%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140826091352+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140826091352+01'00') /Title (Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4212 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the cusp of the new millenium, historians of Europe are already having trouble with the twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Just a few months away from the year 2000, historians are infected with their very own peculiar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form of millenium bug, feverishly impelled to jump the chronological gun and produce a retrospective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evaluation of the entire twentieth century in the grim hope that nothing too radical will occur in 1999 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overtake their premature rush to fin-de-siecle judgement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the time of reviewing, Mark Mazower looks as though he is going to escape the nemesis Lying in wait for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all contemporary historians who dare to bring their accounts fully up to date. His chronological cut-off point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in reality lies around May 1997, the date of the Labour Party triumph in the most recent British general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(election. To infer from this that Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century is therefore Britain-orientated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or even an offensively British history of Europe would, however, be a mistake. Mazower's geopolitical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage of the European continent is remarkably wide-ranging, reaching to countries which are often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglected in general surveys but without sacrificing necessary concentration on the major international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(players. For instance, there is greater concern with such countries as Sweden, Belgium and Holland than one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has come to expect in synoptic histories of Europe. On occasion, this can lead to a certain quirkiness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage: Macedonia, for example, receives more attention than Norway or Portugal. Greece also gets more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than twice the textual coverage of Spain, which may be historiographically provocative but is understandable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(67)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Mazower)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780679438090)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(512pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen Lane: The Penguin Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.penguin.co.uk/nf/Book/BookDisplay/0,,9780140241594,00.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raymond Pearson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7392 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and probably defensible\) for a scholar whose best-known publication to date has been Inside Hitler's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greece_ The Experience of Occupation. 1941-1945, a winner of the prestigious Longman History Today )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Book of the Year prize.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Mazower's closing date is effectively and justifiably 1997, his practical starting date is, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(controversially, around 1919. There is no attempt to cover the years1900-1914 presumably on the grounds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that they fundamentally constitute the last phase of the 'long nineteenth century'. This is certainly a tenable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical position, although some introductory impression of the pre-1914 world never comes amiss. More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to defend is the deliberate omission of coverage of the First World War. Mazower parachutes in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around 1919, hitting the ground running by plunging into the problems of the new post-war Europe with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only occasional backward glances at the trauma of the Great War. Even the October Revolution in Russia in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(October 1917, as epoch-making an historical turning-point as may be imagined, is only grudgingly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore sparingly considered. For a book on twentieth century Europe published on the eightieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anniversary of the end of the Great War to omit serious consideration of the years 1914-1918 does seem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost perverse. To spring \(unasked\) to the author's defence, Mazower may have been persuaded perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still unwisely - to complement rather than attempt to compete with the spate of books published on the Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War \(headed by Niall Ferguson's The Pity of War\) which has uncoincidentally greeted that anniversary.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chronological run of Mazower's twentieth century - from 1919 to 1997 therefore bears comparison with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Hobsbawm's recent Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991, albeit retarded some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five years. Within Mazower's 'shortish' century, the balance of coverage strongly favours the early over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later twentieth century. Two-thirds of the text relates to the period before 1950, one-third to the half-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after 1950. This chronological imbalance is all the more striking in view of the volume's real starting-date of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1919. Mazower is not unaware of what appears to be neglect of the later twentieth century: 'until very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently historians have mostly left the subject of post-war Western Europe to social scientists. It is still hard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to see this as a period of history rather than as a series of contemporary social, political and economic issues' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.478\). This quasi-apologetic opinion comes close to suggesting that 'real' history ends in 1945, denying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is conventionally labelled 'contemporary history' unqualified academic respectability. While sharing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some measure Mazower's professional uneasiness with the post 1945 period, the year 2000 is surely the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defining psychological moment for extending the cut-off point for 'real history' well into the last fifty years. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If A-Level History syllabuses now reach to 1968, it is high time for the full historicisation of \(at very least\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the establishment of Yalta-Europe and the launching of the Cold War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To give Mazower his due, his coverage of the decade of the 1940s is the best in the book, indeed the heart of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book. His interpretation of the brief duration but enduring legacy of the Nazi Neuordnung across much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Europe is entirely convincing: 'no experience was more crucial to the development of Europe in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century ... in the space of eight years, a sea-change took place in Europe's political and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes' \(p.143\). Moreover, the developments of the immediate post-1945 period, many of which were to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become institutionalised for some forty years, were direct legatees of the Second World War in general and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Nazi 'New Order' in particular. Aside from identifying Albert Speer as an unwitting progenitor of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future European Union, Mazower could have gone further in demonstrating the continuities between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi Neuordnung across eastern Europe and the 'Soviet Reich' or Communist 'Newer Order' which was its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost inevitable successor. Even so, the central emphasis on the pivotal importance of the whole decade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following 1939, described as 'the century's watershed' \(p. x\), is persuasive to the point of being virtually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incontestable.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To interject what some regard as a 'British dimension' of comment for a moment, Mazower is never in doubt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the central historical importance of both the rise of Fascism and the Second World War. Not for him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any sympathy with Bernadetto Croce's assertion that Fascism was a mere parenthesis in the history of Italy - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what post-war Italians \(and even post-war Germans\) might subsequently have described as an ephemeral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aberration \(or perhaps an uncharacteristic 'moment of madness'\). Condemning but not scape-goating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany, Mazower is also rightly insistent on highlighting the prevalence of consensus and collaboration \(at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different levels\) over resistance and partisanship across the Nazi Neuordnung. Nor does Mazower have any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(truck with contemporary 'de-emphasising' of the impact of the Second World War Michael Naumann, the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7326 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German Minister of Culture, may have recently accused the British of an unhealthy cultish obsession with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Second World War, ostensibly an oddity given the relatively low British casualty rate. Mazower would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly be among the last to subscribe to any future not-mentioning-the-war Basil Fawlty school of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth-century history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To turn abruptly from low farce to high tragedy, the graphic description of the almost Apocalyptic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demographic damage and displacement of the crucial decade of the 1940s is a related highpoint of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mazower's narrative. To offer a searing indictment of the Jewish Holocaust is as emotionally shocking as it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is historically necessary but Mazower shows commendable restraint and exemplary objectivity: he avoids )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'sole martyr' syndrome, places the appalling Jewish experience in the broader context of deliberate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victimisation and fortuitous suffering, and bravely identifies the Jews and Germans jointly as the supreme \(if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variously innocent and guilty\) victims of the physically destructive and psychologically traumatic decade of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1940s. What may be termed the demographic dimension is invariably superbly covered throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mazower's book, with a special regard for the plight of national and religious minorities in an era of ethnic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cleansing. It could, nevertheless, be argued that his sensitivity lets him down over the 'gypsies'. To refer to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Rom by their pejorative - if time-dishonoured - exonym is offensive enough; but repeatedly not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalising 'Gypsy' \(as on pages 32, 41, 53, 99 and 100\) and therefore implying membership of an inferior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national category only adds gratuitous insult to massive \(if not quite Jewish-scale\) wartime injury.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book has some failings - but not vices - as well as manifest strengths and virtues. While strong on 'low )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture' and prolific in his provision of contemporary quotations illustrating the mentalites of changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European society, Mazower is weak on the 'high' or 'classic' culture of literature, music and art. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic dimension of international, especially Great Power relations is distinctly low-key. The associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military dimension also figures rarely and meagrely: the First World War is in any case excluded from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration but even the Second World War comes across as a phenomenon which is bizarrely battle-free.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More generally, the account is long on balance but much shorter on personalities, very far from the sub-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carlyle concept of history as 'the collected biographies of great men'. Such luminaries as Adolf Hitler, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin and Margaret Thatcher are not permitted to strut their stuff on Mazower's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical stage. Similarly, the emphasis is on historical process, not historical events: the March on Rome, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the battle of Stalingrad, the Berlin Airlift, the Hungarian Uprising, the Prague Spring and the fall of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berlin Wall are just samples from a twentieth-century cavalcade of dramatic \(and photogenic\) episodes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which fail to be accorded any high profile in this narrative. Perhaps it is significant that the book contains no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations other than the admittedly powerful and rather shocking dust-cover photograph of a woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(member of the British Union of Fascists brandishing a swastika-centred Union Jack. Where other histories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the twentieth century make a feature of sets of contemporary photographs \(notably Hobsbawm's Age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Extremes\), Mazower's conscious emphasis on the essentially unpictorial and unfilmable, even invisible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes of socio-economic development renders illustrations inappropriate, distracting and even irrelevant.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This point raises the question of the projected readership for the book. Dark Continent is not really academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history since it makes no claim to utilise hitherto unavailable sources to illuminate hitherto-neglected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical episodes \(unlike Mazower's earlier Inside Hitler's Greece\). Neither is the book popular history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since it implicitly presupposes at least a basic knowledge of the events and developments of twentieth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Europe yet plays down the historical elements of personality and drama. In this respect, Dark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continent could not, for example, be recommended as a first-year student textbook, though its value to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brighter students later in their undergraduate careers is indisputable. Positioned midway between academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and popular history, which do not necessarily represent two stools between which to fall, the book might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most conveniently characterised as accessible 'serious' history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Serious' is not the same as 'dark' and, in following Mazower's decade by decade progression through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century, one becomes increasingly uneasy about the overall title of the book. It has already been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarked that the last fifty years receive. significantly less coverage than the pre-1950 period. The quality of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the coverage for the later twentieth century also lacks the authority and verve of the earlier chapters. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decolonisation of overseas empire, surely a grand theme of post-war western Europe rates barely a mention. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7047 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mazower promises much with such early sardonic remarks as 'communism turned out to be the last, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps the highest, stage of imperialism' \(p. 51\) but he fails to deliver on the Soviet Empire. After making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some tantalisingly laconic observations comparing the Soviet and western imperial experiences \(p. 383\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentous developments across eastern Europe over the 1980s and 1990s are lightly, sometimes almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perfunctorily treated. Even major events in the evolution of the European Union are skimped: neither the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Treaty of Rome nor the Maastricht Treaty are considered in the text \(and accordingly merit no entry in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(index\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Is Mazower running out of steam as he moves further away from his specialist period of the 1940s ? Is this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deteriorating coverage the product of embarrassment at the declining 'darkness' of post-war Europe ? In what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way is Europe in the twentieth century the \(or possibly just _\) 'dark continent', a phrase conventionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with nineteenth-century European perceptions of Africa ? Is Europe in the twentieth century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('darker' than Europe in the nineteenth century ? Is Europe any 'darker' than the other four continents over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century ?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To restrict discussion to the European continent alone, the dilemma may well lie in attempting to concoct a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrase which has equal and appropriate application to the entire century. Hobsbawm was probably in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar quandary coming up with his title Age of Extremes, defensively choosing to insert such period sub-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(titles as 'Age of Catastrophe' and 'Golden Age'. Without denying for one nano-second the intimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between the pre-1945 and post-1945 Europes, to attempt to bolt together two very different half-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries in the interests of chronological neatness or commercial convenience may be held to affront the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical realities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Twentieth-century Europe is surely not uniformly 'dark' It may be argued that inter-war Europe gets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressively 'darker', culminating in the 1940s, unarguably the 'darkest decade' of the twentieth century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After the era of 'darkness at noon', things surely lighten up, dispelling at least some of the all-encircling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gloom. Europe since 1950 has certainly not been all light \(still less sweetness\) but there has certainly been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial improvement over the pre-1950 period. As Mazower himself so tellingly remarks, the first half-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century claimed over sixty million European lives, the second half-century less than one million lives \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(405\). Nearing his conclusion, Mazower notes of the decade of the 1 990s that 'in general eastern Europe, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore Europe as a whole, was a far more stable place than at any time earlier in the century' \(p. 400\). To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inject briefly a frivolous ad hominem dimension into the argument, the cheerful face of the author on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dust-jacket photograph is seriously at odds with the title - but not the substance and argument of Dark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continent. The title does a disservice to Mazower by implying black-and-white judgements on a uniformly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benighted history, not the sophisticated and balanced interpretation of a lightening, even brightening history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he so conscientiously delivers. The title is a mistake, sending the wrong monochrome message )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding both twentieth-century Europe and the author's professionally polychromatic treatment of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(richly-textured history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The cover blurb is also misleading. There is, for example, a significant difference between saying that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('eastern Europe has been the unfortunate laboratory for all three of the century's ideological experiments' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(253\) and the cover claim that Europe has been 'a nightmarish laboratory for social and political engineering, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inventing and re-inventing itself through war, revolution and ideological competition'. If Mazower himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penned \(or keyed in\) both statements, one can only regret the contrast between the aphoristic judgement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the former and the sensationalist hype of the latter. If, however, Mazower did not contribute the copy for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cover blurb, it would seem that the reputation of his formidable scholarship has not been well served by his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publisher.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Just as Mazower ends his account on a beguilingly upbeat note for a volume with so downbeat a title, so this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review must close on an admiring and congratulatory note after what may seem a catalogue of complaints )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and niggles. Dark Continent is neither an introductory survey, a comprehensive text-book nor an ingratiating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('good read'. Rather, it is a deeply serious - yet often witty - and consummately professional - but never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hermetic - interpretative account of Europe since the First World War which represents an outstanding and - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one is tempted to say - enlightening addition to the existing historiography. The millenium bug may well be )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2247 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just a dark and distant memory before a more original and thought-provoking retrospective reading of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth-century Europe sees the light of day.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nationalism Project)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.nationalismproject.org/books/bookrevs/Mazower.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 726.051 m 353.000 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 356.000 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foreign Affairs)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/55308/helen-fessenden/dark-continent-europes-twentieth-century)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 697.539 m 535.904 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 538.904 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Bradford DeLong)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/Reviews/dark_continent.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 669.027 m 411.644 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 414.644 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 665.695 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 647.915 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 647.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/67)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 646.521 m 316.316 646.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 621.544 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.144 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/690)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.744 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.nationalismproject.org/books/bookrevs/Mazower.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.344 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/55308/helen-fessenden/dark-continent-europes-twentieth-century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.944 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/Reviews/dark_continent.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 726.3655 352.9997 738.2455 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.nationalismproject.org/books/bookrevs/Mazower.html) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 697.8535 535.9037 709.7335 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/55308/helen-fessenden/dark-continent-europes-twentieth-century) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 669.3415 411.6437 681.2215 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/Reviews/dark_continent.html) >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 646.8355 316.3157 658.7155 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/67) >> endobj xref 0 30 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000552 00000 n 0000000634 00000 n 0000004898 00000 n 0000005007 00000 n 0000005117 00000 n 0000005226 00000 n 0000008787 00000 n 0000008915 00000 n 0000008999 00000 n 0000009064 00000 n 0000016509 00000 n 0000016574 00000 n 0000023953 00000 n 0000024018 00000 n 0000031118 00000 n 0000031223 00000 n 0000033523 00000 n 0000033650 00000 n 0000033763 00000 n 0000033890 00000 n 0000034043 00000 n 0000034170 00000 n 0000034296 00000 n 0000034424 00000 n trailer << /Size 30 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34518 %%EOF