%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141219115548+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141219115548+00'00') /Title (Sex and the Family in Colonial India: The Making of Empire) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4043 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sex and the Family in Colonial India: The Making of Empire)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The interaction between western men's and native women's sexuality makes the human body central to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulation of colonial/imperial ideologies. Setting her study in eighteenth-century British India, Ghosh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasises a pan-imperial understanding of body, and the role of race, gender and sexuality in empire-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(building in the early modern period. In my view, by seeing the body as a place where imperial power was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagined and exercised, Ghosh's study marks a fundamental re-conception of the nature and working of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires. While high politics and commerce dominate accounts of the British Empire, this book demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the constitutive role of women/the colonised and explains how their bodily interaction with the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(males/colonisers added to larger socio-political discourses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At first, British abhorrence of Oriental practices was informed by specific moral virtues and a conviction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social superiority. In the British psyche, the Oriental aristocratic practices that were copied by East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company servants were disgraceful; all the more so, perhaps, because at heart the English aristocracy felt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened by the influx of new wealth from the East. A practical sense of cultural contact, imagined in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form of domestic-sexual arrangements, was conveyed through visual and narrative mediums, thus ensuring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that colonial society was not threatened. The interracial sexual liaisons that actually took place, however, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(635)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 30 November, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Durba Ghosh)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521857048)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(48.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(290pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cup.cam.ac.uk/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521857048)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karuna Sharma)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7502 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a part of the past that has been selectively forgotten. Ghosh examines this past to reveal how men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approached intimate relationships when they had an undercurrent of racial and class anxiety.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those Englishmen who engaged in such relationships were particularly concerned about the future of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mixed-race children, and this led them - and colonial society at large - to confront complicated and delusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions, such as who should be classed as a British subject and what rights these indigenous companions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their offspring should enjoy. In the present book, we see that these anxieties were very much part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century -although they were to expand further in the nineteenth. In the Company state's struggle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to limit the number of people to whom it granted the status of British subjects, thereby protecting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whiteness of its citizens, the native companions' incorporation into its system of rule was achieved by force )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(majeure. On the other hand, as these companions grappled with social ostracisation they too harboured many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxieties and were often able to negotiate with the colonial institutions of governance. This negotiation ipso )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facto solidified racial and gender hierarchies. An ambitious narration of various case studies, both civil and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminal, in the book exposes the materiality of colonial sexual-domestic arrangements and reveals that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social structure within the Company state reflected an unequal access to equality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Companionship with native women held an anomalous position in the scheme of the colonial establishment - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an establishment in which men sought to be powerful. For some it could be politically rewarding, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated in the narrative of the rise of two important families, those of James Achilles Kirkpatrick and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Palmer. A strong foothold could be gained in local court politics under the auspices of noble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women. Through the study of various wills, Ghosh focuses on the organisation of household relations, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxieties shared by different classes of men, and the extent to which the Company state shared them. Men in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the higher echelons of the Company state, as well as those aspiring to such a position, were aware of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prejudice that any children they sired would face in India if they did not choose for them English social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunities and class status. Such fathers were good patriarchs who replicated the English order by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledging their paternal obligations towards their offspring. However, while these men bequeathed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social standing and estates to their children, they provided little for their companions. The re-socialisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Anglicisation of the child overrode its mother's economic rights. In contrast, the less-moneyed, lower- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and lower-middle-class men, who were minor bureaucrats, recognized both sets of relationship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, the social consequences of miscegenation for these men, as well as for their progenies, were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutive of their identity. Under all circumstances, as fathers and husbands, they upheld norms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculinity and stood for the cause of paternal obligations. This was facilitated by the Company state, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had to confront the status of these relationships which had been neither religiously nor legally recognised? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The easy solution, albeit one with great ramifications, was to give the female companions the same legal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status as their men. This was certainly one way to organise household relationships. Thus, in pursuit of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectable Empire, these traders, merchants, civil servants and soldiers were mindful of social/moral and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(racial distinctions. In Ghosh's study the dynamics of colonial inequities within interracial families reflect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how gender and race hierarchies paralleled social order in the colonial settlements of the East India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company. Long before such relationships became taboo within the larger British Empire, the colonial mind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was infested with such distinctions. The unequal material provisions made in wills for companions, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(priority given to mixed-race children over their widowed mothers, enacted and reinforced broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptions of racial cultural and gendered inequalities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Against this background, the legal status that had been accorded to interracial families, as noted by Ghosh, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought native women into the system of colonial governance. The women's demands forced the Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state to review who were British subjects and who could legitimately ask for its legal and social protection. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Looking at things from the women's perspective also allows for a better understanding of their role. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the appearance of a mother's pet name - or even its complete absence - in baptismal registers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(signalled the presence of native women rather than the suppression of their identity. The women, too, had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain anxieties, and these can highlight the various ways in which they became part of colonial society. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Through the study of their wills and of their everyday life, Ghosh shows how these women maintained their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community and familial ties and their linguistic and religious practices. The stories of Begum Samru and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Begum Bennett, both native companions, reveal the consequences of interracial conjugality for native )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7398 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women. They made changes in their own customary practices, refashioning themselves in order to negotiate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater advantages. While Samru's story shows how women might rise from obscure origins, Bennett's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reveals the significant constraints that native women faced. Their personalities were representative of neither )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typical English nor native women, as they occupied several cultural spaces. They were strategic and resistant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when they recorded their subjectivities, their final testaments, letters or political negotiations, and in this way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they could register themselves in the colonial archives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Later, Ghosh demonstrates how the pursuit of justice, in civil and criminal cases, was one arena in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new subjects \(those on whom the colonial judicial structure bestowed a legal status\) by coincidence created a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(normative gendered and racial order within their own domestic units, thus buttressing the political authority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Company state. The rule of law was responsible for enforcing the gendered distinctions that marred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early colonial order, while ambivalence prevailed in the handing down of judicial decisions. Whereas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this ambivalence tied women's legal identity to their male counterparts, it also protected their rights for as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long as the position of the patriarch went unchallenged and the legitimacy and order of the Company went )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncompromised. Each and every decision, legal or otherwise, unremittingly supported a man's right to enjoy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the body and estates of his companion. But the law also gave a woman the same legal identity as her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partner - in some cases at least. In short, a sexual and social regulation pertaining to English morality was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enforced by asserting a man's absolute control over his companion. When cases were reported to the courts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both the parties crafted stories which made sense to the judges and could help them secure acquittals. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Domestic violence came to be justified, as it was the arena where the male ruled. The fact that women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agency was contingent upon the patriarchal authority of the immediate lord did make them subservient, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it also served to keep them alive to colonial bureaucracy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For its own moral and political imperatives, while the colonial state in different ways was securing men's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual access to the bodies of native women, its courts, to all intents and purposes, also legitimated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presence of these women around military cantonments and colonial settlements. They were to be ready )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic and sexual partners. Ghosh engages with crime, violence and the ensuing legal issues in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were always suspected, as the rule of law seemed to justify any crime against women who lived near )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to military areas. Under all circumstances their quest for justice underpinned the male position and secured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the influence of the rule of law over domestic arrangements. In the trajectory of hierarchies, Ghosh sees )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these domestic-sexual arrangements as paradigmatic of service relationships within the setting of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cantonment area. Whereas men got easy service from women and the Company secured a structural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrangement to enforce appropriate definitions of household hierarchies, native women acquired a financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basis for the domestic relationships that they entered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ghosh further complicates this picture of economic and social-sexual interdependence by addressing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's interaction with the Company's bureaucracies and institutions. The East India Company's military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration, under a faade of responsiveness, moved forward with the practical and ideological work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socially engineering colonial settlements, and announced formal support funds - the Lord Clive's Pension )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fund and the Military Orphan Society - for native companions and their children who lived close to military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cantonments. Needless to say, the anxiety that these mixed-race orphans aroused was at least partly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsible for such moves, which, Ghosh argues, were intended to educate the children and so make them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loyal and productive subjects. Military officials laid claim to paternal authority over a large number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects in order to bring them under the jurisdiction of the nascent colonial government, thereby furthering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their political authority. But officials in England did not share their views and instituted various exclusions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that limited their financial responsibilities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Financial constraints were often cited to explain the marked differences in approach, but the anxieties over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the erosion of a racially pure white society had been central to the colonial authorities. When military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials in India championed the cause of the companions and children of their brothers in arms, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prioritised the patriarchal contract, with its notion of women as possessions, over racial distinctions. Ghosh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasizes that it was only after 1770 that the racial status of the recipient became a central subject of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate, and that paternal benevolence became contingent upon a hierarchy based on gender and class. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the companions it was a chance to plead for legal and material support on the ground of being British )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7101 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects, which further burdened those disbursing funds with anxieties over claimants' eligibility for such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material provision. In the minds of the former, this provision was compensation for the women's unpaid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic and sexual labour. As a result they supported such claims and wanted the military officials to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific about their policies. That Ghosh can show inconsistency on the part of officials reveals how these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's claims forced them to contemplate such issues as the nature of Company policy on eligibility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The women articulated their rights as subjects of the Company state. In particular, their interaction with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Orphan Society is seen by Ghosh as a negotiation with the system. The women stayed close to cantonment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas because of their children, who were forcibly taken away from them to mitigate the effects of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous upbringing. These children were cared for by officials until they were old enough to go to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(school for orphans. Further, even when they were clearly entangled in the mesh of the politics of material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provision, the women gained from the tension between military officials in India and the higher authorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in England. While the former visualised the political authority of the Company through the household )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority of the soldier, the women relied on their rights as members of military families, and unwittingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consolidated the paternal structures from which these institutions had been formed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The expansion and colonialism of the English posed a formidable challenge to their identity, which emerged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly troubled when its male sexuality produced racial anxieties in the colonial landscape. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial archive might have deliberately avoided recording racial conjugality, but the number of wills left by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial companions does suggest that these relationships existed; and this seems to have caused much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxiety. The sexual economy of the colonial period became liable to government intervention, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate around mixed-race intimacy became centred on issues of race, gender and class. A degree of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambivalence existed in the governance of various institutions and in the policies that were developed, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(native women were readily available sexual partners on whose bodies the paternal authority of their partners )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be established - which aligned with legitimising and ensuring colonial control.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this rigorously researched book, the author shows that the making of empire relied on paternalism. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parallel can also be drawn in indigenous practices, where the Mughal - the political power before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British - showered paternalism on their women. The women had an amount of agency and at the same time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they inadvertently came to underpin the gender hierarchies of the harem. Undeniably the specific socio-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic and cultural environment produced typical gendered relations, but a mention of the role of local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influences in the organisation of household relationships, where this can be ascertained, would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting. The author points out towards the end of the book that interracial intimacy met with little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resistance from the native elites. The reason for this is that these women belonged to the lower caste orders, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and were thus open to, if one can put it like this, the sexual assaults of higher caste orders. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminiscent of prescriptive texts like )] TJ ET BT 212.324 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manusmriti)] TJ ET BT 268.328 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which advises that the sexuality of those who would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endanger caste purity and ritual status should be guarded. But women of the lower orders were easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible to all and had no one to complain to. Ghosh has been able to convey that racial transgression and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the negotiations for women worked in tandem with global understanding of a woman's body as a site where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those in power tended to inscribe their authority. In every way, this study of imperial anxieties has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historicised the household and a hitherto marginalised section of society. The analysis of some \(un\)expected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the English colonialism addresses the sexualised gendered context of the Empire and vouches for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations between bodies, empires and the worlds of past. This book will attract a cross-disciplinary audience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/113/4/1110.extract)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 148.323 m 302.996 148.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 305.996 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 144.991 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 127.211 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 127.211 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/635)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 125.817 m 322.316 125.817 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 100.840 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 86.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4155)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/113/4/1110.extract)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 148.6375 302.9957 160.5175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/113/4/1110.extract) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 126.1315 322.3157 138.0115 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/635) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000643 00000 n 0000004738 00000 n 0000004847 00000 n 0000004957 00000 n 0000005066 00000 n 0000008627 00000 n 0000008755 00000 n 0000008839 00000 n 0000008904 00000 n 0000016459 00000 n 0000016524 00000 n 0000023975 00000 n 0000024066 00000 n 0000031220 00000 n 0000031347 00000 n 0000031455 00000 n 0000031583 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31678 %%EOF