%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818104703+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818104703+01'00') /Title (Managing the Modern Workplace: Productivity, Politics and Workplace Culture in Post-war Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4210 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Managing the Modern Workplace: Productivity, Politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Workplace Culture in Post-war Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ever since the rise of American and German challenges to British industrial hegemony in the late 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, stories of 'decline' have played a key role in narratives of British history, extending well beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrow confines of the economy. Of course, declines have taken place. It is in the nature of industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalism to experience a constant rise and fall of different sectors; Marx's classic account of the fate of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(handloom weaving could be replicated a hundred fold from the economic history of Britain for the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century and a half. Above and beyond the demise of individual industries we have also seen the decline of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader sectors - agriculture, obviously, in the 19th century - and much of manufacturing, in the de-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialisation evident from the late 1960s. But British historical narratives have gone far beyond charting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and analysing these shifts, into using them as evidence of economic and societal )] TJ ET BT 421.964 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pathology)] TJ ET BT 469.964 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; the stories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline have underpinned a )] TJ ET BT 168.644 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(declinism)] TJ ET BT 214.640 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in which specific instances of decline are treated as symptoms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something much bigger and much more serious. Ultimately, we commonly have a history in which 'what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(went wrong?' is the spoken or unspoken question, to which the declinist narrative is the answer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This historical narrative has been firmly rooted in the politics of the periods with which it deals. The original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declinism of the late 19th century was inextricably interwoven with the protectionist challenge to the liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(675)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 30 June, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Melling)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Booth)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754608745)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(183pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Tomlinson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8116 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international political economy of the age, and its alleged incapacity to sustain Britain's imperial hegemony. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Chamberlain my rightly be seen as the first major political figure to seek power on a platform of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('reversing decline'. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 126.644 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 126.644 766.563 m 140.636 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 140.636 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In the inter-war period the decline of the old staples provided the grounds for similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pessimism about Britain's industrial future. Since 1945 declinism has become entrenched in part because, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like, in Freud's view, human sexuality, it is 'polymorphously perverse', not least in its politics. In the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1950s/early 1960s post-war declinism was invented by the centre-left as a critique of Conservative failings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\('13 wasted years'\). In the 1970s it was revivified and deployed to even greater effect by Mrs Thatcher and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her allies in her assault on the post-war consensus.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians have, at least initially, tended to take their cue from contemporary polemics. Too often, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalism and other present-grounded literature has indeed functioned as 'the first draft of history'. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventually second drafts have been written, and these have progressively demonstrated the inadequacy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declinist accounts for each of the main sub-periods. For the pre-1914 era the once dominant declinist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account, with its emphasis on 'entrepreneurial decline' has been radically undercut by a mass of re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evaluations, but above all by Sidney Pollard's )] TJ ET BT 255.500 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain's Prime and Britain's Decline. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 440.636 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 440.636 597.747 m 454.628 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 454.628 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( For the inter-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period it is now accepted by most historians that for all the agonies of unemployment and the decline of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(staple industries, this was a period when in the aggregate the British economy performed better than those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most other countries, especially in the 1930s. A similar 'counter-revolution' in interpretations of the post-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period is now underway, with recognition that the 1950s and 1960s were indeed, by any sensible standard, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including growth rates, a 'golden age' of British economic performance. Further, that the Thatcherite story of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her governments' policies rescuing Britain from terminal decline is political myth-making of the first order; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British economy performed worst on almost every measure after 1979 than it had in the golden age. \(It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performed poorly in the mid-1970s, though a major recession was avoided, but this was a passing phase, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was quickly corrected by c.1977\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Declinist history typically accompanies its 'what went wrong?' question with a list of the 'usual suspects', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who can be blamed for causing the problems diagnosed as at the root of decline. Top of this list in many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declinist accounts are the workers and their unions. Jo Melling's and Alan Booth's book can be seen as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressing this declinist demonology, but in doing so providing not just a critique, but also opening up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive avenues to a more adequate account of the role of workers and unions in post-war Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book consists of substantial introductory and concluding essays by the two editors, an individual essay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by each of them, and two other essays, by Mike Anson and Andrew Jenkins. What unifies the book is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general skepticism about declinist accounts of Britain in the golden age, allied to a desire to use detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empirical research to re-assess the role of labour and unions in the British economy and British society more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally in these years. Alan Booth's individual chapter draws on work presented at greater length in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent book on the management of technological change, here focusing on the banking system. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 492.596 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 492.596 288.627 m 506.588 288.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 506.588 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nicely integrates accounts of changes in technology \(mechanisation followed by computerisation\) with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes in the labour market. It shows how banks were in many respects technological innovators, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how this may have contributed to poor productivity growth because before the arrival of online )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems key elements of service may not have been open to efficient automation. His essay is sensitive to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex implications of the feminisation of the banks' work-force, a process which while replete with stories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of women's segregation and subordination, opened up a space for some women to carve out a career well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before the major legal changes concerning gender at work of the 1970s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jo Melling's essay seeks to re-assess the role of foremen in British industry without deploying the declinist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incubus of seeing that role as part of a 'failed Fordism'. Contrasting the experience of Ford in the US and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(UK, it is argued that the response of the former to the rise of supervisory unions was to improve the wages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and conditions of supervisors while crushing their union. By contrast, in Britain supervisors offered much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less of a challenge to their employers in part because of the hostility of manual unions to independent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supervisory unions. What is important in this account is both the decisive break with the 'American mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production versus British craft production' dichotomy which so bedevils study of post-war manufacturing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and the analysis of the car industry in particular\), but also recognition that the differences in industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations between the US and British cases have no straightforward relationship with differences in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 126.6437 766.8775 140.6357 778.7575 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 440.6357 598.0615 454.6277 609.9415 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 492.5957 288.9415 506.5877 300.8215 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7351 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productivity levels. As Melling stresses, 'Difficult labour relations were not confined to less competitive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprises and did not necessarily entail poor levels of productivity, profitability or wage gains' \(p. 45\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mike Anson analyses the much less well-ploughed field of industrial relations and productivity at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swindon locomotive works. He presents a compelling narrative of the complexities of wage bargaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved in a 'classic' multi-union, craft-based engineering factory. He suggests that measured productivity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at Swindon fell below that of the main competing supplier, Crewe, and sees this in part as a consequence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a failure to provide a system of independent rate-setting in a piece work environment where supervisors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were too chronically overloaded to effectively police the 'effort bargain', but where also notions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriate product quality led to expensive techniques which may have yielded little functional benefit. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merit of this essay is that it tells a story of poor productivity against a sensible benchmark, where so much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declinist literature is characterised by what we may call 'promiscuous otherdom'; the arbitrary use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benchmarks to draw unfavourable comparison with Britain. Plainly non-declinist accounts of Britain accept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that productivity and efficiency vary and that some activities can reasonably be deemed relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inefficient; but such accounts also demand clarity about what is being measured, especially in relation to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notorious shortcomings of labour productivity comparisons, plus plausible benchmarks and explanations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the differences which escape the declinist and pathologising stereotypes of generic 'obstructionism' and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('resistance to change' by the workers and unions, etc.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Jenkin's essay shows how the newly nationalised gas industry in the 1950s and 1960s responded to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competitive pressures from oil \(in industrial uses\) and electricity \(in domestic uses\) to shape new oil-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gas production technologies. These technologies significantly pre-dated the discovery of North Sea oil, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed that discovery to be rapidly harnessed. The result was rising productivity based on consensual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technical change, and with intelligent co-operation between the industry and government ministries. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story told here reads like the realisation of the dreams of many advocates of nationalisation in the 1930s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1940s; the combination of economies of scale, technical innovation, increased productivity and good labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations in what can accurately be labelled 'public enterprise' provides a compelling counterpoint to declinist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories about the failure of nationalisation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All these individual essays form part of a consistent whole; unlike many edited books, this one hangs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together, very much aided by the two joint essays by the editors. Together these essays show how pervasive, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed insidious, 'declinist' notions of post-war industrial relations have been. Thus this reviewer, among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, is rightly criticised for framing discussion of the early post-1945 industrial relations system in terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of being an 'obstacle' to the drive for industrial efficiency, and in so doing exaggerating the extent to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unions acted as single-minded agents for the restoration of free collective bargaining. As is shown here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(union attitudes to the role of the state cannot be captured by such reductive formulations, and if that form of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bargaining did re-emerge from wartime controls it 'was an outcome that appears less as a strategic entente )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between union leaders and labour politicians than as an outcome on which employers, organised labour and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politicians could agree as a default where more ambitious policies would meet active resistance' \(p.146\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One particular aspect of declinist accounts of industrial relations which is well criticised here is the frequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of allegations of 'defence of craft privileges' against British unions, and so representing craft unions as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply unthinking defenders of conservative, inefficient practices. This notion is unhelpful both because it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignores the crucial context in which unions in the early post-war were working - rational fears of the return )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of mass unemployment. In addition, it ignores the fact that craft forms of production might well, in context, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be the best route to higher productivity. The 'obstructive craft unions' story is often embedded in a wider, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also highly problematic narrative of British industry as unwilling to adopt \(American\) 'mass production' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methods because of conservatism among both employers and workers. But given that 'mass production' as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general description of American industrial practices is largely mythical, it follows that to set up accounts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain's industrial history as 'craft production' versus 'mass production' can do little more than recirculate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologically-driven stereotypes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a slightly different register, the editors provide a persuasive account of the development of economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy under the Conservatives in the 1950s which stresses the limits of Conservative acceptance of the post-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 5498 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war settlement. As they emphasise, while clearly on the electoral defensive initially, the Conservatives were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(willing to use both direct intervention in wage bargaining and unemployment to try and limit wage increases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in these years, and would probably have used the latter more energetically if it had not been for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of declinist critiques of stop-go at the end of that decade. This on the one hand rightly reinforces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent critiques of the extent of the early post-war consensus; but is also rightly implies that declinism did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form an element of consensual politics in the 1960s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While it does not detract from the overall merit of this book, one terminological issue is treated somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsatisfactorily, that is the role of 'culture' in shaping industrial relations behaviour. That role is suggested to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be important, but this argument is never driven on very far, in part, it would seem, because the term is left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat ambiguous. Thus it is argued 'there were noticeable shifts in British business culture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management practices during the long boom' \(p. 20\) but the examples given are the growth of internal labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(markets and 'institutional loyalty'. This seems to leave open the possibility that these developments could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explained in purely economic terms, as a result of tight labour markets, so that the specific meaning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('cultural' remains opaque. If we are all cultural historians now, we need to be clear what exactly that term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denotes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But, to repeat, this criticism should not significantly qualify our appreciation of the contribution of this book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to moving onto more productive grounds the historical understanding of British post-war industrial relations. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The combination of detailed research and the capacity to 'think big' is precisely what is needed if we are, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paraphrase Marx, to reduce the deadweight of declinist thinking on the brains of the living.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 480.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 450.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Cannadine, 'Apocalypse when? British politicians and British 'decline' in the 20th century' in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Understanding Decline)] TJ ET BT 176.336 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. P. Clarke and C. Trebilcock \(Cambridge, 1996\), pp. 261-84. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.960 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.960 434.691 m 545.948 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 421.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Pollard, )] TJ ET BT 117.356 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain's Prime and Britain's Decline: The British Economy 1870-1914 )] TJ ET BT 462.812 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1989\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 406.179 m 118.004 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Booth, )] TJ ET BT 114.020 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Management of Technical Change: Automation in the UK and USA since 1950)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke, 2007\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 166.676 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 166.676 377.667 m 220.664 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 352.805 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eh-net-review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://eh.net/book_reviews/managing-modern-workplace-productivity-politics-and-workplace-culture-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 322.899 m 526.256 322.899 l S BT 34.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postwar-britain)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 308.643 m 107.336 308.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 110.336 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 305.311 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 287.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 287.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/675)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 286.137 m 322.316 286.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 261.160 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.760 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3649)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://eh.net/book_reviews/managing-modern-workplace-productivity-politics-and-workplace-culture-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.104 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postwar-britain)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.9597 435.0055 545.9477 446.8855 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 406.4935 118.0037 418.3735 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 166.6757 377.9815 220.6637 389.8615 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 323.2135 526.2557 335.0935 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://eh.net/book_reviews/managing-modern-workplace-productivity-politics-and-workplace-culture-postwar-britain) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 308.9575 107.3357 320.8375 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://eh.net/book_reviews/managing-modern-workplace-productivity-politics-and-workplace-culture-postwar-britain) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 286.4515 322.3157 298.3315 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/675) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000598 00000 n 0000000680 00000 n 0000004942 00000 n 0000005051 00000 n 0000005161 00000 n 0000005270 00000 n 0000008831 00000 n 0000008959 00000 n 0000009043 00000 n 0000009141 00000 n 0000017310 00000 n 0000017340 00000 n 0000017468 00000 n 0000017504 00000 n 0000017534 00000 n 0000017662 00000 n 0000017698 00000 n 0000017728 00000 n 0000017856 00000 n 0000017892 00000 n 0000017957 00000 n 0000025361 00000 n 0000025480 00000 n 0000031031 00000 n 0000031159 00000 n 0000031214 00000 n 0000031341 00000 n 0000031396 00000 n 0000031524 00000 n 0000031579 00000 n 0000031706 00000 n 0000031870 00000 n 0000031997 00000 n 0000032161 00000 n 0000032289 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32384 %%EOF