%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150527032838+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150527032838+01'00') /Title (Laudian and Royalist Polemic in Seventeenth-Century England: the Career and Writings of Peter Heylyn) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4110 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Laudian and Royalist Polemic in Seventeenth-Century England: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Career and Writings of Peter Heylyn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an excellent book which does everything it proclaims and more. Anthony Milton is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(congratulated for his hard work, brilliant synthesis, and excellent and accessible presentation. This book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not a biography of Peter Heylyn, but we obviously learn a lot about the man as well as the writer. Nor is it an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arid history of ideas divorced from context. Milton?s great achievement is to set Heylyn?s work thoroughly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in context and to reveal how his ideas evolved over time, and how the works contain both contradictions yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also development of themes. Moreover, the book reveals just how the different strands of Heylyn?s writings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were all connected, whether one talks of the earlier and later geographical works, later polemical pieces, key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tracts on specific issues or the final histories. And the connections reveal just how none of the works can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully appreciated if taken in isolation or at face value.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Along the way Milton is excellent in dispelling myths. Heylyn was not one of Laud?s chaplains, he does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even come across as having been terribly close to that ill-fated Archbishop of Canterbury; yet he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fiercely loyal to Laud. He was a royalist, but that did not mean that he was uncritical of either James I or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles I ? far from it in the case of the latter. Perhaps his biggest love was the Church of England, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he was one who did use earlier than most the term ?Anglican?, and of which his writing was to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide a particular and comprehensive history that has certainly stood the test of time. And Heylyn?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(696)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 31 October, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Milton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719064449)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Foster)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7236 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation incorporated a wider view of the Catholic Church while at the same time playing down )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continental influences and the work of the Edwardian Reformation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps typical of the man, Heylyn was always sure of his enemies, whether they were specific people like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bishop John Williams, John Prideaux or William Prynne, bodies like the Feoffees for Impropriations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even Parliament, or groups of people like Puritans and Presbyterians. In keeping with recent work on altar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the importance of personal rivalries ? notably with John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams ? is highlighted. Heylyn is cleared of charges of being a political hack who simply wrote for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(money or the crown, but the importance of personal feuds in his motivation is not denied. Indeed, for what is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not a biography we get a number of useful images of a rather lonely and isolated figure, not really part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any group even when the Laudians were in power, or when he was later one of those who nursed their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?sufferings? during the Interregnum. He depended greatly on his family for his survival. It is difficult to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detect many influential patrons, one reason among several given for why he received no promotion on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Restoration. Heylyn was a difficult man to get on with, hence he was shunned by others at various stages in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his life, yet he held true to certain ideals about the Church of England, the importance of episcopacy, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power of Convocation, and the royal supremacy, even when it was not employed with as much power as he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have liked.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a crisp introduction, the book is divided into seven chapters, three of which cover the making of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polemicist, civil wars among the clergy, and the voice of Laudianism ? in other words, Heylyn?s career prior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 1640. Three substantial chapters follow on prosecution, royalism and newsbooks during the civil wars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Heylyn dealt with the Interregnum, and then the Restoration. And this is capped by a short conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that considers religion and politics in Heylyn?s career and writings. Although we have no fewer than three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary biographies of Heylyn ? one composite appearing in a collection of Heylyn?s work, the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two by George Vernon and John Barnard ? little attention has been given, apart from some important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctoral theses, to this controversial and prolific writer. Milton is typically generous in his acknowledgement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the work of these twentieth-century thesis writers, Anne Kendall, John Walker and Fred Trott.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn emerges as a complex character from the outset. His early interests lay with geography and it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not until he was in his fifties that he turned fully to theology and history and became famous as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(controversialist. Like others in the Laudian fold, he also seems to have come from a fairly conformist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background, initially holding standard beliefs in the Protestant Cause, although strangely an early supporter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Spanish Match. He finally turned to theology and was ordained by Bishop John Howson in 1624. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Visits to France and to the Channel Islands influenced his thinking about continental Protestantism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Presbyterianism. He became a royal chaplain in 1629 and was soon employed attacking the Feoffees for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Impropriations in a sermon given in 1630, despite the involvement of some members of his family in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project. This gained Laud?s attention and the latter presented the king with Heylyn?s book on )] TJ ET BT 486.620 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Historie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of St George)] TJ ET BT 94.676 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,a work which could be seen to include a defence of episcopacy as well as the main issue of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Knights of the Garter. A later work on Augustus, published in 1632, could be seen as a defence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal rule.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During the 1630s Heylyn worked with Noy against Prynne, but produced no real pamphlets for government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before 1635. It was the Book of Sports that called him into that role, with his )] TJ ET BT 405.992 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of the Sabbath)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(designed to be a companion to the work of Bishop Francis White. His more famous pamphlets of the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1630s concerned the altar policy and Bishop John Williams, about which Milton writes that ?even in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period notorious for the venomous style of its polemic, Heylyn?s exchanges with his dean exhibit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable reserves of vitriol? \(p. 60\). In his exchanges with Henry Burton, Heylyn was used as a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acerbic foil to companion works by Laud in 1637, possibly the heyday of his work as a government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polemicist. Thereafter Heylyn appears to have worked mainly on his history of the Reformation and on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Convocation. No use was found for his pen in the attacks on the Scots at the end of the decade. He became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(JP for Hampshire in 1640 and attended the famous Convocation that outran the Short Parliament. Here he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoted the idea of a standard set of visitation articles for the whole country, an interesting practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering to support the work of his beloved bishops.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8223 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An important theme of this book is how many of Heylyn?s pamphlets and tracts were written in response to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others, which often dictated the form of the argument. This explains why Heylyn cannot be charged with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing anything about Arminianism, which by the 1630s was a taboo subject. His efforts were largely spent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in refuting Puritans and defending charges of innovations levelled at the work of the Caroline episcopate by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference to a very different view of the English Reformation. For Heylyn, the early stages of the Edwardian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reformation were worthwhile before grasping courtiers gained control; cathedrals were the saviours of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sound worship; and much depended on sensible interpretation of the Elizabethan Reformation. Heylyn was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always an independent voice, never a mere mouthpiece for the Laudian regime, and one who was already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing a distinctive use of a carefully fashioned history of the Church of England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn was fortunate to escape real persecution after 1640, even though he was hauled before a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committees for his past pains; this may be because he linked so much of his writing directly to the king. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued to publish works that at first sight seem fairly neutral, such as )] TJ ET BT 382.652 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Help to English History)] TJ ET BT 507.320 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1641, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on episcopacy in 1642 and material towards a )] TJ ET BT 284.300 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Liturgies)] TJ ET BT 378.980 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( eventually published in 1657. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even these works reveal an interest in earlier history designed to refute charges of innovation in the 1630s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn moved from Alresford in Hampshire to Oxford and became the first editor of )] TJ ET BT 445.268 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mercurius Aulicus)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during 1643?4, but Milton feels he did not enjoy his role as a journalist and did not have the style for it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either. In Oxford he found himself out of sorts with other clergymen and the court; he had no real patron and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others like Hammond were anxious to promote peace and did not like the strident views of Heylyn. It was at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this time that he wrote his first homage to Laud, )] TJ ET BT 267.668 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Brief Relation of the Death and Sufferings of the Most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reverend and Renowned Prelate )] TJ ET BT 194.648 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1644/5\). Other works at this time on Parliament only served to leave him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(isolated for his continued defence of the bishops. Heylyn was passed over for the deanery of York in 1644 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and he left Oxford for Hampshire where he compounded for his livings and moved to Minster Lovell. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Undeceiving of the People in the Point of Tithes )] TJ ET BT 288.668 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published in 1647 can be taken as an apt commentary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the hard times of clergy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn played no part in the pamphlet literature of the 1650s, nor was he active as a clergyman. Instead he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retreated to an earlier scholarly interest and produced his longest book, )] TJ ET BT 377.276 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cosmographie)] TJ ET BT 447.944 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1652. He also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced a tome on the creed in 1654. Neither work should be seen as neutral, however, for Milton shows a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shift in Heylyn?s previous sympathies for foreign Protestants, clear support for the secular powers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops, and ? in the work on the creed ? a further rebuttal of any charges of Popery. By this date, alas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn was almost blind, but this did not stop him from thinking he could advise Oliver Cromwell in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ecclesia Vindicata)] TJ ET BT 124.340 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1657. Perhaps in that mood, his )] TJ ET BT 294.344 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Short View of the Life of Charles I)] TJ ET BT 459.356 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in 1658 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contained strong criticisms of that king. In the later 1650s Heylyn became embroiled in controversies with at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least seven opponents, all concerned with interpretations of Laudianism. Even with moderates like Haman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(L?Estrange and Thomas Fuller, Heylyn still sought to blacken them as Puritans, while other exchanges with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bernard, Sanderson, Baxter and Hickman followed. These are not seen by Milton as particularly coherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchanges, but the final work of this period, Heylyn?s )] TJ ET BT 296.972 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historia Quinqua Articularis)] TJ ET BT 436.988 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,marked a return to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical research, engagement with what Heylyn liked about ?Melanchthonian Lutheranism?, and an end )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to, as he put it himself, ?these polemical discourses? \(p. 179\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn was not promoted on the Restoration; Milton puts this down to a range of factors such as his near )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blindness, competition, favour for those of more moderate views and the wooing of moderate Calvinists. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Again, however, the lack of an obvious patron is cited, a running theme throughout Heylyn?s career. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heylyn remained active and indeed set out on perhaps his most major works under his own initiative, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returning to his key role as a historian. )] TJ ET BT 221.660 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ecclesia Restaurata)] TJ ET BT 338.984 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 341.984 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Cyprianus Anglicus )] TJ ET BT 442.988 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 463.316 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Aerius)] TJ ET BT 497.648 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Redivivus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(published after his death\) employed material from writers like Thomas Fuller and the Catholic Nicholas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sander, but pulled together the now typical, and fully developed, Heylyn story of the English Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that firmly praised Elizabeth over Edward VI and dared to disagree with Foxe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What emerges from this study is a complex writer, fiercely independent, and stubborn in defence of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principles. Heylyn knew what he did not like and that included Parliament, Puritans, Presbyterians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone critical of the Church of England of the 1630s. Royalist though he was, however, this did not render )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4284 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him uncritical of royalty and he was one of the first to lay the blame for events firmly on the shoulders of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles I rather than the usual story of evil counsellors. Heylyn valued the Church of England as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent source of power and was a firm supporter of Convocation. Right to the end, Milton exposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictions in his thinking, however, for by making Puritans the enemy, Heylyn could not come to terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the moderate Calvinist bishops so prominent in the reign of James I. His view of the Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventually did give more credit to continental influences, but it was still a very insular affair of which to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proud.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Milton has succeeded admirably in bringing out the complexity and development of Heylyn?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writings over a long career. He has done that by careful attention to those works, elucidating for the reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the critical themes that bind the whole body of work together. Never are we as bogged down in the material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as many an opponent must have felt. If there are quibbles, they relate to a thirst for a little more. While this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serves as an admirable synthesis of career and writings, it does whet the appetite for a full biography. And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is still the case even though Milton has written eloquently on Heylyn for the new )] TJ ET BT 445.988 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Dictionary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(National Biography)] TJ ET BT 129.692 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. A chronology and critical bibliography of Heylyn?s published works would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful as a checklist for the reader, for even though these are available elsewhere in several standard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliographical works, they have not been pulled together for easy reference. This writer would have valued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more discussion of how Milton views the forays of other modern scholars in this field ? and even a little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more about Heylyn at Westminster Abbey about which he and Julia Merritt know so much. Yet nothing can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take away from the detailed, close reading and careful synthesis that has been given to Heylyn?s writings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed firmly in context. This book will long remain essential reading for scholars of this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author would like to thank Dr Foster for this kind review and is pleased to accept it without further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://jts.oxfordjournals.org/content/60/1/323.full)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 390.675 m 271.028 390.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 274.028 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 387.343 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 369.563 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 369.563 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/696)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 368.169 m 322.316 368.169 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 343.192 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3672)] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://jts.oxfordjournals.org/content/60/1/323.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 390.9895 271.0277 402.8695 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://jts.oxfordjournals.org/content/60/1/323.full) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 368.4835 322.3157 380.3635 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/696) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000603 00000 n 0000000685 00000 n 0000004847 00000 n 0000004956 00000 n 0000005066 00000 n 0000005175 00000 n 0000008736 00000 n 0000008864 00000 n 0000008948 00000 n 0000009013 00000 n 0000016302 00000 n 0000016367 00000 n 0000024643 00000 n 0000024734 00000 n 0000029071 00000 n 0000029198 00000 n 0000029301 00000 n 0000029429 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29524 %%EOF