%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141126023430+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141126023430+00'00') /Title (Women and Material Culture, 1660-1830) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4164 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Women and Material Culture, 1660-1830)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The introduction to this collection of twelve essays promises a taste of the 'sophisticated interdisciplinarity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of recent work on material culture', a promise on which the volume certainly delivers. It contains a feast of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things: from the coins, trade tokens, receipts, some hops and a baby's cap found in a tie-on pocket in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxfordshire, to a Svres toilet set presented by Louis XVI, the first public statue of a nude male by a woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be displayed in London, and two sets of waxworks inspired by the novel )] TJ ET BT 396.980 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pamela)] TJ ET BT 433.640 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. And taken as a whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Material Culture )] TJ ET BT 178.676 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses a wide range of evidence: material objects, novels, commercial records, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plays, didactic works, paintings, personal correspondence and prints.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The introduction is, however, silent on one of the more curious aspects of the volume - its organisation. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is divided into sections on: 'Dress and adornment', 'Women and sculpture', 'The material culture of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire', and 'Women and books'. It is not a division which immediately suggests 'total coverage' of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject, and it would have been interesting to hear the editors' views on the kinds of issues which might arise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from these perspectives. That said, the subjects covered are much broader than those headings might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicate, as a brief overview of the chapters will show.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part I contains two of the strongest pieces in the volume. It opens with Marcia Pointon's rich work on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Women and their jewels', which manages to tie evidence from 'letters, paintings, other visual material, trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(640)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 January, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennie Batchelor)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cora Kaplan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230007055)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catherine Richardson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6476 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuals and commercial records, etiquette books and fiction' \(p. 12\) into a coherent argument about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(function of jewellery in a woman's lifecycle and its wider meanings in relation to ornament, authenticity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the purpose of fashionable objects across the late 17th to 19th centuries. It also provides a thought-provoking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preview of the book's overall assessment of the nature of materiality, for it is the 'capacity for transformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(... to be malleable and changeable while representing permanence - that situates jewels and jewellery as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful agent in the dynamics and in the politics of femininity' \(p. 23\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another remarkable essay, 'Fanny's pockets: cotton, consumption and domestic economy, 1780-1850', by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barabara Burman and Jonathan White, is an object lesson in object lessons. It examines four tie-on pockets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of between 30-40cm in length belonging to a woman called Fanny Jarvis in the early 19th century. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis focuses on the form and fabric of the tie-on pocket with the aim of 'seeing its changing material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(properties, social uses and meanings as both expressions of broader change and at the same time as carrying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its particular narrative of development' \(p. 32\). The authors deal with the strength, durability and relative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plainness of the form in relation to its meanings and significance, and tie it to educational literature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neoclassical styles of dress, the perfect whiteness of cotton and a remarkable 1849 didactic novel called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Grandmamma's Pockets. )] TJ ET BT 156.896 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burman's and White's analysis, which ranges from a set of objects belonging to one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woman to the construction of ideologies on a national scale, has the widest trajectory of any chapter in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The section, concentrating on the category of personal objects connected to the female body, ends with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrower focus of Jillian Heydt-Stevenson's chapter on the role of hats in the development of plot and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character in the novel. In the first of several essays on literary representations of materiality, she connects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's relationship to their hats to larger, extra-textual themes through their symbolic functions; to 'the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual dialectical formulations of public and private experience, whether in poetry or politics, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamic attempts to separate and join the two, which remain in flux throughout this age' \(p. 66\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second section concentrates on extraordinary women and Rosalind P. Blakesley introduces two further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes of the volume as she outlines the role of Maria Fedorovna in the decoration of the Imperial palace of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pavlovsk. Blakesley's thorough investigation links consumption to production as she connects work on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embellishment of the building to Fedorovna's activities as an artist \(in which role she appears on the cover of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume\). She foregrounds the connection between patronage and national identity, noting Maria's role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first as a conduit of European fashion and design and later as a patron of Russian artists and craftsmen. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally Blakesley addresses the significance of the Grand Duchess's status: 'Neither the modest dilettante )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(content with private success, nor the aspirant professional forced to contend with innumerable obstacles, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compels us to reconsider the tendency to position women artists of her day at one of the two poles' \(p. 73\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marjan Sterckx, picking up on the questions raised in the previous essay, focuses on the first generation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female sculptresses by exploring the ways in which educational conventions and cultural prejudices affected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's contribution to sculpture \(indeed the unsuitability of life classes as training grounds for women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looms large in this section\). Most interestingly, Sterckx explores the gendered language around artistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endeavour, quoting Priscilla Wakefield's comment that, 'If the resistance of marble and hard substances be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too powerful for them to subdue, wax and the other materials of a softer nature, will easily yield to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressions' \(p. 92\). Sterckx then pursues the relationship between gender and status productively by tracing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the connections between women's exclusion from the Royal Academy and their non-canonical work in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriately soft material, wax. In so doing she exposes a world of naff wonders, from the works of a Mrs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mills, who displayed her 'present Court of England' in wax for money and would turn her hand to 'deceas'd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friends on reasonable Terms', to Madame Tussaud \(p. 94-5\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7385 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This section achieves unity through its focus on an intimate group of women and the final piece by Angela )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Escott, discussing theatrical representations of Anne Damer \(identified in Sterckx's piece as the possible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creator of the first public statue of a nude male by a woman to be displayed in London\), explores the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection between the role of female sculptors off the stage and their representation on it. Escott argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that playwrights questioned conventional constructions of femininity by 'making their characters break )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taboos in a blunt and unrefined manner' \(p. 109\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third part of the volume considers cultural exchange. Ellen Kennedy Johnson discusses the reception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand-painted Chinese panoramic landscape wallpapers and their machine-printed European imitations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeing them as markers of taste instrumental in maintaining class distinctions and as part of a visual culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which participated 'in a range of nationalist discourses' \(p. 119\). She traces the movements of the taste in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these papers, noting changing prices and the way manufacturers positioned their European versions in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market. She contrasts '"China-mania" and the love of Chinese and chinoiserie designs by the last quarter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the century, with its unfettered designs, in the service of the nationalist project', an aesthetic which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gendered female and relegated to private spaces, with 'European-designed scenic landscape wallpapers', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which 'clearly represented male prerogatives, such as appropriation, colonisation and empire-building' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(128\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Porter's contribution picks up on this question of the appropriation of alien forms and their connection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to gendered aesthetics. At the centre of his analysis is the translation of aesthetic ideas across cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries - the way ideas might accompany things. In a bold argument he contrasts the Chinese 'scholar's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stone', a contorted garden rock, with its cultural other: the statuesque figure which was equally prominent in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the paintings and gardens of European tradition. Pondering women's use of china decorated with such rocks, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he then argues that in the process of gossip around the taking of tea, women may indeed 'have internalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something of the imaginative sensibility implicit in Chinese art', as 'both the narrative structure and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(function of gossip ... suggest much closer affinities with Chinese rocks than with classical statuary'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Pleasure', he concludes, 'encouraged the cultivation of habits of perception and response that transposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of a Chinese value system into English social practice' \(p. 145\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final piece in the section, although still about 'thinking with cultural difference', has a totally different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feel. Elizabeth Kowaleski Wallace raises the question of women's agency in a world of goods, analysing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hannah More's bizarre comparison between women's relationship with fashion and the slave trade in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1805 pamphlet 'Hints towards forming a Bill for the Abolition of the White Slave Trade, in the Cities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London and Westminster' \(p. 148\). Kowaleski Wallace argues that, 'Even as she promotes the idea of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("deep" female subject, one remarkable for her spirituality and her resistance to material culture, she also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denies women the agency that potentially comes from meaningful interaction with a world of goods' \(p.148\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final essays in the volume pick up this question of women's agency in their focus on women and books. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennie Batchelor examines Richardson's )] TJ ET BT 230.144 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pamela )] TJ ET BT 269.804 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the context of its 'spin-offs, parodies, sequels, comedies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and operas ... engravings and paintings, as well as two sets of waxworks, a set of playing cards, a tea service )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a )] TJ ET BT 62.672 223.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pamela)] TJ ET BT 99.332 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( fan, each of which invented the novel anew.' \(p. 165\) This piece, like several of those before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it, is alive to the relationship between different marketplaces in the period \(in this case those of fashion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature\). Batchelor uses this association to argue the importance of maintaining the connections between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature and the cultural artefacts which it spawns; to get away from the unhelpful divisions of 'high and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(low' art forms which here 'privilege the textual over the material' \(p. 165\). She then problematises the novel's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of the connection between the material and the moral through her analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 442.268 151.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pamela)] TJ ET BT 478.928 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( fan, pointing up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('the extent to which individuals were liberated or colonised by the commodities through which they sought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to define themselves' \(p. 169\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alessa Johns picks up on earlier questions of national identity and materiality by considering the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between women's publishing and collecting, and Anglo-German exchange, asking 'how these texts, moving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between countries in spite of wars and political tensions, shed light on questions of Enlightenment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cosmopolitanism and the rise of nationalism' \(p. 176\). She suggests that 'women, despite their lack of legal )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6139 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political identity, were shaping politics by cultural means' \(p. 177\). Her focus is on the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gttingen \(founded by George II in 1734\), its library, and the publishing house which grew up around it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She uses the particular dynamics of this location to explore the family dynasty of female intellectuals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Braunschweig alongside the University itself. Johns concludes that women generated a 'quotidian rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcendent cosmopolitanism', which can be contrasted with a masculine type of revolutionary activity \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(189\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, Susan Staves outlines the variety of methods by which 18th-century women writers acquired books. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These ranged from purchasing on credit to the use of private libraries which were designed for lending to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friends. But the most noteworthy aspect of her work here is on the way books are caught up in human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships, for instance how the gift came to stand for an invitation to 'adopt and develop an ideological or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary perspective that the lender aimed to promote' \(p. 203\), or how a series of such loans and gifts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed circles of things and ideas. Her assertion that 'whenever books are offered to readers they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered as a part of a relationship' \(p. 208\), connects the act of writing to the commercial market, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book as object to the book as a vehicle for ideology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As should by now be apparent, a wide range of issues is addressed here, as larger political and ideological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions are drawn out from the material. The essays make it clear that concepts of gender and attitudes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards individual women's roles and choices were often conditioned by the perceived connection of women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to material things. However, it is in those places where the contributors attend to questions of taste and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection to status and the relation between different marketplaces, that the inextricability of the different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of the volume's title is most clear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But that still leaves the large and fascinating question of what it might mean to talk about material culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That is both a question about method, and a question about focus. In terms of the latter, one could certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argue that the book has a blind spot for material culture below the level of the elite. It describes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predominantly the experience of groups for whom, in Pointon's pithy sound bite, 'jewels were to women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what real estate was to men' \(p. 23\). As someone who works on the less flamboyant end of the material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectrum I was prepared to find this focus alienating. But this is not a book which is blind to issues of status, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just one which looks at the higher end of its hierarchies. There is an engagement with less elite forms, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance the focus on women's work forces the boundaries of the 'sculpture' section to extend far enough to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include wax models; there is Batchelor's piece on the connection between a novel and its fans - things linked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by celebrity but distanced by aesthetic status. Ellen Kennedy Johnson's essay on wallpaper and Pointon's on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jewellery both consider the way objects and their meanings alter as they descend the social scale. Status )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchies appear through engagement with notions of taste then. Nevertheless, as a result of the chapters' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial focus on the elite, the volume as a whole does have a tendency to work with fairly static models of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(downwards dissemination which deny an independent set of practices outside this sphere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And the volume certainly does not give equal space to the quotidian aspects of material culture. What the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus of the chapters does suggest is a rather distinctive slant on material culture. In the majority of cases it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is taken for granted that materiality means engagement with artistic production and consumption; with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature and the decorative arts. Again, the readings given amply justify the rich possibilities of such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus, but it does happen silently. With the exception of Fanny Jarvis's pockets there are few objects which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seem entirely separated from a high-culture market. One would like to know whether this was a conscious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decision on the part of the editors, or a reflection of the kinds of research currently being undertaken in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 4322 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most admirable aspect of this volume is its dogged pursuit of the fullest range of meanings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materiality. Description for its own sake has no place here, and several of the articles track very distinctive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paths from objects to gender through a close attention to practice and intention. David Porter's piece on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stones and gossip is loose and experimental in its argument, but it tackles questions of practice, of use, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ownership and attitudes towards objects head on; it takes them very seriously. Barbara Burman and Jonathan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(White are equally serious, but their method is very different, tracing a long and complex journey from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual pieces of clothing to a series of national meanings. They argue that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The history of these objects and the social worlds within which they were produced and used ... )] TJ ET BT 64.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requires a thoroughly interdisciplinary inquiry which can draw on histories of technology, trade, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business and broader processes of socio-economic change, alongside a newer attention to the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material properties of objects and a similar recognition of the importance of literary and visual )] TJ ET BT 64.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture records and methods. \(p. 32\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 565.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is material culture studies as its own discipline. It is easy to see why so few of the essays manage to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 551.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(give such a full picture. Apart from the time and skills involved, the method aims at a kind of thick )] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description, a total history which fits uneasily within the discipline of, for instance, literary studies. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay about pockets tells a story about those pockets, which considers their possible intervention in larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideological questions. It does not tell a story about ideologies which uses the pockets as an example. In other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words the volume raises very interesting questions about the discussions which still need to be had about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways of telling such material stories within disciplinary structures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume should generate such discussions because it makes the case for the centrality of material culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to our understanding of women's lives and much else besides. It is worth reading from cover to cover. All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the stories of women and objects are interesting and thought-provoking for the insight they give into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different aspects of the triangle of gender, materiality and ideas. But there are also articles here that must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make those who are concerned with any of the points of that triangle ask questions about the methods they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use, and the position of their discipline in relation to the study of material culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 337.087 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 319.307 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 319.307 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/640)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 317.913 m 322.316 317.913 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 292.936 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.536 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3614)] TJ ET BT 34.016 264.136 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 318.2275 322.3157 330.1075 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/640) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000547 00000 n 0000000629 00000 n 0000004845 00000 n 0000004954 00000 n 0000005064 00000 n 0000005173 00000 n 0000008734 00000 n 0000008862 00000 n 0000008946 00000 n 0000009011 00000 n 0000015540 00000 n 0000015605 00000 n 0000023043 00000 n 0000023108 00000 n 0000029300 00000 n 0000029384 00000 n 0000033759 00000 n 0000033887 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33982 %%EOF