%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417085504+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417085504+01'00') /Title (Tulipmania: Money, Honour, and Knowledge in the Dutch Golden Age) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4502 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Tulipmania: Money, Honour, and Knowledge in the Dutch Golden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Age)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The feverish speculation in tulip bulbs which reached a peak in February 1637, together with the crash that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(followed, is one of the more notorious episodes in 17th-century Dutch history. It has taken its place, along )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the South Sea Bubble in Britain in the early 18th century, as an example of the irrational behaviour that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could overcome investors in early modern Europe - and, indeed, in later periods as well. According to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard version, the boom and collapse of the market for tulip bulbs at that time had serious and widespread )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences for the Dutch economy. The effects were so economically damaging, in this account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events, because large numbers of people from all levels of Dutch society were involved in the speculation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tulip bulbs, with many of them being forced into bankruptcy as a result of the crash - a case frequently cited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that of the artist Jan van Goyen who is said to have died in penury because of his losses in this affair. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the attention it has enjoyed in both general works and more specialised studies, including two recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books in English )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.692 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.692 122.241 m 131.684 122.241 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 131.684 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it might be doubted whether there was any need for yet another account of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldgar calls tulipmania. However, her book offers something decidedly new, is determinedly revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and is also more thoroughly researched than any previous study. She argues that the accepted version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what happened derives essentially from one or two contemporary pamphlets which were clearly polemical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in intent as well as in tone, and so deserve to be treated with rather more caution, not to say scepticism, than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous historians have shown. In turn this biased version of the events has been grist to the mill for later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(666)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 30 April, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Goldgar)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780226301259)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(425pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chicago University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chicago)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Leslie Price)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.6917 122.5555 131.6837 134.4355 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7723 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentators motivated by unease about speculative excesses in their own times, and the result has been an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretative tradition which has turned the tulip boom into a trope of the dangers of capitalist irrationality, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rather little research has been carried out to test the resultant stereotype. Goldgar aims not only to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a more accurate version of what happened, but also to place the tulip trade firmly in its social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural matrix, and to explain why the sudden collapse in bulb prices had such a great contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resonance. In all these aims she is notably successful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She starts with an account of the introduction of the tulip into Europe - in the first instance from the Ottoman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire - and the enthusiasm for collecting and trading in specimens of this new flower which developed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late 16th century. In the first half of the 17th century the tulip came to be prized in the newly founded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch Republic as well, and Goldgar seeks to set the enthusiasm for owning prized specimens of the flower, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside art collecting and the assembly of cabinets of 'curiosities' which was so in vogue at this time, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways in which contemporaries were able to display their cultural credentials. This discussion of the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cultural function of collecting is interesting but in the end rather speculative. It is, however, a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminder that 17th-century ways of organising experience were often very different to ours - after all it was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period when collecting odd-looking sea-shells and the like was considered culturally significant, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just a harmless pastime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldgar is on more solid ground when she points out that right from the beginning the )] TJ ET BT 451.328 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 503.324 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( - tulip )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fanciers might be a fair translation - not only collected tulips but also bought and sold them, and so the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction made by some historians between collectors and mere speculators - with the latter being largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsible for the excesses of tulipmania - is less clear than has been thought. In the third chapter she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines just who the )] TJ ET BT 144.008 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 196.004 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were, and her evidence suggests that they were largely confined to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(province of Holland, with a notable concentration in Haarlem and Amsterdam. Although tulip fanciers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed to have gardens, a particular interest in these flowers seems to have been an urban phenomenon, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though Goldgar does not directly examine this aspect of the vogue for flower collecting. Also, and not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly, the )] TJ ET BT 115.016 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 167.012 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( came from the solid middling groups in society rather than nobles, on the one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand, or artisans on the other.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She also makes clear that both collecting and trading in tulips had its particular problems, which made the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business more than normally reliant on good faith among participants. Most importantly, tulip bulbs had to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spend most of the year in the ground, and flowered only for a few weeks before they needed to be planted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again at the end of the summer. This meant that much of the trade had to be sight-unseen and required a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable degree of trust between buyer and seller. This difficulty was exacerbated by the uncertainties of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tulip culture: bulbs bought while in the ground did not always live up to expectations when they bloomed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this understandably led to suspicions of dishonesty, especially as the buyer would not be able actually to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take possessions of the bulbs until they had flowered. Such uncertainties were mitigated to some extent by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social contacts and the emergence of recognised experts, but as the reasons for variations in the flower were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little understood at the time, this did not always help. On the other hand, )] TJ ET BT 384.332 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 436.328 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on the whole knew each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other, met frequently at inns to discuss, exchange and trade in tulips, and consulted regularly with men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respected for their knowledge and experience in the trade. There were frequent and often acrimonious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes, but perhaps no more than in other branches of commerce, but this changed with the collapse of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bulb prices early in 1637.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldgar's account of tulipmania is not only radically revisionist but also thoroughly convincing: the crisis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was less serious, less widespread and thus much less damaging economically than has been asserted. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contemporary pamphlets complained of weavers forsaking their looms - Haarlem was, it must be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered, a centre of cloth manufacture - to speculate in tulip bulbs, thus both damaging the economy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and upsetting the social hierarchy. However, this picture of economic disruption and social upheaval appears )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have been inaccurate. Those involved in the trade in bulbs, even at the height of the speculative craze, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were solid citizens: merchants, brewers, craftsmen-traders and the like, with not a weaver in sight. Most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those involved were also tulip fanciers rather than speculators drawn in simply by the boom in prices, and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the number of those involved in the boom and collapse was much smaller than has previously been thought. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In other words the crisis played out within a relatively small group, most of whom were already involved in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7642 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collecting and trading in tulip bulbs. Consequently, the broader economic impact of the crisis was limited, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however much individuals may have suffered. Yet again it appears that very few bankruptcies can in fact be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributed to tulipmania, or at least to this alone. It is true that Van Goyen did die bankrupt, but nearly 20 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years later in 1656 and he lost money in land deals as well as in tulips \(p. 248\) - a victim perhaps of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depression in agricultural prices which seems to have started in the 1640s \(and which also brought an end to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the great drainage schemes of the late 16th and early 17th century\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is also some doubt as to whether prices ever really reached the heights claimed in the pamphlets. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prices for the most favoured varieties in particular were clearly rising in the 1630s, especially in 1636, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts of vastly inflated prices paid for tulip bulbs come to a considerable degree from a single pamphlet's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims about the amounts paid at an auction in February 1637. Moreover, it seems clear that, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buyers may have agreed to pay very large sums for bulbs at the peak of the boom, in the event very few if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any of them ever paid up . After the collapse in bulb prices in March, buyers simply refused to pay, on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of more or less specious grounds. The position of the buyers was helped by the fact that no bulbs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had, of course, actually changed hands, as they were still in the ground and would stay there until the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summer. Buyers would normally have waited to inspect the flowers when they appeared and have paid up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when they collected the bulbs before they had to be replanted at the end of the summer. In the fraught )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation of 1637 buyers neglected to inspect their bulbs, failed to collect them, and refused to pay. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of )] TJ ET BT 86.672 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 138.668 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were politically influential men, and appeals were made to the authorities at town and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provincial level for action to deal with this difficult situation but to little avail, and buyers and sellers had to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find their own solutions to the problem. In fact real - as opposed to paper - losses may have been limited; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this was a form of futures trading, often involving a chain of sellers and buyers in a series of promises to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pay. Money might well only change hands when the bulbs were actually collected in the summer by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buyer from the last seller in the chain. Until then all was on hold, so in the event perhaps the only loser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have been the first seller in the chain, and he would possibly still have his bulbs. Consequently, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there were losses, they would have probably been far below the sums apparently lost in early 1637.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is thus less surprising than otherwise might have been the case that, as Goldgar points out, many of those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved in the crisis of 1637 can be found still heavily involved with the trade in tulips in later years. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tulipmania did not cause serious economic problems for Holland, let alone the Dutch Republic as a whole. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It did not even seriously damage the tulip trade: tulips continued to be cultivated, discussed, exchanged, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bought and sold, and appear in works of art, more or less as before. The question remains as to why this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disturbance in the tulip trade nevertheless attracted, and continued to attract, so much attention.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldgar points to several concerns evident in contemporary reactions which might be put under the general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heading of unease at the social and cultural consequences of the rapid development of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalism \(though this is not perhaps how she would put it herself\) in the Republic in this period. Many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people clearly found it disturbing that such high prices should be paid for mere bulbs, with notions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherent worth clashing with market value. Giving so much attention to, and paying so much money for, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such ephemeral items as flowers seemed, at least to some contemporaries, to be immoral or even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blasphemous, as it drew attention away from what was truly important. Associated with this was, she argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fear of disturbance to the traditional social order together with the blurring of established identities. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern produced the apocryphal stories of weavers and the like becoming rich through speculation rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than merit, and so undermining the value-system which bolstered up burgher self-belief.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such a degree of unease is perhaps explicable in terms of the strains within Dutch society and culture at this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time. In the 1630s the Dutch Republic, and the province of Holland in particular, was approaching the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(climax of an economic boom which had brought enormous demographic and social changes over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous half-century, and this was on top of the political and religious upheavals of the Revolt in the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th century. The boom combined rapid economic expansion with a demographic explosion, partly through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large-scale immigration affecting the towns of Holland in particular. Moreover, the implicit values of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing capitalist system seem to have challenged traditional cultural assumptions in a number of ways. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is worth noting that within a few years of the tulip crisis a major controversy broke out in the Republic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the issue of usury, with the Reformed Church belying its supposed Weberian role as a handmaiden of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 5307 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalism and championing the traditional moral and religious condemnation of this vital part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalist economy that was in the process of triumphing in the Republic. It would seem that tulipmania )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided an opportunity for the expression of profound unease concerning the changes which were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transforming Dutch society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another aspect of the episode which was more immediately disturbing for contemporaries was the readiness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of buyers to renege on their agreements after prices began to fall, and the difficulty sellers had in enforcing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these verbal contracts. Trade, and especially international trade, in this period relied very heavily on trust, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this wholesale breach of trust by previously reliable traders was an unpleasant shock - and not only to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those directly involved. That this widespread refusal to honour agreements took place largely within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fairly restricted community of )] TJ ET BT 181.328 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten,)] TJ ET BT 236.324 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( where many of those involved had known and traded with each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other for years, must have been particularly disturbing. It is notable too that the role of Mennonites seems to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been highlighted in the pamphlets commenting on the scandal. Despite or because of their refusal to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(swear oaths, by this period Mennonites had won a reputation for keeping their word, and thus for being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reliable trading partners. That some of them were involved in this unsavoury business was particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disturbing: if you could not trust a Mennonite, whom could you trust? So the boom and bust in the tulip )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trade touched on a number of issues which were particularly sensitive for Dutch society at this particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjuncture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goldgar has produced a convincing account of tulipmania, thoroughly researched, and packed with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating detail about the )] TJ ET BT 166.664 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bloemisten)] TJ ET BT 218.660 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and their trade. She also throws considerable light on the social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural function of collecting such exotica as tulips in the Dutch Golden Age.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.451 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 409.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Pavord, )] TJ ET BT 118.676 409.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tulip)] TJ ET BT 165.020 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1999\); M. Dash, )] TJ ET BT 297.008 409.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tulipomania: The Story of the World's Most Coveted )] TJ ET BT 64.016 395.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flower and the Extraordinary Passions it Aroused)] TJ ET BT 307.352 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1999\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 391.676 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 391.676 394.179 m 445.664 394.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 369.317 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 355.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 340.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 339.411 m 154.700 339.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 340.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 326.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 312.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/11/anne-goldgar)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 310.899 m 322.328 310.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 325.328 312.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 307.567 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 289.787 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 289.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/666)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 288.393 m 322.316 288.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 263.416 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.016 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3640)] TJ ET BT 34.016 234.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.360 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/journal_of_interdisciplinary_history/v039/39.2.israel.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 205.960 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/11/anne-goldgar)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 391.6757 394.4935 445.6637 406.3735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 339.7255 154.6997 351.6055 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/journal_of_interdisciplinary_history/v039/39.2.israel.html) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 311.2135 322.3277 323.0935 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/11/anne-goldgar) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 288.7075 322.3157 300.5875 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/666) >> endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000567 00000 n 0000000656 00000 n 0000005210 00000 n 0000005319 00000 n 0000005429 00000 n 0000005538 00000 n 0000009099 00000 n 0000009227 00000 n 0000009311 00000 n 0000009340 00000 n 0000009468 00000 n 0000009504 00000 n 0000009569 00000 n 0000017345 00000 n 0000017410 00000 n 0000025105 00000 n 0000025210 00000 n 0000030570 00000 n 0000030698 00000 n 0000030753 00000 n 0000030880 00000 n 0000031050 00000 n 0000031177 00000 n 0000031285 00000 n 0000031413 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31508 %%EOF