%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818091958+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818091958+01'00') /Title (England's Jewish Solution. Experiment and Expulsion, 1262-1290) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4377 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(England's Jewish Solution. Experiment and Expulsion, 1262-1290)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This has been a long awaited book. The wait has not been in vain. Dr Mundill's is the last, well-considered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(word on Edward's final solution of a so-called Jewish problem. If there was a problem, Dr Mundill believes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was that the Jews would not become Christians. They were, however, becoming merchants. The result of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author's patient and meticulous scholarship are original conclusions about the Statute of the Jewry of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1275, which in prohibiting the taking of interest and the granting of mortgages, stopped the age-old Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involvement in the land market. The view hitherto has been that the statute undermined Jewish business, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English Jewry subsequently became impoverished, and that it was a bankrupt and diminished community )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was expelled in 1290. Too little is known about pawn-broking to say more than that it was certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an avenue of diversification taken by some Jews. More importantly, and as Dr Mundill evidences in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive detail, Jewish businessmen in London, Lincoln, Canterbury, and elsewhere across England went )] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in for 'advance sale credits' on the basic commodities of grain and wool. They even specialized: wool at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln, corn in Canterbury. In those places, as on a smaller scale in other towns, Jewish business thrived. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Business generally was thriving in England in the 1280s. It was a time of boom in agriculture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce. Anyone with cash ought to have been able to use it advantageously. Jewish businessmen were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doing so. By 1290, stopped in one lucrative place, they were opening up in another. Dr Mundill shows that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far from meekly going under, English Jews responded to adversity with imagination, resilience, and courage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 May, 1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin R. Mundill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521581509)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(364pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521581509)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colin Richmond)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7726 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Dr Mundill does not tell us, probably because there is no evidence to suggest it, is whether English, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather non-Jewish, businessmen resented these intrusive newcomers. Were those shipmen who murderously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mistreated the departing Jews of 1290, like Henry Adrian who was imprisoned at Sandwich for his genocidal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(act off the Isle of Sheppey, shipowners too? Were they actively vindictive \(and they appear to have been the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only people who were\) because they were of that commercial world which had most recently experienced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish resourcefulness? I begin with a question Dr Mundill does not ask to show that his splendid book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulates thought. Most other questions he has not only asked; he has come up with compelling answers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 2000 or so Jews who left England in 1290 were not, therefore, a demoralised and sorry remnant. We )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have to stop thinking that they were, must cease to see them in such time-honoured fashion. Like most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jews who fled Germany and Austria in the 1930s, the English Jews of 1290 were productive and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributive citizens, super-contributive where taxation was concerned. To contemporaries, however, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was beside the point. In both cases what counted was that, whatever else Jews were, they were Jews. Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mundill makes Edward I's responsibility for the expulsion crystal-clear; he also illuminates Edward's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(winding path towards so final a Final Solution. Edward shared with his fellow West European rulers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly and mendicant clergy, and clerical civil-servants the notion that something had to be done about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Jews; in some sense they had to be got rid of, if possible in the sense of transforming them into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christians. All these people believed they knew about Jews, much in the fashion Rosenberg, Goebbels, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hitler thought they understood them. It was an arrogant as well as a mistaken belief. The merciless coin-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clipping affair of 1278-9, which the gifted and tenacious Israeli scholar Zefira Rokeah has taught us to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard as a bureaucratic iniquity of major proportions, bears an uncanny resemblance to Kristallnacht. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was, like Kristallnacht, a pogrom: a government orchestrated persecution of a group targeted as criminal. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Radical measure though it was, which the numerous hangings and the imprisonment of 600 Jewish men in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Tower \(probably all the heads of Jewish households in the country\) illustrate, was it a staging post on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(road to the Endlsung? Not if that road was as twisted as Dr Mundill says it was. It was, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward himself who brought to a close the persecuting zeal of his first- and second-line managers in 1279. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, thereafter the 'ever-present threat of confiscation of his goods and chattels was one which hung )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over every Jew's life, his family, and his business transactions'; those are Dr Mundill's wise words; they need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be carefully pondered when we examine the last years of Medieval English Jewry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The expulsion itself was not financially motivated. Dr Mundill makes that crystal-clear also. Money is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everything. It is, however, something. Governments plunder their people: not all of their people all of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, but some of them most of the time. Edward I plundered the Jews, as his father had done before him, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his father before him. Moreover, in tallaging the Jews he was taxing his Christian subjects. The Statute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Jewry was one solution to that problem. Yet, what impresses a reader about the financial exactions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian government is the immense effort put into them. Take, for example, the painstaking national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation into the goods and chattels of the condemned Jews of 1278-9: all for a paltry 2000. There was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more to it than royal avarice and administrative experience. Even if, as Dr Mundill notices, the association of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jews with money appears to have been so imprinted on the minds of some historians they have been unable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to think of little else when endeavouring to explain the relation between Edward I and English Jewry, there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was far more to that relation than wealth creation. Bureaucrats are driven not only by a need to impress their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superiors by doing a good job. Knowing the boss's mind is the first, often the only, imperative of careerists: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward I's mind, the mind of his archbishop of Canterbury, John Pecham, and probably of his Chancellor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Burnell, were set like stone towards the Jews. Nor is it difficult to understand why. The Jews were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only usurers, they were stubborn usurers who refused to see Christian reason. The so-called Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem in England by the 1270s had nothing to do with a commercial class which facilitated the land )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market and was, as a consequence and by the familiar process of a rationalizing projection, seen as causing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the distress, decline, and ruin of the profligate, negligent, and born loser. That might have been the case in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1190; it was not a hundred years later. By 1290, after his attempts to make them less than Jewish, Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears to have believed the Jews were incorrigible cheats and rogues, incorrigible by nature, in other words )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(racially incorrigible, for a devastating racial myth had taken root in West European intellectual and pseudo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual minds. There were exceptions, John le Romeyn, archbishop of York, might have been one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Righteous Gentile; he threatened to excommunicate any who molested the Jews as they made their way out )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 3926 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of England in 1290. His lone example does not amount to much: not a single voice was raised against the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Expulsion itself. Nor was Edward an innovator, despite the expulsion of the Jews from Gascony in 1287. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Papal and Mendicant campaign against the Jews in the 1280s, the anti-Jewish measures of St Louis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip III, and Alphonso X of Castille, the earlier expulsions of Jews from English towns, the anti-Semitism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his wife and mother, the example set by Charles of Anjou in 1289, all these played a part in making up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward's mind in 1290. He might have hoped to gain from the expulsion: a lay grant of taxation as Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Anjou had obtained one in 1289, a church more amenable to clerical taxation, and the windfall of Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property. Yet, what he most hoped to gain was a name for himself. A good name, because getting rid of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jews was for a Christian prince the right thing to do. Even so, it demonstrates something about the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perception of their history that Edward is not known as the Hammer of the Jews, but of the Scots, whom he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hammered, but not with the finality he did the Jews.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a necessary book. It is not always easy reading. Chapters six and seven which fill in the picture of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish business and Christian indebtedness do so in abundant and repetitive detail. They might have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trimmed. A book is not a thesis, however important the thesis, however necessary the book. These days that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maxim is too often forgotten and the book of the thesis is like a beached iceberg: the submerged five-eighths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one does not want to know about are there for all to see. That said, and carping laid aside, Dr Mundill has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put us all in his debt. The book, as well as being learned, is pondered, temperate, perhaps too temperate, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wise. Dr Mundill exhibits due respect for the historians who have worked on the financial records of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewry before him, the extent of those records itself a testimony both to the importance of the Jews to English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government revenue and to the archival mindset of England's governors. With England's Jewish Solution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin Mundill has added to the canon and shown himself to be a worthy successor to Lionel Abrahams, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Parkes, Cecil Roth, and Barrie Dobson.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 439.855 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 422.075 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 422.075 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/70)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 420.681 m 316.316 420.681 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 395.704 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 381.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/702)] TJ ET BT 34.016 366.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 420.9955 316.3157 432.8755 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/70) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000558 00000 n 0000000640 00000 n 0000005069 00000 n 0000005178 00000 n 0000005288 00000 n 0000005397 00000 n 0000008958 00000 n 0000009086 00000 n 0000009170 00000 n 0000009235 00000 n 0000017014 00000 n 0000017098 00000 n 0000021077 00000 n 0000021205 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 21299 %%EOF