%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141124193458+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141124193458+00'00') /Title (A Woman in History: Eileen Power, 1889-1940) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4000 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Woman in History: Eileen Power, 1889-1940)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a wonderful book. It invites a range of responses: from engaged discussion, heated argument to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal reminiscences. Yes, it is charged with emotion: but the emotion is mostly a fine anger at the way a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional woman historian, who made a considerable contribution to the development of her discipline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been forgotten or, at best, patronised by male historians who have dominated the discipline since the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second World War. Eileen Power was the second woman to be appointed to a Chair in Eco nomic History at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the London School of Economics \(the first was Lilian Knowles, who was also a wife, mother and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative figure\). Eileen Power was in a completely different mould to her predecessor. She was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminist. She believed in the higher educat ion of women and the need for pioneers among educated women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to pursue successful careers and become role models for the next generation. She did not though, in any way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resemble the caricature of the dedicated blue-stocking. She was not personally aggressi ve. In fact, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography reveals her to have been quite the opposite. Its pages abound with testimony to her wit, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intelligence, beauty, social poise, goodness. Indeed, she seems to have been a veritable paragon and it seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the men she worked clos ely with all fell in love with her.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two of the latter, who worked with her in the 1920s at the London School of Economics, were R.H.Tawney )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 October, 1996)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxine Berg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521402781)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1996)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(90.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(308pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www3.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521402786)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Mellor)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7896 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and M.M.Postan. And there is the rub. Two of the most famous and influential historians in London and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge have been duly accorded the accola des they deserve and their work has inspired generations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students in the discipline and, especially in Tawney's case, far beyond. The woman they loved however, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not been remembered in this way. Partly her misfortune was to die young, of a heart atta ck, when she was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only 51. Yet even her obituaries did not dwell on her contribution to her subject. What people wanted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remember, in the great sadness that is always felt at premature death, was her gaiety, her love of life, her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beautiful clothes, her a bility to inspire affection. What Maxine Berg in this biography is determined to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(show, however, is that this treatment of her was part of another agenda. Cultural forces have been at work in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determining the way in which Eileen Power has been remembered or forgotten. The central thesis of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is nothing less than an attempt to peel away the onion slices of cultural perceptions which surround the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the discipline of economic history to which Power devoted her life - to reveal that these perce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ptions were gendered. To do this, it is necessary to engage in the thankless, but deeply interesting task of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trying to see the way in which Power was working to shape the discipline during her life time which was so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soon superseded. Her biography thus bec omes a recasting of formerly accepted views of the evolution of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline. Maxine Berg brings to her task a formidable grasp of the historiography of the subject which she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then submits to a feminist critique. This is the prime stimulus for the engage d discussions which will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generated by reading this book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxine Berg's own stimulus seems to have come from Joan Thirsk )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.144 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.144 540.723 m 373.136 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 373.136 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Natalie Zemon Davis, especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the latter's article: )] TJ ET BT 122.492 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History's two bodies)] TJ ET BT 220.400 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( American Historical Review, 93 \(1988\). In this article, Natalie Davis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compares and contrasts the wor k of Marc Bloch and Eileen Power, both trying to establish the framework )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for an historical approach to understanding social change. The work of Power was a revelation for Davis as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she had been unfamiliar with it before. That was the starting point for Ber g. Why was Eileen Power so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown? What exactly was her legacy and why had it been forgotten? One's reputation after death is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always in the hands of others and the collective historiographers of economic history had just failed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustain her memory. It is at this point that the engaged discussions aroused by the book under review move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to heated argument. Maxine Berg is not afraid to tilt against the canon. J.P.Kenyon, David Cannadine, Peter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clarke, Donald Coleman are all indicted for offering gendered interpretations of the development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discipline. Donald Coleman even went as far as dismissing Eileen Power as a populariser of the subject, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writer of "a cosy sort of social history, short on the analytical and strong on the picturesque".)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anger moves to irritation with David Cannadine. His biography of G.M.Trevelyan \(G.M.Trevelyan. )] TJ ET BT 517.940 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A life in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History )] TJ ET BT 73.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( London, 1992\) provides the perfect counter-point to Berg's study of Power. His subject is: male, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(super successful historian, born i nto a family of privilege and expectations; her's: female, excellent but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgotten historian, who made her career despite personal family misfortunes and few expectations. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trevelyan famously wrote social history `with the politics left out'; Power may hav e started working on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders of social history and literature but she moved on to write economic history with the people left in. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trevelyan was arguably the most successful popular historian ever with huge sales of his works; Power's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early and most fa mous work Medieval People \(written in the social history\\literary genre\) was also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely popular, though her sales did not match his. Nothing particularly contentious here. Facts are, after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all, facts. Yet Cannadine's ultimate sin in his biography of Trevelyan, which is particularly poignant to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographer of Power, is not his facts. It is his failure to question commonly held views of biographers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth and twentieth century male historians on the contributions made to their major works by women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closely related to `the great man', and the influence they may have had. Trevelyan had a wife, Janet Penrose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ward, who like many other academic wives of the period, acted as a kind of unacknowledged assistant to her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husband. Cannadine appears to acq uiesce with the view that her role was little more than an extension of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household and family duties. He gives her two lines of faint praise: she was "well connected, independent-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minded, public-spirited, and more than averagely intelligent" \(p.10\) and more or less excludes any further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of her in the rest of the biography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berg is particularly sensitive to this as her problem is exactly the reverse. Eileen Power's memory is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inextricably tied up with that of her famous husband, M.M.Postan. Ten or twelve years her junior, he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her research assistant and he learnt his me dieval economic history from her. After her death, Postan was one )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 359.1437 541.0375 373.1357 552.9175 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7663 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the figures who pushed the development of economic history ever further along the path of the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic development in the past. His reputation soon obliterated hers and, as it d id so, his versions of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work and their collaboration together shifted over the years. What is a biographer to do in the face of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment of Power's academic contributions to her discipline from a person who must be deemed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closest to both her a nd the subject? Bravely she sets out to construct the life of Eileen Power from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surviving evidence, regardless of the received views. Power was, in any case, in her thirties and an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established academic before she met M.M.Postan and it was a great surp rise to her friends when she finally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(married him three years before her death at the age of forty eight. More than half of this biography is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devoted to the pre-Postan period and the route by which Eileen Power was able to rise to such academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eminence. I t is a story which balances the personal with the public and contemporary context of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eileen Power was born into the upper middle class respectable bourgeoisie but when she was only three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years old, her family was brought into disgrace by her father, a stockbroker who committed a major fraud )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and forgery for which he served a prison sent ence. He brought ruination not only to his immediate family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also to his brother-in-law who was in partnership with him. Nevertheless, Eileen's mother's family cared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for his three little girls, though Eileen's mother herself died of tuberculosis when E ileen was only fourteen. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eileen as the eldest, took on the responsibility of caring for her sisters, to whom she was very close, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially to Rhoda, her middle sister. There was never any question that Eileen could do anything other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than earn the means t o keep them all. Well connected marriages were not to be had for children from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disgraced families. Yet Eileen was fortunate in one respect. Her early life coincided with the one of the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vigorous periods of the women's movement. The provision of higher education for women, the prospect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opening up careers for women in middle class professions and the campaign for the female franchise, all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered hope to women of talent and determination. Women were helping women out of the quagmires of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social conven tions which dominated the English upper classes. Her mother wanted her daughters to have the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best education possible. Her aunts took the girls to live in Oxford so that they could attend the best of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Girls Public Day School Trust schools and Eileen wor ked very hard and won a scholarship to Girton.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the best sections of this biography is devoted to what it was like to be a female student and then a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female don. Berg, like her subject, has been able to benefit from the women's movement which, in its late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century phase, has inspired new work and new perspectives on women's history. She cites Janet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Todd, Martha Vicinus, Phillipa Levine, Sally Alexander, and especially Carol Dyhouse, amongst a number )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of historians whose work has thrown fresh light on the experiences of the women pione ers in higher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education. Berg has already stated in the preface to this biography that she is not in the business of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(producing a work like the biographers of political figures, quoting Pimlott's phrase, as "valets to the famous".)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 300.627 m 48.008 300.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( She states firmly that her interests are those of an economic historian and a feminist. What she produces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in her account of Power's early life, drawn extensively from surviving correspondence, is a fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insight into the experience of being a woman in academic life in th ese years. There was not only the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminism, there was also the war. The impact of the First World War on Power's generation \(she was 25 in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914\) is amplified by references to the experiences of others such as Vera Brittain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most difficult episode in Power's life for Berg to explain was her travels to the East in 1920. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Power was awarded the Kahn Travelling Fellowship, the first woman ever to receive it and she kept a diary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of her experiences. Overshadowing the problem of dealing with all the minutiae of the journey and the many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meetings is the necessity of explaining why Eileen Power fell in love, not only with China and all things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese, but also with the eccentric figure of the Last Emperor's personal tutor , Reginald Johnston. This did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not become a serious matter until ten years later, in 1930, when, having met again in China, Johnston )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposed marriage and left China for London with the intention of marrying Eileen and pursuing a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(career. In the event, they never married, their engagement terminating in 1931. This faintly bizarre episode is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testimony at least that Eileen Power, with all her ability to inspire love and devotion, still found herself in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awkward social position in the social conventions of the time and was eager for marriage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such matters verge on speculation since personal evidence is limited to the letters that have survived. In this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography, Berg tries to steer a middle ground between private concerns and the public career of Power. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 300.9415 48.0077 312.8215 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7750 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters include ones devoted to `Wo men, peace and medieval people' which charts how Power developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her medieval studies and how she became involved, with her sister Rhoda, in popularising the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval history especially through broadcasting. Then there is an assessment of her car eer at the London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(School of Economics \(1921-1940\) and her attempts to encourage inter-disciplinary studies. This is followed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by a chapter on `Love, marriage and careers' which charts her relationships with a number of men including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johnston and Postan. T here is then a chapter on Eileen Power's medieval history which might have been, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps, the pivotal one of the whole book. Here Berg needed to face squarely the implications of where her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach is taking her. What were Power's historical objectives an d how did they change over time? Where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does she fit into the historiography of medieval history? Was there something about her work which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly feminist and which has been lost to future generations?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These are fiendishly difficult questions and Berg's expertise is in historiography rather than in medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, which is not her field. Power's oeuvre, for all her hard work, was woefully thin on major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs. Her Ford Lectures, published as )] TJ ET BT 255.980 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wool Trade in English Medieval History)] TJ ET BT 472.640 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, after her death )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1941 \(and seen through the press by M.M.Postan\) were published without footnotes, probably because of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wartime scarcities. The work she produced and edited with Tawney, )] TJ ET BT 364.604 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudor Economic D ocuments)] TJ ET BT 504.920 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 3 vols; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Postan, )] TJ ET BT 96.356 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies in English Trade in the Fifteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 332.696 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; and J.H.Clapham, )] TJ ET BT 428.024 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The Cambridge Economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Europe)] TJ ET BT 120.680 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Vol 1; were all very influential undertakings. Her more popular works on medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people and her efforts to improve the teaching of history in schools were equally influential in other spheres. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Comparative history, internationalism and pacifism were causes close to her heart to which she devoted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much time. Yet the fact remains that she died young, b efore she had had the time to write her major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs. That she also died during the Second World War, helped further to obliterate the lines of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the discipline which she particularly espoused.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What then about the emotion with which this book is charged? Is it really directed to the treatment of Eileen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Power by posterity or is it the hidden agenda that has roused Berg's ire? Is it to do more with the way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which economic history has been tau ght and written about in more recent times? Or has it to do with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absence of women in positions of influence within the discipline? It is at this point that the third set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to this book comes into play - personal reminiscences. All \(the few\) women historians of my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation \(I was an undergraduate from 1960-1963\), know that women's history did not figure large in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of history. Indeed, on a personal basis, if it had not been for William Ashworth, who taught me about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the internation al economy in the nineteenth century as if it had something to do with people, and who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered a special subject on early Victorian England which encompassed many social as well as economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes, I might never have become a professional historian. I lik e to think that, as he listened to Eileen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Power at LSE, I might have benefitted from some indirect link. In some ways though, William Ashworth's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work has been as marginalised as that of Eileen Power. Like her, he was not able to complete major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs when in his prime, though in his case, it was because he put his institution first in the allocation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxine Berg's account of how Power had to fight for her salary increases, however, does not make for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comfortable reading, nor the fact that after Professor Carus-Wilson, no woman has held a mainstream chair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of economic history. Perhaps part of the answ er lies in this account of Eileen Power's life and work. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without the support of the women's movement, women would not have gained equal educational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunities with men when they did. Without the second wave of the women's movement at the end of our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own century, fewer women would have recognised the importance of gaining such an education for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves. Yet what Power's life shows is a willingness not to pursue a career singlemindedly. It is with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pleasure one reads of the way in which she built for her self a truly satisfactory life in London, mixing work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with pleasure. She enjoyed it so much that whatever other considerations \(such as her selfless desire to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promote the career of her husband\), she did not apply for the Cambridge Chair. It is hard to thi nk of a male )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic who would have had similar priorities. Yet the fact that Eileen Power triumphed over adversities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and found some contentment is, perhaps, one of the sources of encouragement to take away from this book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It should be read by all curren t economic and social historians \(most of whom are men\) but especially by all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those concerned about the future of our discipline. Maxine Berg should be congratulated for writing such a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 1889 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulating book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 761.571 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 730.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Thirsk, `Foreword' in Prior, Mary \(ed\) - )] TJ ET BT 282.800 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in English Society 1500-1800 )] TJ ET BT 466.448 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1985\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 715.299 m 118.004 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ben Pimlott , )] TJ ET BT 130.700 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Frustrate their Knavish Tricks: Writings on Biography)] TJ ET BT 394.040 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( History and Politics \(London )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1994\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short version in The Independent on Sunday 14th August, 1994 24-6.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 396.656 673.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 396.656 672.387 m 450.644 672.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 647.525 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 633.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 628.543 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 610.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 610.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/7)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 609.369 m 310.316 609.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.392 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 569.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/148)] TJ ET BT 34.016 555.592 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 715.6135 118.0037 727.4935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 396.6557 672.7015 450.6437 684.5815 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 609.6835 310.3157 621.5635 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/7) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000553 00000 n 0000000635 00000 n 0000004687 00000 n 0000004796 00000 n 0000004906 00000 n 0000005015 00000 n 0000008576 00000 n 0000008704 00000 n 0000008788 00000 n 0000008872 00000 n 0000016821 00000 n 0000016851 00000 n 0000016979 00000 n 0000017015 00000 n 0000017099 00000 n 0000024815 00000 n 0000024845 00000 n 0000024971 00000 n 0000025007 00000 n 0000025072 00000 n 0000032875 00000 n 0000032973 00000 n 0000034915 00000 n 0000035042 00000 n 0000035097 00000 n 0000035225 00000 n 0000035280 00000 n 0000035408 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35501 %%EOF