%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141129003627+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141129003627+00'00') /Title (Scotland Re-formed, 1488-1587) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4192 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Scotland Re-formed, 1488-1587)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland's history is increasingly well served by textbooks. In addition to the Edinburgh History of Scotland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(four volumes, 1965-75\) and the New History of Scotland \(eight volumes, 1981-4\), we now have the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh History of Scotland \(10 volumes, in progress\), not to mention Michael Lynch's substantial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phenomenally successful )] TJ ET BT 157.328 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Scotland: A New History)] TJ ET BT 276.992 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2nd edn., 1992\). Edinburgh University Press is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(congratulated on the launch of this latest series, especially when it also publishes the New History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland and appears committed to keeping this older series in print with revised editions and even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replacement volumes. It is worth pausing over these series and disentangling their confusingly similar titles, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since they explain some of the nature of the book under review: volume six in the New Edinburgh History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland, covering \(roughly\) the 16th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Edinburgh History and New History series were masterminded by Gordon Donaldson and Jenny )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wormald respectively - both early modern scholars whose own volumes included coverage of the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. The Edinburgh History in this period comprises detailed narratives of political history, interspersed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with thematic essay-type chapters. Although there has been an explosion of historical research since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donaldson published his volume in 1965, his extensive knowledge of the primary sources has made his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative, in particular, remarkably hard-wearing - and it is the only one to be fully referenced. The New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History, which dispensed with references altogether, contains an outline narrative but is mainly thematic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(673)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 May, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Dawson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780748614554)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julian Goodare)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7093 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with analytical material that is particularly popular with undergraduates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Faced with this stiff competition, the New Edinburgh History series has opted to complement, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge, its stable-mate the New History. It has taken a more strongly narrative approach even than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh History. Jane Dawson's volume has a thematic introduction and conclusion, together comprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about one-seventh of the text, but everything in between tells a continuous story. And it can be quite a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed story; period for period, the wordage she has available is about half as much again as the Edinburgh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History, and three times the New History \(the eight volumes of which are all quite short\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dawson's narrative, however, differs from Donaldson's. He took a no-nonsense, what-happened-in-1523 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach, which these days is not very exciting either for undergraduates or for scholars, but serves the latter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a valuable reference tool, especially with its footnotes indicating the primary sources. In his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliographical essay he wrote of his 19th-century predecessors, 'A general history on a substantial scale is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seldom, if ever, entirely superseded', and this can apply also to his own work. Dawson gives a good deal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information about immediate events but does not always feel obliged to provide a year-on-year narrative. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And she certainly does not guide the reader to the primary sources; there are occasional footnotes, but only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for direct quotations from primary sources, and most of the citations are to secondary works in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passages concerned have been quoted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Dawson does is to provide a detailed running commentary on political events. Her text is arranged as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of miniature essays, addressing the most important issues in a given period. Her account of 1523 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comes in a three-page section entitled 'Sliding into factionalism', covering roughly the period 1517-25; it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preceded by a section on 'Regent Albany' \(1515-17\) and followed by one on 'The struggle for king and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country' \(1525-6\). This is helpful in making sense of the onward rush of events, and sensibly includes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anecdotes that help to make them memorable. Also inserted in the narrative at this point is a one-page text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(box entitled 'Scotland's place in Christendom visualised', about the heraldic ceiling of St Machar's Cathedral, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aberdeen. These text boxes are a way of discussing broader topics and are often successful, though this one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have been better with an illustration. The book does have some illustrations though, unlike the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh History and New History series. There are also a few maps, a table of events and a very useful six-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(page table on 'The political fortunes of the five major noble families'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland is a diverse place, and its diversity is particularly important to its early modern history. Dawson, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished Highland historian, makes full use of her regional expertise. She begins the book with Donald )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monro's account of the Western Isles \(1549\), and ends it with Timothy Pont's maps of the whole country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1580s and 1590s\). These introductory and concluding chapters, although thematic, are full of dynamic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement; reading them, one really gets a sense of where Scotland had come from in the middle ages, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where it was heading as it approached the 17th century. It is, perhaps, a pity that more of the book was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed to be like this. But every opportunity is taken to showcase the history of distinct regions, as with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cunningham-Montgomery feud in Ayrshire \(p. 111\) or James V's circumnavigation of the north in 1540 \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(145-8\). The regional discussion is much more advanced than the maps; for the distribution of languages we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are referred \(on p. 6\) to a map that does not show languages. Being primarily about nobles and their spheres )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of influence, the regional discussion does not include much on towns.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One perhaps inevitable result of concentrating on political narrative is that, as well as omitting towns, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book omits the common people. Ordinary folk barely get as much as a paragraph at a time to themselves all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the 14 core chapters, though the introduction and conclusion are slightly more accommodating of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their concerns. This is a pity, because the 16th century was a crucial, indeed disastrous, period for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common folk, with a population upswing leading to deterioration of diet, ploughing of high-risk marginal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land and increasingly severe harvest failures and starvation. But economic history is not treated as relevant. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is an occasional sense that the book's priorities here have been determined by the policy of the series )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than the interests of the author. There is no women's history in it, for instance, but Dawson deftly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes a number of individual women, such as the calligrapher Esther Inglis \(p. 7\) and the customs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collector Margaret Crichton \(p. 67\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7436 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So what is there in the narrative? The period comprises three and a half reigns: James IV \(1488-1513\), James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(V \(1513-42\), Mary \(1542-67\) and part of James VI \(1567-1625\). The latter three of these all had formal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minorities, in which regnal power was officially committed to a series of regents \(1513-24, 1542-54, 1567-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(78\). Mary, absent in France, continued to have a regent even after she was declared of age in 1554, returning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to rule in person only in 1561. The three Jameses all had periods in which, though not formally minors, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were treated as too young to govern in person \(until about 1494, 1528 and 1585 respectively\); Dawson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(firmly categorises these periods as 'minorities', since although there was no official regent, patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics resembled the regency periods. Thus, of 100 years covered by the book, Scotland had an adult ruler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present for only about 42 years. Some histories focus intensely on these periods of 'personal rule', but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dawson, rightly, gives full weight to the minorities. Her attention to the regions and her mini-essay style )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a good way of giving shape to some seemingly shapeless events.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although it is a pity that historiographical discussion has focused on royal majorities, it is nevertheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting to see how Dawson has responded to recent scholarly assessments of James IV, James V and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary. James IV 'struts the European stage', as one chapter title has it, meeting nothing but success and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acclaim until he makes some tactical mistakes at the head of his army on 9 September 1513 that lead to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defeat and death at Flodden. This is conventional - but Dawson also argues that he can be seen in retrospect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have been over-ambitious, with his fiscal over-extension and plundering of the church bringing malign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer-term consequences. A balanced assessment of James V is perhaps easier to reach because he has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never been praised so highly. Dawson is impressed by some of his achievements, including his nine-month )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit to France to seek a bride \(there is even a map of his French itinerary\). But she returns to a traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of the reign by emphasising some of his high-handed later actions - executions and forfeitures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that did not even lead to the recycling of patronage. The reign of Mary queen of Scots remains controversial, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Dawson tries to steer a middle course, regarding her early years favourably but blaming her for 'policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(switches' after her marriage to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley \(1565\) that led to a breakdown of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consensus and ultimately to her own downfall. Dawson is, perhaps, harsher on Mary than on James IV. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(says \(in effect\) that 'Mary's promotion of Bothwell was disastrous', allowing the reader to infer that it was all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary's fault, but with James IV the message is, 'James's invasion of England was disastrous, but it seemed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the right thing to do at the time'. Since recent accounts of Mary have tended to be more sympathetic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dawson's treatment of her has a slightly old-fashioned air; her treatment of James IV, by contrast, really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moves the debate forwards.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Along with the regional strand running through the book, there is a strong international strand. Diplomacy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another of Dawson's specialities, is carefully stressed in the narrative, especially during the wars of 1542-60 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which she melodramatically calls the 'Battle for Britain'. With their backs to the wall after defeat by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English, the Scots in 1548 invite a French army in to save them - but then, having decided that the cure was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worse than the disease, they rise up against the French in 1559-60 and eject them with English help. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although contingency is rightly stressed throughout, Dawson is alive to the long-term logic of the Scots' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost unprecedented adoption of what would turn out to be a permanently pro-English stance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of the logic, of course, is provided by the Reformation. As one would expect from her extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publications on the subject, Dawson takes this very seriously, and has no time for any suggestion that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish Reformation was anything but fundamental. Of the 14 narrative chapters, 12 cover a century of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secular politics in a consecutive fashion; chapters nine and ten run parallel to this main series, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives of )] TJ ET BT 97.328 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(religious)] TJ ET BT 140.000 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( history in the periods 1555-61 and 1560-88 respectively. Parallel narratives have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(featured in Dawson's work before, and she uses them well here. There is, rightly, some discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('religious' matters in the main narrative too, but there is little or no actual duplication.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the Reformation itself, Dawson successfully gains the best of both worlds. Aided by extensive recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship on the pre-Reformation church, she can dismiss traditional assumptions that Catholicism was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corrupt or irrelevant, or that Protestantism was an unstoppable mass movement. But the Reformation was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short-term success in 1559-60 - a walkover, even - and it allowed the creation and consolidation of a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different church with a very different style of worship. Dawson's emphasis is on worship, rather than \(as it )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7072 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once would have had to be\) on polity; she merely tiptoes through the embers of the controversy as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether the early Protestant church was essentially episcopalian or presbyterian. Perhaps the combination of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a new religion and a new foreign policy is what is meant by the book's hyphenated title, 'Scotland Re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formed'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church polity is important, though, in a different way, in what Dawson calls the 'church-crown hybrid'. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is frequently cited as a system, particularly characteristic of this period, in which the crown exploited the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church's system of benefices by inserting its own candidates into abbacies and bishoprics. This could reward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal servants, provide for royal bastards, or simply siphon off church income for the crown. By the later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th century, the 'church-crown hybrid' was breaking down; the abbacies drifted away from crown control to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become secular lordships, and the lands of both abbacies and bishops were steadily alienated to 'feuars', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often lairds. By the end of the book, the resultant fiscal problems of James VI are very much in evidence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is one serious problem. Dawson is very much a member of that large and distinguished group of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars whose prose requires considerable copy-editing - and she has been poorly served by her publishers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She can sometimes turn a pithy phrase, but much of the text that we have here should never have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed to get beyond an early draft. Lapses of grammar are frequent, and even the spelling is not of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard that one would expect from a university press. The really serious problem is that the text poses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges of comprehension. Many cumbersome sentences have to be read two or three times before their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning becomes apparent, and a few continue to defy comprehension even then. A typical sample is: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Although the presbytery issued a reprimand that was the end of the matter: contemporaries acknowledged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blood kinship overrode religious division' \(p. 234\). This illustrates three of the most common stylistic tics: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omission of commas, omission of the word 'that', and incorrect linking of two related sentences \(a semicolon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was required\). There are hundreds, perhaps thousands, of instances of these three tics alone, steadily eroding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the goodwill and persistence of even the most patient reader. It is particularly common to find two related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sentences linked with the word 'and', producing numerous 'garden-path' sentences. For another type of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('garden-path' sentence, we are told that under Morton's regency, 'Kin and allies were rewarded with' - what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would you expect? Lands? Pensions? Offices? The sentence continues: '... loyal king's men forming the core )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the regime' \(p. 283\). Dodgy grammar even brings the earl of Crawford back from the dead: 'The 6th earl, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having lost the dukedom of Montrose bestowed on his father by James III, fell at Flodden before siring a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimate male heir' \(p. 140\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are also problems of clarity and continuity with the narrative, which again a copy-editor should have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sorted out. Narrative requires dates, and there tend to be fewer than one would like; George Wishart's career )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lacks dates entirely \(pp. 164-6\). The French intervene militarily in Scotland in 1548-50, and there is a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deal of discussion of the aftermath in the 1550s, before the intervention is agreed by the 1548 treaty of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Haddington \(pp. 172-3\). John Knox is released from a French galley to which we have never been told that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he was sent \(p. 185\). We are told about 'Margaret's resentment at her husband's previous behaviour', but not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the behaviour \(p. 98\). Quotations are inadequately glossed; I know what 'moneye bair biging' means, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but will undergraduates understand it \(p. 210\)? Technical terms are unexplained, like 'anti-sacerdotal heresy' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 184\), or medical treatment on 'classic humoral lines' \(p. 26\). The index, such an important feature of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook, is inadequate, with overlong entries that should have been subdivided, and omission of numerous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(names.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Responsibility for these shortcomings rests squarely with the publishers. They surely owe it to the author, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and to themselves, to rectify things with a prompt second edition. In the meantime, Dawson herself deserves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be congratulated on a work of exemplary, balanced and up-to-date erudition.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/506/153.full)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 93.555 m 313.004 93.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 316.004 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 90.223 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 72.443 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 72.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/673)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 71.049 m 322.316 71.049 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 46.072 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 93.8695 313.0037 105.7495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/506/153.full) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 71.3635 322.3157 83.2435 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/673) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 258 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3647)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXIV/506/153.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000539 00000 n 0000000621 00000 n 0000004865 00000 n 0000004974 00000 n 0000005084 00000 n 0000005193 00000 n 0000008754 00000 n 0000008882 00000 n 0000008966 00000 n 0000009031 00000 n 0000016177 00000 n 0000016242 00000 n 0000023731 00000 n 0000023822 00000 n 0000030947 00000 n 0000031073 00000 n 0000031181 00000 n 0000031307 00000 n 0000031402 00000 n 0000031467 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31777 %%EOF