%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140828190709+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140828190709+01'00') /Title (Ordering Africa: Anthropology, European Imperialism and the Politics of Knowledge) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4378 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ordering Africa: Anthropology, European Imperialism and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Politics of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When I was an undergraduate at the School of Oriental and African Studies \(SOAS\) in the early 1980s, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(School had a motto: knowledge is power. Students of a radical inclination would denounce this explicit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evocation of the School's imperial origins, and evidently the criticism took its toll. A diligent search of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(SOAS website suggests that the phrase has now been entirely suppressed, in favour of a cedar which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presumably supposed to make us think of flourishing and growing strong. Evidently, Francis Bacon's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictum, memorably echoed by Francis Reginald Wingate, former Governor General of the Sudan in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to the first issue of )] TJ ET BT 188.012 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sudan Notes and Records)] TJ ET BT 311.672 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is no longer considered to be an appropriate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summation of the role of British academe in relation to Africa and Asia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This sort of embarrassment about the relationship between colonialism and academic study has particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affected anthropology. Unlike the various other disciplines implicated in the production of knowledge about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject other, anthropology was, as Kathleen Gough pointed out in the 1960s, very largely born of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial relationship in continental Europe, as well as in the UK. Almost as soon as it was established, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioners came under attack both for their complicity in a colonial order which was already in decline, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and for producing studies of non-European societies which concealed, or at least understated, the dramatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of colonialism on the lives of ordinary people. Anthropology has, since the 1960s, been frequently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forced into a defensive posture in the face of Bernard Magubane's fierce attack on anthropologists who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('believed not only in the inevitability but also in the rightness of the white conquest of the African', and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(641)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 31 December, 2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719062391)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(404pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Justin Willis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7758 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of works have - as the current jargon would have it - interrogated the relationship between academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology and imperialism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This new collection, the product of a conference in 2000, returns to the debate. From the start, it would seem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the editors of the work, and John Mackenzie in his role as series editor, wish to exonerate anthropology )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the more serious charges laid against it. Historical analyses of colonialism, in Africa and elsewhere, have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tended in recent years to move away from the vision of a totalising project which crushed all before it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather, they have stressed the limited nature of colonial power and the contingent and uncertain nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial policies, as well as the profound role which nominal subjects played in shaping 'the colonial state'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ordering Africa)] TJ ET BT 111.680 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, despite its title, seems to fit largely into this disaggregating mode, questioning the ability of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropologists to order themselves, let alone the continent of their study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This reassessment of the complicity of anthropology pursues several different lines. Several of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions explore the metropolitan academic milieu, and here, as elsewhere, the real strength of a work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a broad European focus is apparent. British, French and German academic anthropologists feature not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as scheming agents of empire but as bickering egotists, driven by national and professional rivalry and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal ambition. Further chapters remind us of the role of the African auxiliaries of linguistic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropological research, the people who gathered and supplied data to European 'experts' who often had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively little direct experience of Africa. These studies do not support the implication that these academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subalterns shaped the production of knowledge, or subverted European ideas about Africa, but they do show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how very limited was the evidential basis of colonial knowledge. Furthermore, they remind the reader that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in any case, the primary concern of these auxiliaries was the 'pursuit of localized personal and family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objectives', rather than the promotion or remaking of colonialism. Finally Bruce Berman's and John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lonsdale's study of Kenyatta's venture into anthropology, while showing how it might be used as a political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tool, also indicates how ineffectual this could be: before later events propelled Kenyatta into the limelight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly anybody read )] TJ ET BT 135.656 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Facing Mount Kenya)] TJ ET BT 237.644 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and of those who did few took it seriously.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the relationship between European and African producers of anthropological knowledge emerges as one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theme a second and more significant division, which comes very clearly out of this collection, was that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between different groups of Europeans, notably between academic anthropologists \(the emergent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professionals of this nascent discipline\) and the European administrators, missionaries and settlers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gathered ethnographic data as part of their work, or out of interest, or both. This distinction was an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one. Of course, Europeans tried to gather information about the people whom they were supposed to rule, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manage or evangelise; but most of them did so in an uncertain and haphazard way, perhaps pushed along by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the occasional questionnaire or the need to add some entries to the Political Record Book. As far as research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions or methods were concerned, they only had their preconceptions and prejudices to guide them. All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this was undoubtedly part of the colonial attempt to order and categorise, but it was rather different from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work of the professional anthropologists who were employed by some colonial governments - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Condominium Sudan being probably the most enthusiastic of these - specifically to gather 'knowledge' about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their subjects. As Douglas Johnson notes in his contribution to the collection, British officials in Sudan had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued the importance of such information right from the beginning of their rule, and they hired their first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropologists in 1908. Yet despite this, and some rather half-hearted attempts to train future administrators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the art of anthropological research, the influence of professional anthropologists on the administration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudan was minimal. Edward Evans-Pritchard worked with Sudan government support to produce his classic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works of anthropology; but as he himself insisted, these were of no real direct value to officials. Harold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacMichael, perhaps the leading administrator-ethnographer of Sudan, was clear in his views on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional anthropologists who 'sink the practical in the recondite'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are similar examples from other territories, not discussed in )] TJ ET BT 353.624 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ordering Africa)] TJ ET BT 431.288 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: when MacMichael left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudan he moved to Tanganyika, another colonial territory, which experimented repeatedly with professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology and where an administrator and an anthropologist co-operated to produce a book on the uses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology \(Hutt and Brown's )] TJ ET BT 192.164 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anthropology in Action)] TJ ET BT 304.832 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). But there too administrators, preferring the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(product of their own research, found it hard to make use of the kind of knowledge produced by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropologists. On the whole, it would seem that, as Helen Tilley puts it here, 'anthropology needed )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7505 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires far more than empires needed anthropology'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This will not be surprising to many readers. In our search for research grants many of us, not always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disingenuously, have argued the relevance of our proposals to some pressing issue, suggesting that by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adding to our understanding we can contribute directly to the shaping of policies which improve the human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(condition. But as anyone who has been involved in such research will know, the application of research-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based knowledge to policies is not always simple, and the relationship with policy-makers can be a fraught )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one. Academics, encumbered by their pressing sense of the complexity of human societies, tend to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reluctant to offer straightforward policy suggestions; policy-makers have no time to read the cautiously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crafted prose of scholars. I have, for the last few years, been involved in running what is, I suppose, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern equivalent of the colonial summer schools of the 1930s: an intensive course taught by academics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the employees, mainly, of development agencies working in Sudan. The pupils are a willing lot but, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they freely admit, it is not always possible for them to see how exactly the experience of the course will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change the ways that they do their jobs. This is especially true of the parts of the course which discuss the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropology of Sudan, which most seem to find confusing. This kind of information does not empower )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them; they are already sufficiently empowered by their knowledge of the international bureaucracy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development, which pays them well and gives them budgets to spend, vehicles to drive, and influence over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governments. For these individuals, as for their colonial antecedents, ethnographic knowledge about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people among whom they work is a decidedly uncertain and unwieldy tool. Indeed, it might be argued that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the colonial context and now, real anthropological understanding is as likely to be subversive of power as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutive of it staying the hand of policy-makers by adding layers of complexity to situations which had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared simple and giving reason for second thoughts. To offer again the current example of Sudan, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only direct effect on policy which I know to have resulted from the 'knowledge' imparted on the course has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been the dissuasion of the UN from a plan to use helicopter gunships to chastise pastoralist raiders; a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restraint on power, rather than the creation of it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is left to the final contributor to )] TJ ET BT 198.008 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ordering Africa)] TJ ET BT 275.672 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to try to restate the argument for the role of 'ethnology', as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he calls it, in sustaining colonialism, and to shift the argument away from the immediate usefulness of any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular piece of 'knowledge' to the idea that knowledge in itself is a project of power. Writing of France's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African territories, Gary Wilder describes a world of colonial ethnology in which continuities were much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more important than divisions, with 'most colonial administrators' \(really?\) attending the cole Coloniale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and diligently absorbing the works of academic anthropologists. His approach centres not so much on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assertion that 'knowledge is power', but rather on the Foucauldian concept of power/knowledge. It is not that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the one produces the other, but rather that the processes through which power is made and exercised are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intricately involved with the processes through which knowledge is created. This neatly sidesteps the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empirical discussion of whether or not officials were able to make practical use of information, emphasising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead that the very act of studying, of gathering knowledge, defined a colonial relationship and legitimised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subordination of the subject. Those who are studied must naturally be ruled and directed by those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study them; the most fundamental ordering comes from this simple divide, which is marked by the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of creating knowledge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a point which Archie Mafeje made many years ago; anthropology offered a service to colonialism not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through particular acts of 'collusion', but through the 'ontology of its thought categories'. Seen thus, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partial, jumbled nature of much colonial knowledge about subjects is really irrelevant; anthropological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge does not have to be accurate in any empirical sense to bestow power. Nor does it matter if such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge is too complicated to be applied in any direct way to administration; that is not really what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gathering anthropological information is about. Rather it is the process, through which studied and studier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeatedly rehearse their respective roles, which makes power. The elaboration of anthropology as a distinct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline was important, not because it created a distinction between professionals and amateurs and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divided the discipline, but because it legitimised and rationalised this knowledge project and so effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empowered colonialism. Administrators may have found professional anthropologists irritating or obscure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but they took comfort and moral strength from the idea that they and the anthropologists were working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together to understand and improve those whom - naturally enough - they ruled. The argument here is rather )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1077 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out of step with the rest of the collection and, on the whole, readers will leave this book with the sense that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the internal combustion engine and the breech-loading rifle were more useful to colonialism than were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropological texts; but Wilder offers an effectively discomfiting reminder that anthropological knowledge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may, after all, have quite a lot to do with power.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 736.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 719.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 719.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/641)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 717.801 m 322.316 717.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 692.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3615)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 718.1155 322.3157 729.9955 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/641) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000584 00000 n 0000000666 00000 n 0000005096 00000 n 0000005205 00000 n 0000005315 00000 n 0000005424 00000 n 0000008985 00000 n 0000009113 00000 n 0000009197 00000 n 0000009262 00000 n 0000017073 00000 n 0000017138 00000 n 0000024696 00000 n 0000024780 00000 n 0000025910 00000 n 0000026038 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26133 %%EOF