%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 34 0 R 54 0 R 59 0 R 73 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140729002217+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140729002217+01'00') /Title (Global History: Interactions between the Universal and the Local) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3157 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Global History: Interactions between the Universal and the Local)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Hopkins, whose magnum opus)] TJ ET BT 210.344 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 213.344 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( co-authored with Peter Cain, occupies the commanding heights for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of British Imperialism 1688-2000, has become evangelical for the reform of curricula in higher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education to encourage historians and their students to engage seriously with globalisation - the leitmotif of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our times. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 85.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 85.016 243.417 m 99.008 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 99.008 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To realise that 'noble dream', he has devoted his considerable energy, scholarship, erudition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and powers of persuasion to constructing and editing two volumes of essays by Anglo-Saxon groups of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians ranging in age from William McNeill \(the doyen of global history\), to very young assistant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professors from the University of Texas at Austin, where Hopkins is now propitiously located.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(648)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 29 February, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. G. Hopkins)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(978-1-40-398793-8)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(315pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick O'Brien)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 85.0157 243.7315 99.0077 255.6115 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8040 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Along with growing numbers of converts to this field, these historians all share his vision that it would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing less than a complacent abnegation of the political and moral responsibilities of professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians at this profound conjuncture in time to fail to make space and allocate resources for the scholarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of past experiences of societies, local communities and individuals as they became enmeshed \(often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unwillingly\) into larger regional, national, imperial and global units of operation, adaptation and interaction. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For historians the challenge of our time is to discover and analyse what might be out there in the records to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help all of us understand the long histories of both benign and malign outcomes of multiple types and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degrees of interdependency that are now leading at an ever accelerating rate towards an increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connected world. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 119.660 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 119.660 669.027 m 133.652 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hopkins's first volume on )] TJ ET BT 160.844 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Globalization in World History)] TJ ET BT 311.192 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( mobilised eight distinguished members from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(faculties of history and oriental studies at the University of Cambridge to historicise globalisation; to expose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its chronological longevity and surprising geographical extent; but, above all, to classify and analyse its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance for the histories of Africa and Eurasia alongside the modern American version familiar to our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own times. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 89.684 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 89.684 585.747 m 103.676 585.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 103.676 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This became a seminal collection that informed colleagues in the social sciences that there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing new under the sun and that the insights of history into the outcomes from previous experiences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('globalisation' could help them analyse \(even theorise\) about processes of encounters, connections, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrations and assimilations. These were processes that had persisted for centuries - albeit upon a bounded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scale, slower velocity and weaker intensity than the truly profound discontinuity with the past that has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked the period since the Second World War. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.292 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.292 514.467 m 282.284 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hopkins's second volume has attempted to do something altogether more difficult and ambitious that might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hopefully become a paradigm for other departments of history in higher education to follow. Recognising, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed appreciating, the educated \(if not innate\) predilections of most historians to research on well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specified, geographically confined, chronologically demarcated and historiographically predefined themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and problems, Hopkins somehow managed to persuade six of his younger colleagues and an emeritus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professor at Austin to take the risk and sign up for three years of workshops, conversations and flows of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emails. In so doing, he was attempting to relocate their own impressive range of expertise in cultural, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic, political, international and intellectual history into a context and mode for discourse that has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformed their research into something recognisably global.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such collaboration is normal in the natural sciences, becomes ever more common in the social sciences, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains rare in the humanities. Thus, this enterprise can be represented as nothing less than an institutional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and intellectual innovation. The book appeared in 2006 as a model and an injunction to get on with the job )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after more than three decades of voluminous writing extolling the virtues and stressing the urgent need for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global forms of history. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 150.344 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 150.344 290.883 m 164.336 290.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 164.336 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Book after book, article after article has proclaimed that the restoration of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancient historiographical tradition will provide the consciousness for global citizenship, new vistas from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space, metanarratives of universal significance, insights and perspectives for the social sciences, a release )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the bunkers of national archives and, when properly constructed, an enforced closure of those now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tediously outdated postmodern attacks on the condescensions of Eurocentric scholarship. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 464.288 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 464.288 233.859 m 478.280 233.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem has long been how to persuade busy historians obsessed \(as most of us are\) with erudition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detail and context, to respond to the unavoidable and multiple challenges posed by modern globalisation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hopkins and his team have proceeded by explaining interactions between the local \(where they work\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the universal, which they regard as significant because as historians they recognise that globalisation has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never \(except in superficial senses\) been a process of convergence, let alone homogenisation. It has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invariably involved diverse adaptations and assimilations to foreign conquests, religious conversions, new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technologies, strangers from afar and commodities imported from beyond the boundaries of local societies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, for the last three centuries \(not much longer than that\) packages of Western 'modernities' have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been on offer to \(or have frequently been intruded with violence into\) Afro-Asian cultures. Their reception )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has rarely been passive or simple and innovations, whether welcomed, accepted or imposed, are invariably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adapted, reformulated and recycled to render the conceptualising of globalisation as diffusion or )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 119.6597 669.3415 133.6517 681.2215 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 89.6837 586.0615 103.6757 597.9415 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 268.2917 514.7815 282.2837 526.6615 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 150.3437 291.1975 164.3357 303.0775 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 464.2877 234.1735 478.2797 246.0535 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R 40 0 R 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 8319 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convergence into a parsimonious, but rather vacuous, theory for the comprehension of humanity's long-run )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of connections and interactions. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.992 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.992 780.819 m 239.984 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Austin model is not the only approach for an engagement with globalisation, but as a way of exposing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past in the present, the east in the west and the universal in the local, it is perhaps more likely to elicit the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(co-operation and commitment of established academics to matters global than comparative history, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demands a rigorous engagement with at least two historiographies, unfamiliar geographies, alien cultures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and very difficult languages. At the very least, the kind of reciprocal comparisons advocated by Marc Bloch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requires a more circumscribed and serious mediation through the secondary literature in European languages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than has been evident in several recent attempts by famous historians to write on a global scale. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 495.272 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 495.272 669.027 m 509.264 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 509.264 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( For the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment, the Texas paradigm looks set to become the optimal way forward, particularly for genres of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical scholarship that cannot call upon selected and recognisably relevant theories, taxonomies and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insights from one or other of the social sciences.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All of the eight essays in this collection - which cover the gamut of political, international, cultural, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual and economic history and include the West as well as Japan, Vietnam, China and the Middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East - are exemplary in different ways and degrees. Historians are invariably more comfortable with, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic to, examples that take the discussion about global history beyond the levels of historiography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political imperatives towards research and programmes for teaching. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 386.600 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 386.600 542.979 m 400.592 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 400.592 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Although the introductory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter by Hopkins is a masterly compression of what those in the history professions need to know and do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about a plethora of intellectual, institutional and unifying opportunities that modern globalisation has opened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up to restore the traditions of our postmodern, divided and fractious gild; what precisely does each of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays tell us about interactions between local and global? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 316.304 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 316.304 485.955 m 336.296 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 336.296 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Is this approach heuristic to contemplate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really extendable as a way of constructing global history?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Three essays by Erika Bsumek, Karl Miller and Mark Metzler make the case for the economic sphere \(which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happens to be Hopkins's own territory\). Most economists are fond of globalisation because the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposedly maximises gains from trade and leads ceteris paribus to faster rates of Smithian growth for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world as a whole. In their models, producers exploit comparative advantages and consumers buy what they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(want in response to relative prices. However, in a careful analysis of the history of a traded luxury: the rugs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woven by Navajo Indians, Erika Bsumek \(chapter two\) exposes the deeper meanings attached to many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traded commodities, both for the skilled Indian weavers \(who have produced traditional Navajo rugs for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations\) and for modern consumers in the United States, who remain willing to pay higher prices for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own native American products, even though cheaper substitutes are produced by rival Zapotec Indians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Mexico. In Bsumek's fascinating essay, economic abstractions such as 'elasticities' are implicit but are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not offered as desiccated numbers. They are explained with reference to a culture and preference for this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional authentic brand. To generalise: international trade is patterned and ordered by several variables, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including cultures, but it may become powerful enough to reorder culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Miller teaches both history and music at Austin and his chapter \(chapter six\) is yet another memorable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example of those paradoxical and unintended consequences that flowed from the invention of a machine, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this case to record and market music. During its foundational decades as an industry that matured rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily to become global \(in every conceivable sense of that elastic label\), the record industry opted for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategy to simply record and sell sounds from a single musical tradition, namely the Western classical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tradition. Take-off into sustained growth occurred when multinational corporations moved to record multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varieties of local music before expanding their reach to cater for a truly enormous and elastic world demand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for music from every cultural tradition. The industry continued on its path of expansion by way of mutation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into hybrid forms of music. Miller's elaboration upon those loops of inter-connections between the local and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global could be the very best example we now have of a truly globalised industry. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.956 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.956 119.811 m 449.948 119.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Economic historians have been discovering that numerous industries, which can be represented by diverse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combinations of the local and global, go further back in time than was previously thought. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 469.640 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 469.640 79.299 m 489.632 79.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 489.632 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjoined names of Adam Smith and Fukuzawa often appear in accounts of Japanese industrial policy. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those historians who wish to include that remarkable off-shore economy as an example in their case studies )] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 225.9917 781.1335 239.9837 793.0135 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 495.2717 669.3415 509.2637 681.2215 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 386.5997 543.2935 400.5917 555.1735 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 316.3037 486.2695 336.2957 498.1495 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 429.9557 120.1255 449.9477 132.0055 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 469.6397 79.6135 489.6317 91.4935 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 57 0 R ] /Contents 55 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 7187 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of late industrialisation must now give precedence to the names of Frederick List and Takahashi Korekiyo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Minister for Commerce and Industry\), and to an altogether deeper analysis of Japan's internal mercantilism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and competitive state system that existed under the Tokugawa regime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Metzler's essay \(chapter four\) provides us with assured scholarship and a guide to the connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between indigenous sources of Japanese economic policy and global currents \(flowing from Germany, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France and America - not just the United Kingdom\) that Japanese statesmen were acutely aware of. En route, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he rehabilitates Frederick List as a canonical figure in the global history of economic thought - less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrated by economists than Adam Smith, but perhaps a more influential source for policies promoting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growth of the world economy. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.660 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.660 669.027 m 202.652 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States, including their constitutional forms and social bases along with their policy responses to challenges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and opportunities emanating from beyond their borders, continue to be major players in analyses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interactions between the local and the global. This is true even in the accelerated globalisation of our time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1948-2008\), despite the wishes and predictions of neo-liberals that states are giving way to markets.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Emeritus professor Philip White utilises his deep historical knowledge and well-founded antipathy to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalism to remind us that ethnicity has never been foundational for the development of viable states. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, wherever and whenever a particular ethnic group monopolised political power, disorder and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(horrifying violence usually ensued. White also emphasises and underlines a major argument in favour of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires, elaborated by Geoffrey Schad's insightful essay on the Ottoman empire's record of rule in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Middle East. Largely for politically prudential reasons, empires \(starting with Rome\) tend to have better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records of tolerance for ethnic, religious and other minorities than nation states. White, looking at current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and uncontrollable rates of migration concluded that 'if we are fortunate, globalization will indeed relegate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the "nation state" as originally conceived to the dustbin of history', and adds that 'to the extent that a national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government is multi-ethnic it would appear to be more compatible with forces ... which globalization has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(propelled' \(p. 258\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schad's analysis of Arab nationalism as it unfurled across the Middle East following the Ottoman empire's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demise and replacement by the mandated governance of Britain and France, is concise and astute. His view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rejects the thesis propagated by Bernard Lewis, Samuel P. Huntingdon and their acolytes, that the current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predicaments of the Middle East result basically from an unchanging Islamic tradition refusing to come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grips with modernity. Instead, he favours a more convincing geopolitical explanation that includes; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(failures of both mandated powers to establish viable institutional foundations for successor states, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intrusion of the Holocaust \(leading to the Arab-Israeli conflict in the region\) and the lack of anything more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than authoritarian military rule for secular forms of Arab nationalism. Given west Asia's historical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linguistic, ethnic and religious potential for some form of a confederated state, I find it difficult to avoid the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inference \(not drawn by Schad\) that exogeneous global forces \(especially the Cold War\) have on balance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercised a malign influence on prospects for political and economic development across the Arab world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My tentative inference also touches on a major debate about connections between the Cold War and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globalisation, a metanarrative that Mark Lawrence \(chapter eight\) uses with consummate skill to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconceptualise the Vietnam conflict \(1945-60\). Lawrence asks the meta-questions: 'Did the East-West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confrontation distance, accelerate, or retard the globalizing process and if so how?' \(p. 229\). He uses his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable expertise on Vietnam to support a contestable view that the fragmentation and investment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the entire world in a struggle between two politico-economic systems that claimed universal applicability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributed powerfully to the advance of globalisation. This particular case study certainly demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how and why the Democratic Republic of Vietnam manipulated a conflict between great powers \(by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriating competing versions of Western modernities to local needs\) to achieve a unified state and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country. But the force of the argument about positive correlations between the Cold War and globalisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depends on the rigorous pursuit of counterfactual analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two chapters \(and the moving afterword by William McNeill musing nostalgically on the lost world of local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities in the rush to the cities of our globalising world economy\) address Hopkins's moral conviction )] TJ ET endstream endobj 56 0 obj [54 0 R /Fit] endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.6597 669.3415 202.6517 681.2215 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 62 0 R 65 0 R 68 0 R 71 0 R ] /Contents 60 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Length 7661 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that as citizens of the world, professional historians must now reconfigure the teaching and writing of history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to make sense of their own times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Global citizenship, or rather the kind of widespread consciousness required to construct the institutions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures necessary to manage the accelerated globalisation of the 21st century, has moved up the agenda for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourses in philosophy, economics, politics and international relations.. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 388.664 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 388.664 726.051 m 408.656 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 408.656 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Of course, concerns for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welfare of our species as a whole coupled with notions of human rights have been with us since the axial age )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the dawn of all the world's great religions. However, the translation of ideals into political agreements, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laws and organisations for some measure of predictable enforcement beyond the borders of established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires and sovereign states, only began to take on institutional forms in the 19th century. By 1900, some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(200 institutions for an embryonic form of global civil society dealing with slavery, health, labour, prisoners )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of war, feminism, navigation and communication systems and other matters of universal concern, already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existed. Today, in the wake of the 'global associational revolution' that flowed from the foundation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United Nations after the Second World War, there are probably some 30,000 non- and intergovernmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions operating to secure economic development and individual protection, as well as the social, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political, cultural, environmental and other public goods necessary for an embryonic community of world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 76.676 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 76.676 569.235 m 96.668 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.668 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( After the awesome destruction of two world wars and a century that perhaps witnessed more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread and intense violence against human rights than at any other period in history, Tracie Matysik )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapter five\) has revealed beams of enlightenment, hope and reason that were coming and gathering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentum around 1911. This was a year that marked a high point for nationalism and geopolitical rivalry, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet a group of famous activists from many quarters of the world convened a Congress to take a principled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and persistent stand against racism, imperialism and intolerance of all kinds, and to speak out against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eurocentrism. This Congress, which represents nothing more \(in her eloquent depiction\) than a 'yearning for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(... post modern global civil society', that is so much stronger today, testifies for the strength of cosmopolitan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideals repressed by the outbreak of the First World War \(p. 151\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A global civil society requires a 'universalising spirit', a worldwide civic consciousness of the kind, that as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roger Hart's \(chapter three\) unusually acute reading shows, was present in Hegel's )] TJ ET BT 433.904 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Philosophy of History)] TJ ET BT 539.240 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(He would later abandon it in favour of the spirit of the nation, particularly the German volk, thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excluding nations without such a spirit from world history.\) As intellectual history, this essay rescues Hegel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the condescension of crude charges of racism and Eurocentrism that are too easily quoted and attached )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to his philosophy for world history. I admired this essay, but disagree profoundly with the view that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writings of Joseph Needham, Mark Elvin, Ken Pomeranz, Philip Huang, Jack Goldstone and others \(Bin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wong\) can be seriously associated with anything Hegel wrote about China. Their concerns, located in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult area of comparative history, are to explain how, when and why \(after a long history of leadership in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fields of science, technology and economic development\) China faltered. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 405.272 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 405.272 300.627 m 425.264 300.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of these authors represents Chinese history as a record of 'failure'. I notice from notes on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions that Roger Hart possesses more credentials \(degrees in mathematics, linguistic skills and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refined capacity to read historical texts\) than any young scholar I know to take up Joseph Needham's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensitively formulated and still unanswered questions about China. I do hope that he will not succumb to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postmodern incredulity towards the kind of metanarratives we all so badly need in order to restore global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history to its rightful place, first in higher education, but ultimately and more significantly, in schools and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other mediums of mass communication. If he and the young scholars of the quality Hopkins mobilised at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Texas do not construct narratives about the world that promote a greater sense of global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizenship, then others with more insidious and unenlightened agendas will continue to purvey the kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geist that marked the history of the last century. Stoicism is all very well, but as Voltaire and his generation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showed, historians \(as Hopkins hopes\) should be better than that. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 349.316 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 349.316 131.811 m 369.308 131.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editor is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.051 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 61 0 obj [59 0 R /Fit] endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 388.6637 726.3655 408.6557 738.2455 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 64 0 obj [59 0 R /Fit] endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 66 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 76.6757 569.5495 96.6677 581.4295 ] >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 67 0 obj [59 0 R /Fit] endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 405.2717 300.9415 425.2637 312.8215 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 70 0 obj [59 0 R /Fit] endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 72 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 349.3157 132.1255 369.3077 144.0055 ] >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R 103 0 R 105 0 R 107 0 R 109 0 R 111 0 R ] /Contents 74 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Length 9194 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. G. Hopkins and P. Cain, )] TJ ET BT 198.680 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Imperialism: 1688-2001)] TJ ET BT 351.344 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Harlow: Longmans, 2001\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.324 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.324 795.075 m 545.312 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Held et al, )] TJ ET BT 131.336 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Global Transformations)] TJ ET BT 247.688 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 411.356 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 411.356 780.819 m 465.344 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Globalization in World History)] TJ ET BT 214.364 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. G. Hopkins \(London: Pimlico, 2002\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 435.692 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 435.692 766.563 m 489.680 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Bentley, )] TJ ET BT 132.680 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern Times )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 265.652 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 265.652 738.051 m 319.640 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. Manning, )] TJ ET BT 126.020 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Navigating World History: Historians Create a Global Past )] TJ ET BT 417.368 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York: Palgrave )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan, 2003\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 156.008 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 156.008 709.539 m 209.996 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. K. O'Brien, 'Historigraphical Traditions and modern imperatives for the restoration of global )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history',)] TJ ET BT 102.512 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Journal of Global History,)] TJ ET BT 233.516 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1 \(2006\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.508 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.508 681.027 m 337.496 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. R. McNeill and W. H. McNeil, )] TJ ET BT 226.664 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Human Web. A Bird's Eye View of World History)] TJ ET BT 484.544 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norton, 2003\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.008 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.008 652.515 m 191.996 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 639.658 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. M. Blaut, )] TJ ET BT 123.356 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eight Eurocentric Historians)] TJ ET BT 263.360 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York: Guilford Press, 2000\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 436.664 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 436.664 638.259 m 490.652 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 625.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making Sense of Global History, )] TJ ET BT 224.672 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. S. Solvi \(Oslo: Universitets Fanglaget, 2001\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 464.336 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 464.336 624.003 m 518.324 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 611.146 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. Jones, )] TJ ET BT 110.012 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures Merging: A Historical and Economic Critique of Culture)] TJ ET BT 428.684 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton: Princeton )] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press, 2006\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.008 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.008 595.491 m 242.996 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 582.634 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leviathan: Multinational Corporations and the New Global History)] TJ ET BT 391.040 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. D. Chandler and B. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mazlish \(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 344.660 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 344.660 566.979 m 404.648 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 554.122 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(K. Moore and D. Lewis, )] TJ ET BT 183.992 554.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Birth of the Multinational: 2000 Years of Ancient Business History)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 1999\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 344.660 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 344.660 538.467 m 404.648 538.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 525.610 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Macfarlane, )] TJ ET BT 139.316 525.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Savage Wars of Peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian Trap)] TJ ET BT 473.624 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blackwells, 1997\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 157.340 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 157.340 509.955 m 217.328 509.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 497.098 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(K. S. Jomo and E. Reinert, )] TJ ET BT 195.344 497.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Origins of Development Economics: How Schools of Economic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 482.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thought. 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