacy is concerned, Chamberlain's prophecy has to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some extent been fulfilled. He is now widely credited with the attempt 'to "buy time" for a carefully-staged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion of rearmament at an economically sustainable pace' \(p. 270\). Revisionist historians have quashed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of the charges against the 'men of Munich'. And yet the reputation of Neville Chamberlain is still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hugely overshadowed by the memory of his ill-fated premiership on the eve of war, in particular the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humiliation at Munich and the 'unfortunate promise of "peace for our time"' \(p. 349\), and of his torrid spell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as wartime leader. Indeed, Churchill's alleged prediction that 'poor Neville will come badly out of history' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4\) was not far off the mark.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A recent comparative study of twentieth-century British prime ministers confirmed the rating of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamberlain's political achievements as 'below average' \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 310.436 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 310.436 588.003 m 316.436 588.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 316.436 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Of course, the historian may be sceptical about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reliability of poll-based 'premiership leagues' \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 274.964 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 274.964 573.747 m 280.964 573.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 280.964 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). In the cutting words of Peter Riddell, the ranking of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performance of presidents and prime ministers is 'the ultimate parlour game for political junkies' \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.600 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.600 559.491 m 509.600 559.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 509.600 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). In any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case, it is a telling detail that Neville Chamberlain came near the bottom of all such academic surveys. It has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be added, however, that this verdict may be taken as relatively benign when set against such notable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('failures' as Eden's premiership. Contrary to popular belief, in none of the academic rankings of British prime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ministers was Neville Chamberlain's premiership singled out as the worst. The University of Leeds/MORI )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey of 2004, based on the opinions of 258 historians and political scientists, ranked Chamberlain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth out of twenty premiers, ahead of Balfour, Douglas-Home, and Eden. In 2000, the British Politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Group survey of British and American scholars placed him ahead of Bonar Law and Major as well. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arguably, therefore, in contemporary appraisals Chamberlain has become less of a 'profoundly underrated, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misjudged and misunderstood figure' \(p. 2\) than his latest biographer would have us believe. Whilst one may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully accept Robert Self's argument that Chamberlain's historical legacy has been unfairly judged by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debacle of his short premiership, the same could be said about a number of unpopular or unsuccessful heads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of government, especially those who fell from grace amidst the turmoil of international crises. Conversely, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victorious wartime leaders, irrespective of the length and breadth of their political careers, have always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(received more than their fair share of popularity and historical interest. Undoubtedly, however, as Theakston )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Gill's survey readily conceded, there is a certain amount of distortion and an 'element of circularity' in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measuring and comparing the success and failure of prime ministers, with 'more famous or more popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prime ministers commanding more scholarly interest which in turn reinforces their reputation and feeds in to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic evaluations' \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 146.144 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 146.144 302.883 m 152.144 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 152.144 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This circularity is particularly evident in the persistence of negative stereotypes about Chamberlain and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the general neglect of his achievements in historical writing. Post-revisionist works, such as R. A. C. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parker's 1993 monograph, have come a long way from the moralizing diatribes of the 1950s, only to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perpetuate Chamberlain's image problem by using old labels like the 'optimistic appeaser' \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 470.444 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 470.444 233.859 m 476.444 233.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 476.444 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Although the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical judgement on Chamberlain's policies and personality has undeniably mellowed a great deal over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the years, 'a more balanced evaluation of the man and his broader career' is still somewhat hindered by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that Chamberlain's name has become 'synonymous with the ambivalent and rapidly changing emotions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generated by "Munich" and the disastrous drift into total war' \(p. 3\). Harold Nicolson's savage denouncement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Chamberlain's policy and public persona in June 1938 still has some faint echoes in the historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamberlain \(who has the mind and manner of a clothes-brush\) aims only at assuring temporary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peace at the price of ultimate defeat. He would like to give Germany all she wants at the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment and cannot see that if we make this surrender we shall be unable to resist other )] TJ ET BT 64.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demands. If we assuage the German alligator with fish from other ponds she will wax so fat that )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 310.4357 588.3175 316.4357 600.1975 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 274.9637 574.0615 280.9637 585.9415 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.5997 559.8055 509.5997 571.6855 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 146.1437 303.1975 152.1437 315.0775 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 470.4437 234.1735 476.4437 246.0535 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 7320 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she will demand fish from our own ponds. And we shall not by that time be powerful enough to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resist... \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 105.344 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 105.344 780.819 m 111.344 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 111.344 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On balance, the reluctance of historians to engage in a major rehabilitation of Chamberlain or to rethink the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legacy of his entire ministerial career is hardly surprising. The historical assessment of the policy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeasement is easier to change than the image of an ageing Tory prime minister famed as an 'arrogant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meddler' \(p. 239\) or for being vain, sneering, dull and obstinate. As Donald Watt aptly remarked, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('extremely difficult to like Neville Chamberlain' \(p. 16\). 'Neville's manner freezes people,' observed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamberlain's own half-brother \(p. 9\). In the words of Harry Snell, Chamberlain's demeanour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('suggested...that he had been "weaned on a pickle"' \(p. 7\). Above all, his flippant and venomous description )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Labour politicians-'intellectually, with a few exceptions, they are dirt' \(p. 115\)-provides an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insight into his political make-up. Although Chamberlain supposedly loathed the 'humbug' and 'blind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obstructionism' \(p. 15\) of the adversarial political system, in which ritualized party warfare predominated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over good sense, the extent to which he revelled in his hatred of party opponents, or their hatred of him, did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little to enhance his wider appeal. More to the point, such militancy against the left was hardly becoming of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a social reformer and self-proclaimed friend of the 'less fortunate classes' \(p. 133\). Undoubtedly, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partisanship also damaged his reputation as a wartime prime minister. Thus, unlike his nemesis Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George or his successor and detractor Churchill, Chamberlain is likely to remain exiled, for some time to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come, 'to the margins of popular and historical attention' \(p. 2\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Post-revisionist scholars may have reignited the debate about Chamberlain's reputation, but they are accused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of only adding to the many distortions by refocusing the debate on the final chapter of Chamberlain's life. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a result, there have been few really sympathetic accounts of Chamberlain's career since Keith Feiling's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography was produced in 1946 at the family's request. Although, in 2001, David Dutton provided a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attractive portrait of Chamberlain the paternalistic reformer, Robert Self's biography is the first attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a new, complete account in one volume.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his own bold words, Self set out to fill a 'lacuna in our historical understanding', believing that the case for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisiting the life and achievements of Chamberlain is 'so compelling as to be absolutely overwhelming' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viii\). This strikes me as an overstatement. Nevertheless, this rather bulky new biography provides full, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispassionate, and balanced coverage both of Chamberlain's long rise to power and of his quick demise. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such, it is likely to become a widely used text in undergraduate courses on interwar British history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Self is the editor of the four volumes of The Neville Chamberlain Diary Letters and, as would be expected, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his biography shows a formidable grasp of the primary sources. In view of the controversial nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, it is a bit surprising that the volume contains only a short historiographical discussion at the beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a guide to sources at the end, but no bibliography. One can only assume that this omission was caused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by space constraints, as the notes and references take up 85 pages. In any case, this is clearly a scholarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work, based on extensive research, and, according to the blurb, on the study of more than 150 archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections. What makes this book original, however, is not necessarily the use of primary sources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The structure of the book clearly reflects the author's intention to separate the legacy of Munich and the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war years from the much longer and more fruitful formative period of Chamberlain's political life. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Consequently, only Chapters twelve to eighteen \(less than half of the text\) deal with his premiership. Apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a brief discussion of the young Chamberlain's family background, modest education, and other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formative influences, such as an abortive business venture at 'a Godforsaken backwater of Empire' in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bahamas \(p. 22\), the biography provides a blow-by-blow account of his move from municipal to national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, and of how he turned from a 'frustrated backbencher' \(Chapter 4\) into a 'rising star' of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conservative Party \(Chapter 5\). The discussion of Chamberlain's early ministerial career shows not only his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrative skill and political ambitions, but also his commitment to social reform. He is likened to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father, acting both in local politics and in government like 'a late-Victorian reformer motivated by genuine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanitarian impulses' \(p. 105\). His role in the Treasury during the Great Depression is identified by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author as 'the most neglected and the most in need of reassessment' \(p. 193\). According to the biographer, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 105.3437 781.1335 111.3437 793.0135 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7762 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Tory Chancellor deserves to be considered amongst the founders of a species of 'managed economy' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(214\) in Britain. Challenging the prevailing view that the national government had no unemployment policy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or that Chamberlain was waiting out the slump with a policy of passivity, Chapter 10 hails the Chancellor's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(small-scale policy innovations and piecemeal attempts to buttress and 'renovate the system of private )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprise' \(p. 218\). However, the comparison between the visions of Keynes and Chamberlain is likely to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(startle any economic historian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The story of Chamberlain's involvement in defence preparations and foreign affairs is more familiar to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(student of modern history. The author admits the fundamental flaws in Chamberlain's diplomacy, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defends the record of his premiership. As for his wartime role, Chamberlain is credited with introducing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('new vigour into the home front'. After all, Churchill himself referred to his predecessor, acting briefly as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord President, as 'the best man he had-head and shoulders over the average man in the administration' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(436\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The picture of Chamberlain that emerges from the book is complex, at times recognizable, but always full of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambiguities. He seems 'a curious mixture of qualities and defects' \(p. 10\), neither the inspired hero, nor the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blundering amateur. The reader should be in no doubt where the biographer's sympathies lie. Behind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamberlain's alienating facade of overweening confidence and pride, the author finds 'a shy personal charm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and even some magnetism' \(p. 9\). In fact, Robert Self comes as close to convincing one of Chamberlain's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talent, human touch, and personable qualities as any biographer could possibly manage. All the same, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictions and puzzling qualities of an unconventional politician are expertly pursued throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text. On his first appointment to the Treasury in August 1923, Chamberlain was visibly apprehensive and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('very frightened'. His knees knocked together when he contemplated speaking to 'City men' \(p. 94\). Later in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text, in Chapter 9, which deals with his lengthy second term as Chancellor of the Exchequer from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(November 1931 to May 1937, Chamberlain looks an altogether different person, disparaging Roosevelt's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('New Deal' and haranguing Treasury men on the benefits of a balanced budget and financial orthodoxy. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times, he comes across as cold, unemotional, and unrelenting, an unimaginative but efficient administrator. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet he is frequently depicted as the very opposite: an affectionate family man, a politician with a conscience, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an incisive analyst, a visionary even. At one moment he appears petulant and sulky, at the next he pours )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scorn on any 'sentimental sob-stuff' \(p. 133\). According to the author, such conflicting personality traits add )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up to something called the 'Chamberlain enigma' \(p. 10\). He has a point. Even so, one can't help feeling that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of the latent inconsistencies and ambiguities of the public persona and the private individual stem from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one and the same source. They were fostered and brought to the surface by the dizzying experience of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long, but unusually belated, rise to the top of British politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 295.635 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 265.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(K. Theakston and M. Gill, 'Rating 20th century British prime ministers', British Journal of Politics and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(International Relations, 8 \(2006\), 195. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.664 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.664 249.363 m 304.652 249.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 236.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theakston and Gill, 'Rating 20th century British prime ministers', 196. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.332 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.332 235.107 m 459.320 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 222.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theakston and Gill, 'Rating 20th century British prime ministers', 194. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.332 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.332 220.851 m 459.320 220.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 207.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theakston and Gill, 'Rating 20th century British prime ministers', 201. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.332 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.332 206.595 m 459.320 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R.A.C. Parker, Chamberlain and Appeasement: British Policy and the Coming of the Second World )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War \(New York, 1993\), p. 392. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 217.976 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 217.976 178.083 m 271.964 178.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 165.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, June 6, 1938, Nicolson Diaries, Vol. 1938, Balliol College Library, Oxford; Sir Harold )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicolson Diaries and Letters, 1930-1964, ed. N. Nicolson, Vol 1 \(Atheneum, New York, 1980\), p. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(345. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 88.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 88.016 135.315 m 142.004 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 110.453 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cercles)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cercles.com/review/r28/self.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 80.547 m 249.656 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 252.656 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/500/258.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 52.035 m 312.332 52.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 315.332 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.6637 249.6775 304.6517 261.5575 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.3317 235.4215 459.3197 247.3015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.3317 221.1655 459.3197 233.0455 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.3317 206.9095 459.3197 218.7895 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 217.9757 178.3975 271.9637 190.2775 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 88.0157 135.6295 142.0037 147.5095 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 80.8615 249.6557 92.7415 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.cercles.com/review/r28/self.html) >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 52.3495 312.3317 64.2295 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/500/258.full) >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 50 0 R ] /Contents 49 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Length 743 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 805.999 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 788.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 788.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/625)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 786.825 m 322.316 786.825 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 761.848 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.448 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4131)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.cercles.com/review/r28/self.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.648 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIII/500/258.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 787.1395 322.3157 799.0195 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/625) >> endobj xref 0 52 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000542 00000 n 0000000624 00000 n 0000004521 00000 n 0000004630 00000 n 0000004740 00000 n 0000004849 00000 n 0000008410 00000 n 0000008538 00000 n 0000008622 00000 n 0000008734 00000 n 0000016561 00000 n 0000016689 00000 n 0000016725 00000 n 0000016853 00000 n 0000016889 00000 n 0000017017 00000 n 0000017053 00000 n 0000017181 00000 n 0000017217 00000 n 0000017345 00000 n 0000017381 00000 n 0000017465 00000 n 0000024838 00000 n 0000024966 00000 n 0000025002 00000 n 0000025135 00000 n 0000032950 00000 n 0000033078 00000 n 0000033114 00000 n 0000033242 00000 n 0000033278 00000 n 0000033406 00000 n 0000033442 00000 n 0000033570 00000 n 0000033606 00000 n 0000033734 00000 n 0000033770 00000 n 0000033897 00000 n 0000033933 00000 n 0000034058 00000 n 0000034153 00000 n 0000034278 00000 n 0000034387 00000 n 0000034471 00000 n 0000035266 00000 n 0000035394 00000 n trailer << /Size 52 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35489 %%EOF