%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140922192138+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140922192138+01'00') /Title (Medicine at the Border: Disease, Globalization and Security, 1850 to the Present) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2027 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Medicine at the Border: Disease, Globalization and Security, 1850 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(to the Present)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(634)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 30 November, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Bashford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230507067)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(271pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?PID=277188)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roberta Bivins)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7652 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Bashford's latest edited collection, )] TJ ET BT 236.828 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medicine at the Border: Disease, Globalization, and Security, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1850 to the Present)] TJ ET BT 127.676 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, brings together papers from a 2004 conference on the same broad topic. Like many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference volumes, this one both benefits from its origins in face-to-face discussions across disciplinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries, and suffers somewhat from the fact that such conversations rarely survive the transition into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(print. The thirteen chapters which comprise )] TJ ET BT 246.308 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medicine at the Border)] TJ ET BT 357.956 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are divided into three thematic sections: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('World health: global and national histories', 'National security: migration, territory, and border regulation' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 'Globalization: deterritorialized health'. Although these divisions do, as their titles suggest, weight the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections towards particular approaches, Bashford is to be commended as an editor for not simply dividing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book along disciplinary lines. Historians are grouped with sociologists, public health scholars with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialists in law, and geographers with just about everybody. Thus, even though few of the book's authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seized the opportunity presented by this collection to generate interdisciplinary discussions across the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters, the structure of the volume makes it easy for readers to do so themselves. In this regard, Bashford's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introductory chapter, 'Age of universal contagion', is a real boon for the reader, as she effectively and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gracefully draws out the linkages between the book's three sections, and 12 other chapters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bashford's chapter also offers a valuable overview of what she sees as a movement from absolute to relative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measures of border health control, paralleled by a movement from 'territory-oriented' to 'network-oriented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technologies', and by the 'intertwining' of the national, the colonial and the global. She argues that studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world health must be embedded into world history, and portrays infectious disease as being 'central to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political, legal, and commercial history of nationalism, colonialism and internationalism, as well as to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century invention of a newly imagined space for regulation called "the world"' \(p. 1\). Moreover, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bashford suggests that today's links between aid, politics, development, commerce and 'disease management' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have deep historical roots, and did not emerge de novo from postcolonial complexities. Practices at borders - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however those borders are defined and located - show strong continuities across the period. Quarantine and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the medicalised screening of migrants, trade barriers, isolation of carriers, targeted vaccination - all are still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in use. And in this century as in the two preceding it, disease is used to justify both formal and, crucially, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informal interventions across borders. This is not to say that Bashford ignores changes in border policing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and surveillance. She notes the rise of supranational surveillance, 'defensive' nationalism, and the emergence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of particular kinds of information networks. Bashford, and this volume as a whole, makes a strong case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against claims of a lost colonial past of hygienic security. Instead, Bashford and her contributors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate the considerable and growing power now invested in the mechanisms of global public health. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chapters which follow, authors contest the origins, mechanisms, efficacy and impact of that power - but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all share a sense of its presence and position at the centre of the nexus joining commerce, culture, security )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and health.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the historical chapters which dominate the book's first section, authors discuss the emergence and impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 'medical internationalism' and its relationship with colonisation, decolonisation, eradicationism and global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health governance. Patrick Zylberman, in 'Civilising the state: borders, weak states, and international health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in modern Europe', compares European responses to Muslim pilgrimage and associated cholera outbreaks in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the declining years of the Ottoman Empire with responses to malaria in Macedonia and the 'sanitary zone' in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eastern Poland after the First World War. Looking at international sanitary conferences and other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international health forums, he describes a perceived right of nations to make 'pre-emptive interventions' on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the grounds of public health and portrays modern health institutions 'spreading inward from the borders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than outward from the centre' \(p. 21\). His is the first of many examples in this volume of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presumption on the part of the developed world that the 'defence of health' \(p. 29\) would be enacted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 'Yellow fever crusade: US colonialism, tropical medicine and the international politics of mosquito )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control, 1900-1920', Alexandra Minna Stern turns from Europe to the US, and from the Suez to the Panama )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canal, to build her analysis of the racial underpinnings - the 'ugly underbelly' \(p. 51\) - of colonial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tropical medicine, and the conjoined US military and sanitary interventions in central and south America. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the story, one of the conflation of racial differences, disease propensities and vulnerable locales, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be familiar to scholars of colonial and tropical medicine, it is well told, and Stern's setting and her )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7473 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of US, rather than UK or European, empire-building valuably extends the literature. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Immediately following Stern's lively chapter, Sanjoy Battacharya's account of complexity and tension )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between national and international actors and agencies promoting smallpox eradication in India \(entitled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('WHO-led or WHO-managed? Re-assessing the smallpox eradication program in India, 1960-1980'\) does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exactly what it says on the tin. Although his material will hold few surprises for scholars of such co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operative endeavours, the essay is still a useful corrective to conventional valedictory accounts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(campaign. It is slightly unfortunate that Battacharya, unlike Stern, so rarely allows his historical actors to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speak in their own voices - which somewhat obscures the very dynamic tensions he intends to document.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While these first three chapters look closely at specific historical examples of international health activities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fourth, Theodore Brown, Marcos Cueto and Elizabeth Fee's 'The World Health Organisation and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transition from "international" to "global" health', takes a slightly different approach. They analyse the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language of public health through the lens of the World Health Organisation's own history. They find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beneath the shift from 'international' to 'global' a movement away from the co-ordination between sovereign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nations of efforts strictly constrained by national borders towards the trans-national co-ordination of efforts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across boundaries, reflecting new models of social, political and economic interdependence. Brown, Cueto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Fee sketch out a number of antecedents for this shift, from the return the Soviet Union to the World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Health Authority \(leading to a revived concern with primary care and immunisation\) to the entrance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World Bank \(with its equally ideological emphasis on private sector provision\) into healthcare development. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most interestingly, they demonstrate the ways in which the WHO took advantage of this shift to renew its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mission and credibility, and to parlay its existing and acknowledged expertise in the provision of health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(services into a leadership role centred around the new paradigm of 'global health'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medicine at the Border)] TJ ET BT 145.664 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('s second section builds on these historical foundations, opening with another three-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hander from geographer Ian Covery, health researcher/historian John Welshman and Bashford herself. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Where is the border? Screening for tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Australia, 1950-2000' is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only fully-fledged example of comparative history in the volume, and seeks to define 'otherness', 'borders' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the work done by them. Overall, it presents an argument for British exceptionalism from the norm of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colony nations, with their legacy of interwoven health and immigration laws. Comparing what they posit is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the UK's diffuse internal health border with Australia's rigid and strictly policed external one, the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argue for the persistence of aspects of 'coloniality' in each nation. While the comparison is highly suggestive, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the piece makes intriguing links between contemporary debates and their recent historical antecedents, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffers from an emphasis on describing the UK's unusual approach to screening, rather than assessing why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that approach emerged and persisted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miriam Ticktin, too, is concerned with exceptionalism - this time French - in her chapter, 'Medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanitarianism in and beyond France: breaking down or patrolling borders'. Rooted in France's historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern with universalism - and with the concepts of duties, rights and responsibilities packed into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polysemic 'le droit' - 'medical humanitarianism' was pioneered in France by the professional group Mdecins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sans Frontires. These concepts also inform France's 'illness clause', under which sickness and dependence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endow rather than revoke the right to remain in France. Ticktin argues that both of these examples of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical humanitarianism emerge from the contradictions of France's interventionist colonial history and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represent a new 'mission civilatrice' \(p. 122\), and interrogates the boundaries both of such medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanitarianism and of the limited civic status it creates. This is an elegant piece of thinking, and begs for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use as a comparator to other national responses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renisa Mawani's chapter on mandatory HIV screening for immigrants to Canada offers exactly such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison, describing an alternative national approach to the need for modern and liberal border health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(controls. With its cherished self-perception as an inclusive and tolerant nation at stake, Canada had much to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lose when it re-wrote its immigration laws in the early years of the 21st century. The decision to include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mandatory HIV screening, in particular, demanded careful handling. In 'Screening out diseased bodies: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration, mandatory HIV testing and the making of a healthy Canada' Mawani demonstrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persistence of the racially discriminatory effects of health screening measures, despite strenuous efforts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(craft a visibly race-neutral policy to protect robustly Canada's commercial interests and its 'overstretched' )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7456 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universal healthcare system. Noting the resistance of politicians to addressing, or even admitting such racist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effects, she argues that this 'is hardly surprising, given that liberalism's response to racism at best fails to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take it seriously and at worst denies racism altogether' \(p. 153\). This chapter can also be read usefully in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parallel with the volume's two chapters on SARS in Canada \(described below\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Coker and Alan Ingram, in their article 'Passports and pestilence: migration, security, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary border control of infectious disease', address similar themes, stating particularly clearly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between mechanisms of health control and the construction of stable national identities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders. Their chapter thus builds nicely on those which precede it in the volume, echoing in particular ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found in Zylberman. But they also draw a salient distinction between border-policing responses to chronic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as opposed to acute infectious conditions. Given the attention historians of medicine pay to chronicity as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defining characteristic of disease in the developed world, it is ironic that only this chapter, written by two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographers, really tackles the issue. Coker and Ingram also return to the matter of UK exceptionalism, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time in relation to the UK policy of separating development and security \(though there are clear parallels )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between their account of UK responses to HIV/AIDS and TB - offering development aid to treat the diseases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abroad, while seeking to limit access to free treatment at home - and those detailed by Mawani in Canada\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the book's final section, 'Globalization: deterritorialized health', Bashford's authors explore 'supranational' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public health and the surveillance of health and disease independent of territorial borders or physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locations. Two authors focus closely on the SARS outbreak, particularly in Canada. Claire Hooker, whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter 'Drawing the lines: danger and risk in the age of SARS' opens the section, argues that the 20th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century shift from notions of 'dangerousness' to models of 'risk' in health-policy making was challenged by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(SARS. Responses to the outbreak - and the fear it provoked - demonstrated a reversion from health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promotion and population surveillance to older techniques of quarantine, isolation, sanitation and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surveillance of individuals. SARS lacked easily identifiable 'at-risk' groups \(and included economically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desirable business travellers and tourists among its vectors\); Hooker argues that the experience of this new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threat created a 'new normal' in which the demands of national 'preparedness' trumped calls for 'the renewal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of public health' - but also amplified the need for certain kinds of 'global health governance' \(all p. 192\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carolyn Strange deepens and extends Hooker's analysis by looking at the impact of SARS as an 'Asian' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disease on the multicultural western city of Toronto. Her chapter, 'Postcard from plaguetown: SARS and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exoticization of Toronto', is among the most revealing \(and easy to read\) in the volume. Strange illustrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ease with which western institutions and individuals reinstated the old 19th-century link between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese diaspora and disease. Side-by-side with this, she documents the shock and anger with which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Torontonians responded to being themselves exoticized by the presence of illness, and at the hands of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global institution \(the WHO\) and the global media. Finally, Strange narrates Toronto's efforts to rebuild its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reputation as a clean, but also as a diverse and tolerant city, and the ironic role of exoticism in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('rebranding' process.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remaining two chapters look more generally at responses to SARS and to the type of global threat - to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health and to national security - that SARS came to represent. David Fidler, in 'Biosecurity: friend or foe for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public health governance', uses SARS to explore a 'transformational moment in public health as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governance activity': the rise of 'biosecurity' \(p. 196\). After a useful, if necessarily brief summary of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of biological weapons, and of the term 'biosecurity', Fidler asserts that the timing of SARS led to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflation of bioterrorism, terrorism and epidemic disease. This conflation spawned a new and expensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('preparedness' imperative that risks swamping public health priorities. More positively, Fidler notes, the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interrelatedness of health and security has elevated public health to being 'an independent marker of good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governance' \(p. 216\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, in 'The geopolitics of global public health surveillance in the twenty-first century', sociologists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lorna Weir and Eric Mykhalovskiy discuss the emergence of the Global Public Health Intelligence Network )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(GPHIN\), which uses global news rather than national public health epidemiological sources to track )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseases and pinpoint outbreaks. GPHIN effectively bypassed sovereignty and national control, speeding and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanding the flow of information about global disease outbreaks - but its information could only be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productively deployed by an accepted and accredited actor in the sphere of global health: the WHO. Initially )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 3050 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a partnership between GPHIN and the WHO allowed the latter to apply transnational leverage when national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public health bodies \(as, for example, in China in the early stages of the SARS outbreak\) were reluctant to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(co-operate. However, when GPHIN expanded its coverage to \(commercially saleable\) 'intelligence' matters, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the WHO was forced to distance itself - to become a client, rather than a partner - to maintain its neutrality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and thus credibility. Weir and Mykhalovskiy contrast GPHIN with the 'securitized' process of 'syndromic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surveillance' - another but rather less effective or broadly applicable way to get information about population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health and disease foci in the absence of 'Westphalian' governmental reporting and diagnosis. Like Fidler, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weir and Mykhalovskiy foreground the impact of fear and security on global public health surveillance. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both chapters demonstrate that the new relationship between health and security can enhance, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detract from more conventional public health endeavours. And both also show that the nation, like the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national health border, has not yet disappeared from the sphere of public health, despite new global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches and concerns.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without denying or erasing the changes that have taken place in public health and border medicine over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course of the 20th and 21st centuries, )] TJ ET BT 215.984 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medicine at the Border: Disease, Globalization and Security, 1850 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Present)] TJ ET BT 88.340 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( thus closes the circle, and finds a balance between documenting the distinctive features of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary medicalized borders and reminding scholars and policy-makers alike that they have deep roots )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and unintended consequences we cannot afford to ignore.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 539.647 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 521.867 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 521.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/634)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 520.473 m 322.316 520.473 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 495.496 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 481.096 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4153)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 520.7875 322.3157 532.6675 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/634) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000590 00000 n 0000000672 00000 n 0000002751 00000 n 0000002860 00000 n 0000002970 00000 n 0000003079 00000 n 0000006640 00000 n 0000006768 00000 n 0000006852 00000 n 0000006917 00000 n 0000014622 00000 n 0000014687 00000 n 0000022213 00000 n 0000022278 00000 n 0000029787 00000 n 0000029871 00000 n 0000032974 00000 n 0000033102 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33197 %%EOF