%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416220753+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416220753+01'00') /Title (The Religious Crisis of the 1960s) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4435 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Religious Crisis of the 1960s)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 1960s, it seems, are always with us. The media weakness for anniversaries and the broadcast time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afforded by digital television issued last year in a series of programmes on BBC4 concerning the double )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anniversary of the Wolfenden Report \(1957\) and the consequent Sexual Offences Act \(1967\). Similarly, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the time of writing there are the first stirrings of what promises to be an extended media retrospective on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(les vnements)] TJ ET BT 105.656 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1968. This media interest is not purely historical, since, Austin Powers-style nostalgia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aside, the 1960s are still widely made to carry significant symbolic weight in contemporary social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political argument. Veteran )] TJ ET BT 168.656 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(soixante-huitard)] TJ ET BT 247.988 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Tariq Ali has reflected on the lost vision and idealism among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those on the political left, in an article in )] TJ ET BT 231.332 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Guardian)] TJ ET BT 299.000 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( entitled: 'Where has all the rage gone ?' In the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper, another columnist confessed that he had not been born to see 1968, 'but I yearn for its dizzying spirit'. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 157.881 m 48.008 157.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among religious commentators, the assessment of the legacy of the 1960s has tended to be more downbeat. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Events of the period, both within and outside the churches, are often central to narratives of how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(churches came to be in their present \(supposedly\) denuded state. The path forward now often involves the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reversal of much that was done and said then. In Roman Catholic debate, the central event is the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vatican Council \(1962-5\) which \(as Hugh McLeod outlines\) is often regarded either as a brave and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prophetic attempt at reforms that were both inevitable and right, or the precipitant of calamitous decline in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(664)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 30 April, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh McLeod)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199298259)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(300pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Webster)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 158.1955 48.0077 170.0755 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8002 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church attendances and vocations to the priesthood \(pp. 11-12\). For the contributors to the 1980 collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ritual Murder)] TJ ET BT 103.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the process \(as they saw it\) of the wholesale abandonment by the Church of England of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poetic riches of the Book of Common Prayer and the Authorised Version was begun in earnest in the 1960s; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('a course redolent of the botched idealism and class paternalism of that lost decade'. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.924 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.924 752.307 m 451.916 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 451.916 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Differently again, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British conservative evangelical critics of the moral decline of the nation have tended, both at the time and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since, to see the cluster of reforming legislation of the late 1960s as the insertion of the thin end of the wedge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the nation's moral fibre. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 172.832 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 172.832 709.539 m 186.824 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 186.824 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Common to all these strands of criticism is the sense of )] TJ ET BT 458.144 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(trahison de clercs)] TJ ET BT 544.136 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the line against change might well have held had it not been for the collusion of muddle-headed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reformers within the churches.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is into this far from neutral field that Hugh McLeod's new study comes. While professing a qualified )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathy for the reforming ideas of the period \(p. 12\), McLeod scrupulously eschews both cheerleading and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lament. In patiently sifting out what may actually be known, rather than merely supposed or half-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered, it gives some qualified support to most of the variants of present polemic while capitulating to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(none. It is perhaps invidious to attempt to summarise what is in itself a summary treatment of a period of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very great diversity, and so this review will be confined to some aspects of scope and method.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even if the causation and significance of the crisis is disputed, common to almost all writing on the religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the 1960s is a sense that )] TJ ET BT 202.004 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(something)] TJ ET BT 251.336 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( very important did happen. In the 1950s, the majority of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population were, at least nominally, affiliated to one of the Christian denominations; the numbers of those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professing other religions, or none at all, was relatively small; the churches remained highly influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions in national and social life; and the majority would still have articulated the identity of the nation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Christian terms. By the end of the period, the kaleidoscope had been vigorously shaken: the range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practically available alternative systems of belief had widened; the churches faced severe difficulties in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recruitment and retention of clergy, and a sometimes catastrophic fall in the traditional statistical indicators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of religious affiliation; a significant linguistic shift had occurred in the articulation of national identity, from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'Christian country' to 'civilised society'; and the concept of Christendom had been wounded, perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fatally. As McLeod suggests, it may not be putting it too strongly to suggest that the period may eventually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be regarded as seeing a 'rupture as profound as that brought about by the Reformation' \(p. 1\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There has been an upsurge in professional historical work on the period in recent years, as the 1960s move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far enough away from the present to come into clearer focus, and McLeod provides a review of the field \(pp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6-15\) which may well find its way onto reading lists in its own right. McLeod notes the disparity between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very long-term explanations of religious change \(such as that associated with Alan Gilbert, p. 8\) and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis on the importance of very sudden changes \(Callum Brown and Peter van Rooden, p. 9\). He argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Leo Laeyendecker \(p. 10\) for an analysis which combines the long-term secularisation narrative with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medium-term processes, such as growing affluence or intellectual change, and with the immediate impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events, such as the Second Vatican Council and the Vietnam war. The whole study is characterised by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrupulous and highly successful weaving of these threads into a comprehensive narrative of the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the many and great virtues of the book is its breadth of geographic scope. While it is admittedly most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed in its treatment of Britain, its scope is very much wider, taking in much of northern and western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe, Australasia and North America. This has two effects. The first is to free the account from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constraints of either too narrow a national or denominational focus - tendencies which have in the past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(severely limited much religious history writing. It also allows the study seriously to engage with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international aspects of the crisis, such as the effect of the mushrooming of diverse religious ideas which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be grouped under the label of the 'counter-culture' \(chapter six\) and the effect of the political ferment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1968 and the churches' engagement with Marxism \(chapter seven\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A second most welcome aspect of McLeod's study is a refined chronology of the period. Taking Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marwick's 'long' 1960s \(1958-74\) as the outermost frame, McLeod sees the period as falling into three broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stages. The early part of the period, to 1963, was characterised by a cautious questioning of the status quo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the churches, but without fully developed programmes having yet emerged. There followed a period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 'aggiornamento'; the high-water mark of reforming activity, attended by a sense of optimism among the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 437.9237 752.6215 451.9157 764.5015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 172.8317 709.8535 186.8237 721.7335 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7387 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reformers about what might be achieved. This period up until 1966 is splendidly evoked in chapter four, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the prophets of the New Reformation, John A.T. Robinson and Harvey Cox, publishing their most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant work simultaneously with the deliberations of the Second Vatican Council. The later part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period saw a reaction against much of the reforming activity, from figures such as Mary Whitehouse, along )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a marked loss of nerve among the reformers in the face of continued decline in the churches' vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistics. While counter-examples might be advanced over the 'borders' between them, these three stages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seem to this reviewer on the whole convincing and useful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, McLeod is able impressively to balance the analysis of motivation, with every heroic, conscious act )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of rebellion against the churches balanced with an act of omission born of forgetfulness or mundane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inconvenience. There are vivid examples of the former here. In 1971 the feminist theologian Mary Daly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descended from the pulpit to lead a procession of sisters out from the university chapel at Harvard in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly symbolic act of renunciation: 'our Exodus from sexist religion' \(p. 178\). At the same time, chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five lays out very effectively the processes by which rising affluence led to a good deal of simple forgetting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to go to church. McLeod gives a most careful examination to the disputed effect of the 'sexual revolution' on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's engagement with the churches. However, the study also draws out the gradual effects of home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ownership, television sets in the home, Sunday sport for children, and an increased emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(companionate marriage, all of which provided reasons for the previously loosely committed to stay at home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 169-75\). Similarly, McLeod explores the several factors behind the crisis in ordinations to the Roman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic priesthood \(pp. 189-97\). Simple loss of faith, and principled objection to the reassertion of clerical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celibacy and the renewed ban on artificial contraception are given due weight. However, evidence from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(west of France suggests that the decline was in part due to the expansion of secondary education, meaning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a seminary education was no longer the most attractive option to young men of limited means. It is one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the great strengths of McLeod's book that this interplay of the conscious and demonstrative with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inarticulate and accidental is kept in view throughout. To a significant degree, the west lost its religion in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fit of absence of mind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a summary account of complex and fast-developing change, readers may doubtless find one point or other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which might have merited greater or lesser attention. For instance, this reviewer should have been most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested to read more about the parallels between the elevation of the arts to quasi-religious status in 19th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Germany and the attention paid to 'prophets' such as Bob Dylan; a connection tantalisingly made, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but not pursued, on p. 25. However, such minor points are merely testament to the range of this splendid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study and its success in opening up new lines of enquiry. It is lucidly written, admirably concise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a daunting bibliography containing works in several languages and the most recent unpublished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theses and seminar papers. Professor McLeod has produced a work that is likely to remain the starting point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for new research into the period for many years, perhaps for a generation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further)] TJ ET BT 34.016 240.867 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 210.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Guardian)] TJ ET BT 131.684 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 22 March 2008 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.004 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.004 208.851 m 267.992 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 195.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ritual Murder: Essays on Liturgical Reform)] TJ ET BT 277.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. B. Morris \(Manchester, 1980\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 449.984 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 449.984 194.595 m 503.972 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 181.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for instance, D. Holloway, )] TJ ET BT 217.652 181.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Nation Under God)] TJ ET BT 317.984 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Eastbourne, 1987\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 418.964 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 418.964 180.339 m 472.952 180.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 155.477 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/v096/96.1.walsh.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 125.571 m 407.012 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 410.012 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/507/510.short)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 97.059 m 320.336 97.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.336 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 93.727 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 75.947 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 75.947 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/664)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 74.553 m 322.316 74.553 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 49.576 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.0037 209.1655 267.9917 221.0455 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 449.9837 194.9095 503.9717 206.7895 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 418.9637 180.6535 472.9517 192.5335 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 125.8855 407.0117 137.7655 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/v096/96.1.walsh.html) >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 97.3735 320.3357 109.2535 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/507/510.short) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 74.8675 322.3157 86.7475 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/664) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 384 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3638)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/v096/96.1.walsh.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/507/510.short)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000536 00000 n 0000000625 00000 n 0000005112 00000 n 0000005221 00000 n 0000005331 00000 n 0000005440 00000 n 0000009001 00000 n 0000009129 00000 n 0000009213 00000 n 0000009242 00000 n 0000009368 00000 n 0000009404 00000 n 0000009495 00000 n 0000017550 00000 n 0000017580 00000 n 0000017708 00000 n 0000017744 00000 n 0000017774 00000 n 0000017902 00000 n 0000017938 00000 n 0000018057 00000 n 0000025497 00000 n 0000025625 00000 n 0000025680 00000 n 0000025808 00000 n 0000025863 00000 n 0000025991 00000 n 0000026046 00000 n 0000026173 00000 n 0000026301 00000 n 0000026427 00000 n 0000026536 00000 n 0000026662 00000 n 0000026757 00000 n 0000026822 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27258 %%EOF