%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818123854+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818123854+01'00') /Title (Germany?s Other Modernity: Munich and the Making of Metropolis, 1895?1930) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4985 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Germany?s Other Modernity: Munich and the Making of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Metropolis, 1895?1930)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leif Jerram?s )] TJ ET BT 102.656 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany?s Other Modernity: Munich and the Making of Metropolis, 1895?1930)] TJ ET BT 491.948 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a rich and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome contribution to the urban history of modern Germany, a field which has, for some time now, been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated by studies on Berlin and Hamburg. Berlin has, as Jerram puts it with little exaggeration, acquired )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?totemic status? \(p. 13\) in the writing on modernity in Germany, in particular in the Anglophone literature. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Fritzsche?s )] TJ ET BT 118.664 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reading)] TJ ET BT 158.660 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Berlin)] TJ ET BT 191.660 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( 1900)] TJ ET BT 218.660 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Peter Jelavich?s )] TJ ET BT 321.968 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Berlin Cabaret)] TJ ET BT 394.304 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have been especially influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this field. Hamburg, by contrast, has been the focus of a historiography emphasising the local context. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following the lead of Richard Evans, whose )] TJ ET BT 249.992 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Death in Hamburg)] TJ ET BT 340.652 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( favoured a close investigation of social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political structures over the debate about modernity and tradition, an impressive range of studies \(including, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently, Jennifer Jenkins?s )] TJ ET BT 169.316 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Provincial Modernity)] TJ ET BT 272.972 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Glenn Penny?s )] TJ ET BT 371.624 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Objects of Culture)] TJ ET BT 460.292 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\)have stressed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peculiarities of the Hanseatic city.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.648 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.648 136.497 m 211.640 136.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 211.640 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Set against this background, Jerram?s book offers an important counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balance. It has the potential to decentre the debate about German urban modernity, away from the usual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspects in northern Germany. Munich, he makes clear, presents a test case that questions some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entrenched assumptions about how Germans thought of their cities in the late 19th and early 20th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram?s main argument concerns the character of modernity as expressed in and experienced through urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture. German culture, he argues, was much less anti-urban than previously assumed. Far from being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(703)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 December, 2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leif Jerram)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719076077)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Rger)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.6477 136.8115 211.6397 148.6915 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7345 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxious about the effects of new forms of urban development, local experts and politicians celebrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolitan life. Jerram emphasises the confidence and optimism of those responsible for town planning in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munich both before and after the First World War. He sees this as being in line with developments all over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe and northern America. There was, in Jerram?s view, little of a )] TJ ET BT 372.260 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sonderweg)] TJ ET BT 425.588 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the way in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experts who were \(mostly\) in charge of town planning approached modernity. They thought of themselves as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of an international network of specialists with shared interests and ambitions. The answers they found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Munich to pressing social and economic questions were similar to the strategies adopted by their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counterparts in cities such as Manchester and Chicago. Rather than anything peculiarly German, Bavarian or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mnchnerisch)] TJ ET BT 102.668 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it is the ?Western? context that explains how this city developed in the late 19th and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are significant sub-strands to this central argument in Jerram?s book. Against some of the influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent scholarship, he argues that the )] TJ ET BT 214.304 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 249.632 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( idea should not be read as an inherently nostalgic, backward-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oriented impulse. In Jerram?s interpretation the idea, as used and appropriated by Munich?s urban planners, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was very much in tune with modernity. Their )] TJ ET BT 254.324 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 289.652 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had little to do with Bavaria or the countryside. Rather, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they exchanged ?a horizon of Alps for one of other cities? \(p. 194\). Jerram?s analysis stands in marked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrast to Peter Blickle?s )] TJ ET BT 162.668 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat: a Critical Theory of the German Idea of Homeland)] TJ ET BT 450.308 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Blickle sees )] TJ ET BT 516.968 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more critically as:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the idealization of the premodern within the modern; it unites geographic and imaginary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptions of space; it is a provincializing, but disalienating, part of German bourgeois culture; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it reflects modern German culture?s spatialized interiority; it combines territorial claims with a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamental ethical reassurance of innocence; and, to achieve this combination, it uses a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriarchal, gendered way of seeing the world.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 286.616 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 286.616 459.699 m 300.608 459.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although he does not refer to his work, Jerram?s interpretation reads like a direct repudiation of Blickle. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 69.344 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( idea, he argues, was by no means inherently nostalgic or reactionary or illiberal, rather it could take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on radically different meanings. ?)] TJ ET BT 195.644 394.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 230.972 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( vocabulary?, Jerram writes, ?could serve any position ? modernist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(avantgarde)] TJ ET BT 88.676 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, conservative, moderate? \(p. 29\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram also has intriguing things to say about the relationship between city and country. The metropolis, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, was much more confident and assertive than is traditionally assumed. Drawing on the metaphors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used by urban planners at the time \(and arguably running the risk of taking some of them too much at face )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(value\), Jerram suggests that theirs was a ?colonial mentality? \(p. 68\). Far from idealising the countryside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(the source of much of Bavarian iconography\), the technocrats at Munich?s town hall aimed to expand the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city?s influence beyond its traditional boundaries: ?They pushed the city outwards, aggressively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporating surrounding towns, pitching outposts into open countryside, replacing the conventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbols of the bounded city ? such as the toll-booth and the cemetery ? with a new symbolism speaking of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dynamic city ? such as schools, gasworks and industrial estates? \(p. 194\). This redrawing of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries of the city, Jerram argues, showed the confidence and conviction of a technocratic class wedded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the modernisation project.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most original part of Jerram?s argument concerns the interior of buildings such as schools, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hospitals and social housing blocks. The way in which these were organised reflected the authorities? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern to mitigate those effects of ?modernity? that they thought of as negative. Repeatedly, they opted for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solutions that resulted in substantially higher costs, but which they believed allowed those using these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buildings to escape anonymity and develop their ?personality?. This moderating approach, Jerram asserts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was aimed at ?integrating the citizen into the process of modernisation? \(p. 120\). It is exactly this approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he sees at the heart of ?Germany?s other modernity?: the way in which public buildings were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualised shows that there was ?no uncritical yearning for a past that never was, and nor was there a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nave fting of future possibilities which could not be realised? \(p. 125\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 286.6157 460.0135 300.6077 471.8935 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7842 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While thus contributing to key debates in the urban history of modern Germany, )] TJ ET BT 422.636 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany?s Other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modernity )] TJ ET BT 87.008 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaves open a number of questions. One of Jerram?s stated aims is to put agency back into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of urban planning: ?It is imperative to repersonalise these banal, everyday projects? \(p. 86\). This is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point well taken. Some of the recent writing on modern cities does seem to be more interested in ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(algorithm of modernisation? than in ?nameable, living, feeling human beings? \(p. 86\). Yet the book does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(go very far to remedy this situation. We are given the names and opinions of urban planners in Munich, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very little in terms of their personal backgrounds, relationships or networks. Where did they study, who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they influenced by, who did they meet regularly with, what architectural schools did they favour, what were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their political leanings and social backgrounds? The book offers surprisingly few answers to these questions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, the focus on ?the specialists? suggests a certain bias against the local context. The technocrats in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charge of urban planning at Munich?s town hall were, Jerram argues, united by an industrial vision, one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favoured functionality and rationalisation over local traditions. Their main aim was to make Munich more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban and less Bavarian. As part of an international network of town planners they were just as familiar with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples from all over Europe or northern America as they were with their local contexts. Persuasive as this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, the latter, the specific context of Munich, seems to be sadly underrepresented here. Naturally, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technocrats looked to other cities when formulating their ideas, but they had to work them out in this city, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with its specific political, social, religious and not least monarchical contexts. Surely, it is in the tension )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between these two levels that the answers to many questions concerning the character of ?Germany?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity? are to be found. One of the many intriguing examples in Jerram?s book is the )] TJ ET BT 465.620 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Technisches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rathaus)] TJ ET BT 73.352 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Munich?s first ?skyscraper?, alarge administrative-technical complex constructed in the late 1920s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram interprets this project as an example of the city embracing modernity, yet it seems to suggest a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muddled picture. The example is particularly interesting, because it is one of the few instances at which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerram lets other actors speak, not only the technocrats and administrators, but also journalists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentators and, indirectly, even the Wittelsbachers. Here we get a glimpse of the complex power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures that explain why key building projects such as this turned out the way they did. The experts? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrators? vision of urban planning had to compete with a large number of political and cultural actors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had other interests and who did not necessarily subscribe to the rhetoric of modernisation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The way in which the )] TJ ET BT 140.996 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Technisches Rathaus)] TJ ET BT 241.988 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was made sense of in the press and by selected individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose views found their way into the archives suggests that ?modern? and ?traditional? were not clear-cut )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oppositions, but rather co-existing elements in an urban environment that was the result of local negotiation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Important voices in public debate clearly assumed or accepted that there was a Munich style in which new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buildings were harnessed to older architectural traditions. The )] TJ ET BT 334.292 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mnchner Neuste Nachrichten)] TJ ET BT 481.604 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, representing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the city?s establishment, wrote of the ?Munich spirit of building? \(p. 97\) that had not been violated by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new building. The National Socialist )] TJ ET BT 213.344 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 322.988 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( agreed, commenting that this was a ?tower )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(block in the Munich style? \(p. 97\). Is there perhaps more to this local context than Jerram allows for? How )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do the technocrats and town planners, who see themselves as part of a transnational network of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?modernisers?, convince their audiences that what they are doing is the exact opposite, namely local and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mnchnerisch)] TJ ET BT 102.668 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In another example Jerram quotes Karl Preis, a member of the city council and one of the key figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engaged in urban planning in the inter-war years. Preis was keenly aware of what was going on in other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German as well as French, Italian and American cities. Yet he insisted that Munich should keep its ?distance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from all experimentation? and that its town planners proceed ?with constant regard to local peculiarities? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(186\). It would have been useful if Jerram had given more space to these local peculiarities. The focus on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technocrats and administrators, important and understandable as it is, implies a tendency towards a quasi-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(universal or ?Western? explanation of how cities developed in the late 19th and early 20th century. Yet it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems doubtful that the case of Munich really demonstrates the universal character of urban modernity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period. Rather, it seems to suggest that there was a continuous process in which the specific local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context rubbed against the modernist vision of the city?s administrators and planners.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of this, however, should distract from the fact that this book offers an important contribution. It )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 3856 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges those working on the urban history of Germany to shift their focus away from Berlin and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hamburg. It urges us to revisit key issues such as the \(supposed\) dichotomy between ?modern? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?traditional?, the relationship between city and countryside and the relevance of )] TJ ET BT 420.596 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat)] TJ ET BT 455.924 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rhetoric for ideas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity. Most of all, it prompts us to rethink the balance between the specific local context on the one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand and the more universal frame of reference of a transnational urban modernity on the other.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.547 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard J. Evans, )] TJ ET BT 151.004 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Death in Hamburg: Society and Politics in the Cholera Years, 1830?1910)] TJ ET BT 506.660 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1987\); Jennifer Jenkins, )] TJ ET BT 182.000 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Provincial Modernity: Local Culture and Liberal Politics in Fin-de-Sicle )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hamburg)] TJ ET BT 110.012 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Ithaca, NY, 2003\); H. Glenn Penny, )] TJ ET BT 292.976 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Objects of Culture: Ethnology and Ethnographic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Museums in Imperial Germany)] TJ ET BT 213.656 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chapel Hill, NC, 2003\); Mark A. Russell, )] TJ ET BT 424.316 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beyond Tradition and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modernity: Aby Warburg and Art in Hamburg?s Public Realm, 1896?1918)] TJ ET BT 425.324 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford and New York, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007\). See also Maiken Umbach, ?A tale of second cities: autonomy, culture and the law in Hamburg )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Barcelona in the long nineteenth century?, )] TJ ET BT 290.636 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 426.620 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 110 \(2005\), 659?92.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.940 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.940 586.995 m 557.600 586.995 l S BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 572.739 m 90.344 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Blickle, )] TJ ET BT 132.344 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimat: a Critical Theory of the German Idea of Homeland)] TJ ET BT 419.984 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Rochester, NY, 2002\), pp. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1?2.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 84.344 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 84.344 544.227 m 138.332 544.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 519.365 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 500.383 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 482.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 482.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/703)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 481.209 m 322.316 481.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 456.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 441.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3680)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.432 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 529.9397 587.3095 557.5997 599.1895 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 573.0535 90.3437 584.9335 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 84.3437 544.5415 138.3317 556.4215 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 481.5235 322.3157 493.4035 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/703) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000576 00000 n 0000000665 00000 n 0000005702 00000 n 0000005811 00000 n 0000005921 00000 n 0000006030 00000 n 0000009591 00000 n 0000009719 00000 n 0000009803 00000 n 0000009832 00000 n 0000009960 00000 n 0000009996 00000 n 0000010080 00000 n 0000017478 00000 n 0000017508 00000 n 0000017636 00000 n 0000017672 00000 n 0000017737 00000 n 0000025632 00000 n 0000025737 00000 n 0000029646 00000 n 0000029774 00000 n 0000029829 00000 n 0000029955 00000 n 0000030010 00000 n 0000030137 00000 n 0000030192 00000 n 0000030320 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30415 %%EOF